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Thalamus in Medical News

Scripps Florida scientists devise accelerated method to determine infectious prion strains

... mouse line called Tga20 plays an important role, because it succumbs rapidly to prion disease. "The prions primarily target the brainstem and the thalamus of this transgenic mouse, explaining why these animals have a shorter incubation time than their normal counterparts," Lasmzas said. "The prion aggreg...

How to build a bigger brain

... volumes of the hippocampus and areas within the orbito-frontal cortex, the thalamus and the inferior temporal gyrus all regions known for regulating emotions....pus and increased gray matter in the right orbito-frontal cortex, the right thalamus and the left inferior temporal lobe. There were no regions where controls h...

Wayne State University and Children's Hospital of Michigan Research Team Discover Chemical That Plays a Major Role in Pediatric Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder

...nd significant associations between glutamate receptor and transporter genes and abnormal brain volumes in brain regions implicated in OCD such as the thalamus ('grand central station' in the brain), caudate nucleus (brain's secretary), anterior cingulate cortex (brain's arousal center) and orbital prefrontal...

Gulf War Syndrome May Stem From Chemical Exposure

...ain areas we previously suspected responded abnormally to the cholinergic challenge," Haley said. "Those areas were in the basal ganglia, hippocampus, thalamus and the amygdala. "Changes in functioning of these brain structures can certainly cause problems with concentration and memory, body pain, fatigue,...

Siblings of schizophrenia patients display subtle shape abnormalities in brain

...nces in brain anatomy. "We're interested in the thalamus because it has a lot of connections to the prefron... are believed to involve the cortex, and since the thalamus projects throughout the cortex, it's conceivable abnormalities in the thalamus may be related to those symptoms." Since indivi...

Cocaine's effects on brain metabolism may contribute to abuse

...porters had significantly higher metabolism in the thalamus and cerebellum compared with normal mice. This ele...sts also observed a reduction in metabolism in the thalamus region in the DAT knockout mice. This effect may l...onin. These results also support the idea that the thalamus and the cerebellum play key roles in cocaine's mec...

Audience Selected as One of Two Finalists for Most Innovative True Mobile Start-Up for the '2008 GSMA Mobile Innovation Global Awards'

...d accurate auditory system, the human hearing system. By thoroughly understanding the entire audio pathway -- from the cochlea to the brainstem to the thalamus and cortex -- Audience is the first company to deliver a commercial product based on the science of Auditory Scene Analysis (ASA), or the grouping and...

Research at Rice may help explain aspects of synesthesia

...nal/ana . The ventrolateral nucleus (VL) of the thalamus is connected to the cerebellum and motor cortex an... due to even further weakened pathways between the thalamus and cortex, a finding which was also suggested by ..., the results suggest that connections between the thalamus and other brain areas may be important for the abi...

Study Offers Insights Into Sensory Perceptions

...rs from the eyes, ears or skin go through into the thalamus before they project onto higher areas of the brain...cted only the ventrolateral nucleus, a part of the thalamus that is smaller than a pea, Ro said. She's now abo... one case, the study "forces rethinking of how the thalamus and brain are organized," Cytowic said. "The areas...

Area deep within the brain found to play role in sensory perception

... The ventrolateral nucleus (VL) of the thalamus is connected to the cerebellum and motor cortex an... due to even further weakened pathways between the thalamus and cortex, a finding which was also suggested by ..., the results suggest that connections between the thalamus and other brain areas may be important for the abi...
Thalamus in Medical Dictionary

Hypothalamus

.... The Hypothalamus Essentials ... The hypothalamus produces releasing and ... hypothalamus The portion of the diencephalon lying beneath the thalamus at the base of the cerebrum, and forming the floor and part of the lateral The hypothalamus , the part of the brain that controls thirst and hu...
Thalamus in Biological News

Researchers discover that gene switches on during development of epilepsy

... While the hippocampus is usually targeted in studies of epilepsy, the new channels were being made in a region of the brain called the thalamus. The thalamus is connected to the hippocampus and is involved in the spread of seizures throughout the brain. "Certain kinds of channels are normal and expected ...

Audience Selected as Silver Winner in This Year's Wall Street Journal Technology Innovation Awards and Winner of the Semiconductors Category

...y Innovation Awards and the winner of the Semiconductors category. By understanding the auditory pathway -- from the cochlea to the brainstem to the thalamus and cortex -- Audience is the first company to deliver a commercial product based on the science of Auditory Scene Analysis (ASA), or the grouping and...

'Cross fire' from the brain makes patients tremble

... feedback" and the frequency in a specific core region of the brain, in the thalamus and the basal ganglia, were not completely synchronous. With a combina...om the limbs is a fast and easy stimulus transmission. The signals from the thalamus and the basal ganglia are, however, transmitted to certain loop-like neuron...

Face perception is modulated by sexual orientation

...the gender of a viewed individual, when the sexual preference of the viewer was taken into account, did make a difference in the reactions seen in the thalamus and the orbitofrontal cortex, a region of the brain's reward circuitry. Heterosexual women and homosexual men exhibited a significantly greater respon...

What can change in the brain? Electrical synapses, research shows

...ls Landisman and Connors used in their experiments came from the thalamic reticular nucleus, a thin sheet of neurons that is part of the thalamus. The thalamus is a small region in the center of the brain responsible for relaying sensory information to the cerebral cortex, where it is transformed into memorie...

Out of sight, out of mind? Not necessarily

...ill being processed unconsciously." Because only a certain region of the thalamus - the area of the brain where all sensory information is relayed -- can pro... evidence that there must be a pathway that goes through this region of the thalamus to the higher visual centers of the brain, Ro said. "In addition to prov...
Thalamus in Biological Technology

RNArticles: Keeping RNA Intact Prior to RNA Isolation - RNAlater

... however, was expressed in both arcuate and thalamus at a similar level. For more informatio...Figure 1. Comparing Rat Arcuate and thalamus Gene Expression Patterns. Real time RT-PCR of each of the two samples (arcuate and thalamus RNA) was performed for 40 cycles for both ...

SUPERIOR RNA FOR DEMANDING APPLICATIONS

... Size 6762 Human thalamus Total RNA 10 g 6810 ...

Human Universal cDNA Library Array I

... Brain: Subthalamic Nucleus Prostate Uterus Brain: thalamus Skeletal Muscle The total RNAs were obtained by a modified guanidium thiocyanate method, 2 and the...
Thalamus in Biological Definition

Brain

...ncephalon epithalamus pineal gland thalamus hypothalamus pituitary gland telen...sensory pathways of vertebrates are routed to the thalamus and then to regions of the cerebral cortex that a...imbic functions as well, especially those of the thalamus and hippocampus . Among vertebrates, sensory pro...

Limbic system

...e limbic system affects the endocrine system and the autonomic nervous system . It consists of several subcortical structures located around the thalamus : hippocampus : involved in the formation of long-term memory amygdala : involved in aggression and fear cingulate gyrus (the circula...
Thalamus in Biological Dictionary

Thalamus

The thalamus is a midline paired symmetrical structure within the brain of vertebrate animals, including humans. It is between the cerebral cortex and the midbrain, both in terms of its location and its neurological... thalamus n. , pl. -mi ( ). Anatomy. A large ovoid mass of gray matter s...
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