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lobes in Medical News

Lung volume reduction surgery shown to prolong and improve life for some emphysema patients

... year for medically treated patients and two years for patients who had undergone LVRS. Patients whose emphysema was predominantly found in the upper lobes of their lungsabout 65 percent of emphysema patients also showed quality of life and survival benefits greater than survival benefits alone, suggestin...

PET scans may improve accuracy of dementia diagnosis

...ily life. The most common type of dementia is Alzheimer's disease. Other types include frontotemporal dementia, which affects the frontal and temporal lobes of the brain, and Lewy body dementia, which involves degeneration of dopamine nerves in addition to the temporal and parietal lobes. Although these ty...

First Brain Training Consumer's Guide Debunks Ten Brain Health Myths and Reviews 21 Products

...f Medicine and Diplomat of The American Board of Professional Psychology in Clinical Neuropsychology. He is the author of The Executive Brain: Frontal lobes and The Civilized Mind and The Wisdom Paradox: How Your Mind Can Grow Stronger as Your Brain Grows Older. Table of Contents Forewo...

Future for radioembolisation in patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma

...e study. Y-90 microsphere radiotherapy was performed in a lobar fashion via the right or left hepatic artery. In bilobar disease, right and left liver lobes were treated with 4-6 weeks intervals in between. The mean radiation dose was 115 (23) Gy per treatment. Response rate was assessed according to (WHO,...

MRI shows brain atrophy pattern that predicts Alzheimer's

...f primary motor and sensory information. However, most indicative of future cognitive decline were atrophy in parts of the medial and lateral temporal lobes and in the frontal lobes. This pattern was also present in the patients with mild Alzheimer's disease. "Although these individuals are reporting pr...

Department of Health Urges Pennsylvanians to Prepare For Dangerously Cold Weather

...tay warmer. Watch for signs of frostbite. These consist of loss of feeling and white or pale appearance in extremities such as fingers, toes, ear lobes and the tip of the nose. If symptoms are detected, get medical help immediately. While hypothermia is generally associated with being outdoors, i...

Sex difference on spatial skill test linked to brain structure

...be was already known to differ between men and women, with women's parietal lobes having proportionally thicker cortexes or "grey matter." But this differenc...s for women. "It's likely that the larger surface area in men's parietal lobes leads to an increase in functional columns, which are the processing unit i...

VIDA Diagnostics Gains FDA Approval for Comprehensive Lung Analysis Software

...arber, VIDA CEO. "Since these diseases often affect specific regions of the lung, the ability to individually and objectively measure each of the five lobes and 25 major airways should fast become an invaluable complement to existing systemic measures like pulmonary function tests." VIDA's PW2 take...

Simple brain mechanisms explain arbitrary human visual decisions

...ave delegated responsibility for the decision to premotor brain regions as the volunteers learned the task. But once the task was learned, the frontal lobes were silent. "Even for arbitrary and somehow complex visual decisions, it seems to be purely a matter of the amount of sensory information pushing...

UIC leads multi-center study to evaluate blood flow and stroke risk

... "There's been a lot of emphasis in prior medical research on the type of stroke that affects the anterior circulation, or blood supply to the major lobes in the front of the brain," says Dr. Sepideh Amin-Hanjani, UIC assistant professor of neurological surgery and principal investigator of the study. ...
lobes in Medical Technology

Autism Genes Discovered; Help Shape Connections Among Brain Cells

...ldren with ASDs may have reduced connectivity among neural cells, and with anatomy studies that have found abnormal development of the brain's frontal lobes in patients with autism. "Many of the genes we identified concentrate their effects in brain regions that develop abnormally in autistic childre...

Adlyfe Strikes Translational Medicine Partnership With Wyeth Pharmaceuticals for Alzheimer's Biomarker Assay

...gnitive impairment extends to the domains of language, skilled movements, recognition, and those functions closely related to the frontal and temporal lobes of the brain. This pathological process consists principally of neuronal loss or atrophy, principally in the temporoparietal cortex but also in the fr...
lobes in Medical Dictionary

Silicosis

... lung disease caused by inhalation of crystalline silica dust, and is marked by inflammation and scarring in forms of nodular lesions in the upper lobes of the lungs. Medical treatment for silicosis is limited . Silicosis ... This fibrotic condition of the lung is called silicosis . ... Types...

Neutrophil

...UNCTION. Bactericidal killing assay. Interpretation ... neutrophil 1. one of the three granular leukocytes having a nucleus with three to five lobes connected by threads of chromatin, and cytoplasm neutrophil adj. Not stained strongly or definitely by either acid or basic dyes but stained...

Lung surgery

...ery for cancer used by the University of Maryland's thoracic surgeons. Several common lung surgeries are:Lobectomy, to remove one or more lobes of a ... You will have a thoracotomy if you have open lung surgery . See also: Lung transplant ... Looks at lung surgery (called thoracot...

Lobectomy

... surgical procedure performed to remove one of the lobes ... lobectomy n. , pl. -mies . Surgical exci... surgical procedure performed to remove one of the lobes ... Medical information about thyroid lobecto...ctomy Lobectomy . The right lung has three lobes and the left lung has two lobes. A lobectomy r...

Lobar pneumonia

... inflammatory process may entirely ... lobar pneumonia ( ′lō′bär nu̇′mōnyə ) ( medicine ) An acute febrile disease involving one or more lobes of the lung, usually following pneumococcal Lobar pneumonia was known to the physicians of ancient Greece and an excellent ... In the days whe...

Lobe

...be is an area in the brain of mammals. It is located at the front of each cerebral hemisphere and positioned anterior to (in front of) the parietal lobes and above and anterior to the temporal lobes. It is... Lobe - Definition of Lobe at Dictionary.com a free online dictionary with ... lobe...

Gliomas

...y for the treatment of brain gliomas , lung cancer, mesothelioma, breast cancer, and more. About glioma tumors, which usually occur in the lobes of the upper brain. Includes types, diagnosis, and treatment. From the Cedars-Sinai Medical Center. Treatment for gliomas and the patient's odds...
lobes in Biological News

Swine flu: What does it do to pigs?

... seen by the naked eye were observed. According to Thanawongnuwech, "These lesions were characterized by dark plum-colored, consolidated areas on lung lobes and were most severe two days after infection, especially in the H1N1-infected pigs, where approximately a third of the lung was covered". The course ...

Computer simulations explain the limitations of working memory

... (fMRI) has revealed that the frontal and parietal lobes are activated when a sequence of two pictures is t...chers to suggest in their article that the frontal lobes might be able to regulate the memory capacity of t...instance, that increased activation of the frontal lobes will improve working memory," continues Dr Edin. "...

£2 million study to reveal workings of dementia genes

...ship award from the Medical Research Council. Frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD) is a group of dementias that affect the frontal and temporal lobes of the brain and are characterised by behaviour and language dysfunction, rather than the memory loss associated with Alzheimer's disease (AD). FTL...

Like eavesdropping at a party

...n protein, explains Yue, is made of two ball-like lobes, and it's these two lobes that act as the different calcium-sensing "ears." The C lobe listens locall...listens globally, across the whole cell. To figure out how calmodulin's two lobes can sense different sources of calcium, the team took a two-pronged approac...

Odd protein interaction guides development of olfactory system

...this way. The receptor is actually regulating the ligand. The researchers made this discovery when they compared the development of normal antennal lobes to those that formed when Wnt5 or derailed were missing, present at very low levels, or present at extremely high levels. When Wnt5 was absent, the...

Endobronchial valve significantly improves emphysema

...sets of treated patients, the results were even more dramatic, Dr. Sciurba added. For example, patients who had a fissure completely separating the lobes of the lung and whose endobronchial valves were placed to exclude the entire diseased lobe had changes in FEV-1 of greater than 20 percent, he said. T...

Stroke study sheds light on left-right brain divide

...ge who most frequently failed to spot their errors and had difficulty keep track of the changing task rules. The group with damage to the left frontal lobes corrected 68% of mistakes in the test, whereas people with right-brain damage only made corrections to 30% of their errors. This suggests that people ...

Imaging pinpoints brain regions that 'see the future'

...strates that the neural network underlying future thought is not isolated in the brain's frontal cortex, as some have speculated. Although the frontal lobes play a well-documented role in carrying out future-oriented executive operations, such as anticipation, planning and monitoring, the spark for these a...

Slow brain waves play key role in coordinating complex activity

...al procedures, Barbaro removed a portion of each patient's skull and placed a grid of 64 electrodes on the surface of the brain's frontal and temporal lobes to precisely localize the source of the seizure so it could be removed in a subsequent surgical procedure. Knight, Canolty and their UC Berkeley colle...

Brain regions do not communicate efficiently in adults with autism

...associated with language, which is impaired in many people with autism. A global pattern of decreased neural connectivity between the frontal lobes and the rest of autistic brain showed up on the alpha wave band. These findings support several other studies using functional magnetic resonance ima...
lobes in Biological Technology

AGA Medical Corporation Receives FDA and CE Mark Approvals for the AMPLATZER Vascular Plug II

...evice in the targeted blood vessel. Once positioned, the cable is unscrewed and the device is released. The vascular plug II is designed with multiple lobes to facilitate rapid clotting. "I have used the new Amplatzer Vascular Plug and I found it to be very easy to use and very effective in causing a quic...
lobes in Biological Definition

Brain

... The arthropod brain consists of a large opitical lobes behind each eye for visual processing and a cen...sions. The cephalopod brain has a central group of lobes known as circumesophageal lobes that are flanked by two large optical...

Leaf

... one of deeply divided lobes, but the gaps between lobes do not reach to the vein. Compound leaves hav...hastate: shaped like an halberd and with the basal lobes pointing outward. oblique: slanting. renifor... shaped like an arrowhead and with the acute basal lobes pointing downward. truncate: ending abruptly wi...

Liver

...ditional gross anatomy divided the liver into four lobes based on surface features. The falciform ligamen...d (the visceral surface), there are two additional lobes between the right and left. These are the caudate ...d below this the quadrate lobe. From behind, the lobes are divided up by the ligamentum venosum and ligam...

Olfaction

...orn of the brain. The antennae have the sensory neurons in the sensilla and they have their axons terminating in the antennal lobes. These antennal lobes have two kinds of neurons, projection neurons (spiking) and local neurons (graded junction). The projection neurons send their axon terminals to mushr...
lobes in Biological Dictionary

Optic lobes

Mesencephalon. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (Redirected from Optic lobe ) ... The four solid optic lobes help to decussate several fibres of the optic nerve. ... GFP expression in larval optic lobe driven by Gal4(Mz1407), mab22C10 and mab5A6 stainings ... differe...

Thymus gland

...the free online ... endocrine gland . genus Thymus . immune system. Mother-of-thyme. T cell. throat sweetbread ... The thymus consists of two lobes enclosed in a capsule and is further divided ... The primary function of the thymus is the processing and maturation of special ... allergies...

Radial canal

...12. Ring Canal | 13. Stone Canal . Observing Internal ... Oesophagus, stomach, radial canals, ring- canal and tentacle-canals, constitute ... lobes extending to the ring- canal , so that radial canals may be very short ... ... (f34) anastomoses in the radial canals that are circumscribed by...

Parathyroid glands

... to the thyroid gland in lizards, some birds, and... ... glands are two small, oval-shaped glands located adjacent to the two thyroid gland lobes ... Parathyroid Tumor. Reproductive Glands . Type 1 Diabetes ... Home. What are parathyroids? What can go wrong with them? What are the symptoms...

Mammary gland

...c mammals containing more than two breasts are called... mammary gland n. Any of the milk-producing glands in female mammals, consisting of lobes containing clusters of alveoli with a system of ducts to mammary adj. Of or relating to a breast or mamma. ... Mammary gland . ... m. mazopl...

Lungs

...t on either side of... The human lungs are the organs of respiration in humans. Humans have two lungs , with the left being divided into two lobes and the right into three lobes. Together, the lungs contain approximately 1500 miles (2,400 km) of airways and 300 to 500 million alveoli, having a....

Lobule

...tologically. A hepatic lobule is a small division of the liver defined at the histological scale. It should not be confused with the anatomic lobes of the liver, or any of the functional lobe classification systems. lobule - small lobe: a small lobe - section of lobe: a section or division ...

Grana

...designed for the purpose, rather than... grana ( ′gränə ) ( cell and molecular biology ) A multilayered membrane unit formed by stacks of the lobes or branches of a chloroplast Grana (cheese) This article needs additional citations for verification. ... Grana originally referred to a class...

Cerebellum

...ellum with other brain areas. ... The cerebellum is a cauliflower-shaped brain structure located just above the brainstem, beneath the occipital lobes at the base of the skull. List of 42 disease causes of Underdeveloped cerebellum , patient stories, diagnostic guides. Diagnostic checklist, med...
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