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photosynthetic in Medical News

MIT research could help predict red tide

...rmation. The explanation by researchers in MIT's Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering of how these common, startlingly dense layers of photosynthetic phytoplankton form, moves the scientific community a step closer to being able to predict harmful algal blooms, a well-known example of which is red t...

Arizona Technology Enterprises (AzTE) Hosts the ASU Tech Forum for the Investment Community

...ities in the life sciences, physical sciences, and clean tech fields. These investment opportunities relate to biofuels and biomaterials derived from photosynthetic organisms, DNA and protein sequencing and detection platforms, neurostimulation technologies, sensor technologies, synthetic antibodies, advanced batt...

Nanospectrometer Aids in Identifying Nutrient Cycle

...ion associated with photosynthesis produces oxygen, while nitrogen fixing needs an oxygen-free environment. Previous studies have shown that some photosynthetic cells can differentiate into heterocysts: thick-walled relatives that fix nitrogen but do not produce oxygen. Using NanoSIMS, Capone and Nealson ...

Bacteria Can Survive In Extreme Heat

...nd in moderate environments and the other, an intense-heat lover. Both were photosynthetic (that is, using the sun's energy to create sugars for food). The focus of the research was a reaction that takes place in enzymes in the photosynthetic "reaction center" of the bacterial cell. While gradually raising the surrou...

US Academy honors 15 for major contributions to science

... Angeles. Merchant was chosen "for her pioneering discoveries in the assembly of metalloenzymes and the regulated biogenesis of major complexes of the photosynthetic apparatus in green algae." J. Lawrence Smith Medal, a medal and prize of $25,000 awarded every three years for recent original and meritorious inv...

Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy aids in mapping protein structure

...roteins are vital for the electron transfer of energy throughout the living systems. They also play an important role in the transfer of energy in the photosynthetic and respiratory processes. "Variants of rubredoxin have evolved different sequences to transport electrons in the most efficient manner possible. Diff...
photosynthetic in Medical Technology

First Jatropha Genome Completed by Synthetic Genomics Inc. and Asiatic Centre for Genome Technology

...ness programs are focused on major bioenergy areas: designing advanced biofuels with superior properties compared to ethanol and biodiesel; harnessing photosynthetic organisms to produce value added products directly from sunlight and carbon dioxide; developing new biological solutions to increase production and/or...
photosynthetic in Medical Dictionary

Carotenoids

... Carotenoids are organic pigments that are naturally occurring in the chloroplasts and chromoplasts of plants and some other photosynthetic organisms like algae, some types of fungus and some bacteria. Astaxanthin, a naturally occurring carotenoid pigment, is a powerful biological ...

Carotene

...s used for several related substances having the formula C40Hx, which are synthesized by plants but cannot be made by animals. Carotene is an orange photosynthetic pigment important for photosynthesis.... β- Carotene is an organic compound - a terpenoid, a red-orange pigment abundant in plants and fruits. ...

Beta-carotene

...s used for several related substances having the formula C40Hx, which are synthesized by plants but cannot be made by animals. Carotene is an orange photosynthetic pigment important for photosynthesis.... beta carotene also beta - carotene n. The isomeric form of carotene that is widely distributed in...

Bacteria

...satile and they can tolerate environmental extremes ... Bacteria are among the oldest and most numerous living things and are found in ... Other photosynthetic bacteria undergo different processes which do not ... An introduction to the Bacteria with photomicrographs. A Web resource for all microscopi...
photosynthetic in Biological News

Orientation of antenna protein in photosynthetic bacteria described

Researchers at Washington University in St. Louis have figured out the orientation of a protein in the antenna complex to its neighboring membrane in a photosynthetic bacterium, a key find in the process of energy transfer in photosynthesis. Robert Blankenship, Ph.D., Markey Distinguished Profe...

Berkeley researchers identify photosynthetic dimmer switch

In a study of the molecular mechanisms by which plants protect themselves from oxidation damage should they absorb too much sunlight during photosynthesis, a team of researchers has discovered a molecular dimmer switch that helps control the flow of solar energy moving through the system of light ...

Researchers decode genetics of rare photosynthetic bacterium

TEMPE, Ariz. A bacterium that harvests far-red light by making a rare form of chlorophyll (chlorophyll d) has revealed its genetic secrets, according to a team of researchers who recently sequenced the bacterias genome. The researchers, from Arizona State University and Washington University,...

Researchers decode genetics of rare photosynthetic bacteria

TEMPE, Ariz. A bacterium that harvests far-red light by making a rare form of chlorophyll (chlorophyll d) has revealed its genetic secrets, according to a team of researchers who recently sequenced the bacterias genome. The researchers, from Arizona State University and Washington University,...

Williams College biologist explores photosynthetic apparatus

The National Science Foundation has announced the award of $263,274 to Williams College biologist Claire Ting. It will support her work in exploring the structure, function and evolution of the photosynthetic apparatus in one of the most important marine primary producers of the world. Her proje...

Iron and biological production in the high-latitude North Atlantic

...as was biological production, despite the presence of residual nitrate. Experimental addition of iron to bottles containing seawater samples increased photosynthetic efficiency, chlorophyll concentrations, and growth of several types of phytoplankton, including the ubiquitous Emiliania huxleyi, a coccolithophore. ...

Nitrogen research shows how some plants invade, take over others

...identified six mechanisms that influence plant nitrogen use or acquisition: photosynthetic tissue allocation, photosynthetic nitrogen use efficiency, nitrogen fixation, nitrogen-leaching losses, gross...

Breakthrough made in assessing marine phytoplankton health

...and tell whether or not they are healthy. That's pretty cool." Ocean phytoplankton are single-celled organisms that are responsible for half of the photosynthetic productivity on Earth. They fuel nearly all marine ocean ecosystems and are the base of the marine food chain. Measurements of phytoplankton are an...

NASA satellite detects red glow to map global ocean plant health

...ystems, serving as the most basic food source for marine animals from zooplankton to fish to shellfish. In fact, phytoplankton account for half of all photosynthetic activity on Earth. The health of these marine plants affects commercial fisheries, the amount of carbon dioxide the ocean can absorb, and how the ocea...

MIT reels in RNA surprise with microbial ocean catch

...ion, the research team collaboratively with CEE Professor Sallie (Penny) Chisholm and her research team, which has successfully grown and studied the photosynthetic microbe, Prochlorococcus, in the lab created a method for amplifying the RNA extracted from small amounts of seawater by modifying a eukaryotic RNA a...
photosynthetic in Biological Technology

Synthetic Genomics Inc. and ExxonMobil Research and Engineering Company Sign Exclusive, Multi-Year Agreement to Develop Next Generation Biofuels Using Photosynthetic Algae

LA JOLLA, Calif., July 14 /PRNewswire/ -- Synthetic Genomics Inc. (SGI), a privately held company applying genomic-driven commercial solutions to address a variety of global challenges including energy and the environment, announced today a multi-year research and development agreement with E...

Global One Consulting Announces Exclusive Contract to Expand Saigene Biotech, Inc. Sales in Emerging Markets

...ghly sensitive and able to quickly detect the presence of algal cells, even when they are not detectable under a microscope. Algae, the most abundant photosynthetic organism in marine and freshwater ecosystems, can damage vegetation, coral reefs, fish and wildlife, and water quality when it "blooms" excessively. ...

MIT reels in RNA surprise with microbial ocean catch

...ion, the research team collaboratively with CEE Professor Sallie (Penny) Chisholm and her research team, which has successfully grown and studied the photosynthetic microbe, Prochlorococcus, in the lab created a method for amplifying the RNA extracted from small amounts of seawater by modifying a eukaryotic RNA a...

Scientists determine the structure of highly efficient light-harvesting molecules in green bacteria

...light energy. The team's results one day could be used to build artificial photosynthetic systems, such as those that convert solar energy to electrical energy. A r...Bryant said that the team's results may one day be used to build artificial photosynthetic systems that convert solar energy to electricity. "The interactions that l...

MRI Expands Energy Role: Launches Center for Integrated Algal Research and Creates Director of Energy Programs Position

... algae a good candidate to reduce carbon emission and produce biofuel: -- Microalgae can grow using municipal wastewater. -- Algae have greater photosynthetic efficiency than higher terrestrial plants and can grow in a range of temperatures, pH, and nutrient load. -- Algae have a higher growth rate an...

Algenol Biofuels Appoints Chief Science Officer

... "We are thrilled that Dr. Coleman has joined Algenol to help us in our development and production of third-generation biofuels, which leverages the photosynthetic process to produce ethanol in one step," said Paul Woods, co-founder and CEO of Algenol Biofuels. "His demonstrated leadership in this area and over 2...

Dow AgroSciences Announces Early Exercise of Option for Commercial License With Sangamo BioSciences for Plants

...include: healthier cooking oils and many other improvements in nutritional content; resistance to a broad range of insect pests and diseases; enhanced photosynthetic efficiency and overall yields; as well as plants custom-engineered for the biofuels industry." ZFPs are the dominant class of naturally occurring tr...

Solar cell directly splits water for hydrogen

...the turnover rate of Photosystem II in green plant photosynthesis." Photosystem II is the protein complex in plants that oxidizes water and starts the photosynthetic process. The researchers impregnated a titanium dioxide electrode with the catalyst complex for the anode and used a platinum cathode. They immersed...

Kiwa Bio-Tech Third Quarter Revenues Increase 226% - Nine-Month Revenues $6.2 Million

...tilizer products. Five are bio-fertilizer products with bacillus spp and/or photosynthetic bacteria as core ingredients. They greatly boost overall plant health and t...nment - four covering our bacillus bacteria fertilizer and one covering our photosynthetic bacteria fertilizer. Mass use of chemical fertilizer products has led to s...

Examples of Electro-Transfected Eukaryotic and Prokaryotic Cells

... Giardia lamblia Hydra cells, Cnidaria. Leishmania, all species within the genus Marine organisms photosynthetic bacteria Primary chicken oviduct Sea urchin egg Tetrahymena Thermotolerant bacteria Trypanoso...
photosynthetic in Biological Products

Innova 4900 Multi-Shaker Environmental Chamber, Holds up to 4 Shakers from New Brunswick Scientific Co., Inc.

Description:...ge-capacity refrigerated incubator chamber holds up to 4 independently-operated shakers. Programmable heat, refrigeration, humidifcation are standard. photosynthetic operation, optional....
Company:New Brunswick Scientific Co., Inc.
photosynthetic in Biological Definition

ATP synthase

...the mitochondrial enzyme. However, in chloroplasts the protonmotive force is generated not by respiratory electron transport chain, but by primary photosynthetic proteins - photosystems I and II and cytochrome b 6 f . E. coli ATP synthase E. coli ATP synthase is the simplest known form of ATP synthase,...

Bacterium

...pic fungi (called Schizomycetes), except for the photosynthetic cyanobacteria , which were considered a group of ...ns on this terminology such as chemoautotrophs and photosynthetic autotrophs and so on. In addition, bacteria are d...hic) electron source and were the first to use the photosynthetic water splitting apparatus. Other...

Calvin cycle

... The Calvin cycle (also known as Calvin-Benson cycle ) is a series of biochemical reactions taking place in the chloroplasts of photosynthetic organisms . It was discovered by Melvin Calvin and Andy Benson at the University of California, Berkeley . It is one of the light-independent...

Crassulacean acid metabolism

... Crassulacean acid metabolism ( CAM ) is a carbon fixation pathway in some photosynthetic plants . CAM is usually found in plants living under arid conditions, including those found in the desert (for example, cactus). It is named after...

Crassulacean acid metabolism

... Crassulacean acid metabolism ( CAM ) is a carbon fixation pathway in some photosynthetic plants . CAM is usually found in plants living under arid conditions, including those found in the desert (for example, cactus). It is named after...

Chlorophyll

... Chlorophyll Ancient Greek : chloros = green and phyllon = leaf. It is a green photosynthetic pigment found in plants , algae , and cyanobacteria . The first step in photosynthesis is when incoming light is absorbed by chlorophyll, ionizi...

Chloroplast

...sk, and inside is an empty area called the thylakoid space or lumen. The photosynthesis reaction takes place on the surface of the thylakoid. The photosynthetic proteins in the membrane bind chlorophyll , which is present with various accessory pigments . These give chloroplasts their green colour. Algal ...

Bacterium

...pic fungi (called Schizomycetes), except for the photosynthetic cyanobacteria , which were considered a group of ...ns on this terminology such as chemoautotrophs and photosynthetic autotrophs and so on. In addition, bacteria are d...hic) electron source and were the first to use the photosynthetic water splitting apparatus. Other...

Fungus

...h are then consumed. Some fungi, usually ascomycetes, live as lichens . A lichen is a very close mutualistic relationship between a fungus and a photosynthetic microorganism, usually a cyanobacterium or green alga . A lichen behaves in so many ways like a single organism that lichens are actually given s...

Photosynthesis

...elying on materials produced by other organisms. photosynthetic bacteria do not have chloroplasts. Instead, photo...considered to have developed from them. The other photosynthetic bacteria have a variety of different pigments, cal...posed by C. B. van Neil in the 1930s, who studied photosynthetic bacteria. Aside from the cyanobacteria , they us...
photosynthetic in Biological Dictionary

Vascular plants

... Vascular plants are those plants that have lignified tissues for conducting water, minerals, and photosynthetic products through the plant. Vascular plants include the ferns, clubmosses, flowering plants , conifers and other... Non- vascular plants is a g...

Thylakoids

... inferred that the protease ... ... peripheral proteins in the thylakoids of pea were systematically ... Thylakoids /metabolism. Substances: photosynthetic Reaction Center Complex Proteins ... CiteULike is a free online bibliography manager. ... proteomes (e.g. chloroplasts, thylakoids , nucleoids) an...

Spongy mesophyll

... of loosely arranged, chloroplast-bearing, usually lobed cells ... between the spongy mesophyll cells are important? ... mesophyll n. The photosynthetic tissue of a leaf, located between the upper and lower epidermis. ... spongy mesophyll . Hatch-Slack pathway (biochemistry) ... Spongy Bone. ...

Rhodophyta

...y associated with the Rhodophyta . Structure & metabolism ... Rhodophyta , phylum (division) of the kingdom Protista consisting of the photosynthetic organisms commonly known as red algae red algae ( ′red ′aljē ) ( botany ) The common name for members of the phylum Rhodophyta . ... Defining ...

Phycology

... as primary producers in aquatic ecosystems. Most algae are eukaryotic, photosynthetic organisms that live in a wet environment. They are distinguished from the h...are important as plants in aquatic ecosystems. Most algae are eukaryotic, photosynthetic organisms that live in a wet environment. They are different from the highe...

Photosystem

...es of plants, algae and cyanobacteria, or in the cytoplasmic membrane of photosynthetic bacteria. A photosystem is an... Photosystem I (PS I) is the second photosystem in the photosynthetic light reactions of algae, plants, and some bacteria. Photosystem I is s...

Phaeophyta

...hyta ) ... ( Phaeophyta ) as determined by ITS1 and ITS2 sequences" ... Brief introduction to the brown algae or phaeophytes, a group of photosynthetic ... Click on the buttons below to find out more about the Phaeophyta . ... Phaeophyta : Life History and Ecology. Though there are a few rare fre...

Parenchyma cells

...yloplasts and several ... This image of parenchyma cells was used earlier to emphasize vacuoles. ... Parenchyma cells are better suited for photosynthetic activity because their ... Information about parenchyma in the free online English dictionary and ... chlorenchyma - parenchyma whose cells ...

Mesophyll

...beth Morales) leaf n. , pl. leaves. ... These two different layers of the mesophyll are absent in many aquatic and marsh ... mesophyll n. The photosynthetic tissue of a leaf, located between the upper and lower epidermis. ... the function of spongey mesophyll in a leaf? Read answer... Plant Cells : ...

Megabase cloning

...erms: mega-, megabacterium, megabase , megabase cloning , megacalycosis. Contact us ... Cloning the whole 3.5- megabase (Mb) genome of the photosynthetic bacterium ... Our megasize DNA cloning method, designated megacloning, may be generally ... The mondofacto dictionary is a searchable dictionary ...
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