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Vibrio in Medical News

Food Illness Accountability Undermines Food Safety Overhaul: Food Safety Legislation Propped up by Antiquated Estimates Rather Than CDC Data

...s of Salmonella and Cryptosporidium are nearly unchanged, although not nearly approaching the nation's healthy target initiative. Only cases caused by vibrio have increased substantially. "Clearly no one knows how many cases of foodborne illness occur annually. If 5,000 deaths and 325,000 hospitali...

Declines in Foodborne Illness Have Plateaued, Report Says

...n array of bacteria -- campylobacter, cryptosporidium, cyclospora, listeria, shiga toxin-producing escherichia coli (STEC) O157, salmonella, shigella, vibrio and yersinia -- have basically stayed the same since 2004. Children younger than 4 and adults 50 and older appeared to be at highest risk, accordin...

Napo Pharmaceuticals Announces License of Crofelemer to Salix Pharmaceuticals

...ed that novel drugs that reverse the devastating fluid loss of diarrheal diseases will help reduce the burden of diarrheal diseases worldwide. vibrio cholerae is an intestinal infection which results in the abrupt loss of large volumes of electrolyte rich watery stools, leading to severe and rapidly...

Important Health Issue From Be Oyster Aware

...Mexico are especially susceptible to the growth of vibrio vulnificus bacteria. vibrio vulnificus is a naturally occurring bacteria compl...ly unrelated to pollution. Although infection with vibrio vulnificus occurs primarily between the months of ...

Could new discovery about a shape-shifting protein lead to a mighty 'morpheein' bacteria fighter?

...potently drove the formation of the hexamer in pea PBGS, but not in that of humans, fruit flies, or the infectious bacteria Pseudomonas aeruginosa, or vibrio cholerae, the latter of which causes cholera. Morphlock-1 is a potent inhibitor of pea PBGS, but not of the PBGS from these other organisms. Jaffe...

Cholera study provides exciting new way of looking at infectious disease

...environment and found that this provided them with vast amounts of information about how the organism causes disease. The organism they studied was vibrio cholerae responsible for causing Cholera. In the aquatic environment this bacteria interacts with chitin, a naturally-occurring compound found in the...

U.S. Food Safety: Foodborne Illnesses a Menu for Disaster

.... Listeria is usually killed by cooking and pasteurization but can be present in certain ready-to-eat foods such as hot dogs and deli meats. vibrio VULNIFICUS Infection with this bacterium, which is in the same family as the bugs that cause cholera, usually comes from eating contaminated seaf...

Study Shows Cholera Can be Controlled With Oral Vaccines

...on among the world's most impoverished populations. The disease is caused by ingesting food or water contaminated with a comma-shaped bacterium called vibrio cholerae. Co-authors on the paper included researchers from Emory University in Atlanta; the International Vaccine Institute in Seoul, Korea; and th...

Climatic variations influence the emergence of cholera in Africa

...ctious disease caused by a bacterium, the bacillus vibrio cholerae. In 2004, 101 383 cases, including 95 000... that the spread of zooplankton which harbours the vibrio cholerae bacterium follows that of phytoplankton, ...nd the IOI act on the aquatic environment in which vibrio cholerae develops (estuaries, sea shores, river be...

Texan Battles Flesh-eating Bacteria Contracted While Swimming

...ue-destroying disease caused by a bacterium called vibrio vulnificus. The retired oil company marketing cons... quickly diagnosed the problem. Diseases caused by vibrio vulnificus are rare, but most cases occur along th... There also is a risk of death in patients whose vibrio vulnificus infection spreads to the blood, as it h...
Vibrio in Medical Technology

Napo Announces Positive Clinical Data Indicating Crofelemer, Could Effectively Treat Cholera

...n the US ('CRO-HIV'). Our business strategy focus on diseases of both lucrative western markets and imperative global health needs." About cholera vibrio cholerae is an intestinal infection which results in the abrupt loss of large volumes of electrolyte rich watery stools and vomiting, leading to sever...
Vibrio in Medical Products

Stool Culture, Vibrio

Description: ARUP Laboratories is a national reference laboratory and a worldwide leader in innovative laboratory research and development. ARUP offers an extensive test menu of highly complex and unique medical tests in clinical and anatomic pathology. Owned by the University of Utah, ARUP Laboratories' client...
Company:ARUP Laboratories

Culture, Vibrio

Description: ARUP Laboratories is a national reference laboratory and a worldwide leader in innovative laboratory research and development. ARUP offers an extensive test menu of highly complex and unique medical tests in clinical and anatomic pathology. Owned by the University of Utah, ARUP Laboratories' client...
Company:ARUP Laboratories

IDS Rapid NF Plus

Features:... IDS Rapid NF Plus panel offers 4 hour identification of over 70 medically important oxidase positive, gram-negative bacilli, including vibrio spp., based on enzyme technology. 24 months expiration from date of manufacture. Read visually or use a spectrophotometer. 20 tests per pack....
Company:Span Diagnostics Limited
Vibrio in Medical Dictionary

Cholera

...y enterotoxin-producing strains of the bacterium vibrio cholerae. Transmission to humans occurs through ea...te intestinal infection caused by the bacterium vibrio cholerae. From the World Health Organization. ...f the disease of the small intestine caused by vibrio cholerae bacterium. Includes causes, symptoms, tes...
Vibrio in Biological News

The tiny difference in the genes of bacteria

...man diseases. One of them are vibrios: its species vibrio cholerae is more commonly known as the causative a...ope until the 20th century. Interestingly, not all vibrio cholerae strains are pathogenic to humans. Only th...ough also dangerous member of the genus Vibrio, is vibrio parahaemolyticus. It is a highly contagious pathog...

The tiny difference in the genes of bacteria

...man diseases. One of them are vibrios: its species vibrio cholerae is more commonly known as the causative a...ope until the 20th century. Interestingly, not all vibrio cholerae strains are pathogenic to humans. Only th...ough also dangerous member of the genus Vibrio, is vibrio parahaemolyticus. It is a highly contagious pathog...

American Society for Microbiology honors Deborah T. Hung

...infectious diseases. Dr. Hung's research focused on the pathogenesis of vibrio cholerae infection by using chemical genetics and small molecular screening...nesis. She published her findingsa new small molecule inhibitor of vibrio cholerae virulence and intestinal colonization, virstatin, which directly i...

Single gene lets bacteria jump from host to host

...ment and they provide us with a raft of services from helping digestion to protection from disease." In the Pacific, a species of bacteria known as vibrio fischeri lives in luminescent harmony with two distinct hosts: the diminutive nocturnal bobtail squid and the reef-dwelling pinecone fish. In the squi...

UD research study to shed light on emerging seaborne pathogen

...the University of Delaware seeks to determine why vibrio parahaemolyticus , a microorganism that lives in s...prevalent around the globe." In North America, vibrio parahaemolyticus is considered an "emerging patho...entify the organism, and cases go unreported. " vibrio parahaemolyticus usually causes a gastrointestina...

Scripps research scientists identify blood component that turns bacteria virulent

...rulent. This finding also is significant because other pathogenic bacteria such as Streptococcus pyogenes, Escherichia coli, Borrelia burgdorferi, and vibrio cholera have bicarbonate transport pathways similar to B. anthracis and thus are likely to have similar virulence triggering mechanisms. Gram-posit...

Hidden infections crucial to understanding, controlling disease outbreaks

...y hard to get really sick with cholera, an intestinal infection that causes diarrhea, vomiting, and leg cramps. The bacterium that causes the illness, vibrio cholerae, lives in surface waters, and in areas where sanitation is poor, food and water are commonly contaminated with the bug. But it takes 100 bill...

Scientists use remote satellite imaging to predict outbreaks of infectious disease

...s, ancient water-borne infectious disease, which is an unpredictable and severe problem for developing countries. The bacterium that causes cholera, vibrio cholerae, has a known association with a crustacean (called a copepod) which lives on zooplankton, a type of plankton. Cholera outbreaks have been li...

GIANT-Coli: A novel method to quicken discovery of gene function

...een developed. Why is it so important to know the E. coli better? "Much of what we know about other bacteria, including the more dangerous ones like vibrio cholerae, comes from our knowledge of E. coli," says Siegele. "The E. coli is a model organism." Siegele says that GIANT-Coli can be developed to st...

American Society for Microbiology honors D. Scott Merrell

...s University School of Medicine. As a graduate student, his primary research interest was to identify genetic factors associated with the virulence of vibrio cholerae, and notably demonstrated that V. cholerae excreted by humans are more infectious than those found in the environment. During his postdoctora...
Vibrio in Biological Technology

Symbiotic microbes induce profound genetic changes in their hosts

...relationship: the Hawaiian bobtail squid, a colorful critter less than two inches long that nurtures a single type of light-producing bacteria, called vibrio fischeri. The bacteria take up residence in a specialized pouch on the squid's belly and produce light that the squid uses as anti-predator camouflage...
Vibrio in Biological Definition

Flagellum

... flow of protons (i.e., hydrogen ions ) across the bacterial cell membrane due to a concentration gradient set up by the cell's metabolism (in vibrio species the motor is a sodium ion pump, rather than a proton pump ). The rotor transports protons across the membrane, and is turned in the proc...

Phage

...henomenon called lysogenic conversion . A famous example is the harmless vibrio bacteria strain, which is turned into vibrio cholerae by a phage, causing cholera . Phages play an important role i...

Robert Koch

...r in bacteriological research. In 1883, Koch worked with a French research team in Alexandria , Egypt , studying cholera . Koch identified the vibrio bacterium that caused cholera, though he never managed to prove it in experiments. In 1885, he became professor for hygiene at the university of ...
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