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Neuron in Medical News

Scientists show how a neuron gets its shape

Ask a simple question, get a simple answer: When Abraham Lincoln was asked how long a man's legs should be, he absurdly replied, "Long enough to reach the ground." Now, by using a new microscopy technique to watch the growth of individual neurons in the microscopic roundworm Caenorhabditis elegans...

Researchers Map Paths Governing Neuron Function

Findings identify proteins that determine nature of connections between neurons TUESDAY, Jan. 29 (HealthDay News) -- U.S. researchers have mapped thousands of neuronal proteins that are connected in complex signaling networks that control neuron function. This line of research may h...

Discovery of Agile Molecular Motors Could Aid in Treating Motor Neuron Diseases

Over the last several months, the labs of Yale Goldman, MD, PhD, Director of the Pennsylvania Muscle Institute at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine,// and Erika Holzbaur, PhD, Professor of Physiology, have published a group of papers that, taken together, show proteins that function...

Golgi Orientation controls Neuron Growth

Michael Ehlers and his colleagues have reported in the Journal Neuron the mechanism by which the Golgi apparatus controls the growth of the dendrite cells that are responsible for the growth and development of neurons//. The dendrite cells are the branches of neurons that are responsible for transm...

Live recordings of cell communication

...es and mental disorders like e.g. depression. Nerve signals travel from one neuron to another through vesicles - a nano-sized container loaded with neurotrans...eases neurotransmitters into the surroundings that are detected by the next neuron in line. However, we still lack a more detailed understanding of how the fu...

Learning Takes Place When You Get Things Right

...re produced little or no change in the brain, nor any improvement in behavior, the researchers found. The study, published in the July 30 issue of neuron , offers new insight into how the brain uses environmental feedback to change in response to experience. In this study, monkeys were shown alternat...

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Neuron in Medical Technology

Ivivi's PEMF Technology Significantly Improves Neuron Survival in Parkinson's Disease Model, Study Finds

NORTHVALE, N.J.--(BUSINESS WIRE)--Jun 12, 2007 - Proprietary Pulsed Electromagnetic Field (PEMF) technology, developed by Ivivi Technologies, Inc. (AMEX:II), improved neuron survival in a standard animal cell model of brain inflammation, researchers reported today in a platform presentation at the ...

Families of Spinal Muscular Atrophy Announces Latest Developments on Three SMA Drug Discovery Programs

...acyclines at Paratek Pharmaceuticals to correct gene splicing; and 3) Motor neuron replacement program at California Stem Cell and UCI. These three programs ...n the path towards human clinical trials of the drug candidate." Motor neuron Replacement Program: California Stem Cell (CSC) is preparing for a final ...

AIMSPRO is Awarded TGA Orphan Status for the Treatment of Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis

... agent AIMSPRO(R) has been awarded Orphan Status for the treatment of Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS). ALS is the most common form of Motor neuron Disease (MND), also known as Lou Gehrig's disease. AIMSPRO has already achieved TGA Orphan Status for the treatment of Krabbe Leukodystrophy (Krabbe's...

Pfizer and Medivation Initiate Phase 3 Trial of Dimebon Added to Donepezil in Patients with Alzheimer's Disease

...d thus far, Dimebon has been shown to inhibit brain cell death, potentially by stabilizing and improving mitochondrial function in a way that prevents neuron death and dysfunction. The Dimebon mechanism is thought to be distinct from currently available AD medications. Design of the CONCERT Study ...

AndroScience Corporation Announces Phase 2a Study Results on ASC-J9(TM) for the Treatment of Acne

...healing using topical based formulations; and prostate cancer, benign prostatic hyperplasia, and spinal bulbar muscular atrophy (Kennedy's Disease - a neuron motor disease caused by AR mutation) utilizing systemic based approaches. AndroScience Corporation www.androscience.com ...

Sangamo BioSciences Initiates Phase 2 Clinical Trial of Treatment for Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS)

...it, extending the survival of ALS patients by approximately three months. "Initiation of a Phase 2 clinical study of SB-509 in subjects with a motor neuron and muscle disease such as ALS is an obvious next step in the evaluation of this novel therapeutic," stated Dale Ando, M.D., Sangamo's vice president ...
Neuron in Biological News

Motor neuron disease and toxic substances: Possible link?

ANN ARBOR, Mich. Motor neuron disease is a rare, devastating illness in which nerve cells that carry brain signals to muscles gradually deteriorate. One form of it, Lou Gehrigs disease or ALS (amyotrophic lateral sclerosis), is familiar to the public in the lives of scientist Stephen Hawking and ...

Deconstructing brain wiring, one neuron at a time

Researchers have long said they won't be able to understand the brain until they can put together a "wiring diagram" ?a map of how billions of neurons are interconnected. Now, researchers at the Salk Institute for Biological Studies have jumped what many believe to be a major hurdle to preparing th...

Experience affects new neuron survival in adult brain; study sheds light on learning, memory

Experience in the early development of new neurons in specific brain regions affects their survival and activity in the adult brain, new research shows. How these new neurons store information about these experiences may explain how they can affect learning and memory in adults. A team of resea...

Discovery of agile molecular motors could aid in treating motor neuron diseases

(Philadelphia, PA) - Over the last several months, the labs of Yale Goldman, MD, PhD, Director of the Pennsylvania Muscle Institute at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, and Erika Holzbaur, PhD, Professor of Physiology, have published a group of papers that, taken together, show pro...

UCLA imaging study of children with autism finds broken mirror neuron system

New imaging research at UCLA detailed Dec. 4 as an advance online publication of the journal Nature Neuroscience shows children with autism have virtually no activity in a key part of the brain's mirror neuron system while imitating and observing emotions. Mirror neurons fire when a person perfor...

Scientists crack code for motor neuron wiring

Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI) researchers have deciphered a key part of the regulatory code that governs how motor neurons in the spinal cord connect to specific target muscles in the limbs. The researchers said that understanding this code may help guide progress in restoring motor neur...

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Neuron in Biological Technology

YOUR DATA: Direct Real-time RT-PCR on Sympathetic Neuron Lysates Silencing of Focal Adhesion Kinases with Silencer Validated siRNAs

YOUR DATA: Direct Real-time RT-PCR on Sympathetic Neuron Lysates Silencing of Focal Adhesion Kinases with Silencer Validated siRNAs Direct Real-time RT-PCR on Sympathetic Neuron Lysates Quantitative RT-PCR is the most c...

YOUR DATA: Direct Real-time RT-PCR on Sympathetic Neuron Lysates Silencing of Focal Adhesion Kinases with Silencer Validated siRNAs

YOUR DATA: Direct Real-time RT-PCR on Sympathetic Neuron Lysates Silencing of Focal Adhesion Kinases with Silencer Validated siRNAs Direct Real-time RT-PCR on Sympathetic Neuron Lysates Quantitative RT-PCR is the most c...

Solace Pharmaceuticals Appoints Professor David Julius, Renowned Pain Physiologist, to Scientific Advisory Board

...nel, called TRPV1, on sensory nerve endings, and that TRPV1 functions as a molecular integrator of physical and chemical signals that regulate sensory neuron excitability under both normal and pathophysiological conditions. Following a similar paradigm, Professor Julius' research showed that a menthol recep...

Oprah, Luke Skywalker and Maradona -- new study investigates how our brains respond to them

...tions of the same individual using different sensory prompts. For example a neuron responded to three pictures of the TV host "Oprah Winfrey", to her name wri...unced name of "Luke Skywalker", from the classic movie "Star Wars". Another neuron fired strongly to the pictures and the written and spoken name of the ex-fo...

Medivation Completes Enrollment in Confirmatory, Pivotal Phase 3 'CONNECTION' Trial of Dimebon in Patients With Alzheimer's Disease

...d thus far, dimebon has been shown to inhibit brain cell death, potentially by stabilizing and improving mitochondrial function in a way that prevents neuron death and dysfunction. The dimebon mechanism is thought to be distinct from that of currently available Alzheimer's disease medications. In addit...

Brain research shows past experience is invaluable for complex decision making

...o that we can quickly categorise what we are seeing and make a decision or carry out appropriate actions. The research is published today (13 May) in neuron . Lead researcher, Dr Zoe Kourtzi from the University of Birmingham, said: "What we have found is that learning from past experience actually rewir...

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Neuron in Biological Products

Mouse Dopaminergic Neuron Differentiation Kit, 2nd Generation from R&D Systems

Description: Reagents for the differentiation of mouse embryonic stem cells to dopaminergic neurons. Dopamine cell bodies exist in the midbrain, where they are mainly located in the substantia nigra, the ventral tegmental area, and the retrorubral field. These dopaminergic (DA) neurons give rise to extensive fo...
Company:R&D Systems

Human Neural Stem Cell Functional Identification Kit from R&D Systems

Description:... media supplements, which can be used for the short-term maintenance, differentiation, and expansion of NSCs and the induction of NSCs into astrocyte, neuron and oligodendrocyte lineages. An antibody panel consisting of mouse anti-human Nestin, mouse anti-human Glial Fibrillary Acidic Protein (GFAP), mouse ...
Company:R&D Systems

Mouse/Rat Neural Stem Cell Functional Identification Kit from R&D Systems

Description:...y formulated media supplements, which can be used for the short-term maintenance and expansion of NSCs and the differentiation of NSCs into astrocyte, neuron and oligodendrocyte lineages. An antibody panel consisting of goat anti-rat Nestin, sheep anti-human Glial Fibrillary Acidic Protein (GFAP), mouse ant...
Company:R&D Systems

Rabbit Anti-Neuron navigator 1 Polyclonal Antibody, Unconjugated from Abcam

Description:... Rabbit polyclonal to neuron navigator 1 ( Abpromise for all tested applications). Antigen: Synthet...jugated to KLH derived from within residues 1850 to the C-terminus of Mouse neuron navigator 1. (Note: the amino acid sequence is proprietary) (Peptide av...
Company:Abcam

Neural Stem Cell Expansion Kit - Monolayer from R&D Systems

Description:...Science 276 :66. Reynolds, B.A. et al . (1992) Science 255 :1707. Johansson, C.B. et al . (1999) Cell 96 :25. Kilpatrick, T.J. et al . (1993) neuron 10 :255. Davis, A.A. et al . (1994) Nature 372 :263. Neural Stem Cell Expansion Kits SC002 & SC005 are suitable for a monolayer culture model, a...
Company:R&D Systems

Neural Stem Cell Expansion Kit - Neurosphere from R&D Systems

Description:...Science 276 :66. Reynolds, B.A. et al . (1992) Science 255 :1707. Johansson, C.B. et al . (1999) Cell 96 :25. Kilpatrick, T.J. et al . (1993) neuron 10 :255. Davis, A.A. et al . (1994) Nature 372 :263. Neural Stem Cell Expansion Kits SC002 & SC005 are suitable for a monolayer culture model, a...
Company:R&D Systems

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Neuron in Biological Definition

Neuron

Neurons (also spelled neurones or called nerve cells ) are the primary cells of the nervous system . In vertebrates , they are found in the brain , the spinal cord and in the nerves and ganglia of the peripheral nervous system . Contents showTocToggle("show","hide") ...

Andrew Huxley

...ant axon of Atlantic squid ( Loligo pealei ), which enabled them to record ionic currents as they would not have been able to do in almost any other neuron , such cells being too small to study by the techniques of the time. The experiments took place at the University of Cambridge beginning in the 193...

Axon

... An axon , or " nerve fiber ," is a long slender projection of a nerve cell, or " neuron ," which conducts electrical impulses away from the neuron's cell body or soma. Axons are in effect the primary transmission lines of the nervous...

Brain

...cism . Artificial brains Computer scientists have produced computer systems called neural networks that are loosely based on the structure of neuron connections in the brain. Artificial intelligence seeks to replicate brain function (although not necessarily brain mechanisms) more exactly, but th...

Cell growth

...e cell body, axon and dendrites. In vertebrates , neuron size is often a reflection of the number of synaptic contacts onto the neuron or from a neuron onto other cells. For example, the size of motone...

Cilium

...he rod photoreceptor cell in the human eye is connected to its cell body with a specialized non-motile cilium. The terminal fiber of the olfactory neuron is also a non-motile cilium, where the odorant receptors locate. Almost all types of the mammalian cells have a single non-motile cilium called " Prim...
Neuron in Biological Dictionary

Neuron

A neuron OOR-on, also known as a neurone or nerve cell) is an excitable cell in the nervous system that processes and transmits information by electrochemical signalling. Neurons are the core components of the brain, the... NEURON is a simulation environment for modeling individual neu...

Motor neuron

In vertebrates, the term motor neuron (or motoneuron) classically applies to neurons located in the central nervous system (or CNS) that project their axons outside the CNS and directly or indirectly control muscles. Motor ... Alpha motor neurons are derived from the basal plate (ba...

Sensory neurons

...ch as light, sound, temperature, chemical... A neuron OOR-on, also known as a neurone or nerve cell) is...core components of the brain, the... Sensory neuron summary with 3 pages of encyclopedia entries, ess...Details the properties of an artificial sensory neuron . ... The purpose of sensory neurons is to tak...

Resting potential

...ng potential ) across the plasma ... 1. The resting potential of a neuron is due mostly to. saltatory conduction ... The Resting Potential . T...ts from differences between sodium and potassium ... Two properties of the neuron membrane permit a resting potential : ... They are primarily importa...

Reflex arc

.... The neural path of a reflex . ... In a three neuron reflex arc list the direction and the stages ...k; reflected. Physiology. Being an ... In a three neuron reflex arc list the direction and the stages ... arc consists of only two neurons (one sensory neuron and one motor ... Definition of Reflex - arc ...

Osteocyte

...dered to be comparatively inactive. ... posted to processes osteocyte microscopy flourescense confocal cell calveria ... posted to osteocyte neuron imagej by ashko on 2009-01-20 11:20:57 as along with ... ... May Damage Osteocytes . 3) Osteocytes : Maintaining the Structural ... "Some osteo...
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