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reprogram in Medical News

UCLA stem cell scientists reprogram human skin cells into embryonic stem cells

UCLA stem cell scientists have reprogrammed human skin cells into cells with the same unlimited properties as embryonic stem cells without using embryos or eggs. Led by scientists Kathrin Plath and William Lowry, UCLA researchers used genetic alteration to turn back the clock on human skin cel...

Scientists Reprogram Human Skin Cells Into Embryonic Stem Cells

Finding could lead to less controversial method of treating diseases MONDAY, Feb. 11 (HealthDay News) -- U.S. scientists say they've reprogrammed human skin cells into ones with the same blank-slate properties as embryonic stem cells, a breakthrough that could aid in treating many dise...

Cancer Cells Reprogram Energy Needs To Grow And Spread

Studying a rare inherited syndrome, researchers at Johns Hopkins have found that cancer cells can reprogram themselves to turn down their own energy-making machinery and use less oxygen, and that these changes might help cancer cells survive and spread. The Hopkins scientists report that t...

Scientists Use Non-Embryonic Stem Cells to Create Healthy Mice

...er, the controversy continues. Until now, real progress in iPS cell research has been tough to achieve. The Chinese team described prior efforts to reprogram the cells as "slow and inefficient." As well, past attempts to prove the "complete developmental potential" of IPS cells -- by producing a live animal...

Scientists Use Adult Stem Cells to Create Healthy Mice

...er, the controversy continues. Until now, real progress in iPS cell research has been tough to achieve. The Chinese team described prior efforts to reprogram the cells as "slow and inefficient." As well, past attempts to prove the "complete developmental potential" of IPS cells -- by producing a live animal...

Stem Cells' "Suspended" State Preserved by Key Step, Scientists Report

...ells acquire their specialized states and provide a strategy to efficiently reprogram mature cells back into the pluripotent state, an elusive step in stem cell ...ells acquire their specialized states and provide a strategy to efficiently reprogram mature cells back into the pluripotent state, an elusive step in stem cell ...

Pig Stem Cells Created

...del to develop therapies to treat the disease." To induce the pluripotent cells, researchers used a virus to introduce transcription factors, which reprogram cells, to cells taken from a pig's ear and bone marrow. After the introduction of transcription factors, the cells developed in the lab into colonies ...

iDrug Technology Hopes to Promote Economic Stimulus at the Subconscious Level of Every Citizen

...iety? TACOMA, Wash., April 28 /PRNewswire/ -- What if you were able to reprogram a person's mind? People looking to improve their lives can now prime their ...the creator of iDrug. "The alpha and theta levels make it easier for you to reprogram your mind. Delta levels are normally experienced during deep sleep." He rec...

Scientists Find New Way to Create Stem Cells

...tion of fragments of DNA from different organisms. They experimented with these proteins until they found the exact mix that enabled them to gradually reprogram the adult cells. The reprogrammed embryonic-like cells from fibroblasts behaved the same as embryonic stem cells in terms of molecular and function...

iZumi Bio and Kyoto University Form Collaboration to Advance Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Technology

..." iZumi and CiRA respectively offer the capability to take skin cells from a diseased patient with known genotypic and phenotypic information and reprogram the cells to behave similarly to human embryonic stem cells. These iPS cells can then be changed into various cell types in the body using directed di...
reprogram in Medical Technology

Study Confirms Effectiveness of Innovative Prism Glasses For Hemianopia Patients

...ual adjustment. Based on these results, Dr. Peli and his team plan to conduct future research that will examine the best way to train patients to reprogram their brains to perceive direction automatically. The research team consisted of Mr. Robert Giorgi and Drs. Russell Woods and Eli Peli, all of t...

Karmanos Cancer Institute Researchers Present Breast Cancer Advancements at Conference

...tastatic breast cancer, the ER-positive and ER-negative types with AFP464," she said. "The synergism is very impressive. We always knew vorinostat can reprogram the expression of cancer cells." AFP464 has been in Phase I clinical trial for the last year and a half, where doses were given to patients with ...

Cloned Human Embryos Successfully Reprogrammed Using Human - But Not Animal - Eggs

...cytes (or 'eggs') have the capacity to extensively reprogram adult human cells. The research, which appears onl...ds. "We examined the factors recently used to reprogram skin cells (to induce pluripotent stem cells)," sa...T and induced pluripotent stem cell technology) to reprogram adult cells into stem cells. However, until this ...

Reprogrammable Cell Type Depends on a Single Gene to Keep Its Identity

...sion of a gene called Prox1 to dissuade it. The researchers showed that Prox1 acts as a two-way switch whose inactivity is sufficient to reprogram a specialized type of cell, called a lymphatic endothelial cell (LEC). In the absence of active Prox1 , the LEC actually loses its identity and assum...

Skin Flaps Deliver Cancer-fighting Therapy, ASPS Study Reveals

...ministering the same anti-tumor agent intravenously in humans has previously been shown to cause liver damage. "This new technique may allow us to reprogram skin flaps, using gene therapy, to provide a blueprint for anti-tumor agents like Interleukin-12 to be produced in the tumor to kill cancer, while avo...

Data from Investigator-Sponsored Trial of Oncophage Cancer Vaccine in Glioma Presented at American Association of Neurological Surgeons Annual Meeting

...r glioma. Derived from each individual's tumor, Oncophage contains the 'antigenic fingerprint' of the patient's particular cancer and is designed to reprogram the body's immune system to target only cancer cells bearing this fingerprint. Oncophage is intended to leave healthy tissue unaffected and limit the ...
reprogram in Biological News

Salk researchers successfully reprogram keratinocytes attached to a single hair

LA JOLLA, CA The first reports of the successful reprogramming of adult human cells back into so-called induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells, which by all appearances looked and acted liked embryonic stem cells created a media stir. But the process was woefully inefficient: Only one out of 10,000...

Salk researchers reprogram adult stem cells in their natural environment

LA JOLLA, CA In recent years, stem cell researchers have become very adept at manipulating the fate of adult stem cells cultured in the lab. Now, researchers at the Salk Institute for Biological Studies achieved the same feat with adult neural stem cells still in place in the brain. They successf...

Harmful chemicals may reprogram gene response to estrogen

New research shows that exposure to harmful chemicals and drugs during critical developmental periods early in life may actually "reprogram" the way certain genes respond to the female hormone estrogen. This genetic reprogramming may determine whether people with a genetic predisposition for a dise...

Trio of signals converge to induce liver and pancreas cell development in the embryo

...or a menu at a restaurant." Many investigators are now trying to broadly reprogram cells into desired cell fates for potential therapeutic uses. "By better un...ng how a cell is normally programmed we will eventually be able to directly reprogram other cells," notes Zaret. "An analogy I use here is if a watch is broken a...

Scientists shed light on inner workings of human embryonic stem cells

...e for embryonic stem cells. This microRNA is known as miR-145. The discovery may have implications for improving the efficiency of methods designed to reprogram differentiated cells into embryonic stem cell-like cells. As few as three or four genes can make cells pluripotent. "We know what these genes are,"...

Stanford scientists turn adult skin cells into muscle and vice versa

... In a study featured on the cover of the May issue of The FASEB Journal , researchers describe how they are able to reprogram human adult skin cells into other cell types in order to decipher the elusive mechanisms underlying reprogramming. To demonstrate their point, they tr...

Gladstone scientists identify key factors in heart cell creation

...her, these factors give us a potent mechanism to control cellular differentiation," said Dr. Bruneau. "This knowledge may help us to understand how to reprogram new cardiomyocytes for therapeutic purposes." ...

Eye cells believed to be retinal stem cells are misidentified

...d to the patient, so there would be no danger of rejection. And thanks to some excellent research during the past 15 years, we know a lot about how to reprogram such stem cells to make them into photoreceptors." ...

CellThera and WPI advance in regeneration study

...rm the early structures needed to begin the process of re-growing lost tissues. In the new phase of the program, the CellThera/WPI team will try to reprogram and engineer cells to replace damaged skeletal muscle and to restore the normal function of that muscle. Joining the effort for the new phase of this ...

Mount Sinai Hospital researcher makes stem cell breakthrough

...n develop into most other cell types) without disrupting healthy genes. Dr. Nagy's method uses a novel wrapping procedure to deliver specific genes to reprogram cells into stem cells. Previous approaches required the use of viruses to deliver the required genes, a method that carries the risk of damaging the D...
reprogram in Biological Technology

Stem cells' 'suspended' state preserved by key step, scientists report

...state. Exploiting the finding may lead to a greater understanding of how cells acquire their specialized states and provide a strategy to efficiently reprogram mature cells back into the pluripotent state, an elusive step in stem cell research but one crucial to a range of potential clinical treatments. Th...

Sigma-Aldrich Streamlines Access to Advanced Stem Cell Research Portfolio and Opens Stem Cell Biology Community Through New Web Portal

...al to benefit individuals affected by a wide range of debilitating and life threatening conditions. New approaches are expected to make it possible to reprogram differentiated somatic cells, such as fibroblasts, into stem cells which can then be used for a variety of research applications. Sigma-Aldrich provid...

Animal Eggs Not Suitable Substitutes to Produce Stem Cells

...Liebert, Inc., demonstrates that animal oocytes lack the capacity to fully reprogram adult human cells. The paper is available free online at www.liebertpub.co...of Human Somatic Cells Using Human and Animal Oocytes." The ability to reprogram human cells using oocytes would enable the production of patient-specific s...

New technique produces genetically identical stem cells

...gramming experiments have typically induced pluripotency in adult skin cells, Wernig and Lengner were able to employ this novel method to successfully reprogram multiple cell and tissue types, including cells of the intestine, brain, muscle, kidney, adrenal gland, and bone marrow. Importantly, the technique al...

Fate Therapeutics Taps Successful Biotech CEOs Paul Grayson and John Mendlein for Leadership Team

...ion. Dr. Ding's work has important implications for the development of small molecule drugs that can potentiate adult stem cells in vivo, and reprogram differentiated cells to new functions. * Randall Moon, Ph.D., University of Washington; Director, Institute for Stem Cell and Regenerative M...

Fate Therapeutics Created by Leading Stem Cell Scientists to Pursue New Approaches to Stem Cell Therapies

...ing medicine platform involves developing drugs to reprogram mature adult cells into stem cells which when diff...t can potentiate adult stem cells in vivo, and reprogram differentiated cells to new functions. -- Ran...s and tissue, and on the use of small molecules to reprogram mature adult cells to an embryonic-like state. The...

UW-Madison scientists guide human skin cells to embryonic state

...anted in a surrogate mother, develop into a fully formed animal. The new study by Yu and Thomson reveal some of those genetic factors. The ability to reprogram human cells through well defined factors would permit the generation of patient-specific stem cell lines without use of the cloning techniques employe...

Stem Cell Leader Beike Biotech and China's Tsinghua University Receive US$4 Million for Stem Cell Reprogramming Laboratory

...m a new laboratory, established with a Chinese Government grant. Such a facility will put China at the forefront of the global race to engineer and reprogram human stem cells for positive medical benefit. SHENZHEN, Nov. 13 /Xinhua-PRNewswire/ -- Beike Biotechnology, ( http://www.bei...

Calling all computers: VoIP goes mainstream

...es of extensions and service within the organization are now handled by software on the computer system, not by having to change wiring connections or reprogram the PBX. Next, cut your charges Eliminating half the wiring is fine, but how about if your phone bill shrank as well? Because long distanc...

UW stem cell guru outlines scientific and political future

...ive and die, important for answering how disease affects living cells, and why stem cells differentiate into organs, significant in finding out how to reprogram cells to form tissue on demand. ----- Christine Javid is a Madison-based freelance writer for the Wisconsin Technology Network and can be reached ...
reprogram in Biological Dictionary

Trans-splicing

...onventional pre-mRNAs appears to be ... Oncogene is one of the world's leading cancer journals. ... In mammals, trans - splicing can be used to reprogram or interfere with specific ... Trans - splicing is an unusual process in which two separate RNA strands are ... We use the term ' trans - splicin...

Somatic cells

...used to clone ... programming of differentiated somatic cells towards ... gramming of somatic cells than by nuclear transfer and then ... reprogram somatic cells , like SCNT, ... Drosophila melanogaster Male Somatic Cells Feminized Solely by Tra^sup F&#94 ... Analytical Instr...

Somatic cell

... ... where somatic refers to cells of the body (not the germ cells , sperm or eggs) ... become a specific cell type, it is now possible to reprogram adult somatic cells ... somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) is a laboratory technique for creating a ... into the egg, the somatic cell...

Fertilized egg cell

...sis on stem cell research and its implications. ... Fertilized eggs reprogram adult- cell genomes. Monya Baker1 ... ... transferring nuclei from adul... also be generated from fertilized human eggs in this way. ... ... reprogram fertilized mouse eggs , producing both embryonic stem cells and cl...
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