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irradiation in Medical News

External beam partial breast irradiation most cost-effective treatment

External beam partial breast irradiation (EB-PBI) is the most cost-effective method for treating postmenopausal women with early-stage breast cancer based on utilities, recurrence risks and costs when compared to whole breast radiotherapy (WBRT) and brachytherapy partial breast irradiation (brachy...

Partial Breast Irradiation Now Provided by Rocky Mountain Oncology Center

CASPER, Wyo., Nov. 12 /PRNewswire/ -- The Rocky Mountain Oncology Center (RMOC), is the first cancer center in Wyoming to offer and perform partial breast irradiation treatment. This ground-breaking treatment, offers many patients with early-stage breast cancer a new treatment option. Partia...

Grocery Manufacturers Association Strongly Supports U.S. Food & Drug Administration Decision on the Irradiation of Fresh Produce for Foodborne Pathogen Control

Technology approved for control of food-borne pathogens in fresh iceberg lettuce and spinach WASHINGTON, Aug. 22 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- Robert Brackett, chief science officer for the Grocery Manufacturers Association (GMA), today released the following statement in response to the U.S. F...

Prophylactic cranial irradiation in small cell lung cancer significantly increases survival

Prophylactic cranial irradiation after chemotherapy significantly reduces the risk of brain metastasis and doubles one-year survival in small-cell lung cancer (SCLC), according to the results of the multicenter phase III randomized EORTC trial 08993-22993, published in the New England Journal of M...

Nucletron and Advanced Radiation Therapy (ART) Jointly Announce a Global, Strategic Partnership to Offer AccuBoost(R) for Image-Guided Breast Irradiation

COLUMBIA, Maryland and BILLERICA, Massachusetts, February 12 /PRNewswire/ -- - Pay-Per-Patient Pricing Available to Reduce Start-Up Barriers for Cancer Centers Nucletron, a knowledge-based leader in radiation oncology, and Advanced Radiation Therapy (ART) announced today an exclu...

Risk of Thyroid cancer is increased after Childhood Irradiation of Neck region

Professor Alice Sigurdson and Colleagues has reported the dosage difference which is required for treatment and the dosage which increases the risk of thyroid cancer. The study was conducted in 72 patients // who were treated for thyroid cancer during their childhood. The thyroid gland which is...

Medulloblastoma Irradiation In Young Children Found To Impair IQ And Reading Skills

Radiation could be doing more harm than what you think. Low doses of radiation have been found to result in a reading impairment in children. It is not uncommon for children who suffer from medulloblastoma to undergo irradiation therapy // . The fact that this could result in affecting IQ and re...

Partial-Breast Irradiation an Unproven Therapy

It's called partial-breast irradiation, and proponents see it as a promising alternative treatment for breast cancer patients who've just had a lumpectomy.// Thousands of women have already sought out the therapy, which requires just one week or less of radiation after breast cancer is diagno...

Research Finds Lesser Rectal Cancer Risks Associated with Prostatic Irradiation

According to a new study published in the International Journal of Radiation Oncology, no appreciable risks were found to be associated// with prostratic irradiation and the development of rectal cancer. Wayne S. Kendal, M.D., Ph.D., an Associate Professor in Radiation Oncology at the Ottawa Ho...

Centocor Ortho Biotech Statement on the FDA ODAC Opinion Regarding DOXIL(R) for Treatment of Advanced Breast Cancer

...culations of total cumulative dose Cardiac toxicity may also occur at lower cumulative doses (400 mg/m2) in patients with prior mediastinal irradiation or who are receiving concurrent cyclophosphamide therapy Acute infusion-related reactions including, but not limited to, flushing,...
irradiation in Medical Technology

Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia, the Most Common Childhood Cancer, Is Curable Without Preventive Cranial Radiation

... that we could safely eliminate the use of cranial irradiation in all patients, and this study clearly demonstrat...for others in the field. To assess whether cranial irradiation would have made a difference in CNS relapse, they ...ents whose leukemias would have qualified them for irradiation with the outcomes of 56 patients who had received ...

Study Finds DOXIL(R) Combination Therapy Delays Disease Progression for Patients With Metastatic Breast Cancer

...f total cumulative dose - Cardiac toxicity may also occur at lower cumulative doses (400 mg/m2) in patients with prior mediastinal irradiation or who are receiving concurrent cyclophosphamide therapy * Acute infusion-related reactions including, but not limited to, flus...

Xoft Showcases Interim Clincal Results for Breast Cancer Product and New Indications for Electronic Brachytherapy(eBx) at Astro Meeting

...ide. Initial data from the phase IV study, "Early experience with an electronic brachytherapy technique for intracavitary accelerated partial breast irradiation (APBI)," will be presented at an Industry Satellite Symposium hosted by Xoft in conjunction with the ASTRO. The presentation will be made by Vivek Meh...

St. Jude Study Finds Treatment With New Drug Might Make Tumor Cells More Sensitive to Therapy

...e useful in sensitizing tumor cells to therapeutic irradiation and potentially some chemotherapies MEMPHIS, Ten... be possible to make tumor cells more sensitive to irradiation and some types of chemotherapy by treating them wi...ch as neurodegeneration, cancer and sensitivity to irradiation that leads to irreparable, double-stranded DNA bre...

Doctor Declares War on Hospital Infections, Patents MRSA-Killing Machine

...ide distribution rights for the patented TRU-D Rapid Room Sterilizer to Lumalier Corporation of Memphis, Tennessee, a leader in Ultraviolet Germicidal irradiation since 1963. Chuck Dunn, President of Lumalier, believes the timing for TRU-D is perfect. "While infection rates are rising at alarming rates, expanded...

First Breast Cancer Patient Receives Treatment in National Electronic Brachytherapy Registry Launched by Three Physician Societies

...y tube technology. The Axxent(R) Electronic Brachytherapy System, Xoft's first treatment system, is currently being used in Accelerated Partial Breast irradiation (APBI) for the treatment of early- stage breast cancer. This solution provides a therapeutic dose of intracavitary radiation directly to the region at...

Two DOXIL(R) Studies to be Presented at American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) Annual Meeting

...f total cumulative dose -- Cardiac toxicity may also occur at lower cumulative doses (400 mg/m2) in patients with prior mediastinal irradiation or who are receiving concurrent cyclophosphamide therapy -- Acute infusion-related reactions including, but not limited to, flushi...

Three Year Analysis of Treatment Efficacy, Cosmesis, and Toxicity Support use of the Hologic Mammosite Radiation Therapy System

... 2002, more than 38,000 breast cancer patients have received partial breast irradiation utilizing the MammoSite RTS. A copy of the study may be downloaded by goi...erapy Registry Trial in patients treated with accelerated partial breast irradiation (APBI), Cancer, 2008;112(4),758 766 2 The MammoSite Breast Brachyther...

Zevalin(R) Combined With High-Dose Chemotherapy and Autologous Stem-Cell Transplantation (ASCT) Produces High Overall Survival and Progression-Free Survival Rates in Patients With Relapsed Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma

...the HDC regimen underscoring the potential role for RIT in ASCT. Total-body irradiation (TBI) has previously been shown to significantly increase progression-free ...s with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma who were considered ineligible for total-body irradiation because of older age or prior radiotherapy. Primary endpoints of the study ...

Twelve DOXIL(R) Clinical Studies to be Presented at American Society of Hematology Annual Meeting

...ations of total cumulative dose -- Cardiac toxicity may also occur at lower cumulative doses (400 mg/m2) in patients with prior mediastinal irradiation or who are receiving concurrent cyclophosphamide therapy -- Acute infusion-related reactions including, but not limited to, flushing, shor...
irradiation in Medical Products

UV Sterilizing PCR Workstations

Description:... PCR Workstation brings together UV irradiation and antimicrobial stainless steel to create a dual-attack environment against PCR contamination. PCR Workstation now available with a UV/Air Circulato...
Company:UVP, Inc.

X-Ray Cassette Drape

Description:...tilizing either small or large x-ray cassettes. Transparent poly cover allows visual confirmation of proper exposure to the beam source. Gamma irradiation Sterilization increases shelf life and eliminates E.T.O. sterilization residue....
Company:Biomet Orthopedics, Inc

Gamma Knife

Description:...ment in computing and patient positioning improves the ability to mould the radiation field more precisely to the target. This allows a more selective irradiation and thus a further reduced risk of damaging surrounding brain tissue. Gamma Knife Surgery offers an unusual combination of improved patient experience...
Company:Elekta Inc.

Neer II* Total Shoulder System

Description:...esponsive to conservative treatment due to osteoarthritis, avascular necrosis, post-traumatic arthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, sickle cell infarction, irradiation necrosis. Ideal for total shoulder arthoplasty. Indicated for pain due to incongruity of both the glenoid and humeral head, with intact or repairable ...
Company:Smith & Nephew, Inc. - Orthopedics

Puros Allografts

Features:...Removes fats that may interfere with healing. Grafts receive low-dose gamma irradiation (17.8 kGy), in a narrow rotating sterilization system. Minimizes irradiation to insure biomechanical integrity of allograft. Eliminates reliance on asep...
Company:Zimmer, Inc.
irradiation in Medical Dictionary

Tuberculosis

... called reactivation tuberculosis . ... Occupationally-related Publications on Tuberculosis . Respiratory Protection ... Efficacy of Ultraviolet irradiation in Controlling the Spread of Tuberculosis ... Tuberculosis — Comprehensive overview covers symptoms, treatment, prevention of this...

Tissue

...rmation that can help make pregnancy a reality at nejm.org. ... offer to bank ovarian tissue of young patients with cancer, ... Preoperative irradiation for soft tissue sarcomas of the trunk and extremities in adults. ... saving resection of soft tissue sarcoma arising in the limb. ... Lipido...

Proctitis

...octitis Definition Proctitis is Most cases of proctitis are part of the spectrum of chronic inflammatory bowel ... Inflammation following irradiation to pelvic organs is a rare cause of proctitis . ... Proctitis affects mainly adolescents and adults. ... Proctitis is caused most often by ...

Groin

...tionary and glossary with medical definitions ... In sports medicine, " groin injuries" are well known in pages of the sports ... Primary groin irradiation vs primary groin surgery for early vulvar cancer. ... Primary radiotherapy to the groin is expected to result in lower morbidity. ... Prop...

Epiglottis

...umbia Encyclopedia, Computer Desktop Encyclopedia, computing dictionary. ... epiglottis ... For the purpose of epiglottis reshaping, CO2 laser irradiation was employed on ... There was no spread of the disease at any surface of the epiglottis . ... Definition of epiglottis from the Merriam-Webst...

Carcinogen

...from BusinessDictionary.com: Substance ... Carcinogens enter a body through inhalation (of asbestos fiber and cigarette ... Ultraviolet (UV) irradiation from sunlight is a known human carcinogen . ... A carcinogen can be a chemical, radiation, radionuclide (an atom with an ... Carcinogen , any ...
irradiation in Biological News

First genetically-engineered malaria vaccine to enter human trials

...vaccines are under development that use whole malaria parasites weakened by irradiation to protect against infection, their safety and effectiveness rely on a precise irradiation dose and trial results have been variable," Professor Cowman said. "We beli...

Lithium may help radiation target cancer, spare healthy tissue

...st that lithium treatment could offer a way to protect healthy brain tissue from damage that may occur during cranial radiation treatments. Cranial irradiation is part of standard therapy for both primary and metastatic brain tumors. However, as with all treatment modalities, radiation often causes long-term ...

UConn chemists find secret to increasing luminescence efficiency of carbon nanotubes

...otubes with helical assemblies and probing their luminescence properties. The more luminescent the nanotube, the brighter it appears under infrared irradiation or by electrical excitation (such as that provided by a light-emitting diode or LED). A number of important applications may be possible as a result o...

Plugging in molecular wires

...e other end of the wire is an additional "plug" (viologen group) that anchors the ensemble to a specially coated gold electrode. Electrons released by irradiation of PSI and transmitted along the wire are very efficiently transmitted to the gold electrode by the viologen group. It may be possible to use this ...

Tips from the American Journal of Pathology

... Fat Tissue Is Sensitive to irradiation Researchers led by Dr. Batrice Cousin at Institut Louis Bugnard found that irradiation damages fat tissue. They report their findings in the January 2009 issue of...

Argonne scientists discover possible mechanism for creating 'handedness' in biological molecules

...magnetic fields are prevalent throughout the universe. Based on the Argonne results, it is conceivable that chirality could have been introduced by irradiation of molecules as they traveled through the universe while adsorbed on a magnetized substrate in a dust cloud, meteor, comet or on a primitive planet. ...

Molecular cubes in the sunlight

... Nafion membrane. Housed within the aqueous channels of this membrane, the catalytic species is stabilized and has good access to the water molecules. irradiation with visible light under an applied 1.2 volts leads to the effective electro-oxidation of water. This anodic half-cell could be easily paired with ...

Pesticide build-up could lead to poor honey bee health

...s at the high end of that used to irradiate foods. irradiation broke down about 50 percent of the acaricides in t..., professor of entomology, Penn State. "Commercial irradiation firms usually decontaminate medical instruments or foods." The researchers tried irradiation at a commercial plant and though some modification...

A dash of lime -- a new twist that may cut CO2 levels back to pre-industrial levels

...xample, Australia's Nullarbor Plain would be a prime location for this process, as it has 10 000km3 of limestone and soaks up roughly 20MJ/m2 of solar irradiation every day.' The process of making lime generates CO2, but adding the lime to seawater absorbs almost twice as much CO2. The overall process is ther...

IAEA helps recover stray radioactive sources in Nigeria

...two hospitals and a research centre over a weeklong period last July, and recovered sources that were formerly used for cancer treatment and an insect irradiation project. The seven high-activity sources were expired, but would have posed a public safety threat had anyone come into contact with them. A high degr...
irradiation in Biological Technology

Total marrow irradiation using TomoTherapy System performed at City of Hope

Madison, Wis. - Madison-based TomoTherapy's HI-ART System was put to a new use June 8, with its first application of it for whole marrow irradiation at City of Hope Cancer Center near Los Angeles. "We wanted to explore the use of TomoTherapy to selectively deliver radiation therapy to the enti...

First genetically engineered malaria vaccine to enter human trials

...vaccines are under development that use whole malaria parasites weakened by irradiation to protect against infection, their safety and effectiveness rely on a precise irradiation dose and trial results have been variable," Professor Cowman said. "We beli...

Spectrum Announces Fetal Bovine Serum Product Line

...ium FBS, secondary treatments such as heat inactivation, dialysis, or gamma irradiation are available as standard catalog items. Spectrum also announced the avail...ium FBS, secondary treatments such as heat inactivation, dialysis, or gamma irradiation are available as standard catalog items. Spectrum also announced the avail...

Oncolytics Biotech(R) Inc. Research Collaborators Present Glioma Reovirus Research at ASV Annual Meeting

...s is Synergistically Enhanced in Combination with Temozolomide and Low Dose irradiation in Primary Patient Glioma Xenografts Resistant to Treatment with Either The... poster covers preclinical work using reovirus in combination with low dose irradiation (IR) and temozolomide (TMZ). A panel of glioma cell lines and primary patie...

A breakthrough toward industrial production of fluorescent nanodiamonds

...due to amorphization and the loss of moving vacancies to the surface during irradiation and annealing. A top-down processing of diamond microcrystals, which are ...nd nanoparticles with high yield. The fabrication procedure starts with the irradiation of finely controlled micron-size diamonds and requires subsequent milling a...

NIMOTUZUMAB DEMONSTRATES EFFICACY IN RANDOMIZED HEAD & NECK CANCER STUDY WITHOUT THE TOXICITIES ASSOCIATED WITH OTHER EGFR DRUGS

... to CRT arm, and compares favorably with historical controls performed in Western countries (Brizel DM, Albers ME, Fisher SR, et al: Hyperfractionated irradiation with or without concurrent chemotherapy for locally advanced head and neck cancer. N Engl J Med 338:1798-1804, 1998); (Adelstein DJ, Li Y, Adams GL, e...

Centocor Ortho Biotech Data to be Presented at American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) Annual Meeting

...lations of total cumulative dose Cardiac toxicity may also occur at lower cumulative doses (400 mg/m2) in patients with prior mediastinal irradiation or who are receiving concurrent cyclophosphamide therapy Acute infusion-related reactions including, but not limited to, flu...

Spring 'blockbuster' movie now showing

...ic scale." Rubbing graphene off the end of a pencil tip and suspending the specimen in an observation grid, Zettl and his colleagues used prolonged irradiation from TEAM 0.5's electron beam (set at 80 kV) to introduce a hole into the graphene's pristine hexagonal carbon lattice. Focusing the beam to a spot on...

Sangamo BioSciences Initiates Phase 1 Trial of CCR5-ZFP Therapeutic to Treat HIV/AIDS

...plantation (bone marrow taken from a different person) is not widely applicable as a therapeutic approach for HIV as it is a risky procedure requiring irradiation and ablation of the immune system and matched donors who also carry the CCR5-delta32 mutation are likely to be rare. Small molecule or antibody antago...

Germicidal UVC Lights Improve Clinical Pregnancy Rates for IVF Lab, New Study Finds

...d abates the proliferation of airborne and surface embryotoxic organics. Of equal significance to the developing embryo is the suggested impact of UVC irradiation on the degradation of VOCs. Our work has demonstrated that VOC levels as low as 2.2 ppb can be embryotoxic to the embryo cultured in vitro." The aut...
irradiation in Biological Products

EC3 Darkroom from UVP

Description:...es while under UV illumination UV timeout automatically switches off all UV light UV safety interlocked door protects the researcher from UV irradiation Height adjustable chemi tray and white light plate Sample platform can be raised to enhance camera sensitivity ...
Company:UVP

Sterilizing UV PCR Workstation from UVP

Description:... PCR Workstation brings together UV irradiation and antimicrobial stainless steel to create a dual-attack environment again...sity UV tubes for inactivation of DNA between experiments The ultraviolet irradiation can be used as a standard laboratory practice to reduce surface and airborn...
Company:UVP
irradiation in Biological Definition

Origin of life

...ial, thought to be a tar -like substance composed of complex organic material formed from simple carbon compounds after reactions initiated mostly by irradiation by ultraviolet light. It is supposed that a rain of cometary material on the early Earth could have brought significant quantities of complex organi...
irradiation in Biological Dictionary

Heterogeneous nuclear RNA

...ous Nuclear :: genetics :: Roles of heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoproteins A and B in cell proliferation. Regulation of gene ... ... irradiation and Postirradiation Incubation on Heterogeneous Nuclear RNA Size ... transcription units for heterogeneous nuclear RNA in cultured murin...

G1 phase

...lexes. ... G1 is a crucial phase of cell growth because the decision to begin another ... response of Schizosaccharomyces pombe cells to UV irradiation in early G1 phase . ... a decision in the G1 phase of the division cycle. either to proceed through the cell cycle or to ... the idea of...

Autosome

...l adj. ... How does the soma relate to the meanings of autosome and somatic cell? ... Y-autosome Chromosomal aberration created artificially by irradiation in the process of ... Parents who are heterozygous for a recessive allele on an autosome ? ... Definition of autosome from the Merriam-Web...
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