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nonsmokers in Medical News

Faulty DNA repair could be a risk factor for lung cancer in nonsmokers

PHILADELPHIA People who have never smoked but whose cells cannot efficiently repair environmental insults to DNA are at higher risk of developing lung cancer than those with effective genomic repair capability, according to researchers from the Department of Epidemiology at The University of Texa...

Mayo Clinic researchers find common gene disorder doubles risk of lung cancer, even among nonsmokers

ROCHESTER, Minn. -- Mayo Clinic researchers have found that carrying a common genetic disorder doubles the risk of developing lung cancer in smokers and nonsmokers. The study is published in the May 26 issue of the Archives of Internal Medicine, a journal published by the American Medical Ass...

'Safe' Ozone Levels May Not Be for Some

...iversity of California, Davis, said in a news release from the American Thoracic Society. He and his colleagues studied lung function in 31 healthy nonsmokers who were exposed to ozone concentrations of 60, 70, 80 and 87 parts per billion, or filtered air, while doing moderate exercise. They found that signi...

Emphysema severity directly linked to coal dust exposure

... Coal dust exposure is directly linked to severity of emphysema in smokers and nonsmokers alike, according to new research from the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH). "In this study we have shown that coal mi...

Small Molecule Might Play Big Part in Lung Cancer

...from 'bench to bedside,'" Lichtenfeld said of the findings. "But clearly this study offers the suggestion that there can be an effective treatment for nonsmokers whose adenocarcinoma shows miR-21 elevation." More information More on lung cancer can be found at the U.S. National Cancer Institute . ...

Years of Heavy Smoking Raises Heart Risks

...vy smokers were 2.5 times more likely to die than their non-smoking peers during a 30-year study in Norway. The newly available research found that nonsmokers lived longer and experienced fewer incidents of heart attack and cardiovascular disease than smokers, especially when compared with heavy smokers (tho...

No Safe Bets for Casino Workers: NIOSH Study Shows Casino Workers Face Toxic Conditions

...." Americans for Nonsmokers' Rights is a national, member-based, not-for-profit organization based in Berkeley, CA that is dedicated to helping nonsmokers breathe smokefree air in enclosed public places and workplaces. Links: Full NIOSH Health Hazard Evaluation: http://www.cdc.gov...

Ad Campaign: All Texans Should Have the Right to Breathe Smoke-Free Air

...tates each year. The Surgeon General also found that there is no risk-free level of exposure to secondhand smoke and the only effective way to protect nonsmokers from secondhand smoke is with comprehensive smoke-free workplaces and public places. Smoke-free laws protect health without harming business....

Pot, Cigarette Smoke Wreaks Havoc on Lungs

...tify the prevalence of COPD in people over 40. The researchers found that smokers who use both marijuana and tobacco are 2.5 times more likely than nonsmokers to have respiratory disease and almost three times likelier to have COPD. This combined effect suggests that smoking marijuana -- at least in relat...

Secondhand Smoke Affecting Millions of New Yorkers

... nonsmokers have higher-than-average levels of residue, study ...ity's health department. And that suggests that nonsmokers in the city -- a number the city estimates at 2.5 ...tinine in their blood, compared with 45 percent of nonsmokers nationwide. Cotinine, a byproduct of nicotine brea...
nonsmokers in Medical Technology

Tufts Medical Center Researchers Create a New Predictive Model for Age-related Macular Degeneration (AMD)

...uals with one genotype, the homozygous C3 risk genotype, the likelihood of progression to the advanced form of AMD increased from about three-fold for nonsmokers to nearly 10-fold for smokers. "Our algorithm could help with the selection of study participants for treatment trials and could one day enable d...

Smokefree Workplace Law Reduces Heart Attacks 59% Among Nonsmokers, New Research Shows

...ns for heart attacks, also known as acute myocardial infarctions (AMIs), in nonsmokers with no prior cardiac history in Monroe County, Indiana versus the control ...-for-profit organization based in Berkeley, CA that is dedicated to helping nonsmokers breathe smokefree air in enclosed public places and workplaces. For more...
nonsmokers in Medical Dictionary

Alpha1-antitrypsin deficiency

... Alpha1 - antitrypsin (AAT) deficiency . Alpha1 - antitrypsin deficiency results from an inherited mutation in the gene ... Emphysema in nonsmokers is often caused by alpha1 - antitrypsin deficiency . ... ... resource full of information related to alpha-1 antitrypsin (AAT) deficiency . ...
nonsmokers in Biological News

Better health twice as likely for nonsmokers who live and work with smoking restrictions

In the first study of its kind to evaluate how smoking restrictions in the workplace and at home affect health status, researchers at the Mailman School of Public Health found that nonsmokers who live under both a total household and total workplace smoking ban are over two and a half times more li...

$2 million grant aids study of lung cancer in people who never smoked

...ple who have never smoked differs in many ways from the disease in smokers. nonsmokers with lung cancer have different tumor histology, gene mutations, and clinic...funding for that." The ultimate goal is to develop a test to screen both nonsmokers and long-term former smokers before the onset of symptoms. "About 10 to...

After a few drinks, older adults more impaired than they think

...ong does it take for them to become sober enough to engage in potentially dangerous activity such as driving," Sullivan said. The study involved 68 nonsmokers one group aged 50 to 74 and a comparison group aged 25 to 35 who had at least one drink a month. Within each group, some individuals were given alco...

NIH's Genes, Environment and Health Initiative adds 6 studies

...lots in Veins). Braxton Mitchell, Ph.D., University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore; $1.1 million. Genetic Risk to Stroke in Smokers and nonsmokers in Two Ethnic Groups. Louis Pasquale, M.D., Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary, Harvard Medical School, Boston, $850,000. Genes and Environment I...

Eat less or exercise more? Either way leads to more youthful hearts

...rienced a decrease in the internal pressure gradient, indicating that their left ventricles had better suction ability. The study participants were nonsmokers between ages 50 and 60 and had BMIs between 23.5 and 30, making them high normal to overweight. None of the participants had diabetes, coronary artery...

Cigarette smoking may accelerate disability in those with MS

...on magnetic resonance images (MRIs) of smokers and nonsmokers in 368 MS patients treated in UBs Jacobs Neurologi...ere no significant differences between smokers and nonsmokers based on age, disease duration, disease course and...alysis and comparison of the MRIs from smokers and nonsmokers showed that the smokers had significantly higher d...

Successful lung cancer surgery not enough to break nicotine dependence in many smokers

...the one year mark waited longer to attempt to smoke again, or never began again. In fact, more than one in four patients who smoked after surgery were nonsmokers at the 12-month follow-up, he said. "Perhaps for these patients, lung cancer surgery was a wake-up call to quit, but many others need intervention to...

Quitting smoking improves lung function considerably

...infections, along with ingesting foreign debris. "Sputum neutrophil counts are reported to be increased in heavy smokers with asthma compared with nonsmokers with asthma," said Dr. Thomson. The authors noted that in many developed countries, more than 20 percent of adults with asthma are active smokers,...

New MRI technique shows emphysema in asymptomatic smokers

... with age. However, smoking compounds the problem. Dr. Fain and colleagues showed in a related study that these changes occur at a much slower rate in nonsmokers than in active smokers. "On average, active smoking accelerates emphysema-like changes at about twice the normal rate found with aging," Dr. Fain e...

Smoking damages key regulatory enzyme in the lung

...oncentration of the tracer in the bloodstream than nonsmokers did, leading to speculation that smokers and nonsmokers may respond differently to a variety of substances...son of Monoamine Oxidase A in Peripheral Organs in nonsmokers and Smokers," researchers traced the MAO A subtype...
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