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infect in Medical News

K-State Researcher Finds That the 1918 Spanish Flu Virus Can Infect Swine and Resulted in Current Lineage of H1N1 Swine Influenza Viruses

MANHATTAN, Kan., April 30 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- In 1918 a human influenza virus known as the Spanish flu spread through the central United States while a swine respiratory disease occurred concurrently. A Kansas State University researcher has found that the virus causing the pandemic was a...

Chemical liberated by leaky gut may allow HIV to infect the brain, Einstein scientists find

In up to 20 percent of people infected with HIV, the virus manages to escape from the bloodstream and cross into the brain, resulting in HIV-associated dementia and other cognitive disorders. Now, scientists at the Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University have found strong evidenc...

Penn scientists find a protein that inhibits Ebola from reaching out to infect neighboring cells

PHILADELPHIA - Scientists at the University of Pennsylvania School of Veterinary Medicine have identified a protein, ISG15, that inhibits the Ebola virus from budding, the process by which viruses escape from cells and spread to infect neighboring cells. This study shows for the first time how ISG...

Bird Flu Virus Can Infect Fetus

H5N1 also migrates to organs other than lungs, autopsy study shows FRIDAY, Sept. 28 (HealthDay News) -- The deadly H5N1 bird flu virus can pass through the placenta of pregnant women and into the fetus, Chinese scientists report. They also discovered that the virus infects organs other than l...

Mutant Parasites, Unable to Infect Hosts, Highlight Virulence Genes

MADISON - With a single approach, microbiologists at the University of Wisconsin-Madison have identified dozens of clues to how human parasites may infect their hosts . The researchers identified nearly 40 genes that, when mutated in the common parasite Toxoplasma gondii, prevented the para...

Bird Flu Most Likely to Infect and Kill Young People

Ninety percent of the people infected with bird flu have been under the age of 40, and 60 percent of them have died, according// to the latest analysis from the World Health Organization. But the WHO researchers stressed their analysis did not suggest why this might be and noted there are sev...

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infect in Medical Technology

PharmAthene Submits Proposal to BARDA in Response to Broad Agency Announcement for Advanced Research and Development for Valortim(R)

...x is an acute infectious disease caused by the spore-forming bacterium Bacillus anthracis. Anthrax most commonly occurs in hoofed mammals and can also infect humans. Symptoms of disease vary depending on how the disease is contracted, but usually occur within seven days after exposure. The serious forms of ...

Corgenix, Tulane Announce Award of NIH Grant Extending Hemorrhagic Fever Virus Product Development Program

...ng upon their treatment and ultimately prevention." Lassa fever, a serious viral disease spread by contact with infected rodents, is estimated to infect 300,000 to 500,000 people per year across West Africa, with approximately 5,000 deaths. In some areas of Sierra Leone and Liberia, up to 16 percent of...

Clinical Update - Debio 025 in Hepatitis C

...ow accounts for 75% of all cases of liver disease around the world. HCV is considered by the World Health Organization as an epidemic. Because HCV can infect a patient for decades before being discovered, it is often called the "silent" epidemic. Studies suggest that in the US alone, nearly 4 million people...

Novel Valortim(R) Mechanism of Action Data Presented at the Keystone Symposia on Molecular and Cellular Biology

...x is an acute infectious disease caused by the spore-forming bacterium Bacillus anthracis. Anthrax most commonly occurs in hoofed mammals and can also infect humans. Symptoms of disease vary depending on how the disease is contracted, but usually occur within seven days after exposure. The serious forms of ...

Clinical Update - Debio 025 in Hepatitis C

...ow accounts for 75% of all cases of liver disease around the world. HCV is considered by the World Health Organization as an epidemic. Because HCV can infect a patient for decades before being discovered, it is often called the "silent" epidemic. Studies suggest that in the US alone, nearly 4 million people...

Jennerex Treats First Patients in Phase 2 JX-594 Trial for Liver Cancer

...X-594 multiplies selectively within cancer cells, leading to their destruction. These newly created copies of JX-594 are then released and are able to infect and eradicate other tumor cells both locally and in distant sites in the body. This cycle of JX-594 replication, cancer cell destruction, release and ...

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infect in Medical Dictionary

Venereal Disease

... 2 Venereal disease of viral origin. 2.1 Herpes simplex. 2.2 Human papillomavirus (HPV) ... The pathogens that cause venereal disease can infect solely by ... ... spreading and now the deadliest diseases are those resulting from sexual ... CAUSES— Venereal diseases are transmitted by i...

Vaginitis

...is. ... Bacterial vaginosis is the most common cause of vaginitis during the childbearing years. ... Vaginitis can be caused by organisms that infect the vagina or by irritants, ... organisms that cause vaginitis are sexually transmitted. ... Detailed information on the most common types of ...

Toxocariasis

... Toxocariasis is a zoonotic (animal to human) infection caused by the parasitic ... Toxocara are common parasites of dogs and cats. When they infect humans, the illness is called toxocariasis . ... Toxocariasis is an infection caused by the ... Overview: Toxocariasis is an infection ca...

Staphylococcus aureus

...bacterium Staphylococcus , including MRSA, the staph superbug ... Print this Page ... One harmful species is Staphylococcus aureus , which can infect wounds. ... Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus : report of an outbreak in a London ... Figure 1. Estimated methicillin-resistant Stap...

Spirochete

...the appearance of Spirochete under ... The Borrelia burgdorferi spirochete is the agent of Lyme disease. ... When the nymph is feeding, it may infect its host with the Lyme spirochete . ... Transmission of the Lyme Disease Spirochete Abstract: EN025 (11/05) Transmission of the Lyme Disease ...

Roundworms

...oundworms , or nematodes, are parasites that can infect humans. ... These roundworms infect about 25% of the world's population. ... ... o.... There are three species of roundworms that infect dogs and cats, Toxocara canis ... Roundworms liv...

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infect in Biological News

How does Mycobacterium tuberculosis infect the lung?

Tuberculosis (TB) is the most common major infectious disease today. It is estimated that two billion people--or one-third of the world's population--are chronically infected without active symptoms. Nine million new cases of active disease are diagnosed annually, resulting in two million deaths. T...

Less virulent strains of avian influenza can infect humans

In findings with implications for pandemic influenza, a new study reports for the first time that a less-virulent strain of avian influenza virus can spread from poultry to humans. The research appears in the October 1 issue of The Journal of Infectious Diseases, now available online. Crossing t...

New study shows SARS can infect brain tissue

Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS), by its very name, indicates a disease of the respiratory tract. But SARS can also infiltrate brain tissue, causing significant central nervous system problems, according to an article in the Oct. 15 issue of Clinical Infectious Diseases, now available onlin...

First human gets new antibody aimed at hepatitis C virus

...d during the time when the donor liver is implanted, researchers hope the HCV virus left in the bloodstream will be neutralized and rendered unable to infect the new liver. Then, because monoclonal antibodies are highly specific and typically have little or no side-effects, additional dosages of the new ant...

K-State researcher, collaborators study virulence of pandemic H1N1 virus

...side collaborators is testing the virulence of pandemic H1N1 in animal models. In pigs, Richt and his fellow researchers found that pandemic H1N1 does infect pigs and transmits between the animals but is not fatal. "Its important to know the clinical and pathological effects this virus has on pigs," Rich...

Stress signals link pre-existing sickness with susceptibility to bacterial infection

... Dictyostelium is that both use AMPK as an internal sensor to coordinate energy synthesis with energy needs. However, unlike humans, researchers can infect Dictyostelium with germs like Legionella in a controlled environment and determine the influence of various parameters on the course of infection....

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infect in Biological Technology

Novavax Announces Selection of a Respiratory Syncytial Virus Vaccine Candidate for Advanced Preclinical Studies

...This new candidate is directed against a protein on the surface of the virus, the "F" or "fusion" protein, which is the protein that the virus uses to infect and fuse with cells in the respiratory tract and cause disease. The new RSV-F vaccine candidate consists of novel three-dimensional particles...

New Test from Quest Diagnostics Helps Physicians Choose HIV Antiretroviral Therapy in Patients with History of Drug Resistance

...ference of strains of HIV to bind to, activate and infect cells, promoting disease progression, based on the...-1 viral particles that use the CCR5 coreceptor to infect the cell are called R5-tropic, those using CXCR4 a... patients due to different ways the virus tries to infect cells," said Jay G. Wohlgemuth, M.D., vice preside...

PharmAthene Presents Data for SparVax(TM), a Novel Vaccine for the Prevention and Treatment of Anthrax Infection, at the 12th Annual Conference on Vaccine Research

...is an acute infectious disease caused by the spore-forming bacterium Bacillus anthracis . Anthrax most commonly occurs in hoofed mammals and can also infect humans. Symptoms of disease vary depending on how the disease is contracted, but usually occur within seven days after exposure. The serious forms of ...

MIT virus battery could power cars, electronic devices

...olating throughout the electrodes to the iron phosphate and transferring energy in a very short time. The viruses are a common bacteriophage, which infect bacteria but are harmless to humans. The team found that incorporating carbon nanotubes increases the cathode's conductivity without adding too muc...

MIT, BU team combats antibiotic resistance with engineered viruses

...s Medical Institute investigator and professor of biomedical engineering at BU, took a new approach: engineering existing bacteriophages (viruses that infect bacteria) to attack specific targets. "It's much easier to modify phages than to invent a new drug," said Lu. Lu, who completed his PhD at HST last...

PharmAthene Presents Data for SparVax(TM) and Valortim(R), a Novel Vaccine and Anti-Toxin for the Prevention and Treatment of Anthrax Infection at the 7th Annual ASM Biodefense Meeting

...is an acute infectious disease caused by the spore-forming bacterium Bacillus anthracis . Anthrax most commonly occurs in hoofed mammals and can also infect humans. Symptoms of disease vary depending on how the disease is contracted, but usually occur within seven days after exposure. The serious forms of ...
infect in Biological Definition

Antibiotic

...ponents of this practice, however, point out the likelihood that it also leads to antibiotic resistance, frequently in bacteria that are known to also infect humans, although there has been little or no evidence as yet of such transfer of antibiotic resistance actually occurring. Antibiotic resistance...

Antibody

... complement pathway . Antibodies that recognize viruses can block these directly by their sheer size. The virus will be unable to dock to a cell and infect it, hindered by the antibody. They can also agglutinate them so the phagocytes can capture them. Antibodies that recognize bacteria mark them for inge...

Antigenic shift

...nity for a major reorganization of surface antigens. Influenza B and C only infect humans, minimizing the chance to mutate drastically. Flu strains are name...gglutinin and type-2 neuraminidase. If two different strains of influenza infect the same cell simultaneously, their protein capsids and lipid envelopes a...

Flaviviridae

... Flavivirus Pestivirus Hepacivirus The Flaviviridae are a family of viruses that infect mammals . They include the following genera: Genus Flavivirus (type species Yellow fever virus , others include West Nile virus ) Ge...

Foot and mouth disease

...sease (FMD), sometimes called hoof-and-mouth disease , is a highly contagious but non-fatal viral disease of cattle and pigs . It can also infect deer , goats , sheep , and other animals with cloven hooves, as well as elephants , rats , and hedgehogs . Horses are not susceptible to FMD....

Fungus

...nt decomposers and parasites , like mold and mildew . Parasitic fungi infect animals , including humans , other mammals , birds , and insects , with consequences varying from mild itching to death . Other parasitic fungi infect plants , causing diseases such as butt rot and making trees more vulnera...
infect in Biological Dictionary

Virus

...t can reproduce only inside a host cell. Viruses infect all types of organisms: from animals and plants,...us is a computer program that can copy itself and infect a computer without the permission or knowledge of ... A virus is a sub-microscopic particle that can infect a host cell. ... The Gene virus was disocvered...

Virology

... Virology is the study of viruses and virus-like agents: their structure, classification and evolution, their ways to infect and exploit cells for virus reproduction, the diseases they cause, the techniques to isolate and culture them, and their use in research and... ...

Trematode

... Nearly all trematodes are parasites of mollusks and vertebrates. ... Almost all trematodes infect mollusks as the first ... Main article: Trematode infection ... A diagnostic feature of this trematode is a pair of diverticulae just poster...

Self-splicing

... self - splicing of the Tetrahymena thermophila rRNA intron ... We report the occurrence of self - splicing group I introns in viruses that infect ... A self - splicing intron in the small subunit rRNA gene of Pneumocystis carinii. ... The Tetrahymena pre-rRNA self - splicing intron ...

Phage

...teriophage is any one of a number of viruses that infect bacteria. Bacteriophages are among the most common...atment of infectious disease using the germs which infect the germs which cause the disease A phage (al...ton = food/consumption) is a ... Like viruses that infect eukaryotes, phages consist of an outer protein ...

Parasitism

...s Examples of Parasitism . Endoparasites. Ectoparasites. Giardia lamblia: ... Hookworms: Two species, Ancylostoma duodenale and Necator americanus infect humans. ... Parasitism is differentiated from parasitoidism... Though the cowbird's parasitism does not necessarily harm its host's brood, the ...
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