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Neurons in Medical News

Famous Names Get Single Neurons Fired Up

Research reveals more about how information is processed, stored in the brain MONDAY, July 27 (HealthDay News) -- As you read her name, your Oprah neuron will probably rev up. An international team of researchers has found that single neurons in the brain's hippocampus activate when...

Imaging IDs Brain Neurons With Preference for Real Words

Finding could boost understanding of what causes reading disabilities WEDNESDAY, April 29 (HealthDay News) -- Neurons with a preference for complete, real words are located in the brain's visual word form area, U.S. researchers report. This finding, published in the April 30 issue o...

Team Regrows Neurons Controlling Movement in Rats

Goal is to one day develop a therapy to help with spinal cord injuries MONDAY, April 6 (HealthDay News) -- Using genetically engineered cells and a virus as a delivery method, researchers were able to regenerate a type of nerve fiber in rat brains that controls movement. This isn't ...

New Technique Activates Brain Neurons to Move Paralyzed Limb

Experiment with monkeys could lead to new treatments for severely injured patients WEDNESDAY, Oct. 15 (HealthDay News) -- In the latest effort to cause movement in paralyzed limbs, researchers have found a way to activate single neurons in the brain and use them to move a paralyzed wr...

Scientists Turn Skin Cells Into Motor Neurons in ALS Patients

Feat could one day lead to tailor-made cells to treat fatal disease, researchers say THURSDAY, July 31 (HealthDay News) -- Scientists have turned skin cells from patients with Lou Gehrig's disease into motor neurons that are genetically identical to the patients' own neurons. An unl...

Zebrafish enable scientists to study the migration of neurons that enable sexual maturity

Scientists are watching a small group of neurons that enable sexual maturity and fertility make a critical journey: from where they form, near the developing nose, to deep inside the brain. They believe their studies in the transparent embryo of the zebrafish will help explain why some neurons...

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Neurons in Medical Technology

Orexigen(R) Therapeutics Schedules July 20, 2009 Teleconference and Webcast Discussion of Contrave(R) Phase 3 Results

...diture, as well as the mechanisms that come into play to limit weight loss over time. Each product candidate is designed to act on a specific group of neurons in the central nervous system with the goal of achieving appetite suppression and sustained weight loss. Further information about the Company can be ...

Cognition Therapeutics Closes Series A Financing to Advance Drug Candidates for Alzheimer's Disease

...y of proteins in Alzheimer's disease and other neurodegenerative diseases. These assays emphasize phenotypic or functional responses of mature primary neurons to the toxic proteins. Cognition's proprietary chemistry platform converts natural products into low molecular weight chemically stable druglike molec...

Michael J. Fox Foundation Awards Over $2 Million for Validation of 10 Parkinson's Therapeutic Targets

...ease therapy Mathieu Lesort, PhD, University of Alabama at Birmingham The therapeutic role of CMA-MEF2D in the survival of dopamine neurons Zixu Mao, PhD, Emory University SHP-2 phosphatase: A new pharmacological target for Parkinson ' s disease? Maria-Cristina Missal...

Neuroscience Researcher Has Positive Message for International Alzheimer's Awareness Week, July 6 - 12: 'Even Though World Economy is Declining, Alzheimer's Research is Advancing'

...n unregulated, excessive calcium levels within the neurons and the occurrence of Alzheimer's disease. ... now know that it is 'calcium overload' within the neurons that causes those neurons to stop functioning and brings about cognitive imp...

Astrocytes Help Separate Man From Mouse

...ht simply to support flashier brain cells known as neurons that send electrical signals, are bigger, faster, ...before moving on to their flashy counterparts, the neurons that fire the electrical signals crucial to pretty... everything we do. It's the electrical activity of neurons that constitutes what most scientists have conside...

Neuralstem's Human Stem Cells Integrate into Nervous System of Rats with Animal Model of ALS

... Make Synaptic Contact with Host Motor neurons ROCKVILLE, Md., March 9 /PRNewswire-FirstCall...ext US: CUR) made synaptic contacts with the motor neurons of rats with ALS-like symptoms, a paper published ...s is the first demonstration of transplanted human neurons synapsing, or making mature structural connections...
Neurons in Medical Products

PYY, Total ELISA Test

Description:...ain-barrier and act on the arcuate nucleus of the hypothalamus, stimulating neurons that create a sensation of satiety and inhibiting neurons that stimulate feeding behavior (2). In a recent study (4), an infusion of ...
Company:Diagnostic Systems Laboratories, Inc.
Neurons in Medical Definition

Depolarization-induced suppression of inhibition

...udying the responses of large pyramidal projection neurons to GABA , the main inhibitory neurotransmitter ...vity of primary neurons, such as the CA1 pyramidal neurons of the hippocampus or the Purkinje cells of the ce...ry current. In their experiments with projection neurons in the hippocampus and cerebellum, both groups not...

Neuropsychiatry

...on emission tomography case report. Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology, 12, 259-263. Green, M.F. (2001) Schizophrenia Revealed: From neurons to Social Interactions. New York: W.W. Norton. Kaye, W.H., Bailer, U.F., Frank, G.K., Wagner, A., & Henry, S.E. (2005). Brain imaging of seroton...

Phantom pain

...rae , which send it to nociceptive (pain-sensing) neurons inside the spinal cord, which finally send the information to the brain . If the nociceptive neurons cease to receive information to pass on, they will... nerve severance and also detaches the nociceptive neurons from the rest of the spinal cord, phantom pain wil...
Neurons in Medical Dictionary

Tongue

...e is composed of muscles attached to the lower jaw and to the hyoid ... The tongue assists with chewing and swallowing, and also contains the neurons ... Average adult has about 9,000 taste budsBetter Health Channel: Tongue ... The tongue plays an important role in starting the digestive p...

Spinal muscular atrophy

... muscle weakness ... SMA II (chronic spinal muscular atrophy ; Dubowitz disease) ... Spinal muscular atrophy Death of spinal motor neurons and subsequent muscle ... resource Websites Spinal Muscular Atrophy Foundation raises funds for SMA ... Mission of the Spinal Muscular ...

Spinal Cord Injury

...back or neck" yet not sustain a spinal cord injury if only the bones ... When the spinal cord becomes torn by some type of injury , the neurons are also damaged. Or, injury occurs when the spinal cord is completely cut. ... According to the National Spinal Cord Injury Associati...

Ramsay Hunt syndrome

...t syndrome (RHS) type 2 is a disorder that is caused by the reactivation of pre-existing herpes zoster virus in a nerve cell bundle . The neurons in this ganglion are responsible for the movements of facial muscles,... Ramsay Hunt syndrome information including symptoms, diagnosis, m...

Paresthesia

...Stroke. ... What is Paresthesia ? Paresthesia refers to a burning or prickling ... Paresthesias are caused by disturbances in the function of neurons in the sensory pathway. ... What causes paresthesia ? ... How is paresthesia diagnosed? ... Paresthesia (paraesthesia) is a sensation of ting...

Olfactory

... of the olfactory ... Gated currents in isolated olfactory receptor neurons of the ... Trotier D, MacLeod P. Intracellular recordings from salamander ...been intensely studied. ... the other hand, studies on olfactory receptor neurons from a wide ... Thus the olfactory granule cells possess an LTS, with...
Neurons in Biological News

Alzheimer cell death in Zebrafish: Demise of neurons observed live for the first time

Extensive death of nerve cells leads to severe dementia in patients with Alzheimer's disease. Until now, it has only been possible to investigate the neuronal devastation in post mortem animal models, and by using complicated methods. Researchers at the German Center for Neurodegenerative Disease ...

Phasic firing of dopamine neurons is key to brain's prediction of rewards

San Antonio Researchers are one step closer to understanding the neurobiology that allows people to successfully learn motivated behaviors by associating environmental cues with rewarding outcomes, according to a study published yesterday in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences ' ...

Basic guides to PCR, labeling neurons featured in Cold Spring Harbor Protocols

COLD SPRING HARBOR, N.Y. (Wednesday, April 1, 2009) Along with new cutting-edge methods, Cold Spring Harbor Protocols is home to an in-depth library of basic laboratory methods. The April issue ( www.cshprotocols.org/TOCs/toc4_09.dtl ) features two of these standard techniques. From molecul...

ORNL, St. Jude track neurons to predict and prevent disease

Researchers at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory and St. Jude Children's Research Hospital are looking at how developing nerve cells may hold a key to predicting and preventing diseases like cancer and Alzheimer's and Parkinson's disease. St. Jude scientists have linked m...

UCLA stem cells scientists make electrically active motor neurons from iPS cells

Stem cells scientists at UCLA showed for the first time that human induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells can be differentiated into electrically active motor neurons, a discovery that may aid in studying and treating neurological disorders. Additionally, the motor neurons derived from the iPS c...

Researchers generate functional neurons from somatic cells

Los Angeles, Calif. February 24, 2009 In a new study, researchers were able to generate functionally mature motor neurons from induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells, which are engineered from adult somatic cells and can differentiate into most other cell types. A potential new source of motor neu...

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Neurons in Biological Technology

Microfluidic chambers advance the science of growing neurons

Researchers at the University of Illinois have developed a method for culturing mammalian neurons in chambers not much larger than the neurons themselves. The new approach extends the lifespan of the neurons at very low densities, an essential step toward developing a method for studying the growt...

Efficient DNA transfection of primary CNS neurons using TransMessenger Transfection Reagent

Frank Narz, Silke Janhsen, and Ute Krger QIAGEN GmbH, Hilden, Germany Primary neurons are extremely difficult to transfect, making genetic modification of neuronal cells by delivery of either siRNA or plasmid DNA c...

Laser Capture Microdissection (LCM) and Expression Profiling of Long-Range Projection Neurons

(Anthony Lombardino, Rockefeller University) Abstract Brain tissue is notoriously heterogeneous, and accurate analysis of neural gene expression requires procurement of specific cell types. In this application note a technique is described for using Laser Capture Microd...

Orexigen(R) Therapeutics to Speak at Canaccord Adams Global Growth Conference

... 2010, and Empatic(TM) which is in the later stages of Phase 2 clinical development. Each product candidate is designed to act on a specific group of neurons in the central nervous system with the goal of achieving appetite suppression and sustained weight loss. Further information about the Company can be...

Ceregene Receives Additional Grant From Michael J. Fox Foundation to Expand Long-Term Testing of CERE-120 Patients

...h have been shown to benefit the midbrain dopamine neurons that degenerate in Parkinson's disease. Degeneration of these neurons is responsible for the major motor impairments of ...alled the putamen. The cell bodies for these same neurons are located in a different area of the brain, call...

Solace Pharmaceuticals Appoints Professor David Julius, Renowned Pain Physiologist, to Scientific Advisory Board

...normal and pathophysiological conditions. Following a similar paradigm, Professor Julius' research showed that a menthol receptor from primary sensory neurons is activated by cold thermal stimuli, and that the structure of this menthol/cold receptor, TRPM8, resembles that of TRPV1. Professor Julius ...
Neurons in Biological Products

Human Neural Stem Cell Functional Identification Kit from R&D Systems

Description:...ron-specific beta-III Tubulin, and mouse anti-Oligodendrocyte Marker O4 are also included to identify the phenotypes of neural precursors, astrocytes, neurons and oligodendrocytes....
Company:R&D Systems

Mouse/Rat Neural Stem Cell Functional Identification Kit from R&D Systems

Description:... to further maturation along specific lineages. Neural stem cells (NSCs) are capable of differentiating into multiple cell types including astrocytes, neurons and oligodendrocytes. During the isolation and expansion of NSCs, the status of stem cells is best evaluated functionally by measuring their ability t...
Company:R&D Systems

Rabbit Anti-Kv4.2 Polyclonal Antibody, Unconjugated from GeneTex

Description:...ntity with immunogen) and Ferret (100% identity with immunogen) due to sequence homology. Not yet tested in other species. Background Information In neurons voltage-dependent potassium channels are key determinants of the resting membrane potential and of membrane excitability, conditioning the frequency, ...
Company:GeneTex

Neural Stem Cell Expansion Kit - Monolayer from R&D Systems

Description:...taining with the antibodies Tuj1, O4 and anti-GFAP, respectively. Neural stem cells (NSCs), with the potential to self-renew and to differentiate into neurons and glial cells, have been isolated from different regions of the developing and adult brain (1 - 6). NSCs can be grown in vitro , in the presence of...
Company:R&D Systems

Neural Stem Cell Expansion Kit - Neurosphere from R&D Systems

Description:...taining with the antibodies Tuj1, O4 and anti-GFAP, respectively. Neural stem cells (NSCs), with the potential to self-renew and to differentiate into neurons and glial cells, have been isolated from different regions of the developing and adult brain (1 - 6). NSCs can be grown in vitro , in the presence of...
Company:R&D Systems

Neural Stem Cell Expansion Kit - Monolayer Plus from R&D Systems

Description:...taining with the antibodies Tuj1, O4 and anti-GFAP, respectively. Neural stem cells (NSCs), with the potential to self-renew and to differentiate into neurons and glial cells, have been isolated from different regions of the developing and adult brain (1 - 6). NSCs can be grown in vitro , in the presence of...
Company:R&D Systems
Neurons in Biological Definition

Axon

... In vertebrates generally, the axons of many neurons are sheathed in myelin , which is formed by eithe...l cells : Schwann cells ensheathing peripheral neurons and oligodendrocytes insulating those of the ce...opagation called saltation . The axons of some neurons branch to form axon collaterals , along which the ...

Brain

...arily made up of two types of cells : glia and neurons . Glia function primarily to support and protect the neurons. The neurons carry information in the form of electrical pulses... action potentials . They communicate with other neurons in the brain and throughout the body by sending va...

Cancer

...random. Cells that divide at a high rate, such as epithelials , show a higher risk of becoming tumor cells than those which divide less, for example neurons . In cellular model systems , cells are exposed to carcinogenic influences (chemicals, radiation). In these systems, the first signs of a cell dev...

Cell growth

...ly being investigated. The size of post-mitotic neurons depends on the size of the cell body, axon and den...y the motoneuron. Invertebrates often have giant neurons and axons that provide special functions such as r...lso use myelin to accomplish this, so most human neurons are releatively small. h Other experimental s...

Down syndrome

...roxide damage. Some scientists believe that the treatment of Down syndrome neurons with free radical scavengers can substantially prevent neuronal degeneration . Oxidative damage to neurons results in rapid brain aging similar to that of Alzheimer's disease . ...

Electrophysiology

...ar medium and field-potentials contributed by the action potentials of many neurons are recorded. Some popular clinical applications of extracellular recording...e detection and measurement of action potentials in excitable cells such as neurons and the beta cells of the pancreas. Voltage-clamp recordings are very popul...
Neurons in Biological Dictionary

Sensory neurons

Sensory neurons are neurons that are activated by sensory input, and send projections into the central nervous system that convey sensory information to the brain or spinal cord. Unlike neurons of the central nervous system, whose inputs come from other neurons , sensory neurons are ...

Vessel cell

...ation of tensile ... Hence the mode of failure of the vessel cell wall is a function of the material ... ... into specific cell types such as neurons and blood vessel cells, but they were ... than a year, creating large numbers of nerve and blood vessel cell precursors. ... It is believed t...

Ventral root

... the following places at Britannica. Assorted References ganglia ( in ganglion (physiology) ) ...impulses toward the central nervous system); efferent neurons (carrying motor impulses away from the central nervous system) are present in the ventral root ganglia. spinal cord structure ( in human nervous...

Resting potential

...ncentrations affect the resting potential , but the nature of the ... neurons are cells specialized to allow our brains to communicate with the rest of the body. The resting potential prepares neurons to send the messages. Resting potential results from differences bet...

Reflex arc

... reflex action. In higher animals, most sensory neurons do not pass directly into the brain, but synapse...on. ... When a reflex arc consists of only two neurons (one sensory neuron and one motor ... Definit... 5. Reflex arc - Be able to label the kinds of neurons and their parts, in the ... The correct order of...

Olfactory nerve

... The olfactory nerve , or cranial nerve I, is the first of twelve cranial nerves. The specialized olfactory receptor neurons of the olfactory nerve are located in the olfactory mucosa of the upper parts of the nasal cavity. The... An olfactory receptor neuron, also ...
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(Date:4/18/2014)... University psychologists have made a brain-related discovery that ... disorders. , This discovery opens up the possibility ... suppress a specific brain activity that the researchers ... The Journal of Neuroscience has just ... McDonald, an associate professor of psychology and his ...
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(Date:4/18/2014)... Seeds that sprout as soon as they,re planted may ... to be more careful. In the wild, a plant whose ... would risk disaster. More than just an insurance policy against ... seed dormancy has long-term advantages too: Plants whose seeds ... to more species, finds in a team of researchers working ...
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