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roundworm in Medical News

UCSF Team Closer to Creating Safe Embryonic-Like Stem Cells

...m being translated from messenger RNA into protein. They were debuted in 1993, when scientists reported the discovery of a microRNA in the microscopic roundworm C. elegans. Since then, the field has "exploded," says Blelloch, with hundreds of microRNAs discovered in the last eight years across a broa...

UCSF team closer to creating safe embryonic-like stem cells

...m being translated from messenger RNA into protein. They were debuted in 1993, when scientists reported the discovery of a microRNA in the microscopic roundworm C. elegans. Since then, the field has "exploded," says Blelloch, with hundreds of microRNAs discovered in the last eight years across a broad range of...

Scientists show how a neuron gets its shape

...rdly replied, "Long enough to reach the ground." Now, by using a new microscopy technique to watch the growth of individual neurons in the microscopic roundworm Caenorhabditis elegans, Rockefeller University researchers are turning another deceptively simple question on its head. They asked, "How long should a...

Pigs raised without antibiotics more likely to carry bacteria, parasites

... infection on natural farms were consistent in all three geographic regions. Of the three pathogens studied, the positive tests for the Trichinella roundworm surprised researchers the most. Gebreyes said federal inspectors might expect to find one positive test for the parasite among more than 14,000 pigs, ...

Study identifies mechanism underlying multidrug resistance in fungi

...l infections to standard antifungal therapy, says Wagner. To further investigate the relevance of their findings, the researchers used a C. elegans roundworm model system recently developed by co-author Eleftherios Mylonakis, MD, PhD, of MGH Infectious Disease to study fungal pathogens. They found that w...

Study finds multiple neglected tropical diseases effectively treated with drugs

...ve drug therapies at an annual cost of less than US $0.40 per person, the researchers write in JAMA. The neglected tropical diseases reviewed include roundworm and whipworm, which impair growth and cognitive function and affects nearly 2 billion people; hookworm, which causes malnutrition and anemia; snail fe...

UW Establishes Stem Cell and Regenerative Medicine Center

...orted by the new center include basic scientists who study stem cells and development in other animals ranging from non-human primates to nematodes, a roundworm widely used in biomedical research. The new center, Kamp says, will serve as a focal point for research by helping to develop core facilities,...

Bacterial Protein Shows Promise in Treating Intestinal Parasites

... Yale medical school and Larry Bischof, Joel Griffitts and Brad Barrows of UCSD. Aroian and his UCSD colleagues discovered five years ago that the roundworm C. elegans and other nematodes are susceptible to the effects of Cry5B, then known primarily as an insecticide. The toxin forms tiny holes in the memb...

Researchers Discover Breakthrough in Major Third World Scourge

...Medical School (NJMS), and the U.S. Department of Agriculture// (USDA) have discovered a mechanism that provides natural protection against intestinal roundworm infections, which affect more than 1.4 billion people throughout the world, and which may lead to more effective therapies against nematode parasites....

Long-life genes - A new way to combat cancer…

... According to a research that was published in Nature, certain genetic mutations that increase the life span in the roundworm Caenorhabditis// elegans also decrease the growth of tumors in it. The finding could help us understand why cancer risk increases as we grow older, an...
roundworm in Medical Dictionary

Trichinosis

...chinellosis, or trichiniasis, is a parasitic disease caused by eating raw or undercooked pork and wild game infected with the larvae of a species of roundworm Trichinella spiralis, commonly called... Get the facts on trichinosis causes, symptoms, diagnosis, life cycle, prognosis, ... What is the progn...

Toxocariasis

...cariasis is a zoonotic, helminthic infection of humans caused by the dog roundworm or cat roundworm (Toxocara cati). Humans normally become infected by ingestion of embryonate...

Roundworms

...cult to distinguish; over 80,000 have been described, of which over... roundworm infection can have numerous negative effects. ... Roundworms are long,...e world's population. ... ... of the roundworms . ... Some species of roundworm may contain more than 27 million eggs ... Most living roundworms are mic...

Pinworm

...s — Comprehensive overview covers symptoms, treatment and prevention of pinworm infection. ... Pinworm infection is the most common type of roundworm ... Pinworms — Comprehensive overview covers symptoms, treatment and prevention of pinworm infection. ... You can prevent pinworm -relate...

Hookworm Infection

... for international adoption. ... Hookworm Disease. One of the most common roundworm infections is hookworm . ... CANINE HOOKWORM INFECTION . What are...y reactivate hookworm infection in the. female. ... Hookworm is a roundworm infestation affecting the small intestine and lungs. ... Ivermectin, used...

Hookworm

... is the second most common human helminthic infection (after ascariasis) ... Hookworm infection is a disease caused by several species of roundworm parasites. ... Hookworm is an intestinal parasite of humans and animals that usually causes ... ...
roundworm in Biological News

Computers aid in cracking deception in plants

...search to the study of molecular mimicry in an important plant pathogen, the soybean cyst nematode. The soybean cyst nematode is a small parasitic roundworm that infects the roots of a soybean plant. As part of its modus operandi, the nematode secretes proteins into the soybean that change the plant's cell...

Recruitment of reproductive features into other cell types may underlie extended lifespan in animals

...etts General Hospital (MGH) Department of Molecular Biology have found that certain genetic mutations known to extend the lifespan of the C. elegans roundworm induce 'mortal' somatic cells to express some of the genes that allow the 'immortality' of reproductive germline cells. Their report will appear in th...

Lincoln Park Zoo awarded $1.5 million grant for new research institute

... developmental stages, the institute has wasted no time in launching a couple pilot projects including a study investigating the prevalence of raccoon roundworm with the goal of creating management strategies to mitigate risk to humans, as well as a study on avian nest predation with the goal of improving urba...

Key to 'curing' obesity may lie in worms that destroy their own fat: McGill researchers

... This release is available in French . A previously unknown mutation discovered in a common roundworm holds the promise of new treatments for obesity in humans, McGill University researchers say. Their study was published Dec. 3 in the journal Nature ...

Deprived of a sense of smell, worms live longer

...mell. Three years ago, the researchers, led by Kerry Kornfeld, M.D., Ph.D., reported they found that a class of anticonvulsant medications made the roundworm Caenorhabditis elegans live longer. But until now, they didn't quite know what the drugs did to give the worms their longevity. They report their la...

Longevity, cancer and diet connected: New research in worms could apply to humans

...iology . Scientists studied a gene called TOR, which regulates cell growth and plays a role in the development of cancer. "In C. elegans, the tiny roundworm that our lab studies, as well as some other animals, a loss of TOR has been shown to slow aging. Our work with C. elegans reveals that TOR depends on ...

Mass. General's Warren Triennial Prize honors discoverers of microRNAs

... the first to find that tiny segments of RNA can turn off other genes by binding to the target genes' RNA. The mechanism they first discovered in the roundworm C. elegans was subsequently shown to apply to animals ranging from flies to mollusks to fish to humans. It now appears that the human genome contains...

Pathway found that lets mosquitoes fatten up, slow down for winter

...rvival, Denlinger said. Though there is limited evidence so far, other research has suggested the insulin signaling pathway affects dormancy in the roundworm and fruit fly. These are very different organisms with a very different evolutionary history yet theyre using this common pathway of insulin sign...

Snoozing worms help Penn researchers explain the evolution of sleep

... PHILADELPHIA The roundworm C. elegans, a staple of laboratory research, may be key in unlocking one of the central biological mysteries: why we sleep. Researchers at the Univer...

Poor Americans in the United States suffer hidden burden of parasitic and other neglected diseases

...eople and are often ignored by public health officials and political leaders despite their enormous medical importance. Toxocariasis, caused by the roundworm Toxocara canis, is now a common parasitic infection among inner city African-American and Hispanic children. Possibly as many as 23% of Americans liv...
roundworm in Biological Definition

Apoptosis

...omedical community, as this pathway was no longer simply an abstract formalism derived from complicated genetic studies of a microscopic soil dwelling roundworm but rather a framework for a process fundamental to human biology and human disease." In 1992, two independent teams working at pharmaceutical compa...
roundworm in Biological Dictionary

Ascaris

...iasis is a human disease caused by the parasitic roundworm Ascaris lumbricoides. Perhaps as many as one qua...edia. ascaris ... Ascaris lumbricoides, common roundworm - intestinal parasite ... What is Ascaris ? ...rmation on Ascaris Round Worm from the Parasitic roundworm Diseases Factsheet. ... Digestion information c...
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