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tubule in Medical News

Head-to-Head 96-Week Study Shows EPZICOM(R) is Comparable to Truvada(R) in Efficacy and Safety Measures in HIV Treatment-Naive Patients

...vada (4% vs. <1%). Prospective HLA-B*5701 screening was not employed in this study. One percent of patients receiving Truvada developed proximal renal tubule dysfunction (vs. 0% for EPZICOM). Overall, treatment-limiting adverse events were comparable between the two arms. Important Information about EPZIC...

Bioartificial Kidney Cuts Death Risk, Improves Outcomes

...dy found that short-term replacement of renal cell function using the renal tubule assist device (RAD) -- the living cartridge that's critical to the function...ade of hollow fibers lined with a type of kidney cell called renal proximal tubule cells, which reclaim vital electrolytes, salt, glucose and water, and contr...

'Renal Assist Device' reduces risk of death from acute kidney failure

...ay Journal of the American Society of Nephrology. The experimental renal tubule assist device (RAD) appears safe and effective for desperately ill patients...rapy. The RAD is a conventional blood filter device lined with human renal tubule cells, grown from donor kidneys. "The cells are made available to carry ou...

New treatment option studied for bladder cancer

...most common cancer, often obstructs tubules that connect the kidney to the bladder, says Dr. Coleman. While the cancer typically doesnt spread upward, tubule blockage damages the kidneys. Additionally, bladder cancer incidence peaks in the 60s and 70s when other diseases, such as type 2 diabetes and uncontr...

Chinese Medicinal Compound Stops Formation of Cysts in Polycystic Kidney

...e compound. During normal kidney development, cells lining the kidney tubules continue growing and dividing until they receive a signal that the tubule is fully formed. The switch that turns on that signal consists of the growth regulatory proteins PKD1 and PKD2, located on hair-like cilia in the lini...

Triptolide: A Potential Drug for Polycystic Kidney Disease

... arrest in certain cell types. Normal kidney tubule cells have a built in switch for regulating their ...idney development, cells destined to line a kidney tubule grow and divide until the tubule is formed, as sensed by fluid flow in the tubule. ...

Prestigious Wilson Award Goes To Yale Cell Biologist Joel Rosenbaum

...oes not flow in, because the cilia are missing, or the polycystins on the membrane are missing or ineffective, a signal is sent to the nucleus and the tubule cells divide—and continue to divide. PKD is, therefore, a cancer of the kidney, where cells that should not be dividing start to divide because of a d...

The Exposure Of Cadmium And Its Effects On Kidneys

...s to calculate glomerular function. Urinary concentrations of calcium, human complex-forming protein, and N-acetyl-a-D-glucosaminidase--all markers of tubule function--were available for 813 women. The researchers additionally collected data on medications taken, smoking history, lead exposure, and incidenc...

Hope for Patients With Kidney Failure

...ed mice, they discovered the high level of HGF actually protected the renal tubule cells. These cells play an important role in the kidney's ability to produc...on the study researchers conclude that gene delivery of HGF to the proximal tubule may be an interesting approach in designing future strategies aimed at the ...

New Hope for Kidney Failure

...re -- or kidney failure -- occurs because of renal tubule cell death. When the researchers examined the kidn...the high level of HGF actually protected the renal tubule cells. These cells play an important role in the k...conclude that gene delivery of HGF to the proximal tubule may be an interesting approach in designing future...
tubule in Medical Technology

Telik Announces Telcyta Clinical and Preclinical Presentations at AACR Meeting

...athione Analog Prodrug, Exhibits Antiangiogenic Effects Including the Inhibition of Human Endothelial Cell Proliferation and Capillary tubule Formation In Vitro; Tuesday, April 17, 2007, 1:00 - 5:00 pm; Angiogenesis II: Novel Inhibitors; Abstract # 4622 Telik, Inc. of ...

First Phase II Short-Term Study on Dapagliflozin Shows Results on Safety, Tolerability and Glycemic Markers in Subjects With Type 2 Diabetes

...ly in Phase IIb development. About SGLT2 Inhibitors Glucose is normally filtered by the kidney, but nearly all of it is reabsorbed in the proximal tubule by SGLT2, which is located almost exclusively in the kidney. For patients with diabetes, retention of excess glucose by this pathway contributes to pe...
tubule in Medical Dictionary

Urine output

...syndrome, Infant - reduced urine output ... INTRODUCTION Diabetes insipidus (DI) is a disorder in which polyuria due to decreased collecting tubule water ... The urine output in normals ... INTRODUCTION The syndrome of inappropriate secretion of drug_l_z/277759 Antidiuretic hormone ant...

Urinary casts

... Urinary casts are cylinders of protein that form in the distal convoluted tubule and the collecting ducts of the kidney's nephron, then dislodge and pass into the urine, where they provide physicians with the telltale signs of ...

Sertoli

...Sertoli cells in the presence of all-trans retinoic acid also ... Sertoli cells produce estrogen, support germ cells, and form seminiferous tubule ... Sertoli cell tumors tend to grow in expansile fashion that compress and destroy ... ... their role in testicular function and Sertoli ...

Proximal

... Generation of mice with Cre-recombinase activity in renal proximal tubule cells. ... D, PEPCK-Cre expression in the renal proximal tubule. ... ... also the lumina of the proximal and distal tubules. ... The proximal tubule is convoluted in the cortex, thus seen most often in cross-sections. ... ...

Epididymis

...ons as a storage, transport, and maturation place for sperm ... The infection doesn't start in the epididymis . ... epididymis a convoluted tubule in each testis; carries sperm to vas deferens ... of the epididymis are? Read answer... What is in the epididymis secretion? ... Multiple ...

Acute tubular necrosis

...lving the death of tubular cells that form the tubule that transports urine to the ureters while reabs...is is a kidney disorder involving damage to the tubule cells ... Kidney biopsy may show acute tubula...is is a kidney disorder involving damage to the tubule cells of the kidneys, resulting in acute kidney...
tubule in Biological News

Rong Li Lab identifies new role of inflammatory protein in PKD and a possible treatment

...ociate in the Rong Li Lab and first author on the paper. "We believe that this interaction could play a significant role in the transition from normal tubule development to the onset of Polycystic Kidney Disease (PKD) in individuals predisposed for the disease." Additionally, the team found that the drug...

Bioartificial kidney under study at MCG

...e system. The new device for kidney failure adds billions of kidney cells that can perform many of these important kidney functions. Human proximal tubule cells are collected from kidneys obtained by the National Disease Research Interchange, a nonprofit organization that provides researchers with tissue...
tubule in Biological Technology

An Image-Based Assay of Endothelial Cell Tube Formation as a Model of Angiogenesis

...tion). Cells were imaged on the BD Pathway Bioimager in confocal and non-confocal mode using the 4 (NA 0.13) objective for quantification of tubule formation and 10 (NA 0.3) to generate higher resolution images. Results Initial results suggested that the tube formation event...
tubule in Biological Definition

Kidney

...rpuscle (or Malpighian corpuscle ), and a renal tubule that extends from the renal corpuscle. Each ren...unction . Kidney tissue The renal tubule is continuous with Bowman's capsule. The segment t...m the Bowman's capsule is the proximal convoluted tubule . The next portion of the...

Nephron

...and functional unit of the kidney . It is a tiny tubule consisting of a cluster of capillaries called the ...e . Bowman's capsule leads into a long, convoluted tubule consisting of four sections: the proximal tubule , loop of Henle , distal...

Osmoregulation

... kidney) structure known as the glomerulus into Bowman's capsule or glomerular capsule (in the kidney's cortex) and flows down the proximal convoluted tubule to a "u-turn" called the Loop of Henle (loop of the nephron) in the medulla portion of the kidney. reabsorption - most of the viscous glomerular fil...

Spermatogenesis

...he developing sperm cells - moving them towards the lumen of the semiferous tubule as they develop until maturity when they are released. The Sertoli cell als...ular spermatozoa. They are then released into the lumen of the seminiferous tubule and travel with fluid from the testis into the epididymis for further mat...
tubule in Biological Dictionary

Malpighian tubule

The Malpighian tubule system is a type of excretory and osmoregulatory system found in some Uniramia, arachnids and tardigrades. Information for research on the Malpighian tubule (insect kidney) ... The Drosophila melanogaster Malpighian tubule provides a unique opportunity to ... F...

Seminiferous tubules

... seminiferous tubules . G C Harris and H D Nicholson ... seminiferous tubule contractility ... seminiferous tubules in vitro (Niemi & Kormano 1965) ... In brief, that the seminiferous tubule is solely responsible for ... The seminiferous tubules of the testis p...

Sarcolemma

...lemma in association with a highly organized ... dystrophin complex at the sarcolemma , but is secondarily reduced in the absence ... ... Plate T tubule Sarcolemma . Terminal Cisternae & Sarcoplasmic ... a. Invaginations of the sarcolemma penetrating deep into the interior of the muscle cell. ...

Proximal

...be used as relative terms to ... The proximal tubule is the portion of the duct system of the nephron ...39;s capsule to the loop of Henle. Proximal tubule Proximal Convoluted tubule Scheme of renal ...

Loop of Henle

...nephron that leads from the proximal convoluted tubule to the distal convoluted tubule. The loop has ... insufficiency. long, U-shaped portion of the tubule that conducts urine within each nephron of t... of henle : The U-shaped portion of the renal tubule ... Encyclopedia article about loop of Hen...

Glomerulus

...d. attacking the glomeruli , the tiny units. within the kidney where ... filtered in the glomerulus , and extra water. and wastes pass into the tubule and become ... Blood leaving the glomerulus passes into a second capillary network (not shown ... only 50% of the urea filtered at the glome...

Endocytosis

...e cell. ... The web site charts the history of our investigations into various aspects of clathrin-mediated endocytosis and other vesicle and tubule budding pathways. Research on the mechanism of dynamin in vesicle scission and endocytosis . ... of the PH domain of dynamin in clathrin-med...

Collecting tubules

... In the kidney, the collecting tubule is a tubular segment of the renal collecting ... duct system that connects the distal convoluted tubule to the cortical collecting duct. The collect...the hormones aldosterone and... collecting tubule ( kə′lektiŋ ′tü′byül ) ( anatomy ) One of the d...

Brush border

... the body. Microvilli are approximately 100 nanometers in diameter and their length varies from approximately... (Redirected from Kidney proximal tubule brush border cell) ... 1.1 Brush border cell. 2 Divisions. 2.1 Pars convoluta. 2.2 Pars recta. 3 Absorption. 4 Secretion ... Brush...
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