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Tuberculin in Medical News

US soldiers in high-tuberculosis areas face new epidemic: false positives

...th the growing number of pseudoepidemics, or clusters of false-positives for TB that are the result of universal testing with a notoriously inaccurate tuberculin skin test (TST) and inconsistent procedures for interpreting those tests in low-risk populations. These false positives tests have become more than...

New TB test means quicker and easier diagnosis for patients

...pot-Plus, in conjunction with a skin test known as tuberculin skin testing, already in use. TB is difficult ...er conditions. The combination of ELISpot-Plus and tuberculin skin testing is able to rule out TB within 48 hour...able to determine TB infection in 89% of cases and tuberculin skin testing alone was able to determine TB infect...

A new more effective tuberculosis screening test for HIV victims

...iagnosis has for several decades been founded on a positive response to the tuberculin skin test (TST). However, TSTs reliability is limited in highly TB-endemic ...osis. Such assays now provide a means of getting round the drawbacks of the tuberculin skin test (TST). Yet, although these new screening methods are more effecti...

Pre-kindergarten TB Testing Costs High

...o children, she said. The tuberculosis skin test, also known as the tuberculin or PPD test, is used to determine whether someone has been infected by brea...eople with latent TB infection have no symptoms and usually have a positive tuberculin skin test. They cannot spread TB to others, but need treatment to prevent t...

Study Finds Link Between Secondhand Smoke and TB Infection in Children

...g at the same address. All the children received a tuberculin skin test for the study. Researchers defin...children surveyed, 432 -- or 32% -- had a positive tuberculin skin test, and 1,170 -- or 87% -- were identified ... The researchers found that the rate of positive tuberculin skin tests in children who were considered secondh...

All Foreign-born Nationals In US To Be Tested For TB

...treated for latent TB infection, they say. They recommend that people who have lived in the United States for five years or less be targeted for tuberculin skin testing and treatment. "Twenty-five percent of all reported TB cases in the United States are among foreign-born persons who have lived in...

TB can Be Eradicated in the U.S With Modified Guidelines: Study

...e United States more than five years previously." Present guidelines recommend only those residing in the U.S. for five years or less be targeted for tuberculin skin testing and treatment of latent TB infection. The following countries of origin of U.S. immigrant residents had the largest number of TB cases i...

Health Care Workers with Positive TB Skin Test Should Receive Treatment

...hy R. Sterling, M.D., and David W. Haas, M.D., treatment should be provided to health care workers with latent TB infection as indicated by a positive tuberculin skin test, particularly if they meet certain high-risk criteria. "It is important that patients be able to trust their health care providers to ...

Detecting Latent Tuberculosis Effective With Blood Tests

...uberculosis in low-prevalence areas, a specific and sensitive test for latent infection is needed. Two new blood tests might be more accurate than the tuberculin skin test." Tuberculosis scores very high amongst the infectious airborne disease category, known to affect about 9 million people worldwide. Alon...

Tuberculosis test for Westminster High School

...of the person is reduced the bacteria becomes very infective and can spread through air droplets. Mantoux test is the skin test done by injecting tuberculin (mild form of the bacterial antigen) which detects the presence of tubercle bacilli along with X-ray of the lungs to confirm the presence of bacterium...
Tuberculin in Medical Technology

Study Shows: New Blood Test Proven Six Times More Effective For Tuberculosis Control

...o be six times more accurate than the conventional tuberculin skin test (TST) at predicting which tuberculosis (...eople with latent TB infection. Until recently the tuberculin skin test (TST; Mantoux test) has been the only te...pt well recognized preventive measures because the tuberculin skin test universally used to define risk wasn't s...
Tuberculin in Medical Dictionary

Tuberculin

Tuberculin is the name given to extracts of Mycobacterium tuberculosis, M. bovis, or M. avium that is used in skin testing in animals and humans to identify a tuberculosis infection. Several types of tuberculin have been used for this, of which purified protein derivative (PPD) is the mos...

PPD skin test

...tool for tuberculosis. It is one of the two major tuberculin skin tests used in the world, largely replacing...e tuberculosis skin test (also known as the tuberculin or PPD test ) determines whether a person has ... PPD skin test . ... Mantoux test n. A tuberculin test in which a small amount of ...

Induration

...nitions ... Induration : Localized hardening of soft tissue of the body. ... Both erythema and induration appear to be adequate indices of tuberculin sensitivity. ... had spread to 20 cm, and the central induration had spread to 9 cm. ... List of 8 disease causes of Induration of the pros...
Tuberculin in Biological Technology

New Data Suggest CIMZIA(R) (Certolizumab Pegol) Active in Treating Moderate to Severe Crohn's Patients With Fistulizing Disease

...receiving treatment with TNF blockers such as CIMZIA (R) . However, active tuberculosis has developed in patients receiving CIMZIA (R) whose tuberculin test was negative. Evaluate patients for tuberculosis risk factors and test for latent tuberculosis infection prior to initiating CIMZIA (R) and...

US College Students Needing TB Testing Now Have the Benefit of QFT(TM)

...h Association (ACHA). In the past, students would have been tested with the tuberculin skin test (TST) which is known to suffer from false-positive results due to...-- is the first major advance in TB diagnosis since the introduction of the tuberculin skin test (TST) over 100 years ago. The QFT test is based on measurement of...

Swiss Experts Recommend QuantiFERON(R)-TB Gold for Tuberculosis Infection Screening Prior to Initiating anti-TNF-a Therapy

... Nov. 14 /PRNewswire/ -- Swiss experts have abandoned the over 100 year old tuberculin skin test (TST) favouring the use of interferon-a release assays such as Qu...s the first major advancement in TB diagnosis since the introduction of the tuberculin skin test (TST) over 100 years ago. The QFT(TM) test is based on measuremen...

Cellestis Receives FDA Approval for Blood Test for Detecting Tuberculosis

...fies testing and fits with existing laboratory equipment, giving convenient TB testing from Kalispell to Key West. Both tests replace the 100-year-old tuberculin skin test (TST). CEO of Cellestis, Dr Tony Radford, comments, "With the In-Tube system, the blood incubation requires virtually no labor and no set-u...
Tuberculin in Biological Dictionary

Cell-mediated immunity

...ced in the cells of ... cell - mediated immunity (CMI) ... Examples of Cell - Mediated Immunity . Delayed-Type Hypersensitivity (DTH): the tuberculin test ... Cell Mediated and Humoral Immunity ... are produced primarily by B Cell lymphocytes. The body's cell mediated immunity invol...
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