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Similarity in Medical News

New Study Shows Coaching to Patient Activation Levels Improves Disease Management Outcomes

... intervention group and a control group of nurse coaches and their patients in geographically separate call centers, which were selected based on the similarity of their nurse coaches' tenure and years of experience. The findings show those who received coaching with the PAM experienced a 33% decline in...

New Study Shows Coaching to Patient Activation Levels Improves Disease Management Outcomes

... intervention group and a control group of nurse coaches and their patients in geographically separate call centers, which were selected based on the similarity of their nurse coaches' tenure and years of experience. The findings show those who received coaching with the PAM experienced a 33% decline in ...

Study Finds Multitude of Bacteria on Human Skin

...rature in enriched media. In culture, you can find what you are looking for, but it's hard to find what is not there." Even more unexpected was the similarity of the bacteria living in the same sites on different people. "We found that the site was more determining than the individual," Segre said. "In diffe...

An efficient approach to monitor gastrointestinal microflora changes

...ified molecular markers (net integral area and abundance of DNA band), Shannon's index for diversity of intestinal microflora, and Sorenson's pairwise similarity coefficient, was established. With application of this evaluating system, four major clinical recipes used for Pi-deficiency therapy in TCM were demon...

Breakthrough model for human cancer may improve development of cancer drugs; study in PNAS

... candidates, determine their biological roles in various stages of cancer progression and test targeted therapies. We have been very encouraged by the similarity to human patients in response to widely used breast cancer agents." ...

Better by design: Engineering flu vaccines

...ng and professor of physics and astronomy, and colleagues developed the method so they could assign a number that captured the amount of difference or similarity between strains. The method can also be used to test how effective a vaccine will be against divergent strains. To verify this, the team checked their...
Similarity in Medical Technology

Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development, L.L.C. Announces FDA Filings for Paliperidone Palmitate and INVEGA(R)

...e disorder experience the psychotic symptoms of schizophrenia, such as hallucinations or delusions, as well as mania and/or depression. Because of the similarity in symptoms, schizoaffective disorder is sometimes misdiagnosed as schizophrenia or bipolar disorder. For patients who frequently use mental health se...

Variant of Mad Cow Disease May Be Transmitted by Blood Transfusions, According to Animal Study

... acquired under field conditions, which could possibly give different results than those obtained from experimentally infected animals. Because of the similarity in size of sheep and humans, the team was able to collect and transfuse volumes of blood equivalent to those taken from human blood donors. The outc...

FDA Grants Market Clearance for the LipiScan(TM) Coronary Imaging System Developed by InfraReDx, Inc. - A Novel Spectroscopy System for the Identification of Lipid Core Containing Plaques of Interest in the Coronary Arteries

...2 minutes and does not require the interruption of the flow of blood. Successful Clinical Trial Results The SPECTACL clinical trial documented the similarity of near-infrared spectra obtained from 106 patients undergoing coronary angiography compared to spectra obtained in autopsy specimens in which the gol...

Insmed Provides Update on Follow-On Biologics and IPLEX(TM) Programs

...f similarity. Screening for participants for the Phase 1 study has begun, with dosing of the first patient expected in May 2008. Data to support human similarity is expected in July 2008. Insmed's second FOB product candidate, INS-20, has also completed pre- clinical pharmacological and pharmacokinetic studie...

Data Show SuperGen's Multi-Targeted Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitor Suppresses Critical Double-Stranded DNA Repair Protein, Rad51

...aintaining abnormal promoter methylation in various cancer types. Zebrafish embryos are a viable model for cancer drug research because of their close similarity to humans and their fast and easily visible development. Small molecules that inhibit DNMT1 should produce terminal differentiation abnormalities of t...

Point of Care Strep Tests Speed Treatment, Lower Costs

...n time for the test is about one minute. The product can be stored at room temperature. Given the commodity nature of RADT products and their similarity of use and reliability, the purchasing decision largely rests on factors such as established vendor relationships, the purchasers confidence in vendor...
Similarity in Medical Dictionary

Spells

...of Dungeons & Dragons consists of spells used in the settings of the role-playing game, Dungeons & Dragons (D&D). There is little if any similarity between these fictional spells and any actual historical mythology. D&D defined the genre of fantasy role-playing... Tarot, spells and hor...

Labia

..., and health care information for adolescent girls and ... The labia can be enlarged on one side or both sides. ... as inner labia (notice the similarity of the skin texture and color) ... which extends out past the outer labia when your legs are closed. ... Labia surgery or labiaplasty: fin...

Gene

...tory of gene therapy Diseases targeted for treatment by gene Lrp4 (low density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 4) mouse homolog has similarity to the low density lipoprotein receptor family, however, it does not bind very ... PLoS Genetics is an open-access ... Similarly, in human muscl...

Dilation

...carriage, induced abortion, or gynecological surgery. Cervical dilation may occur naturally, or may be induced by medical means. Dilation is a similarity transformation in which a figure is enlarged or reduced using a scale factor , without altering the center. dilation n. The act of expanding or ...

Burns

...are the most dangerous. ... called inhalation burns . Call your doctor ... James Burns was often described as the British Leo Fender due to the similarity ... Jim Burns set out to make, in his own words, "mass produced one-offs", such as ... wikiHow article about How to Treat a Burn . ... Sunburns...
Similarity in Biological News

Perceived facial similarity in children is an estimate of kin recognition

Perceived facial similarity of children is effectively an estimate of the probability that two children are close genetic relatives according to a new study recently published in Journal of Vision, an online, free access publication of the Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology (ARVO)...

Venomous sea snakes play heads or tails with their predators

...eper than the colours on the rest of the body and the black colorations were much longer than the dark bands on the rest of the body, highlighting the similarity between the head and the tail. The reason for this mixture of behaviour and coloration results from a developed defence strategy needed when the ...

Stress signals link pre-existing sickness with susceptibility to bacterial infection

...on. Like humans, Dictyostelium can be infected by Legionella and quickly responds by producing a host of metabolism-associated proteins. Another similarity between humans and Dictyostelium is that both use AMPK as an internal sensor to coordinate energy synthesis with energy needs. However, unlike huma...

C. difficile spores spread superbug

... found that one particular group of knockout mice with mutations associated with impaired immune defence began to lose weight and became moribund. The similarity with the human manifestation of the disease, where older or immune impaired patients tend to exhibit the symptoms of acute C. difficile infection, i...

Telomeres resemble DNA fragile sites

... de Lange, head of the Laboratory of Cell Biology and Genetics, and first author Agnel Sfeir, a postdoctoral associate in the lab, suggests a striking similarity between telomeres and common fragile sites, parts of the genome where breaks tend to occur, albeit infrequently. (Humans have 80 common fragile sites,...

CSHL scientists harness logic of 'Sudoku' math puzzle to vastly enhance genome-sequencing capability

...r theorem. "It minimizes the number of pools and the amount of sequencing," says Hannon of their method, which they dubbed "DNA Sudoku" because of its similarity to the logic and combinatorial number-placement rules used in the popular game. The method, which the CSHL team has patented, is currently best su...
Similarity in Biological Technology

New Online Tutorials for Sequence Similarity Search Tools BLAST and FASTA

Comprehensive tutorials on sequence similarity search tools BLAST and FASTA enable researchers to quickly and effectively use these invaluable resources. Seattle (PRWEB) July 17, 2008 -- OpenHelix today announced the availability of new tutorial suites on two highly u...

Brain research shows past experience is invaluable for complex decision making

...to test for brain changes related to the perceived rather than the physical similarity between visual patterns," explains Dr. Kourtzi. "Our use of brain imaging i...ur brains to recognise perceived categories rather than simply the physical similarity between visual patterns," said Dr Kourtzi. "Based on what we found, we prop...

Nano-sandwich triggers novel electron behavior

...d materials scientists, who have published hundreds of papers on it. The team termed the behavior of electrons in graphene "Dirac-like" because of its similarity to the behavior of massless particles as described in an equation formulated by the illustrious theoretical physicist Paul Dirac. Now Pickett and c...

The Need for Safe and Affordable Biopharmaceuticals Drives the Development of the European Biosimilars Market, Says Frost & Sullivan

... challenge as, typically, there is initial resistance from the physician community. "The most significant challenge, however, will be in proving similarity with the reference product as per the EMEA standards," adds Kambhammettu. "This is because the entire process involves large-scale clinical trials as ...

Proteomics Study Reveals That Genes Involved in Invertebrate Longevity Have Surprising Parallels in Humans.

... these data made available in the study," said Dr. Sudhir Sahasrabudhe, Chief Scientific Officer of Prolexys Pharmaceuticals. "This establishes a similarity in aging process among diverse species that is perhaps a lot broader than many of us may have expected," says Robert Hughes, lead author of the study....

Incorrectly cleaved protein leads to schizophrenia

...gamma-secretase. When this scissors is absent, Nrg-1 is not cleaved, which leads to behavioral disturbances in laboratory animals that bear a striking similarity to some of the symptoms of schizophrenia. This syndrome can be corrected by administering anti-psychotic medicines. Additional studies have also shown...
Similarity in Biological Products

Anti-Arginine Vasopressin Receptor Polyclonal Antibody, Unconjugated from CHEMICON

Description:... Arginine vasopressin receptor (AVP-V2), rat. The peptide used for immunization has no significant similarity with AVP V1a or V1b receptors....
Company:CHEMICON

Geneious from Biomatters Ltd

Description:...available, links to full articles, Google scholar Several pairwise and multiple sequences algorithms with the click of a button, view alignments with similarity graphs and annotations, dotplots... Download, extract genes, reverse compliment, translate and visually compare annotations, examine hydrophobicity, ...
Company:Biomatters Ltd

Fingerprinting II Identification and Library Manager from Bio-Rad

Description:... Fingerprinting II identification and library manager is an optional module that adds capabilities for quick similarity searches and identification of unknowns against a library of entries of the same taxon or group to the Fingerprinting II Basic software package....
Company:Bio-Rad

Fingerprinting II Informatix, optional matrix types module from Bio-Rad

Description:... Fingerprinting II Informatix optional matrix types module, is an optional module that adds external similarity and distance matrix functions to the Fingerprinting II Informatix software package....
Company:Bio-Rad
Similarity in Biological Definition

Apoptosis

...onized programmed cell death helped convince researchers that the function of Bcl-2 was to antagonize the cell death process. I also believe that this similarity made the worm cell-death pathway suddenly a topic of major interest in the biomedical community, as this pathway was no longer simply an abstract form...

Biology

...has descended from a common origin through a process of evolution . Indeed, it is one of the reasons that biological organism exhibit the striking similarity of units and processes discussed in the previous section. Charles Darwin established evolution as a viable theory by articulating its driving force...

BLAST

...dentify sequences in the human genome that resemble the mouse gene based on similarity of sequence. BLAST is one of the most widely used bioinformatics progra...b server, hosted by the NCBI , allows anyone with a web browser to perform similarity searches against constantly updated databases of proteins and DNA that incl...

Common descent

...permia ). He was led to this conclusion by the universality of the genetic code (see below). Evidence for common descent Universality and similarity The universality of the genetic code is generally regarded by biologists as definitive evidence in favor of the theory of universal common descent...

Cytoskeleton

... found in prokaryotes . Although the evolutionary relationships are so distant that they are not obvious from protein sequence comparisons alone, the similarity of their three-dimensional structures provides strong evidence that the eukaryotic and prokaryotic cytoskeletons are truly homologous. FtsZ ...

Endosymbiotic theory

...ing them than to each other. This suggests that if chloroplasts originated as part of the cell, they did so multiple times, in which case their close similarity to each other is difficult to explain. The size of both organelles is comparable to bacteria. These organelle's ribosomes are like those found...
Similarity in Biological Dictionary

Similarity

Similarity is some degree of symmetry in either analogy and resemblance between two or more concepts or objects. The notion of similarity rests either on exact or approximate repetitions of patterns in the compared items. In the case of approximate repetitions we talk about statistical similar...

Sequence similarity

In evolutionary biology, homology refers to any similarity between characteristics that is due to their shared ancestry. The word homologous derives from the ancient Greek ομολογειν, 'to agree'. There are examples in... In bioinformatics, a sequence alignment is a way of arranging ...

Synapomorphy

... insertion in the Elongation Factor 1α gene in lineages ... The establishment of homology qua synapomorphy ... qua synapomorphy , i.e. as similarity due to common ancestry, on the basis of available ... PLoS ONE: an inclusive, peer-reviewed, open-access resource from the ... Alternative 1: The ...

Sequence homology

... In evolutionary biology, homology refers to any similarity between characteristics that is due to their shared ancestry. The word hom...gy and Similarity: blast, fasta, MPsrch, scanps ... Nucleotide sequence similarity searching against the Ligand Gated Ion Channel ... sitive and fast seq...

Ribozyme

... is shown above. ... Substrate is the green strand and much of the ribozyme is magenta. ... The name of hammerhead ribozyme is given by the similarity between its secondary ... As well as other ribozymes, the hammerhead ribozyme is an antisense RNA. ... Ribozyme summary with 6 pages of ency...

Primase

...primase synthesizes the RNA primers for the Okazaki ... In Escherichia coli, primase (DnaG) interacts with the replicative ... The European ... similarity to the central region of the DnaG-type DNA primase . ... IPR004466 Primase -related protein 2 - 177. IPR006154 Toprim ... The eukaryotic prim...
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Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Viruses take down massive algal blooms, with big implications for climate 2BIDMC researchers named among 'the most influential scientific minds' 2BIDMC researchers named among 'the most influential scientific minds' 3American Society of Human Genetics 2014 Annual Meeting 2
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