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annealing in Medical News

Drugs Delivery Revolutionized by Extremely Stable Glass

...od were very densely packed, yet true glasses—amorphous in arrangement. Neutron probes also were used to study how molecules diffuse during subsequent annealing of the two types of glass samples. After 16 hours of annealing, molecules in the new glass remained fixed in place. The conventional sample, by contra...

Turkey bird flu strain found to be mutated

... of the virus, if a person or bird is infected with two viral strains of the bird flu during replication the haemagglutinin gets fragmented and during annealing there are chances of joining of two fragments from two virus leading to a new mutated strain which can be highly infectious. The mutation now found in...
annealing in Medical Products

RoboCycler 96 Gradient Temperature Cycler

Description:... 96 well format, Gradient features tests 12 PCR annealing temperatures in 1 run...
Company:Stratagene

Robocycler Gradient 96 Temperature Cycler

Description:...r 96-well block, respectively with a temperature difference of up to 2C between adjacent wells in each row. This means you can test up to 12 different annealing temperatures in a single experiment. Once the optimal temperature has been determined, simply set the gradient block to a single temperature of up to ...
Company:Stratagene

Robocycler Gradient 40 Temperature Cycler

Description:...r 96-well block, respectively with a temperature difference of up to 2C between adjacent wells in each row. This means you can test up to 12 different annealing temperatures in a single experiment. Once the optimal temperature has been determined, simply set the gradient block to a single temperature of up to ...
Company:Stratagene

GeneMachines HybStation

Description:...ol over the experimental variables, resulting in increased reproducibility of the hybridization. Programmable temperature control allows for stepwise annealing of probes based on their GC content, resulting in improved hybridization specificity and more reliable data....
Company:Genomic Solutions
annealing in Biological News

DOE-funded research projects win 46 R&D 100 Awards for 2009

...Research Institute, Tennessee Valley Authority and PBS&J) PulseForge 3100 - uses rapid pulses of light for high-speed drying, curing, sintering or annealing high temperature materials on plastic and paper, enabling inexpensive and flexible electronics. With the PulseForge 3100, high intensity flashlamps br...

'Nanoglassblowing' seen as boon to study of individual molecules

...(heated until it bonds permanently) into place. About a year ago, the authors of the Nanotechnology paper observed that in some cases, the heat of the annealing furnace caused air trapped in the channel to expand the glass cover into a curved shape, much like glassblowers use heated air to add roundness to the...

Young mineral scientists rock!

...ehend whats happening on a larger scale like mountain building; her analogue study with in situ experiments in the scanning electron microscope on the annealing of deformed rocksalt led to winning the award. A concentrated meeting like the 2nd EuroMinScI conference is especially important for the networking...
annealing in Biological Technology

Using Gradient PCR to determine the optimum annealing temperature.

Problems with the amplification of a specific DNA fragment using the PCR* are an everyday occurrence in the lab. For example, unspecific secondary bands may form after the PCR reaction, which hinder, or even prevent, further anal...

A breakthrough toward industrial production of fluorescent nanodiamonds

...ustry, with electron or ion beams to create vacancies in the crystal lattice. Isolated substitutional nitrogen atoms then trap a moving vacancy during annealing to form a fluorescent NV centre. Unfortunately, the efficiency and yield of this route are low due to amorphization and the loss of moving vacancies t...

Slimmer, stickier nanorods give boost to 3-D computer chips

...advancing integrated 3-D chip technology. These thinner copper nanorods fuse together, or anneal, at about 300 degrees Celsius. This relatively low annealing temperature could make the nanorods ideal for use in heat-sensitive nanoelectronics, particularly for "gluing" together the stacked components of 3-D ...

Parallel 'nano-soldering' technique chosen for year's top-50 by Nanotech Briefs

...n nanowires between the electrodes. The nanowire ends were then embedded in nickel by selective electrodeposition over the prepatterned electrodes. annealing to 300 C provided good electrical contacts for the doped nanowires. The approach provides a parallel, maskless method to establish metal contacts t...

DNA technique yields 3-D crystalline organization of nanoparticles

...ortantly, they heat the samples of DNA-linked particles and then cool them back to room temperature. "This 'thermal processing' is somewhat similar to annealing used in forming more common crystals made from atoms," explained Nykypanchuk. "It allows the nanoparticles to unbind, reshuffle, and find more stable ...

NIST team develops novel method for nanostructured polymer thin films

..., Nano Letters,* was an unexpected bonus: a unique annealing process that may make practical the use of BCP thi...such as arrays of tightly spaced, nanoscale lines. annealing certain BCP filmsa controlled heating processcause...tructures on the microchip. In traditional oven annealing the quality of the films is still insufficient eve...

QIAGEN Fast Cycling PCR Kit

...se to extend the primers during the PCR annealing step thereby dramatically reducing the duration of annealing steps in every PCR cycle. PCR cycling t...ycling PCR Buffer promotes specific primertemplate annealing and simultaneously reduces nonspecific...

Simple Approaches for Optimization of RT-PCR

...l specificity may be achieved by using the optimal annealing temperature for a given pair of primers in the PCR step of RT-PCR. The optimal annealing temperature for a pair of primers may be determine..., conduct RT-PCR with the pair of primers using an annealing temperature that is well below the lower Tm for th...

Use of the DCode System to Detect the Food-Borne Bacterial Pathogen Listeria monocytogenes

...olume of 50 ml. To minimize non-specific annealing of the primers, Pfu or PfuTurbo polymerase ...products. 8 This involved setting the annealing temperature (T a ) 10 C higher than the...it by 0.5 C every cycle for 20 cycles, and finally annealing at the T m during 9 subsequent cycles....

Comparison of Commercial Dye Terminator Removal Kits, Rev A

...ds that are difficult to interpret and analyze. Another factor to be aware of is the use of optimized cycling parameters proper annealing temperatures, cycle times, cycle numbers, etc. Finally, instrument error can be minimized through proper matrix installation, fresh polymer...
annealing in Biological Products

PCRX Enhancer System from Invitrogen

Description:... templates (1). 10X PCRX Enhancer Solution with 10X PCRX Amplification Buffer offers higher primer specificity broader magnesium concentration broader annealing temperature and improved thermostability of Taq DNA polymerases....
Company:Invitrogen

GeneAmp AccuRT RNA PCR Kit with Controls from Applied Biosystems

Description:...to be performed at elevated temperatures (65C), which helps to remove secondary structures from the template and results in highly stringent, accurate annealing of gene-specific primers. 100 reactions with controls...
Company:Applied Biosystems

GeneChoice TEMPase II DNA Polymerase from GeneChoice, Inc.

Description:...terest is amplified, which increases sensitivity and yield while reducing non-specific background amplification. Once the reaction reaches optimal annealing temperatures after a 15 minute activation step at 95C, the enzyme stays activated in the reaction. Since the enzyme is chemically modified for hot...
Company:GeneChoice, Inc.

AmpliTaq DNA Polymerase, 1,000 units with Buffer I from Applied Biosystems

Description:...thermal activity profile of AmpliTaq DNA Polymerase is ideal for PCR applications because its optimal activity is in the same range at which stringent annealing of primers occurs (55C75C). The enzyme's half-life is 40 minutes at 95C, providing thermostability that meets the requirements of most difficult PCR a...
Company:Applied Biosystems

AmpliTaq Gold DNA Polymerase from Applied Biosystems

Description:...rst ramp of thermal cycling (when the reaction is going through non-optimal annealing temperatures), the enzyme is inactive. The result is that mis-primed primers are not extended. Once the reaction reaches optimal annealing temperatures, the chemical moiety is cleaved during a heat activation step,...
Company:Applied Biosystems
annealing in Biological Definition

Polymerase chain reaction

...product should not differ from primers by >10C. annealing temperature usually is -5C the calculated lower Tm...perature (45-60C). A wrong temperature during the annealing step can result in primers not binding to the temp...awing of the PCR cycle. (1) Denaturing at 96C. (2) annealing at 68C. (3) Elongation at 72C (P=Polymerase). (4) ...

Primer

...tant Also, a primer should not easily anneal with itself or others of its kind, building loops or hairpins in the process. This could hinder the annealing with the template DNA. However, small hairpins are usually unavoidable. Sometimes degenerate primers are used. These are actually mixtures of simi...
annealing in Biological Dictionary

Oligonucleotide

...h the Mimotopes – Genzyme Pharmaceuticals Global Alliance, providing seamless transition from supply of ... Oligonucleotide Oligo thermodynamic annealing temperature melting temperature Tm ... Oligonucleotide Properties Calculator (Modified by cail) Enter ... An oligonucleotide , a short stretch...

Multiple Cloning Site

...nce into ... ... adjacent recognition sites known as a multiple cloning site (MCS) or ... The multiple cloning site was assembled by annealing two complementary synthetic ... ... involves arranging for the multiple cloning site polylinker to be inserted into ... pUC19 contains a poly...

Anneal

... annealing , in metallurgy and materials science, is a heat t...tile state a metal can ... For other uses, see annealing . annealing is a process of slowly cooling ... ...
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