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cellulase in Biological News

New technique can fast-track better ionic liquids for biomass pre-treatments

...able sugars. "In comparison to untreated biomass, ionic liquid pretreated biomass produces cellulose that is efficiently hydrolyzed with commercial cellulase cocktail and provides sugar yields over a relatively short time interval," Simmons says. "We are now in the process of evaluating other ionic liquids ...

Breaking the ties that bind: New hope for biomass fuels

...er, creating a different type of hydrogen bond network at certain surfaces. These differences make the molecule potentially vulnerable to an attack by cellulase enzymes. Moreover, in this month's Biophysical Journal , Los Alamos researchers Tongye Shen and Gnana Gnanakaran describe a new lattice-based mode...

Growing fuel and medicine: Advancing biofuels and plant-produced therapeutics

...tions through breeding (Hood et al., 2003), thus it is our expectation that cellulase accumulation can be improved to 3-5 percent of dry weight. This concentration of cellulase can provide for a cost-effective enzyme supply for the developing biomass t...

US Department of Energy Joint Genome Institute announces new genome sequencing projects

...echnology by DOE JGI and collaborators). The widespread use of T. reesei in cellulase production underscores the importance of this organism and the need for und...uction research by sequencing five T. reesei strains with varying levels of cellulase production and derived from strain Qm6a with the purpose of characterizing ...

Lean and mean biomass-degrading fungus reveals capabilities for improved biofuel production

...differences in the way T. reesei processes some protein bonds important for cellulase production. In their comparative analysis of T. reesei with other fungi,...roducer of cellulases and is already a dominant source of a wide variety of cellulase products for the textile industry worldwide. It is also the organism of ch...

Modified mushrooms may yield human drugs

...ms as factories for producing therapeutic proteins, such as vaccines, monoclonal antibodies, and hormones like insulin, or commercial enzymes, such as cellulase for biofuels. "Right now medical treatment exists for about 500 diseases and genetic disorders, but thanks to the human genome project, before lo...

Meeting the ethanol challenge: Scientists use supercomputer to target cellulose bottleneck

...g up a single strand of sugar, and putting it onto a molecular conveyor belt where it is chopped into smaller sugar pieces. "By learning how the cellulase enzyme complex breaks down cellulose we can develop protein engineering strategies to speed up this key reaction," said Mike Cleary, who is coordinati...

DOE JGI finishes 100th microbial genome

...rheated thermal aquifers and other unique sources has resulted in the discovery of a new class of thermostable DNA polymerases and unique thermostable cellulase and hemicellulase enzymes. Without the DOE JGI these valuable molecules would not have made it into the marketplace." The list below features highl...
cellulase in Biological Technology

Nomad Bioscience: New Plant Biotechnology Company Founded to Focus on Biomaterials and Biopharmaceuticals

...arts into existing industrial processes/products. NOMAD's biomaterial pipeline consists of several selected product candidates, including plant-made cellulase enzymes (expected impact: up to 30% lower manufacturing cost of bioethanol), nanostructured polyadsorbents for affinity purification of biopharmaceuti...

Dartmouth researchers advance cellulosic ethanol production

...sign at the Thayer School of Engineering at Dartmouth. "In the near term, the thermophilic bacterium we have developed is advantageous, because costly cellulase enzymes typically used for ethanol production can be augmented with the less expensive, genetically engineered new organism." Lynd explains that th...

Using the VersaFluor Fluorometer to Quantitate GUS Expression in Plant Tissues Bombarded With the Biolistic PDS-1000/He System

...s by which plants shed organs. The bean abscission cellulase (BAC) accumulates tissue specifically i...bes in 75 l aliquots for measurement of cellulase and luciferase activity as described elsewhere ... expression is very similar to that for native cellulase activity measured in the same extracts ...
cellulase in Biological Products

EnzChek cellulase substrate *blue fluorescent, 339/452 from Invitrogen

Description: EnzChek cellulase substrate *blue fluorescent, 339/452...
Company:Invitrogen
cellulase in Biological Definition

Cellulose

...ipitates upon acidification is Beta Cellulose , and the proportion that dissolves but does not precipitate is Gamma Cellulose . See also cellulase ...
cellulase in Biological Dictionary

Hydrolytic enzyme

...el hydrolytic enzyme product derived from the pineapple ... Model of cellulase enzyme , produced by T. fusca, based on PDB structure 1JS4. cellulase refers to a class of enzymes produced chiefly by fungi, bacteria, and ....
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