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domestication in Medical News

Arizona researchers to sequence West African rice strain

...t knowledge could also ultimately be used to improve the world's crops. "We'll be able to ask a lot of interesting questions about how two independent domestication events occurred," Rounsley explained. Researchers at other institutions around the world are ready to use Wing and Rounsley's sequencing techniqu...

To branch or not to branch

...mong these architectural genes so important in the domestication of maize are the RAMOSA genes and proteins studied...ns of the work of breeders of plants and animals. domestication is a form of artificial selection, and it is thoug...e mutants and the genes that were important in the domestication and evolution of grain crops are providing insight...

ASPB engages Latin America colleagues at Annual Meeting in Merida, Mexico June 22-25

...ological and Archaeological Evidence. Vicki Chandler Epigenetic Silencing Across Generations. Erik Vollbrecht The maize inflorescence: development, domestication and insights into grass evolution. Jean Phillipe Vielle Calzada The Codifying Genome of the Palomero Mexican landrace. Symposium III: Biology of...

Domestic cat genome sequenced

...of Heredity ). These variants will also be useful for parentage testing, forensic analysis, and studies of evolution, including the reconstruction of domestication processes, fancy breed development, and ecological adaptation among the great roaring cats. The researchers also analyzed the feline genome for int...

Researchers Identify Gene That Plays Key Role in Size of Dogs -- and Probably in Humans

..., large Portuguese water dogs, wolves and other wild members of the dog family, such as jackals. Researchers suspect a single mutation early in the domestication history of dogs created a "small dog" version (or allele) of IGF1. This mutation became fixed in small dog breeds through human breeding of the dogs. ...

Newly Cloned Wheat Gene May Boosts Foods' Nutrient Contents – Says A Researc

...that all cultivated pasta and bread wheat varieties analyzed so far have a nonfunctional copy of GPC-B1, suggesting that this gene was lost during the domestication of wheat. Therefore, the reintroduction of the functional gene from the wild species into commercial wheat varieties has the potential to increas...

Dogs Were Domesticated Recently Only

... the University of California at Davis, agrees with Morey’s time window for domestication theory. The bond between man and dog could have existed before, but manipulating their breeding and domestication came about later. The study is published in the latest Journal of Archaeolo...

DNA Underwent Changes Due To Culture

...gave similar results. Researchers opine that humans may have ‘domesticated’ themselves with the emergence of modern civilization, much on the lines of domestication of food grains when they started cultivation. "One of the major things that has happened in the last 50,000 years is the development of culture...
domestication in Biological News

Sustainable agriculture at the ESA Annual Meeting

...ing operations as the annual systems. Glover says that these results clearly show the need to move away from annual crops and increase our use and domestication of perennial crops. "So far, little effort has been made to improve perennial crops," he says. "Some of greatest possibilities for transforming agr...

Domestication of Capsicum annuum chile pepper provides insights into crop origin and evolution

...und in their surroundings. Current studies of the domestication of various species provide a fascinating glimpse i...e of the American Journal of Botany explores the domestication of chiles. These hot peppers, found in everything... has been known regarding the original location of domestication of C. annuum, the number of times it was domestica...

A genome may reduce your carbon footprint

...ikely to be a few genes with large effects that will dramatically impact yields once incorporated into breeding programs. This has occurred during the domestication of all our grain crops, but it may take just a fraction of the time now. The development of a dollar genome sequence could provide information high...

New research reveals the earliest evidence for corn in the New World

... Holst at the Smithsonian Tropical Research provide direct evidence for the domestication of maize and a species of squash. "Our findings confirm an early Holocene age for maize domestication and indicate that it is another important New World crop that had its origi...

Researchers find the earliest evidence of domesticated maize

...logical context of early Holocene maize and squash domestication in the Central Balsas River Valley, Mexcio" and "S...nse that this was where we would find the earliest domestication of maize." The study began with Piperno, a Temp...ut only one of them yielded evidence for the early domestication of maize and squash. Ranere excavated the site ...

Evidence of earliest known domestic horses found in Kazakhstan

...ogists could point to the very beginnings of horse domestication and help explain its early impacts on society. ...y National Geographic. Archaeologists say horse domestication may have begun in Kazakhstan about 5,500 years ago... originally thought. Their findings also put horse domestication in Kazakhstan about 2,000 years earlier than that ...

Biologists solve mystery of black wolves

...ce paper. "Although genes that evolve under domestication may be transferred to wild species, they generally...ly modified organisms." "This work shows how domestication can preserve and ultimately enrich the genetic leg...y main interest is to describe the genetics of dog domestication the geographic location of...

13 UCR faculty members recognized by American Association for the Advancement of Science

.... Gaut 92 Ph.D., now at UC Irvine: "For distinguished contributions to the field of evolutionary genetics, particularly for the population genetics of domestication and the molecular evolution of plant nuclear genomes." William Fenical 68 Ph.D., now at UC San Diego: "For distinguished contributions to organic ch...

Scientists identify gene that may contribute to improved rice yield

...sponding gene in wild rice is not expressed specifically." The team also found that the GIF1 gene is one of the genes that were selected during the domestication of rice. "By selectively growing only those strains of rice with heavier grains, humans for thousands of years unknowingly have been increasing the f...

Research pushes back history of crop development 10,000 years

... most crops came from a single location and single domestication event. However recent archaeological evidence ...Studies like these have shown that the rise of the domestication syndrome was a slow process and that plant traits ... source population (in other words if attempts at domestication happen more than once) because any resulting hybri...
domestication in Biological Technology

DOE JGI Director Eddy Rubin highlights the genomics of plant-based biofuels in the journal Nature

...ands of years in the face of the energy and climate challenges, so by applying the power of genomics to these problems, we are seeking to speed up the domestication of energy crops and the technologies for converting them to suitable biofuels as a more carbon-neutral approach to meeting part of our transportation ...

Single gene controls key difference between maize and its wild ancestor

...eveloped. Without corn, the societies of the new world would have been completely different." However, the genetic changes that occurred during the domestication of corn have been a controversial issue in the field of evolutionary biology, Doebley says. "Some argue that evolution works like building up a sandst...
domestication in Biological Definition

Charles Darwin

...868 – Variation of Plants and Animals Under domestication (PDF Format) The Variation of Animals and Plants Under domestication V1 The Variation of Animals and Plants Under domestication V2 1871 – The Descent of Man a...

Genetics

...ist William Bateson in a letter to Adam Sedgewick, dated April 18 , 1905 . Humans began applying knowledge of genetics in prehistory with the domestication and breeding of plants and animals. In modern research, genetics provides important tools in the investigation of the function of a particular gene...
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