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descent in Medical News

Newborns of South Asian and East Asian descent misclassified as underweight at birth: Study

TORONTO, Ont., May 26, 2009 Babies of East Asian and South Asian descent are between two and three times more likely to be misclassified as underweight at birth when compared to their Canadian counterparts, according to a study led by St. Michael's Hospital physician Dr. Joel Ray. Dr. Ray and a t...

Most Mt. Everest Deaths Occur Near Summit During Descent

Study says high-altitude cerebral edema is a common problem for climbers THURSDAY, Dec. 11 (HealthDay News) -- Most deaths on Mount Everest occur during descents from the summit in the so-called "death zone" above 8,000 meters, and high-altitude cerebral edema appears to be associated ...

Genetic Variation Associated With Survival Advantage in African Americans With HIV

...owed that the same DARC variant conferred protection for persons of African ancestry against a particular form of malaria, and that persons of African descent have, on average, lower white blood cell (WBC) counts than persons of European ancestry. Leukopenia is one of several blood conditions observed freque...

Insightful Handbook for Alzheimer's Caregivers

..., Deanna Lueckenotte weaves a heartfelt mix of personal experience and sound advice on a myriad of topics related to the care of loved ones during the descent into dementia. Concise, insightful and effortlessly readable, Lueckenotte purposefully leaves out the clinical underpinnings of Alzheimer's and i...

Another Blood Fat Fuels Heart Attack Risk

...the people in the studies were white, Nordestgaard said. "People of African descent have the highest lipoprotein(a) levels, while those of European descent and most Asians have similar levels, but lower levels than blacks," he note...

In retinal disease, sight may depend on second sites

... will go blind and how quickly." To identify modifiers of ciliary diseases, the team of scientists examined DNA from patients of northern European descent and from their parents and looked for common changes in the RPGRIP1L gene, which already was known to be defective in some but not all ciliary disease...

The Alzheimer's Project HBO Documentary Puts Spotlight On Alzheimer's Disease; Premiere Screening at the Hennepin County Library in Downtown Minneapolis

... or grandchild of one with Alzheimer's, while "Caregivers" (May 12) highlights the sacrifices and successes of people who experience their loved ones' descent into dementia. In addition to the four part documentary are 15 short supplemental films, a robust web site and a nationwide community-based infor...

The Alzheimer's Project HBO Documentary Puts Spotlight on Alzheimer's Disease; North Dakota Family Featured

... or grandchild of one with Alzheimer's, while "Caregivers" (May 12) highlights the sacrifices and successes of people who experience their loved ones' descent into dementia. In addition to the four-part documentary are 15 short supplemental films, a robust web site and a nationwide community-based infor...

HBO, Warner Bros. Employee Initiatives and the Alzheimer's Association, California Southland Chapter Present a Free, Public, Advance Screening of THE ALZHEIMER'S PROJECT: 'Caregivers'

...of Alzheimer's disease. Each highlights the sacrifices, struggles and successes made by those experiencing their loved ones' descent into dementia. California First Lady Maria Shriver, along with Sheila Nevins, serve as executive producer of the series. ...

Quest Diagnostics Discovers New Genetic Mutations Affecting Cystic Fibrosis Screening

...ly inherited disease that damages the respiratory and gastrointestinal systems. One in 29 Americans of Northern European Caucasian or Ashkenazi Jewish descent are symptomless carriers of the defective, or mutated, cystic fibrosis transmembrane regulator (CFTR) gene. A child whose parents are both carriers ha...
descent in Medical Technology

deCODE Discovers Second Common Genetic Risk Factor for Atrial Fibrillation and Stroke

...Genetics at http://www.nature.com/ng . The new SNP is in the ZFHX3 gene on chromosome 16q22, and the more than one third of people of European descent who carry one copy are at approximately 20% greater risk of AF and cardioembolic stroke than are individuals who carry none. AF is the most common typ...

deCODE Breakthrough in Thyroid Cancer May Enable More Targeted Risk Assessment and Earlier Intervention

... of a total of more than 40,000 patients and control subjects from Iceland, the United States and Spain. Approximately 4 percent of people of European descent carry two copies of the at-risk versions of both SNPs, putting them at a 5.7-times greater risk of thyroid cancer than individuals who carry no copies...

RAD001 Phase II Trial Results Positive in Patients with Advanced Gastric Cancer After Failure of One or More Prior Treatments

...sease progressed despite prior treatment. Patients enrolled in the trial were heavily pre-treated. All trial participants were from Japan and of Asian descent (1). "There are very limited treatment options for patients who progressed despite the standard treatment for this aggressive cancer," said Ats...

Raptor Pharmaceuticals Corp. Announces Positive Phase IIa Clinical Study Results for Convivia(TM) Program

...0071022/NYM074LOGO ) Conducted in Hawaii, the blinded, intra-subject controlled, single dose, dose escalation study enrolled 32 subjects of Japanese descent with a history of symptoms of inborn altered ethanol metabolism with concomitant ethanol exposure. At the time of enrollment, study subjects also subm...

Lupus Under the Spotlight: U.S. Congress Shows Support for Women's Health Issues

... times more likely than men to develop lupus, but women of African-American descent are three times more likely to be diagnosed with the disease. Women of Asian, Latin American/Hispanic, Pacific Rim descent are also more likely to be affected. An estimated 1.4 million Americans hav...

Raptor Pharmaceuticals Corp. Initiates Phase IIa Clinical Study for Convivia(TM)

...stration of the current liquid injectible dose form of 4-MP that is marketed in the United States for other indications. Up to 32 subjects of Japanese descent who have a history of flushing reactions from alcohol will participate in a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, dose escalation study of thi...

deCODE Launches deCODE MI(TM) -- A Test for a Major Genetic Risk Factor for Early-onset Heart Attack

...1. They were discovered by deCODE scientists earlier this year through genome-wide SNP analysis in Iceland and replicated in three cohorts of European descent from Philadelphia, Atlanta and Durham, North Carolina. Of the 17,000 patients and control subjects in the study, more than 20% of participants carried...
descent in Medical Dictionary

Lightening

..., lightening can travel along the outer shell of ... Information about lightening in the free online English dictionary and ... lightening - descent of the uterus into the pelvic cavity that occurs late in ... Shop for 2 Lightening at Target.com - Free Shipping on 150,000+ Products. ... P...

Dilation

...ns enlarging. Curettage (the C) means scraping. Together, this ... Cervix Dilation is the width of the opening of the cervix as baby makes its descent head down. ... Dilation process moves slowly initially during the first ... List of 24 disease causes of Pupil dilation , patient stories, ...

Diastole

...mal ventricle will eject more than 50% of its blood volume in end diastole (aka ... Fall in left atrial pressure during initial diastole = y descent ... ... contraction (systole) and relaxation ( diastole ) of the atria and chambers (ventricles) (cf. ... the reflux of blood into the ven...

Cryptorchidism

... means hidden or obscure testis. ... Cryptorchidism is a condition affecting the dog in ... 1.) Unilateral cryptorchidism refers to the normal descent of a singular testis. ... In cryptorchidism , one or both testicles are "hidden. ... http://www.rievaulx.org/ crypto rchidism .html Excellent inf...
descent in Biological News

Newly identified mechanism helps explain why people of African descent are more vulnerable to TB

A team of scientists has identified a cellular mechanism that may help explain the puzzle of why people of African descent are more susceptible to tuberculosis infection and why, once infected, they develop more severe states of the disease than whites. The team includes researchers from University...

Why do we choose our mates? Ask Charles Darwin, prof says

...in's beliefs about the choice of mates and sexual selection being beyond mere chance have been proven correct, as stated in Darwin's landmark book The descent of Man, and Selection in Relation to Sex. His work has withstood decades of analysis and scrutiny, as Jones states in his paper, "Mate Choice and Sexu...

Babies born to native high-altitude mothers have decreased risk of low birth weight

... do women of European descent. The study helps explain why babies of Andean descent born at high altitude weigh more than European babies born at altitude. ... delivered more blood and oxygen to the fetus compared to women of European descent the babies of Andean women weighed an average of nine ounces more at bir...

Genes that influence start of menstruation identified for first time

...he study carried out an analysis of 17,510 women across eight different international population-based sources. This number included women of European descent who reported the age at which they reached menstruation of between nine and 17 years. The two genes identified were on chromosomes nine and six. On...

Saving energy and the environment with Flywheels

...lly move a shipping container every three minutes. Most of the power is expended in the lift, but since containers can weigh up to 50 metric tons, the descent must be carefully controlled. When a given container is lowered with a strictly diesel-based crane, its potential energy is not recovered but rather i...

Relationships in rank and file

...ch cannot be predicted offhand from their sequence, is equally important. Still, similar protein sequences suggest relatedness or, in other words, the descent from a common ancestral protein, and with it a similar function. Accordingly, the sequences and functions of genes and proteins all get stored away i...

Darwin's seminal impact on biology, anthropology, philosophy and psychology

...rigin of the Species , Darwin was nonetheless convinced that his theory of natural selection also applied to human beings. That's why he published The descent of Man 12 years later. Darwin believed that natural selection didn't only shape human anatomy but also emotions and social instincts that we share ...

Genetic mutation causes familial susceptibility for degenerative brain disease

... confirmed episodes of ANE. Nineteen patients of European, Asian or African descent had isolated cases of ANE. None of the participants with isolated ANE, as w...P2 mutation. The rest of the participants came from 16 families of European descent affected by familial or recurrent forms of the disease. In one family ce...

NTDs burden in Latin America and the Caribbean may exceed that of HIV/AIDS, TB and malaria

...slavery, because they were first introduced into the region through the global slave trade, and even today they predominantly affect people of African descent and indigenous groups, as well as other vulnerable groups such as women and children. "Our findings indicate that the combined disease burden of N...

Obesity genes revealed

...ree common variations in the human LAMA5 gene and discovered two gene variants that were associated with body shape, one in women of European American descent and the other affecting women of American African descent. As De Luca reports, "We found one variant to be associated with weight and lean mass in bot...
descent in Biological Technology

Aviation partners to cut 500,000 tonnes of CO2 a year

... 4th Aviation and Environment Summit in Geneva, will implement Continuous descent Approach (CDA) at up to 100 airports across Europe by the end of 2013. This...ion service providers and governments working together. Allowing continuous descent means aircraft will operate at their maximum efficiency with fewer emission...

GYNECARE PROLIFT+M(TM) Pelvic Floor Repair System Launched in US for Use in Pelvic Organ Prolapse Surgery

...il Khandwala, MD, Clinical Associate Professor, Wayne State University , Michigan. Pelvic organ prolapse (POP) is characterized by the abnormal descent or herniation of pelvic organs. Forty percent of women aged 40 to 79 are affected by pelvic organ prolapse, a condition in which weak pelvic floor mus...

Agencies Unite to Launch Donor Network Alliance: First-Ever Web-Based Collective of Egg Donor Candidates

...minal fee, subscribers have unlimited access to the database for the two-week usage term. They can search according to various parameters, from ethnic descent to eye and hair color. Searches can be saved. Favorites can be flagged. Each donor profile is posted alongside her agency, which can be e-mailed direc...

African Ancestry, Educators, Identity Experts Launch DNA Education Project during Historic Black History Month; 7th Graders Score High on Ultimate Self Test

...shington, DC (PRWEB) February 3, 2009 -- African Ancestry, Inc., the DC-based company that pioneered DNA-driven ancestry tracing for people of African descent in the U.S, inspires students with the launch of its "Ancestry Education Project" during this monumental Black History Month. With DC Publi...

Growing Interest in DNA-Based Genetic Testing Among African American with Historic Election of President Elect Barack Obama

...e of consumer genetic testing coupled with First Black President of African descent spawn trend in African Americans to trace roots to Africa during post-elect...lines began -- an experience that remains elusive to many people of African descent in the U.S. African Ancestry, Inc., the company that pioneered DNA-based an...

MyHeritage And Family Tree DNA Partner To Help People Trace Family History Using DNA

...y when no conventional records are available. The advanced DNA screening technology, among other things, can reveal Native American, African or Jewish descent on paternal or maternal lines, as well as uncover ancestral information for those who were adopted. Through a range of tests, users can obtain informa...

Major Independent Study Underscores Utility of deCODE MI(TM) for Better Predicting Risk of Heart Attack, Informing Statin Therapy

...1987. Through an analysis of more than 10,000 ARIC participants of European descent for whom 9p21 status was known, the study found that knowing the 9p21 risk ...re those without the genetic risk variants. About 20% of people of European descent are positive for this test. deCODE's findings have been confirmed in multip...

deCODE genetics Announces Third Quarter 2008 Financial Results

... risk of urinary bladder cancer. Approximately 20% of people of European descent carry two copies of the first variant, a version of a SNP on chromosome ...iolet (UV) radiation in sunlight. Approximately 2% of people of European descent carry two copies of the risk versions of both SNPs, and are at a 170% ...

deCODE Discovery Sheds Light on Risk of the Most Common Form of Skin Cancer

...logical mechanism causing BCC, independent of the impact of exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation in sunlight. Approximately 2% of people of European descent carry two copies of the risk versions of both SNPs, and are at a 170% greater risk of BCC than those who do not carry the risk variants. The paper, en...

Families Embrace Science/Technology-based Ancestry Tracing Marking Milestone in Black Family Reunion Celebrations Across the Nation

...people of African descent. Since its inception, African Ancestry's lineage reveals have impacted the lives of more than 100,000 people of African descent in the U.S. African-American-owned and operated, African Ancestry is headquartered in Washington, DC. For press inquiries, contact Taylor Communicati...
descent in Biological Definition

Common descent

A group of organisms is said to have common descent if they have a common ancestor . In biology , the theory of universal common descent proposes that all organisms on Earth are descended from a common ancestor or ancestral gene pool. A theory of universal common descent based on ev...

Alfred Russel Wallace

...specially Darwin) to be a chief thinker on evolution in his day whose ideas could not be ignored. He is among the most cited naturalists in Darwin's descent of Man , often in strong disagreement. Precursor of ecology, and awards Wallace was the first to propose a "geography" of animal specie...

Archaea

...2002 by Karl Stetter , but their affinities are uncertain. Woese argued that the bacteria, archaea, and eukaryotes each represent a primary line of descent that diverged early on from an ancestral progenote with poorly developed genetic machinery. This hypothesis is reflected in the name Archaea, from ...

Biology

... of living organisms 1.4 Continuity: the common descent of life 1.5 Homeostasis: adapting to change ... Viroids -- Prions Continuity: the common descent of life Main article: Common descent A group of organisms is said to have common...

Bioinformatics

...nalysis , sequence profiling tool , sequence motif . Computational evolutionary biology Evolutionary biology is the study of the origin and descent of species, as well as their change over time. Recent developments in genome sequencing and the ubiquity of fast computers enable researchers to trace...

Charles Darwin

...theory of evolution and the principle of common descent by proposing natural selection as a mechanism. ...cies 6.2 Reaction 7 Orchids, Variation, descent of Man and Worms 8 Views on religion 9 L...tific book ever written. Orchids, Variation, descent of Man and Worms The classic image...

Cladistics

...ilter out true synapomorphy from parallel evolution. Cladistics does not assume any particular theory of evolution, only the background knowledge of descent with modification. Thus, cladistic methods can be, and recently have been, usefully applied to non-biological systems, including determining language...

Bioinformatics

...nalysis , sequence profiling tool , sequence motif . Computational evolutionary biology Evolutionary biology is the study of the origin and descent of species, as well as their change over time. Recent developments in genome sequencing and the ubiquity of fast computers enable researchers to trace...

Culture

...r the society that has a particular culture). In smaller societies, in which people merely fell into categories of age , gender , household, and descent group, anthropologists believed that people more or less shared the same set of values and conventions. In larger societies, in which people undergo ...

Eugenics

...lution would be found. As for Darwin, he read his cousin's work with interest, but dismissed its goals as too " Utopian ." In his later work, The descent of Man , Darwin noted that while Galton's formulation of the peril of civilization might be correct, the very human sensitivities that Galton thought...
descent in Biological Dictionary

Common descent

A group of organisms is said to have common descent if they have a common ancestor. In modern biology, it is generally accepted that all living organisms on Earth are descended from a common ancestor or ancestral gene pool. The wide range of evidence of common descent of living things ...

Repulsion

...In 1965, Repulsion was greeted as a brilliant, grisly potboiler that gave the ... Roman Polanski directs this truly chilling film that tracks the descent into madness of a fragile, sexually confused beauty parlor worker named Carol (Catherine... Dictionary.com - Largest free online dictionary and aud...

Phylogeny

...nica online encyclopedia article on phylogeny (biology), the history of the evolution of a species or group, especially in reference to lines of descent and ... A community about phylogeny . Tag and discover new products. Share your images and discuss your questions with phylogeny experts. Y...

Pedigree

...Broker software to automate compliance ... Information about pedigree in the free online English dictionary and encyclopedia. ... 2 distinguished descent or ancestry a man of pedigree . ... Welcome to the official Facebook Page of Pedigree Adoption Drive. ... Dana My Pooks loves Pedigree Jumbone...

Homologies

...Darwin ... Homologies . Hands Or Wings, Flippers Or Paws? Human. 3 bones in ... These likenesses in structure, called homologies , are the result of descent from ... homologies ... Homologies are also referred to as homologous structures or features. see cladistics. ... see homologies . homoplasies...

Evolutionary tree

...ing ... Evolutionary Biology. Trees . Nature. Computers & Math. Information Technology. Hacking ... Picturing Evolutionary Trees . Common descent Described Graphically ... phylogenetic tree is a graphical means to depict the evolutionary relationships ... How to Read an Evolutionary Tr...

Evolutionary biology

...-field of biology concerned with the origin of species from a common descent and descent of species, as well as their change, multiplication and diversity over time...

Evolution

...mpares and contrasts good biological and misleading general definitions of evolution . 3 Evidences of evolution . 3.1 Evidences for the Theory of descent with Modification ... 7 Evolution and religion. 8 History of evolutionary thought ... Evolution permeates all of biology. ... If you have a mol...

Cladogenesis

...ification resulting from the branching off of new taxa from common ancestral lineages anagenesis n. A pattern of evolution that results in linear descent ... Diagram contrasting Anagenesis and Cladogenesis from the University of Newfoundland ... Anagenesis Versus Cladogenesis | World of Genetics....
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