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circuitry in Medical News

Odd Behaviors on Ambien Linked to Brain Circuitry

When the sleep aid shuts down one set of neurons, another set wakes up: study THURSDAY, July 2 (HealthDay News) -- New information about brain circuit activity may help explain why some people who take the sleep aid Ambien (zolpidem) walk, eat, talk on the phone and even drive while n...

Disturbances in brain circuitry linked to chronic exposure to solvents

Chronic occupational exposure to organic solvents, found in materials such as paints, printing and dry cleaning agents, is widespread all over the world, and is thought to damage the central nervous system. The pattern of cognitive impairment, involving memory, attention and psychomotor function, ...

Protein Involved in Addiction Changes Brain Circuitry

Study in rats finds that even one injection leads to dependent behavior THURSDAY, May 28 (HealthDay News) -- A naturally occurring protein plays a role in the disrupted functioning of the brain's reward circuitry seen in people with drug and alcohol dependence, says a new study. "If...

Pathway to Wisdom May Be Found in Brain Circuitry

The common traits of wisdom appear to follow a universal path in the brain MONDAY, April 6 (HealthDay News) -- Wisdom appears to be more than a subjective concept, it may actually be contained in certain brain circuits and pathways, suggest U.S. researchers who compiled the first-ever ...

NYU, Rutgers study shows how using mental strategies can alter the brain's reward circuitry

The cognitive strategies humans use to regulate emotions can determine both neurological and physiological responses to potential rewards, a team of New York University and Rutgers University neuroscientists has discovered. The findings, reported in the most recent issue of the journal Nature Neu...

Researchers identify brain's 'eureka' circuitry

Researchers have found the brain region that controls the decision to halt your midnight exploration of the refrigerator and commence enjoyment of that leftover chicken leg. Whats more, they said, such mechanisms governing exploration are among those that malfunction in addiction and mental illnes...

Prototype, 7-foot-tall sanitizer automates disinfection of hard-to-clean hospital equipment

... and "fogging" the equipment with an aerosolized, commercially available disinfectant chemical, or biocide, called Sporicidin. None of the electronic circuitry appeared to be damaged by the decontamination process. Instruments tested were of the type that comes in direct contact with a patient's skin, the bo...

'Navigaitor' Helps Patients Walk Again

...in damaged by a stroke," he added. "The sooner we begin training the muscles and the brain to interact in real-life situations, the sooner the brain's circuitry rearranges and the healing process can begin." A 200-square-foot frame of steel beams defines the boundaries of the therapeutic space. The fr...

New essays examine the use of fMRI to recognize deceit

...or of Cognitive Neuroscience, Massachusetts Institute of Technology "Lying Outside the Laboratory: The Impact of Imagery and Emotion on the Neural circuitry of Lie Detection" by Elizabeth A. Phelps, Silver Professor of Psychology and Neural Science, New York University "Actions Speak Louder than Imag...

Microbridge Technologies Announces Micro-Flow Differential Pressure Sensors for Medical Respiration and Industrial HVAC Applications

...these sensors at The Sensors Expo, June 8 - 10, booth #522. The new devices incorporate a thermal anemometer element and CMOS Analog conditioning circuitry with a micro-flow channel having very high flow-impedance that allows accurate sensing of low differential pressures over a wide dynamic range. The fl...
circuitry in Medical Technology

More Gene Mutations Linked to Autism Risk

...susceptibility genes, many of which, as we previously found, belong to the neuronal cell adhesion molecule family involved in the development of brain circuitry in early childhood." He added that the team discovered many "private" gene mutations, those found only in one or a few individuals or families -- an i...

Autism Genes Discovered; Help Shape Connections Among Brain Cells

...sing or duplicated stretches of DNA along two crucial gene pathways. Significantly, both studies detected genes implicated in the development of brain circuitry in early childhood. "Because other autism researchers have made intriguing suggestions that autism arises from abnormal connections among brain c...

Rendell Administration Announces Health Research Grants From Tobacco Settlement Funds

...gnitive and genetic mechanisms underlying the abnormal development of brain circuitry associated with ASD. Recent research has demonstrated altered information p...identify genes potentially responsible for the development of altered brain circuitry in ASD. This evidence will be used to guide a more refined search for ASD c...

Stress-Related Disorders Affect Brain's Processing of Memory

...wswire/ -- Researchers using functional MRI (fMRI) have determined that the circuitry in the area of the brain responsible for suppressing memory is dysfunctiona...Agarwal and colleagues used brain fMRI to explore alterations in the neural circuitry that links the prefrontal cortex to the hippocampus, while study participan...

Stanford Researchers Find Brain Pathway of Depression in Rats

...ical circuit, Deisseroth's team set out to test the theory of whether brain circuitry malfunction could be at the root of depression. To explore the idea in a pr... account for the behavioral improvements seen from treatment as well as the circuitry changes. The converse was not true: Fewer new neurons in that region did no...
circuitry in Medical Products

CSV-1000 Instrument

Description:... sensitivity testing, glare sensitivity testing and ETDRS acuity testing are provided in the self standardized CSV-1000 instrument. Patented photocell circuitry automatically monitors and calibrates instrument testing light levels....
Company:VectorVision

Ministim® MS-1B Miniature Nerve Stimulator

Description:... Based on the original MS-1 design the new MS-1B includes low battery detection, FET based output circuitry and enhanced battery compartment....
Company:Life-Tech, Inc.

Sunbeam Xenon Light Sources

Description:...pes, or video equipment, the Sunbeam Xenon Light Source combines the quality of a long-lasting xenon ceramic lamp with the practicality of solid-state circuitry to create a quiet light source that is cost-effective and durable....
Company:Applied Fiberoptics, Inc.

FineTech-Brindley (VOCARE) Bladder System

Description:...el. The user controls this implant with an external controller, which is about the size of a personal stereo/CD player. This unit consists of internal circuitry and a small transmitter antenna that is used when bladder stimulation is needed. This External Controller can be stored and used as required....
Company:Finetech Medical LTD

cusa selector™ Ultrasonic Aspirator

Description:... Selector has everything you expect from the long-established Selector Ultrasonic Aspirator along with the advantage of integrated circuitry and the small, ergonomic 24kHz microsurgical handpiece. Unlike other surgical techniques, ultrasonic surgery selectively dissects soft tissues lea...
Company:Integra LifeSciences Corporation

NUVO Surgical Monitoring System

Features:...icantly reduces the learning curve for users of the system. The NUVO Monitoring System takes Performance to a Whole New Level -- All the electronic circuitry has been designed to protect the signal and display against unwanted interference from other equipment being used in the OR, in particular electro-sur...
Company:NUVO Inc.

Stimuplex® HNS11 Periperal Nerve Stimulator

Features:...uracy when stimulating at low current levels. Two different display modes: desired current setting, or actual current delivery to patient. Special circuitry that generates a constant stimulating current despite variable tissue resistance encountered. Low current range 0 - 5 mA to minimize potential for...
Company:B. Braun Medical Inc.

Stimuplex® Dig RC Peripheral Nerve Stimulator with Remote Control

Features:... Special circuitry generates a constant stimulating current that automatically compensates for variable tissue resistance encountered Low current range 0 - 5.0 mA to...
Company:B. Braun Medical Inc.

AEH-4 Electrohydraulic Lithotripsy System

Features:... Low purchase price, minimal maintenance > Economical Large, clear LED display > Ease of use Automatice probe sensing circuitry > Prolongs life of smallest probes, can predict probe end-of-life Regulates and controls power to the probe and shot frequency > Complete user contr...
Company:GYRUS ACMI

AEH-4E Electrohydraulic Lithotripsy System

Features:... Low purchase price, minimal maintenance > Economical Large, clear LED display > Ease of use Automatic probe sensing circuitry > Prolongs life of smallest probes, can predict probe end-of-life Regulates and controls power to the probe and shot frequency > Complete user contr...
Company:GYRUS ACMI
circuitry in Medical Definition

Neuropsychiatry

...atry and Clinical Neurosciences,17,140-141. Saxena, S., Brody, A.L., Schwartz, T.M., & Baxter, L.R. (1998). Neuroimaging and frontal-subcortical circuitry in obsessive-compulsive disorder. British Journal of Psychiatry,173(35), 26–37. Schiffer, R.B, Bowen, B., Hinderliter, J., Hurst, D.L., Lajara-Nanso...
circuitry in Medical Dictionary

Medulla oblongata

...ongata - lower or hindmost part of the brain; continuous ... In this brief review, we will focus on the medulla oblongata . ... the conceptual circuitry in medulla oblongata that could explain the results discussed here. ... Medulla oblongata . From WikiCNS. Jump to: navigation, search ... T...
circuitry in Biological News

Detecting dangerous chemicals with lasers, exploring the brain's circuitry with light and more

WASHINGTON, April 22Nearly 6,000 researchers from around the world will present the latest breakthroughs in electro-optics, lasers and the application of light waves at the 2008 Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference (CLEO/QELS) May 4-9 at the San...

Nicotine triggers the same brain reward circuitry as opiates

In experiments with mice, researchers have found that nicotine triggers the same neural pathways that give opiates such as heroin their addictively rewarding properties--including associating an environment with the drug's reward. However, unlike opiates, nicotine does not directly activate the bra...

Researchers develop 'brain-reading' methods

...ategorizing a multitude of mental tasks with their unique pattern of neural circuitry and also represent a potential first, early step in developing a means for ...esearchers involved in that work is to provide a complete map of the neural circuitry of the central nervous system. "What our research shows is that if you w...

22nd Congress of the European College of Neuropsychopharmacology, Sept. 12-16, 2009, Turkey

...rch Over the last years, our understanding of the brain has increased dramatically. Advances in brain imaging, the mapping of the brains biochemical circuitry and breakthroughs in molecular genetics have significantly enhanced the possibilities of the neurosciences. These advances have given physicians and s...

Further gene mutations linked to autism risk

...tified additional autism susceptibility genes, many of which belong to the neuronal cell adhesion molecule family involved in the development of brain circuitry in early childhood." He added that the team discovered many "private" gene mutations, those found only in one or a few individuals or familiesan indic...

Researchers create freestanding nanoparticle films without fillers

... considers the most straightforward applications for his films to be in semiconductor manufacturing to aid in the continued miniaturization of digital circuitry and in the production of flexible television and computer screens. A key component in the transistors in integrated circuits is an insulating layer...

Healing wounds with lasers, vehicles that drive themselves, other cutting-edge optics

...he technology needed to make such displays already exists. It is based on arraying pixels of individual red, green, and blue LEDs on top of electronic circuitry fabricated on flexible plastic substrates. A number of laboratories in the U.S. have already made experimental versions of such flexible displays. ...

University of Florida study provides insight into evolution of first flowers

... different flowering plants to see whether differences exist in the set of circuits that create each species' flower. Researchers examined the genetic circuitry of Arabidopsis thaliana, a small flowering plant commonly used as a model organism in plant genetics research, and the avocado tree Persea americana, ...

Two new studies on circadian rhythms

... Hanover, NHDartmouth Medical School geneticists have made new inroads into understanding the regulatory circuitry of the biological clock that synchronizes the ebb and flow of daily activities, according to two studies published May 15. Research on the relati...

Flow of potassium into cells implicated in schizophrenia

...rogram, who led the research. "We found schizophrenia-like effects in brain circuitry and mental processing in perfectly healthy people who carry the risk-associ...sks, their brains had to work harder to compensate for disordered tuning of circuitry a phenomenon previously implicated in schizophrenia. Showed significan...

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circuitry in Biological Technology

Detecting dangerous chemicals with lasers, exploring the brain's circuitry with light and more

WASHINGTON, April 22Nearly 6,000 researchers from around the world will present the latest breakthroughs in electro-optics, lasers and the application of light waves at the 2008 Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference (CLEO/QELS) May 4-9 at the San...

Novel CU-Boulder technique shrinks size of nanotechnology circuitry

A University of Colorado at Boulder team has developed a new method of shrinking the size of circuitry used in nanotechnology devices like computer chips and solar cells by using two separate colors of light. Like current methods in the nanoengineering field, one color of light inscribes a patt...

A first in integrated nanowire sensor circuitry

Scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and the University of California at Berkeley have created the world's first all-integrated sensor circuit based on nanowire arrays, combining light sensors and electronics made of different crystalline materials. T...

Genetically engineered bacteria compute the route

... route in a network from a beginning node to an ending node, visiting each node exactly once. The student and faculty researchers modified the genetic circuitry of the bacteria to enable them to find a Hamiltonian path in a three-node graph. Bacteria that successfully solved the problem reported their success ...

Brain research shows past experience is invaluable for complex decision making

... help when we have to make complex decisions based on uncertain or confusing information. They show that learning from experience actually changes the circuitry in our brains so that we can quickly categorise what we are seeing and make a decision or carry out appropriate actions. The research is published tod...

Magellan to Receive Frost & Sullivan 2009 North American Product Innovation Award; Three-Minute LeadCare(R) II Test Identifies Children with Lead Poisoning

...lan Biosciences is presently well-positioned to carve a niche for itself by addressing the present day challenges of bulky instrumentation and complex circuitry through a product that is not complex and is affordable." Visit www.WaivedLeadcare.com for more information and links to toy recall and lead-...

Stanford writes in world's smallest letters

...ord. During a now-legendary talk in 1959, the remarkable physicist Richard Feynman argued that there were no physical barriers preventing machines and circuitry from being shrunk drastically. He called his talk "There's Plenty of Room at the Bottom." Feynman offered a $1,000 prize for anyone who could find ...

Imaging Diagnostic Systems is Recognized for Its Advanced Engineering in Time-Resolved Techniques by the US Patent Office

... consuming than our standard continuous wave Computed Tomography Laser Mammography (CTLM) scanning method, and it requires sophisticated and expensive circuitry to make accurate measurements of the very short pulses of light used in time-resolved imaging. This invention exploits recent advances in the speed of...

Scientists restore movement to paralyzed limbs through artificial brain-muscle connections

... case, electrodes implanted in the motor cortex were connected via external circuitry to a computer. The neural activity led to movements of a cursor, as monkey... for controlling multiple muscles must be developed, along with implantable circuitry that could be used reliably and safely, he says. ...

First 3-D processor runs at 1.4 Ghz on new architecture

...r processors will likely be the move from today's two-dimensional chips to three-dimensional circuits, and the first three-dimensional synchronization circuitry is now running at 1.4 gigahertz at the University of Rochester. Unlike past attempts at 3-D chips, the Rochester chip is not simply a number of regul...
circuitry in Biological Products

Brownlee Electrophysiology Amplifier Model 440 with signal conditioner from AutoMate Scientific, Inc

Description:... The Brownlee Precision Model 440 incorporates four channels of sophisticated amplifier and filter circuitry in a friendly easy-to-use instrument. Each channel consists of a high gain/low noise amplifier, an 8-pole Bessel lowpass filter, a highpass filter, a ...
Company:AutoMate Scientific, Inc
circuitry in Biological Dictionary

Rod cells

...hinson ... Rod bipolar cells send axons to the inner plexiform layer where they terminate ... Two amacrine cells are key in the rod pathway circuitry through the ... ... a cone, a single photon is all it takes to produce a response from a rod cell . ... The rod -shaped outer segment of a ...
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