New technique can fast-track better ionic liquids for biomass pre-treatments
"In comparison to untreated biomass, ionic liquid pretreated biomass produces cellulose that is efficiently hydrolyzed with commercial cellulase
cocktail and provides sugar yields over a relatively short time interval," Simmons says. "We are now in the process of evaluating other ionic liquids ...
Breaking the ties that bind: New hope for biomass fuels
...er, creating a different type of hydrogen bond network at certain surfaces. These differences make the molecule potentially vulnerable to an attack by cellulase
Moreover, in this month's Biophysical Journal , Los Alamos researchers Tongye Shen and Gnana Gnanakaran describe a new lattice-based mode...
Growing fuel and medicine: Advancing biofuels and plant-produced therapeutics
...tions through breeding (Hood et al., 2003), thus it is our expectation that cellulase
accumulation can be improved to 3-5 percent of dry weight. This concentration of cellulase
can provide for a cost-effective enzyme supply for the developing biomass t...
US Department of Energy Joint Genome Institute announces new genome sequencing projects
...echnology by DOE JGI and collaborators). The widespread use of T. reesei in cellulase
production underscores the importance of this organism and the need for und...uction research by sequencing five T. reesei strains with varying levels of cellulase
production and derived from strain Qm6a with the purpose of characterizing ...
Lean and mean biomass-degrading fungus reveals capabilities for improved biofuel production
...differences in the way T. reesei processes some protein bonds important for cellulase
In their comparative analysis of T. reesei with other fungi,...roducer of cellulases and is already a dominant source of a wide variety of cellulase
products for the textile industry worldwide. It is also the organism of ch...
Modified mushrooms may yield human drugs
...ms as factories for producing therapeutic proteins, such as vaccines, monoclonal antibodies, and hormones like insulin, or commercial enzymes, such as cellulase
"Right now medical treatment exists for about 500 diseases and genetic disorders, but thanks to the human genome project, before lo...
Meeting the ethanol challenge: Scientists use supercomputer to target cellulose bottleneck
...g up a single strand of sugar, and putting it onto a molecular conveyor belt where it is chopped into smaller sugar pieces.
"By learning how the cellulase
enzyme complex breaks down cellulose we can develop protein engineering strategies to speed up this key reaction," said Mike Cleary, who is coordinati...
DOE JGI finishes 100th microbial genome
...rheated thermal aquifers and other unique sources has resulted in the discovery of a new class of thermostable DNA polymerases and unique thermostable cellulase
and hemicellulase enzymes. Without the DOE JGI these valuable molecules would not have made it into the marketplace."
The list below features highl...