Large source of nitrate, a potential water contaminant, found in near-surface desert soils
RIVERSIDE, Calif. A UC Riverside-led study in the Mojave Desert, Calif., has found that soils
under desert pavement have an unusually high concentration of nitrate, a type of salt, close to the surface. Vulnerable to erosion by rain and wind if the desert pavement is disrupted, this vast source o...
Soil carbon storage is not always influenced by tillage practices
... MADISON, WI, February 23, 2009--The practice of no-till has increased considerably during the past 20 yr. soils
under no-till usually host a more abundant and diverse biota and are less prone to erosion, water loss, and structural breakdown than tilled soils. Th...
Climate change could impact vital functions of microbes
...ively. As global temperatures rises the late winter period of subfreezing temperatures will shorten, and snowpacks may be less as well.
As the soils
warm, snow molds will have less water and will produce less carbon dioxide, which may sound good in terms of global warming, but the trees in this sys...
Melting snow provides clues for acidification
...rtainty about how sulfate and nitrate are retained or transformed in forest soils
during cold weather.
In the November-December 2007 issue of the Soil Sci...te was retained or transformed in the forest floor, suggesting that organic soils
are a sink for these compounds during winter. For sulfate, the amount retai...
American Chemical Society's weekly PressPac -- Jan. 23, 2008
...l of Proteome Research, a monthly publication.
Unlike other plants that absorb nutrients from the soil, carnivorous plants growing in nutrient-poor soils
have special organs to capture insects, digest them and absorb the nitrogen and phosphorous their environment sorely lacks. The identity of all the my...
VA Hospital Draws Curtain on Innovation That Could Help Reduce Spiraling Cost of Hospital Maintenance Nationwide
... to ensure patient
privacy and are available in any pattern from a variety of Healthcare
"If a patient or member of the hospital staff soils
a small section of
a traditional cubicle curtain, health codes require that the entire cubicle
curtain be replaced for laundering," said Stephanie Ser...
New microscope peers into secret lives of cells
...for microscopic explorations into a diversity of intriguing subjects under investigation by University researchers, from plants that can decontaminate soils
of toxic metal pollutants, to carbon nano-bombs for destroying cancer cells.
Czymmek, who also is an associate professor of biological sciences at ...
Prions Capacity can Be Aggrevated by Solid Particles
What is occurring in soils
in the woods and on the farm is unknown, says Pede...," according to Aiken.
Pedersen notes that soils
are a complex mixture of organic and inorganic com...entists are just beginning to tease out factors in soils
that may contribute to transmissibility. The new s...
Contamination of the Environment by Antibiotics Fed to Livestock
...hese animals end up as manure, which is commonly applied to agricultural land to provide crop nutrients. Therefore, food crops grown on manure-altered soils
are exposed to antibiotics.
A study, funded by the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), is looking into the brunt of antibiotic fee...
Canadians Urged to Renovate Houses to Check Radon Gas Radiation
...be constantly exposed to radiation from radon gas.
Radon is a naturally occurring radioactive substance and byproduct of the decay of uranium in soils
and rocks. It is considered a leading cause of lung cancer after smoking.
Unfortunately it can also build up to dangerous levels inside homes. It...
Soils in Medical Technology
Chemstar Corporation Announces a New Powerful, One-Step Product That Effectively Controls Listeria, Salmonella, E. coli and Fly Larvae in Floor Drains
...mposite of a room's environment.
Drains can easily collect and trap organic soils
and bacteria, creating a
cool, moist harborage for rapid growth of microorg... pathogens around the room.
Foam San kills bacteria and flies and removes soils
from any type of
drain. A single half-gallon container of Foam San concentr...
Pew Commission Says Industrial Scale Farm Animal Production Poses 'Unacceptable' Risks to Public Health, Environment
... ground untreated. Manure in such large quantities carries excess
nutrients and farm chemicals that find their way into waterways, lakes,
and airways. Excess and inappropriate land application
of untreated animal waste on cropland contributes to excessive nutrient
loading and, ultimately...
Soils in Medical Dictionary
...ting and Proposed Uranium In - Situ Leaching Sites ... ... technology known as in situ gaseous reduction (ISGR) has. been developed to treat soils
containing heavy metals and radionuclides in situ . ... In situ gaseous ... Download -- IN SITU -- (En Estudio) Rock / Alternative / mu...
...out goiter Goiter is an enlargement of the thyroid gland that often produces a ... Iodine-deficiency goiter can be common in regions where the soils
and foods have ... Goiter — Comprehensive overview covers causes, treatment of this enlargement of the ... Goiter can also result from an ...
...aused by the absorption of toxin produced by Clostridium botulinum that colonize the ... Clostridium botulinum organisms are commonly found in soils
... Any number of antibiotics can be used to remove Clostridium perfringens. ... If Clostridium perfringens is responsible for the diarrhea,...
Soils in Biological News
Understanding phosphorus in soils is vital to proper management
MADISON, WI, FEBRUARY 2, 2009--Phosphorus is one of the key nutrients that can cause algal blooms and related water quality problems in lakes, rivers, and estuaries worldwide. Phosphorus entering waters originates from a variety of sources. Agricultural land receiving long term applications of o...
Organic soils continue to acidify despite reduction in acidic deposition
Madison, WI, January 12, 2009 Following the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1970 and 1990 acidic deposition in North America has declined significantly since its peak in 1973. Consequently, research has shifted from studying the effects of acidic deposition to the recovery of these aquatic and terres...
Acid soils in Slovakia tell somber tale
Increasing levels of nitrogen deposition associated with industry and agriculture can drive soils
toward a toxic level of acidification, reducing plant growth and polluting surface waters, according to a new study published online in Nature Geoscience .
The study, conducted in the Tatra Mountai...
Scientists map soils on an extinct American volcano
MADISON, WI, October 20, 2008 | Union County New Mexico is a landscape of striking diversity. Out of expansive rangelands rise sporadic yet majestic cinder cone volcanoes and mesas preserved by basalt, part of the Raton-Clayton Volcanic Field. Capulin volcano, formed approximately 62,000 years ago...
Experts to provide peek of Smithsonian soils exhibit
Arizona's state soil, "Casa Grande," is featured in a new 5,000-square-foot exhibition, "Dig it! The Secrets of Soil," at the Smithsonian's Natural History Museum, Washington, D.C. The exhibition will travel to museums across the country from 2010-2013.
WHO: A three-person panel of experts, alo...
Specially-designed soils could help combat climate change
Could part of the answer to saving the Earth from global warming lie in the earth beneath our feet?
A team from Newcastle University aims to design soils
that can remove carbon from the atmosphere, permanently and cost-effectively. This has never previously been attempted anywhere in the world....
Compost can turn agricultural soils into a carbon sink, thus protecting against climate change
Los Angeles, London, New Delhi, and Singapore (25 February, 2008) Applying organic fertilizers, such as those resulting from composting, to agricultural land could increase the amount of carbon stored in these soils
and contribute significantly to the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions, accord...
Tropical soils impede landmine detection
MADISON, WI, FEBRUARY 4, 2008 -- Use of a metal detector is the most common technique when searching for landmines, which litter the soil in approximately 90 countries around the world. Many of these countries are located in the tropics where intensively weathered soils
are prevalent. These tropic...
Earth's soils bear unmistakable footprints of humans
DURHAM, N.C. -- The dirt under our feet is being so changed by humans that it is now appropriate to call this the "Anthropocene (or man-made) Age," says a new worldwide overview by Duke University soil scientist Daniel Richter.
With more than half of all soils
on Earth now being cultivated for ...
Impact of floods on soils
MADISON, WI, APRIL 7, 2009 -- A recent study conducted in the Midwestern United States examined the effects of harsh wet conditions on both cultivated and uncultivated soils, vastly advancing the knowledge of water's effects on aggregation. Soil aggregation is an important soil attribute that is r...
Soils in Biological Technology
New insights into the fate of anti-parasitics in manure and manured soils
In recent years, there has been growing interest in the question, if the entry of veterinary medicinal products (VMP) into soils
via manure application is of environmental relevance. In a recent study, published in the November issue of the journal CLEAN, Kreuzig and co-workers now focused on the ...
Bacteria from the deep can clean up heavy metals
... its environment, the Brachybacterium also absorbed significant amounts of zinc and nickel. All of these metals are found as pollutants in water and soils
contaminated by heavy industries such as steel-making.
Manganese oxides can be manufactured chemically and are known to absorb zinc and nickel; but...
Nanoscience will change the way we think about the world
... Blacksburg, Va. -- The ubiquity of mineral nanoparticles in natural waters, the atmosphere, and in soils
and their intriguing properties provide Earth scientists with another dimension in which to understand our planet.
So states a team of scientists f...
UW-Stevens Point Professor Receives Patent Approval For New Technology
...de Office that a patent will soon be issued for a UW-Stevens Points (UWSP) associate professors invention.
Bryant Browne, an associate professor of soils
in UWSP s College of Natural Resources, has developed a new technology for a highly efficient device for sampling multiple dissolved gases in surface...
eMetagens infectious disease technology licensed by WARF
...rganisms into culture. Most microbes are resistant to culturing, making this process a major hurdle for traditional drug discovery.
Our focus is on soils
because bacteria and fungi isolated from this environment have proven to be a rich source of drugs, Goodman said. Nearly all of the worlds antibiotics...
Manufacturers join Wisconsin partnership to boost U.S. suppliers
...any, a manufacturer of agriculture, forestry and construction equipment, began when blacksmith John Deere developed his self-scouring plow for Midwest soils
in Illinois. And Oshkosh Truck Corp. has its headquarters in Oshkosh, Wis.
The companies spend more than $1 billion collectively in Wisconsin.
Monitoring Microbial Populations Using Real-Time qPCR on the MJ Research Opticon 2 System
The levels of the amoA gene were used to measure the ammonia-oxidizing bacteria (AOB) population in soils
maintained under 16 environmental regimes.
DNA was extracted from soil samples and amoA levels analyzed by real-time quantitative PCR (qPCR) using S...
The Use of MasterTaq Polymerase for PCR with Humic Material-Contaminated
Direct extraction of total DNA from soils
or sediments always results
in coextrac...soyr J, Bej AK, and Atlas RM. Recovery of DNA from soils
and sediments. Appl Environ Microbiol. ...BH. Detection of low numbers of bacterial cells in soils
and sediments by polymerase chain react...
Soils in Biological Definition
...e approaches polar regions one finds larger and larger populations of fewer and fewer species. Flora and fauna vary depending on climate , altitude, soils
and the presence of other species. For a listing of distinct ecoregions based on these distributions, see the WikiProject Ecoregions .
...plants also exist, including the Venus flytrap , several species of pitcher plants , butterworts , and sundews . They are generally native to poor soils
that lack nitrogen , which they obtain by trapping insects.
Soils in Biological Dictionary
...eria are a group of soil based microorganisms (SBO's) which ... Each legume species requires a specific species of rhizobia to form ... Acid soils
often have poor survival of the rhizobia . ... A PhD project to investigate rhizobia (root nodule bacteria) in New Zealand, investigating na...
...ter science, a digit is a symbol (a number ... Main. Arctic. Atmosphere. El Niño. Current Conditions. DIG IT ! ... Discover the amazing world of soils
with images and information from the Dig It ! ... Digit - Definition of Digit at Dictionary.com a free online dictionary with ... digit dig...
...the ... Bioremediation Strategies. Examples. Nonchlorinated Herbicides and Pesticides ... Lehmann, V., ' Bioremediation : A solution for polluted soils
in the South? ... Bioremediation principles ... Bioremediation is not new. ... Companies specializing in bioremediation (or, as it was known ...