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Scrapie in Medical News

Scripps Florida scientists devise accelerated method to determine infectious prion strains

..., as well as humans. Different strains of the infectious agent, called a prion, cause mad cow disease, chronic wasting disease, and different forms of scrapie and human Creutzfeldt-Jacob disease. Mad cow disease has had devastating consequences for bovine livestock populations, particularly in Europe, an...

Orchid Cellmark Reports Improved First Quarter 2009 Financial Results

...fset by decreased revenues for PACE (Police and Criminal Evidence Act) and paternity testing, and the expected lower volumes of animal DNA testing for scrapie susceptibility. In dollars, total U.K.-based revenues for the first quarter of 2009 increased by approximately 1% over the first quarter of 2008. ...

Orchid Cellmark Reports Fourth Quarter and Full Year 2008 Financial Results

... offset by lower volumes of animal DNA testing for scrapie susceptibility. U.S.-based revenues for the 2008 f...year ago was due to lower volumes in the company's scrapie susceptibility testing, forensics and immigration ...008 was adversely impacted by decreased volumes in scrapie susceptibility testing and lower margin revenues r...

Orchid Cellmark Reports Third Quarter 2008 Financial Results

... and state DNA databases. The decrease in U.K.-based revenues in the quarter compared to a year ago was due to lower volumes of animal DNA testing for scrapie susceptibility and slightly reduced forensics revenues due to adverse exchange rates. Excluding cost of service revenue, operating expenses for the ...

Orchid Cellmark Reports Second Quarter 2008 Financial Results

...se in U.K.-based revenues in the second quarter of 2008, compared to the comparable period in 2007, was due to lower volumes of animal DNA testing for scrapie susceptibility and immigration identity testing, as well as reduced forensic revenue. The decrease was partially offset by increased revenues in the p...

Orchid Cellmark Reports First Quarter 2008 Financial Results

...n the first quarter of 2008 compared to the comparable period in 2007 was due to lower volumes of immigration identity testing, animal DNA testing for scrapie susceptibility and reduced forensic revenue. Total operating expenses, excluding cost of service revenue, for the first quarter of 2008 were $7.0 mi...

Orchid Cellmark Reports Fourth Quarter and Full Year 2007 Financial Results

...the anticipated decrease in our U.K. agricultural revenue due to a government policy change to test only male sheep under the U.K. government National scrapie Plan." Mr. Bologna concluded, "All in all, I believe we are making good progress on many fronts but the very nature of our business is such that it ...

American Chemical Society's weekly PressPac -- Feb. 27, 2008

... Chemistry, a semi-monthly journal. Prions are infectious proteins that can cause deadly nerve-damaging diseases such as Mad Cow Disease in cattle, scrapie in sheep, and a human form of Mad Cow Disease called variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease. Conventional tests are designed to detect the proteins only up...

Prions Capacity can Be Aggrevated by Solid Particles

...ificantly increase the oral transmissibility of the agent. The finding is important because it may help explain how chronic wasting disease and scrapie persist in the environment and spread efficiently in animal populations. "We found a huge difference between infectious agent alone and infecti...

Researchers Develop Resin Beads That Capture Mad Cow Disease Agent From Blood

...ariant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease, mad cow disease, scrapie and other prion diseases in animals – during blood...koreduced, resin-filtered blood were infected with scrapie by the end of the 550-day test. Fifteen of 99 hams...e at the end of the testing period. No evidence of scrapie was discovered in brains of hamsters that were ino...
Scrapie in Medical Technology

Variant of Mad Cow Disease May Be Transmitted by Blood Transfusions, According to Animal Study

...with BSE or scrapie; the BSE donors were experimentally infected, while the scrapie donors had naturally acquired the disease. While scrapie is not thought to ...uman blood donors. The outcome of the experiment showed that both BSE and scrapie could be effectively transmitted between sheep by blood transfusion. Import...
Scrapie in Medical Dictionary

Scrapie

Scrapie is a fatal, degenerative disease that affects the nervous systems of sheep and goats. It is one of several transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSEs), which are related to bovine spongiform encephalopathy and... Information on this fatal degenerative disease of sheep and g...

Prion

... is also ... Covalent prion modifications. Structural studies of the scrapie prion protein using ... Prion proteins from humans and rodents conta... neurodegenerative conditions that affect the ... Prion diseases include scrapie (a disease of sheep), chronic wasting disease (in ... Creutzfeld...

Prion Diseases

... virus but lacking ... Well-known examples of prion diseases include scrapie in sheep and goats, bovine ... Creutzfeldt-Jacob disease ... The m... Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease (CJD) ... Infectious Prion Diseases . Kuru. scrapie ... For these reasons, prion diseases are also called transmissible spo...

Mad Cow Disease

...orm encephalopathy or BSE), scrapie, Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease (CJD and ... BSE (Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy, or Mad Cow Disease ) ... scrapie is a prion disease of sheep. ... It was in an adult Holstein cow from Washington State. ... new worries about mad cow disease , Creutzf...
Scrapie in Biological News

Redefining what it means to be a prion

...earchers have identified a small number of other prions in humans and other animals, most of which cause degenerative neurological diseases, including scrapie in sheep and goats, and Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease in humans. A few prions have also been found in model organisms, such as yeast. Believing the nu...

Iron is involved in prion disease-associated neuronal demise

...onditions, prion disorders are sporadic, inherited, and infectious, and affect both humans and animals; common examples are mad cow disease in cattle, scrapie in sheep, and Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease in humans. The causative agent is a misfolded protein referred to as PrP-scrapie that replicates itself by cha...

Common soil mineral degrades the nearly indestructible prion

...oth DNA and RNA, prions are believed to cause such fatal brain ailments as chronic wasting disease (CWD) in deer and moose, mad cow disease in cattle, scrapie in sheep and Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease in humans. In addition to being perhaps the weirdest infectious agent know to science, the prion is also the mo...

Orchid Cellmark Reports Third Quarter 2008 Financial Results

...r compared to a year ago was due to lower volumes of animal DNA testing for scrapie susceptibility and slightly reduced forensics revenues due to adverse excha... a challenging industry environment where pricing pressures, declining U.K. scrapie orders and adverse foreign exchange rates all contributed to the revenue de...

Tracking down the cause of mad cow disease

...on of the normal form of the protein into its pathogenic form, which causes scrapie and mad cow disease. A team headed by Christian F. W. Becker at the TU Muni...ce of membrane association on conversion of the protein into the pathogenic scrapie form. This should finally make it possible to track down the infectious for...

Scripps scientists develop new tests that identify lethal prion strains quickly and accurately

... One of the new in vitro tests, called the Standard scrapie Cell Assay, measures prion infectivity levels in a highly accurate and extr...kes for them to become lethally infected. In contrast, the new Standard scrapie Cell Assay is based on prion-susceptible cell lines. In the test, cells are...

Lymph nodes can be key in spreading prion infectivity

...of infective prion agents -the pathogens responsible for conditions such as scrapie and Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease - into the nervous system, according to new r...of lymph nodes that is part of the body's defence system - in the spread of scrapie infection to nerve tissue in hamsters. The team discovered that if a lymph ...

Prions and retroviruses -- an unholy alliance?

...icles work as a trigger to a set of diseases of the brain and nervous system, the so-called spongiform encephalopathies. These include BSE in cattle, scrapie in sheep and Creutzfeldt Jakobs Disease in humans. Prions are structural variants of a normal protein found in healthy tissues especially in the brai...

Brown team finds crucial protein role in deadly prion spread

...n. If a drug could be made that inhibits this fragmentation process, it could substantially slow the spread of prions, which cause mad cow disease and scrapie in animals and, in rare cases, Creutzfeldt-Jacob disease and kuru in humans. Because similar protein replication occurs in Alzheimer's and Parkin...

New approach to BSE successful in lab

... slow down the progress of the fatal brain disease scrapie in mice. This has been established by researchers ...were awarded this year’s Nobel Prize for Medicine. scrapie is a variant of the cattle disease BSE and the hum... yet there is no cure. In mice suffering from scrapie the pathogenic prion protein is known as PrP-Scr, ...
Scrapie in Biological Technology

The Bio-Rad Silver Stain, Rev E

...SA 82, 80628066 (1985) 66. Oesch B et al., A cellular gene encodes scrapie PrP 27-30 protein, Cell 40, 735746 (1985) 67. Palumbo G...usiner SB et al., Purification and structural studies of a major scrapie prion protein, Cell 38, 127134 (1984) 70. Pytela R et al., A 125/1...
Scrapie in Biological Definition

Prion

...iform encephalopathy diseases (TSEs) , including scrapie (a disease of sheep ), kuru (found in members ...fers to 'cellular' PrP, while the 'SC' refers to ' scrapie ', a prion disease occurring in sheep). It is hypo...me Natural host Prion name PrP isoform scrapie Sheep and goats ...
Scrapie in Biological Dictionary

Quaternary structure

...trolling Structure . Quaternary Structure . Complex ... Quaternary Structure ... Quaternary structure and amyloid. X-ray Diffraction of scrapie Prion. Interactive prion models ... Certainly, the quaternary structure has a modulating ... TUTORIAL ON PEPTIDE AND PROTEIN STRUCTURE . IV....

Prion

... diseases in cows, sheep, humans, and. Prion diseases are transmissible neurodegenerative conditions that affect the ... Prion diseases include scrapie (a disease of sheep), chronic wasting disease (in ... Normal forms of these prion protein molecules reside on the surface of many ... Prion I...
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