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Offspring in Medical News

Researchers estimate risk of transmission of Huntington's disease to offspring among male carriers

(Boston) Researchers from Boston University School of Medicine (BUSM) have quantified the probability of a male who carries a "high normal" variant of the Huntington's Disease (HD) gene having a child who develops the disease. Although thought to be a very rare event, the probability has never be...

Mothers and Offspring Can Share Cells Throughout Life

SEATTLE, May 2 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- Cutting the umbilical cord doesn't necessarily sever the physical link between mother and child. Many cells pass back and forth between the mother and fetus during pregnancy and can be detected in the tissues and organs of both even decades later. This...

Fetal Alcohol Exposure May Prime Offspring for Alcoholism

Rat studies suggest the senses learn to like drinking early on THURSDAY, Dec. 13 (HealthDay News) -- Rats exposed to alcohol while still in the womb learn to like the substance and are more drawn to it as young rats, a new study shows. The observation may help explain why teens with...

Adult offspring of parents with PTSD have lower cortisol levels

A small study suggests that adults whose parents are Holocaust survivors with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) appear to have lower average levels of the stress hormone cortisol than the adult offspring of parents without PTSD, according to a report in the September issue of Archives of Gener...

What Moms Learned May Be Passed to Offspring

Mouse study concludes rich environmental memories can affect learning in children THURSDAY, Feb. 5 (HealthDay News) -- The things mothers did as children may affect their children's memory and the severity of learning disorders, according to U.S. researchers who studied the brain funct...

Epilepsy Drug May Raise Autism Risk in Offspring

Yet another reason pregnant women should avoid this medication, experts say WEDNESDAY, Dec. 3 (HealthDay News) -- Women taking the epilepsy drug valproate while pregnant are at increased risk of delivering a child who develops autism. The British findings, appearing in the Dec. 2 is...

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Offspring in Medical Technology

Recent Findings from the Framingham Offspring Study Show Low Numbers of LDL Particles (LDL-P) by NMR are Associated With Fewer Heart Disease Related Events than Equivalently Low Levels of LDL Cholesterol (LDL-C).(1)

RALEIGH, N.C., Dec. 13 /PRNewswire/ -- The most recent study from the landmark Framingham trial demonstrates the clinical significance of knowing the number of LDL particles (LDL-P) by NMR in the management of a patient's risk for heart disease. This longitudinal outcomes study shows that low ...

Researchers Create First Targeted Knockout Rats Using Zinc Finger Nuclease Technology

... scientists used ZFNs to knock out an inserted reporter gene and two native rat genes without causing measurable effects on other genes. Importantly, offspring of the ZFN-mutated rats also carried the modifications, demonstrating the genetic changes were permanent and heritable. Together, these results demon...

Molecular Marker Identifies Normal Stem Cells as Intestinal Tumor Source

... Next, the researchers switched on cancer-producing machinery in the Prominin1 intestinal stem cells and used a fluorescent tracer to follow the offspring of these cells. Those studies revealed that the stem cells stopped making normal intestine and made tumors instead. "We saw a dramatic change in these...

deCODE and SGENE Consortium Discover Deletions in the Human Genome Linked to Risk of Schizophrenia

...E first analyzed the genomes of a total of approximately 15,000 parents and offspring taking part in deCODE gene discovery programs and who had been genotyped wi...discovered 66 de novo CNVs, that is, CNVs present in the genomic DNA of the offspring but not in that of their parents. deCODE then tested these variants for ass...

Women Who Gain Excessive Weight During Pregnancy More Likely to Have Overweight Children

...ers add that more research is necessary to clarify whether the association between greater gestational weight gain and increased odds of overweight in offspring is causal, and whether it exists in today's environment of increasing obesity. Dr. Wrotniak's coauthors were Justine Shults, Ph.D., of the Center fo...

Quest Diagnostics Introduces ClariSure(TM) Test for Identifying Chromosome Abnormalities Associated With 85 Developmental Disorders in Children

...th better diagnostic insights, parents can provide their child with appropriate schooling and social support, and understand the likelihood that other offspring may have the same disorder." Quest Diagnostics owns the intellectual property underlying its microarray technology, which is used to analyze informat...
Offspring in Medical Dictionary

Sterile

...unciation of sterile . sterile synonyms. sterile usage examples and sterile quotes. ... sterile and infertile imply incapability of producing offspring or ... Italian: sterile it(it), infertile it(it) Polish: bezpłodny m. Portuguese: estéril pt(pt) ... Retrieved from "http://en.wiktionary.org /w...

Serum phosphorus

...3. EVALUATION OF SERUM PHOSPHORUS LEVELS ... Serum phosphorus levels <2.5 mg/dL (0.81 mmol/L) may be associated with ... : A Framingham offspring Study analysis suggests high normal serum phosphorus concentrations are associated with an increased risk for cardiovascular disease events .....

Infertility in women

...equally important ... concern for infertility in men and for effects on offspring of women . ... Infertility in older women appears to be mostly d...for ... of particular concern for infertility in men and for effects on offspring women . ... Infertility is the inability to conceive and become preg...

Infant

... An infant or baby is the term used to refer to the very young offspring of humans and other primates. Infant formula is an artificial substitute for human breast milk, intended for infant consumption. The first ...

Identical twins

... Twins are two offspring resulting from the same pregnancy, usually born in close succession. They c...evelop and express genes at the same levels, ... twin n. One of two offspring born at the same birth. One of two identical or similar people, animals, ...

Heredity

..... Heredity is a subject everyone knows a little bit about. ... the molecule of heredity is quite a ... Heredity is the passing of traits to offspring (from its parent or ancestors) ... Through heredity , variations exhibited by individuals can accumulate and cause a ... Encyclopedia article abo...
Offspring in Biological News

Mothers give interloper's offspring a head start in life

A new study has revealed that mother birds can provide an early advantage to the chicks that they have sired with their non-social partner (known as extra-pair offspring). It has long been known that female birds commonly mate with males other than their social partner, producing broods of mix...

A low dose of caffeine when pregnant may damage the heart of offspring for a lifetime

A new study published online in The FASEB Journal shows that the equivalent of one dose of caffeine (just two cups of coffee) ingested during pregnancy may be enough to affect fetal heart development and then reduce heart function over the entire lifespan of the child. In addition, the researche...

Mice mothers devote energies to offspring when life is threatened

AMES, Iowa -- An Iowa State University researcher has found that sick female deer mice devote their energy to producing healthier offspring. Lisa Schwanz, a researcher in the department of ecology, evolution and organismal biology, studied the size of offspring for both infected and healthy mic...

Species still have more viable offspring if they can choose their best mate

Athens, Ga. -- When it comes to picking a mate, Crosby, Stills, Nash and Young had an answer: If you cant be with the one you love, love the one youre with. As it turns out, that may be a cardinal rule in the animal kingdom, too. New research that crosses several species boundaries shows that ...

Bisphenol A exposure in pregnant mice permanently changes DNA of offspring

Exposure during pregnancy to the chemical bisphenol A, or BPA, found in many common plastic household items, is known to cause a fertility defect in the mother's offspring in animal studies, and now researchers have found how the defect occurs. The results of the new study will be presented Saturd...

Mothers pass on disease clues to offspring

When there is a threat of disease during pregnancy, mothers produce less aggressive sons with more efficient immune systems, researchers at The University of Nottingham have discovered. The study provides the first evidence for a transgenerational effect on immune response based on environmenta...
Offspring in Biological Technology

Statement on the Release of the European Food Safety Assessment on the Safety of Food Derived From Clones and Their Offspring in the Food Supply

Statement by Mark Walton, Ph.D., President, ViaGen January 11, 2008 WASHINGTON, Jan. 11 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- "In light of the European Food Safety Authority's strong endorsement of the safety of food from clones and their offspring, we urge the U.S. Food and Drug Administration t...

OMT announces a breakthrough in the development of a novel human antibody platform

...BioSciences, Inc. to knockout a gene encoding rat immunoglobulin. The mutations in rat immunoglobulin caused no off-target effects in other genes, and offspring of the ZFN-edited rats carried the mutated genes. Together, these results demonstrate the ability to generate heritable, specific and permanent modif...

Microbix Files First Patent Applications On Novel Technology Platform For Large Semen Sexing Market

...3 billion Artificial Insemination (AI) market. Semen sexing is instrumental to the dairy industry due to the growing international demand for female offspring and the negligible value of dairy bull calves. "This market is attractive for its size and the absence of regulatory barriers, and importantly, our ...

Morphotek(R), Inc. Announces Initiation of MORAb-009 Phase II Study in First- Line Treatment of Mesothelioma

...y gene evolution technology. The technology has been successfully applied to a broad variety of cell lines and organisms to yield genetically diverse offspring that are suitable for pharmaceutical product development in the areas of antibody therapeutics, protein therapeutics, product manufacturing, drug targ...

Gene-engineered flies are pest solution

... For the first time, male flies of a serious agricultural pest, the medfly, have been bred to generate offspring that die whilst they are still embryos. Researchers writing in the open access journal BMC Biology describe the creation of the flies that, when rel...

'Museomics' yields new insights into extinct Tasmanian tiger

...ed museum samples. In this study, an international team of scientists has sequenced mitochondrial and nuclear DNA from the hair of the male thylacine offspring brought to the National Zoo in 1902 and a female that died in the London Zoo in 1893. In addition to refining the place of this unusual animal in evo...
Offspring in Biological Definition

Allele

...he phenotype . An example of this would be seen if, when crossing flowers with codominant "blue" and "purple" alleles for petal color, the resulting offspring would have violet petals. Another exception is co-dominance , where both alleles are active and both traits are expressed at the same time; for exam...

Reproduction

...t unless raised in an artificial environment, most offspring do not survive to adults . A rabbit (mature after 8 months) produces 10 - 30 offspring per year, a Nile Crocodile (15 years) produces 5...s can be favoured by evolution : animals with few offspring can spend time nurturing and protecting them, henc...

Epigenetics

... nuclear DNA . This includes the study of how environmental factors affecting a parent can result in changes in the way genes are expressed in the offspring (see Waterland citation). In both cases, the object of study includes how gene regulatory information that is not expressed in DNA sequences is tr...

Eugenics

...on of "hereditary and incurable drunkards, sexual criminals, lunatics, and those suffering from an incurable disease which would be passed on to their offspring . . ." [1] Sweden forcibly sterilized 62,000 "unfits" as part of a eugenics program over a forty year period. Similar incidents occurred in Canad...

Gamete

... individual will contain one copy of the chromosome set from the sperm and one copy of the chromosome set from the egg—that is, the cells of the offspring will have genes expressing characteristics of both the "father" and the "mother". A gamete's chromosomes are not exact duplicates of either of the set...

Gene

... Genes are entities that parents pass to offspring during reproduction . These entities encode information essential fo... RNA genes . All living organisms carry their genes and transmit them to offspring as DNA, but some viruses carry only RNA. Because they use RNA, their cell...
Offspring in Biological Dictionary

Offspring

The Offspring is an American punk rock band formed in Huntington Beach, California in 1984. The band is credited, along with fellow California punk bands Green Day and Rancid, with reviving mainstream interest in punk rock in... In biology, offspring is the product of reproduction, a new...

Virus

...ge, which is used mainly ... The Ebola virus proved to be unable to survive outside a human host except for ... The cell begins to produce offspring of the original virus . ... ...

True-breeding

...anism for the same traits. In other words, to "breed true " means that two organisms with a particular, heritable phenotype produce only offspring with that... (Redirected from Breeding true ) Jump to: navigation, search ... farm animals also have true - breeding breeds and b...

Syngamy

...he two daughter ... A. syngamy . B. DNA replication. C. cell growth, division and differentiation. A or B B or C A or C ... ... genes and (2) offspring result from syngamy or the fusion of two different gametes. ... fit than themselves when syngamy results in recessive homozygotes. ... ... ...

Site-specific recombination

...scribed ... During site - specific DNA recombination , which brings about genetic rearrangement ... recombination n. The natural formation in offspring of genetic combinations not present ... through controlled and site - specific recombination of DNA segments. ... Xer site - specific recom...

Sex cells

...set and half the number. Sperm and Ova Gametes/ sex cells description of the Human Reproductive System. ... half of the genetic makeup of their offspring via sex cells or gametes. ... ... sort of diploid husk, morbidly discarded by those haploid sex cells that manage ... tially lives on ...
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