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arid in Medical News

Protecting wine grapes from heat and drought

...rry components associated with wine quality. A drawback of this canopy-limiting process is that fruit can become sunburned, especially under sunny, arid conditions, which can adversely affect productivity and fruit maturity. A particle film, which increases light reflection and reduces leaf temperature...

Event Honoring Bill Gates Raises Over $1.5 Million for Sustainable Agriculture Research at The Hebrew University of Jerusalem

...d cited specific breakthroughs by The Hebrew University that have drastically improved the human condition, such as drip irrigation. Describing the arid soil and ongoing acute water shortage in Israel, Mr. Gates recognized that these very conditions will become more pervasive as effects of climate chan...

Acumen Fund Announces New Investments In Pakistan To Build Scalable Business That Serve The Poor

...verall microfinance market in Pakistan. Micro Drip markets and distributes affordable drip irrigation products in the Tharparkar desert and other arid regions of Southern Pakistan. For tens of thousands of rain-fed farmers, Micro Drip will make them less dependent on rain as a source of irrigation an...

Desert plant may hold key to surviving food shortage

...ng commandeered for bio-fuels. As a result of changes in our climate the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change has predicted a large expansion of arid regions so there is an increasing need for new crop varieties that can be productive in deserts. "Kalanchoe is a good example of how plants can f...

Stanford researchers synthesize compound to flush HIV out of hiding

... previous studies as an activator of dormant HIV. DPP, a molecular relative of prostratin found in resin spurge (Euphorbia resinifera), which grows in arid regions, also has shown potential. Research has been hampered, though, because the compounds are difficult to obtain, particularly in the quantitie...

Large source of nitrate, a potential water contaminant, found in near-surface desert soils

...March issue of Geology . Desert pavement is a naturally occurring, single layer of closely fitted rock fragments. A common land surface feature in arid regions, it has been estimated to cover nearly half of North Americas desert landscapes. Nitrate, a water soluble nitrogen compound, is a nutrient ...

Biannual Antibiotics May Cut Major Cause of Blindness in Africa

...eading infectious cause of blindness worldwide. Although it has been eliminated from Western Europe and the United States, it is still common in poor, arid areas such as rural sub-Saharan Africa. The study, published in the Feb. 20 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association , showed tha...

Why are some groups of animals so diverse?

... are adapted for wetter habitats, says Rabosky. But somewhere in the distant past, a few skinks developed the ability to survive in their increasingly arid world. It is the descendents of these few early desert colonists that evolved into amazingly large numbers of skink species. Australian skinks are r...

Spicy Cuisine Originated in Mexico 1,500 Years Ago

... Guila Naquitz is famous for its well-preserved plant remains, dating back to the beginnings of squash cultivation in Mexico some 10,000 years ago. arid conditions through the centuries prevented decay of the crop remains, which include corn, squash, beans, avocados and chilli peppers. The stud...

Advancement in DNA Research may Bring Back Woolly Mammoth

...feasible. Max Planck researcher Svante Paabo, who together with colleagues, is aiming to assemble a Neanderthal genome from bones preserved in arid caves, in a paper appearing in this week's Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS) said only certain types of errors appeared in ancien...
arid in Medical Technology

First Jatropha Genome Completed by Synthetic Genomics Inc. and Asiatic Centre for Genome Technology

...ent. "Having the sequenced genome of jatropha will enable us to develop new, sustainable energy feedstocks that grow on marginal land or in more arid climates and that do not compete with agriculture for food production," said J. Craig Venter, Ph.D., founder and CEO of SGI. "SGI and ACGT will be ha...
arid in Medical Products

Allergens, Upper Respiratory Disease Profile, Region 12, Arid Southwest (S.AZ, S.E. CA Desert)

Description: ARUP Laboratories is a national reference laboratory and a worldwide leader in innovative laboratory research and development. ARUP offers an extensive test menu of highly complex and unique medical tests in clinical and anatomic pathology. Owned by the University of Utah, ARUP Laboratories' client...
Company:ARUP Laboratories
arid in Medical Dictionary

Aloe

...ese is Aloe vera, or "true aloe ". Aloe vera grows in arid climates and is widely distributed in Africa and other arid areas. ... Burman described the species as Aloe vera in Flora Indica on...
arid in Biological News

How trees manage water in arid environments

Water scarcity is slowly becoming a fact of life in increasingly large areas. The summer of 2006 was the second warmest in the continental United States since records began in 1895, according to the National Climatic Data Center. Moderate to extreme drought conditions were evident in about 40 ...

'Green' energy from algae

...Professor Cle-mens Posten, who directs this research activity at the KIT Institute of Life Science Engineering. As the algae may also be cultivated in arid i.e. dry, areas not suited for agriculture, there is hardly any competition with agricultural areas. There, however, closed systems are required. ...

August 2009 Geology and GSA Today media highlights

...dens from southwestern Africa B.M. Chase et al., arid Environmental Systems Research Group, School of Ge...ggested that the dust particles are blown from the arid lands of northern China. However, scientists know ... Asia dust is dominated by binary sources from the arid lands around the northern boundary of China and th...

New crops needed for new climate

...ufficient quantities of protein. Data have also shown that cassava, a staple food crop in tropical and subtropical regions due to its tolerance of arid conditions, may experience yield reductions in high CO 2 . Combined with an increase in cyanogenic glycosides, this has major implications for the ty...

Desert rhubarb -- a self-irrigating plant

... that the natural selection process has resulted in the evolution of this plant's extremely large leaves, which improved its ability to survive in the arid climate of the desert. The results of experiments and analysis of the plant's growth - in an area with an average annual rainfall of 75 mm - showed th...

New crops needed for new climate

...ufficient quantities of protein. Data have also shown that cassava, a staple food crop in tropical and subtropical regions due to its tolerance of arid conditions, may experience yield reductions in high CO 2 . Combined with an increase in cyanogenic glycosides, this has major implications for the ty...

In the warming West, climate most significant factor in fanning wildfires' flames

...ealed that climate influences the likelihood of large fires by controlling the drying of existing fuels in forests and the production of fuels in more arid ecosystems. The influence of climate leading up to a fire season depends on whether the ecosystem is more forested or more like a woodland or shrublan...

Broecker: 'What we need are tougher measures against climate change'

...e change it will", says Broecker firmly. The landscape will change, because plant species will have to migrate to cooler regions to escape extinction. arid zones will become even drier. The shortage of water, and the social and political conflicts it gives rise to, will be among the big problems of the fu...

NASA satellite detects red glow to map global ocean plant health

... observe how changes in iron influence plankton. The iron needed for plant growth reaches the sea surface on winds blowing dust from deserts and other arid areas, and from upwelling currents near river plumes and islands. The new analysis of MODIS data has allowed the research team to detect new region...

Stanford's Woods Institute awards new round of Environmental Venture Projects

...ment and habitat modification in Australia's Western Desert. Examining how these practices have changed may better inform models of fire management in arid regions throughout the world. Principal Investigator (PI): Douglas Bird (Anthropology). Co-PIs: Rebecca Bird and James Holland Jones (Anthrop...
arid in Biological Technology

Fitting pieces for biosensors

...ducted within the International Water Research Alliance Saxony (IWAS). A quick method for identifying these harmful germs is particularly important in arid parts of the world because contaminated drinking water in these areas can cause diseases, death and even epidemics. The German Federal Ministry of ...

Draining the Information Swamp

... be a critical resource for any business and that information tide shouldnt be stemmed. In other words, the desired outcome of a drained swamp isnt an arid desert. But IT has a responsibility, as we build our information pipes, to reinforce healthier information consumption practices within our organizati...
arid in Biological Definition

Crassulacean acid metabolism

... Crassulacean acid metabolism ( CAM ) is a carbon fixation pathway in some photosynthetic plants . CAM is usually found in plants living under arid conditions, including those found in the desert (for example, cactus). It is named after the plant family it was first discovered in, the crassulace...

Crassulacean acid metabolism

... Crassulacean acid metabolism ( CAM ) is a carbon fixation pathway in some photosynthetic plants . CAM is usually found in plants living under arid conditions, including those found in the desert (for example, cactus). It is named after the plant family it was first discovered in, the crassulace...

Plant

...oisture to develop, some seed plants can survive and reproduce in extremely arid conditions. Early seed plants are referred to as gymnosperms (naked seeds...wood is common in some parts of the world, and is most frequently found in arid or desert areas were it is more readily exposed by erosion . Petrified woo...

Plant

...oisture to develop, some seed plants can survive and reproduce in extremely arid conditions. Early seed plants are referred to as gymnosperms (naked seeds...wood is common in some parts of the world, and is most frequently found in arid or desert areas were it is more readily exposed by erosion . Petrified woo...
arid in Biological Dictionary

Run-on

... both to the process whereby surface runoff infiltrates the ground as it flows, and to the portion of runoff that infiltrates. Run - on is common in arid and semi-arid areas with patchy vegetation cover and short but intense thunderstorms. In these environments, surface runoff is usually generated by a ...
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(Date:9/29/2014)... A species of gut bacteria called Clostridium ramosum , ... weight. The work is published this week in mBio ... Microbiology. , A research team from the German Institute ... human gut bacteria including C. ramosum gained weight ... C. ramosum were less obese even when consuming ...
(Date:9/29/2014)... September 29: Between 1970 and 2010 populations of ... globe dropped 52 percent, says the 2014 Living ... (WWF). This biodiversity loss occurs disproportionately in low-income ... high-income countries. , In addition to the precipitous ... to other warning signs about the overall health ...
(Date:9/29/2014)... with children at home should use ventilation when cooking ... are recommending, after a new study showed an association ... and chronic bronchitis. , "In homes where a gas ... and wheezing is higher than in homes where a ... an associate professor in the College of Public Health ...
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