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Bacterium in Medical News

Peptic ulcer bacterium alters the body's defense system

Helicobacter pylori survives in the body by manipulating important immune system cells. This is shown in a thesis from the Sahlgrenska Academy at the University of Gothenburg, Sweden. The discovery may lead to new treatments against the common peptic ulcer bacterium. About half of the world's...

Third of EMS Stethoscopes Carry MRSA Bacterium

Doctor urges first responders to clean equipment regularly with alcohol wipes FRIDAY, March 27 (HealthDay News) -- One in three stethoscopes used by U.S. emergency medical service providers is contaminated with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) bacteria, a new study su...

Researchers identify new leprosy bacterium

HOUSTON - A new species of bacterium that causes leprosy has been identified through intensive genetic analysis of a pair of lethal infections, a research team reports in the December issue of the American Journal of Clinical Pathology . All cases of leprosy, an ancient disease that still maim...

Genome of Botulism Bacterium Revealed

The Botulism bacterium, Clostridium botulinum, produces the world's most lethal toxin. Less than 2 kg is enough to wipe off humanity from the face of the earth! Botox , that contains miniscule amounts of the toxin, is used medically. Now, the genome of the organism is exposed. The report in...

New Bacterium Discovered - Related to Cause of Trench Fever

A close cousin of the bacterium that debilitated thousands of World War I soldiers has been isolated at UCSF from a patient who had been on an international vacation. The woman, who has since recovered, suffered from symptoms similar to malaria or typhoid fever, two infections that can occur in re...

Exposure to a Soil Bacterium can Boost Happiness

Exposure to a type of bacteria found in soil boosts happiness levels and could help restore healthy immune functions in people //who are depressed and prone to infection, says a study. British scientists led by Chris Lowry at Bristol University treated lung cancer patients with the bacteria, ...

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Bacterium in Medical Technology

PharmAthene Submits Proposal to BARDA in Response to Broad Agency Announcement for Advanced Research and Development for Valortim(R)

... About Anthrax According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, anthrax is an acute infectious disease caused by the spore-forming bacterium Bacillus anthracis. Anthrax most commonly occurs in hoofed mammals and can also infect humans. Symptoms of disease vary depending on how the disease i...

Cystic Fibrosis - Orphan Drug Designation for Innovative Treatment Against Lung Infections by Axentis Pharma AG

...h cystic fibrosis. The orphan drug designation is granted with respect to treatment of pulmonary infections caused by Pseudomonas aeruginosa, a bacterium that is one of the most common causes of infections of the respiratory tract in patients with cystic fibrosis. Axentis Pharmas product candidate recei...

Intercell Starts a Phase I Clinical Trial for a New Streptococcus pneumoniae Vaccine

... with the company's vaccine candidate IC47 to prevent disease caused by the bacterium Streptococcus pneumoniae has started. Intercell's vaccine candidate ...opulations of developing pneumococcal infections. According to the WHO, the bacterium kills up to one million children under the age of five years each year worl...

Novel Valortim(R) Mechanism of Action Data Presented at the Keystone Symposia on Molecular and Cellular Biology

... About Anthrax According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, anthrax is an acute infectious disease caused by the spore-forming bacterium Bacillus anthracis. Anthrax most commonly occurs in hoofed mammals and can also infect humans. Symptoms of disease vary depending on how the disease i...

Indevus Pharmaceuticals Announces PRO 2000 Found to Show Promise in Large HIV Prevention Study

...V and other sexually transmitted diseases. Laboratory studies have shown that PRO 2000 is active against HIV, herpes simplex virus, chlamydia and the bacterium that causes gonorrhea. Vaginally applied PRO 2000 has been found to afford protection in mouse models for genital herpes infection and gonorrhea, and ...

Wyeth Submits European Marketing Authorization Application for its 13-Valent Vaccine for the Prevention of Pneumococcal Disease in Infants and Young Children

...th children and adults, and is a leading cause of illness and death worldwide. Pneumococcal disease describes a group of illnesses, all caused by the bacterium Streptococcus pneumoniae, that include invasive infections such as bacteremia/sepsis and meningitis, as well as pneumonia and otitis media. Most rece...
Bacterium in Medical Definition

Artificial induction of immunity

...tient, who was expected to die, lived, and thus was the first person successfully vaccinated against rabies. Anthrax is now known to be caused by a bacterium , and rabies is known to be caused by a virus . The microscopes of the time could reasonably be expected to show bacteria, but imaging of viruses h...
Bacterium in Medical Dictionary

Yaws

...kin, bones and joints caused by the spirochete bacterium Treponema pallidum pertenue. Other treponemal dise...aws is an infection caused by the spiral-shaped bacterium (spirochete) called ... Yaws mainly affects chil...l Society. ... Yaws is caused by a spiral-shaped bacterium (spiroch(a)ete) ... In these countries, yaws ...

Whooping cough

... Pertussis, also known as the whooping cough , is a highly contagious disease caused by the bacterium Bordetella pertussis. It derived its name from the "whoop" sound made from the inspiration of air after a cough . A similar,... Get the...

Typhoid

...r, Salmonella typhi or commonly just typhoid , is an illness caused by the bacterium Salmonella enterica serovar typhi. Common worldwide, it is transmitted by t...ing world. ... As mentioned, typhoid is caused by an infection with the bacterium known as ... Offers information on how the disease is caused and spre...

Typhoid Fever

...mmonly just typhoid , is an illness caused by the bacterium Salmonella enterica serovar typhi. Common worldwid...ess. ... Typhoid fever is caused by a virulent bacterium ... Clinical overview of the disease with se...fever is a life-threatening illness caused by the bacterium Salmonella ... On average, 3 cases of typhoid f...

Tularemia

...a is a serious infectious disease caused by the bacterium Francisella tularensis. A gram-negative, non-motile coccobacillus, the bacterium has several subspecies with varying degrees of vir...is a disease of animals and humans caused by the bacterium Francisella ... Although tularemia can be life-t...

Tuberculin

... The tuberculosis skin test (also known as the tuberculin or PPD test) determines whether a person has developed an immune response to the bacterium that causes ... Tuberculin Skin Tests, St. Joseph Mercy, Ann Arbor Michigan: A tuberculin skin test is done to see if you have ever had tub...
Bacterium in Biological News

Scientists sequence genome of the N2-fixing, soil-living bacterium Azotobacter vinelandii

Blacksburg, Va. A collaboration of researchers, which includes scientists at the Virginia Bioinformatics Institute (VBI) and Virginia Tech, have completed the genome sequence of Azotobacter vinelandii , uncovering important genetic information that will contribute to a more complete understandin...

TB bacterium uses its sugar coat to sweeten its chances of living in lungs

COLUMBUS, Ohio Common strains of tuberculosis-causing bacteria have hijacked the human body's immune response to play tricks on cells in the lungs, scientists say. The results of this takeover are mixed. The cells essentially welcome the bacteria into the lungs and invite them to stay a while,...

UCR graduate student discovers, names bacterium linked to psyllid yellows

RIVERSIDE, Calif. To make a discovery and get to name it is just about every scientist's dream. For one graduate student at UC Riverside that dream already has come true. Allison Hansen , a doctoral student in entomology, has discovered and named a new bacterial pathogen that could be respons...

Single-celled bacterium works 24-7

Researchers at Washington University in St. Louis have gained the first detailed insight into the way circadian rhythms govern global gene expression in Cyanothece, a type of cyanobacterium (blue-green alga) known to cycle between photosynthesis during the day and nitrogen fixation at night. I...

Researchers decode genetics of rare photosynthetic bacterium

TEMPE, Ariz. A bacterium that harvests far-red light by making a rare form of chlorophyll (chlorophyll d) has revealed its genetic secrets, according to a team of researchers who recently sequenced the bacterias genome. The researchers, from Arizona State University and Washington University,...

New bacterium discovered -- related to cause of trench fever

A close cousin of the bacterium that debilitated thousands of World War I soldiers has been isolated at UCSF from a patient who had been on an international vacation. The woman, who has since recovered, suffered from symptoms similar to malaria or typhoid fever, two infections that can occur in re...

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Bacterium in Biological Technology

NewBridge Pharmaceuticals Announces Licensing of Pylera(R) for Middle East, Africa, Turkey & Caspian Region

...e license and supply agreement with Axcan Pharma for Pylera (R) , an innovative 3-in-1 capsule therapy for the eradication of Helicobacter pylori , a bacterium now recognized as being the main cause of gastric and duodenal ulcers. Pursuant to the agreement, NewBridge is entitled to obtain exclusive rights in ...

Sanofi Pasteur Responds to Nation's Need for Hib Vaccine With Increased Supply

...eady stream of available supply, which remains constrained in the short term. About Hib Disease Haemophilus influenzae type b, or Hib, is a bacterium that resides in the upper respiratory tract of humans and is usually transmitted by coughing or sneezing. Invasive Hib disease can be very severe, and...

New Phase 3 Data Continue to Indicate that Wyeth's Investigational 13-valent Vaccine Has the Potential to Broaden Coverage Against Pneumococcal Disease

... submissions expected in 2010. Pneumococcal Disease Pneumococcal disease is complex and describes a group of illnesses, all caused by the bacterium Streptococcus pneumoniae . Pneumococcal disease affects both children and adults, and includes invasive infections such as bacteremia/sepsis and men...

Bacteria from the deep can clean up heavy metals

... solutions, converting it into insoluble manganese oxides. Not only did the bacterium directly oxidize the manganese but the resulting oxides themselves also ab...ly and are known to absorb zinc and nickel; but the oxides produced by this bacterium absorbed two- to three- times more metal. Professor Wang's team showed that...

Scientists determine the structure of highly efficient light-harvesting molecules in green bacteria

...shape, and structure. "Each chlorosome in a green bacterium has a unique organization," said Bryant. "They ar.... They used genetic techniques to create a mutant bacterium with a more regular internal structure, cryo-elect...e chlorosome. First, the team created a mutant bacterium in order to determine why the chlorophyll molecule...

PharmAthene Presents Data for SparVax(TM), a Novel Vaccine for the Prevention and Treatment of Anthrax Infection, at the 12th Annual Conference on Vaccine Research

... About Anthrax According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, anthrax is an acute infectious disease caused by the spore-forming bacterium Bacillus anthracis . Anthrax most commonly occurs in hoofed mammals and can also infect humans. Symptoms of disease vary depending on how the disease...

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Bacterium in Biological Definition

Bacterium

Actinobacteria Aquificae Bacteroidetes / Chlorobi Chlamydiae / Verrucomicrobia Chloroflexi Chrysiogenetes Cyanobacteria Deferribacteres Deinococcus-Thermus Dictyoglomi Fibrobacteres / Acidobacteria Firmicutes Fusobacteria Gemmatimonadetes Nitrospirae Omnib...

Bacterium

Actinobacteria Aquificae Bacteroidetes / Chlorobi Chlamydiae / Verrucomicrobia Chloroflexi Chrysiogenetes Cyanobacteria Deferribacteres Deinococcus-Thermus Dictyoglomi Fibrobacteres / Acidobacteria Firmicutes Fusobacteria Gemmatimonadetes Nitrospirae Omnib...

Alexander Fleming

... first, lysozyme, was discovered after mucus from his nose dropped into a bacterium laced Petri dish (he sneezed ). A few days later, it was noted that bac...y had grown as a contaminant on one of the agar plates streaked with the bacterium Staphylococcus aureus . Fleming inspected the Petri dish further and f...

Ames test

...r Salmonella that already have a single mutation, for example, a strain that cannot produce histidine , an amino acid that is essential for the bacterium to grow if not provided externally with essential nutrients. Cultures of the bacteria are grown in an agar containing dish so that a "lawn" of bacte...

Antibiotic resistance

...ation or plasmid exchange between bacteria of the same species . If a bacterium carries several resistance genes, it is called multiresistant or, informa...ulation, it is extremely adaptable to antibiotic pressure. It was the first bacterium in which penicillin resistance was found -- in 1947, just four years afte...

Bacterial conjugation

...plication , called oriV . There can only be one copy of the F-plasmid in a bacterium (which is then called F-positive ), either free or integrated. Among oth...the single-stranded DNA of the nicked strand is inserted into the recipiane bacterium (5'-end first). The now single-stranded plasmid is filled up with a complem...
Bacterium in Biological Dictionary

Virulence

... ... The virulence of a microorganism (such as a bacterium or virus) is a measure of ... Virulence summa...nown family of virulence factors that make the bacterium responsible for the ... Other hypotheses propos...nown family of virulence factors that make the bacterium responsible for the plague ... Microbial Drug R...

Transduction

... Transduction is the process by which DNA is transferred from one bacterium to another by a virus. It also refers to the process whereby foreign DNA is introduced into another cell via a viral vector. This is a common tool.....

Tet resistance

... Analysis of tetracycline resistance tet (W) genes and their flanking sequences in ... Tetracycline Resistance Gene tet (W) in the Pathogenic bacterium ... Mechanisms of resistance for characterized tet and otr genesa ... Distribution of tet resistance genes among gram-negative bacteriaa .....

Taq polymerase

...olymerase is a thermostable DNA polymerase named after the thermophilic bacterium Thermus aquaticus from which it was originally isolated by Thomas D. Brock ... polymerase is a DNA polymerase (enzyme) isolated from the heat-tolerant bacterium Thermus aquaticus Taq DNA Polymerase is the most common polymerase ...

T lymphocytes

...rate a solid tumor in order to fight it. ... How is a tumour destroyed by T lymphocytes ? ... When an individual is challenged by a virus, a bacterium or any other infectious agent, several classes of white blood cells are being activated in order to fight ... ... wherein freshly isolated hum...

Streptavidin

... Streptavidin is a 52,800 dalton tetrameric protein purified from the bacterium Streptomyces avidinii. It finds wide use in molecular biology through its... Streptavidin is a 53,000 dalton tetrameric protein purified from the bacterium ... This Cell Signaling Technology product is useful for the detection o...
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