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Retardation in Medical News

Therap Services to Attend 2nd International Conference on Intellectual Disabilities/Mental Retardation as Gold Sponsor

DHAKA, Bangladesh, Oct. 28 /PRNewswire/ -- Therap Services will attend the 2nd International Conference on Intellectual Disabilities/Mental Retardation to be held on November 6 - 8, 2007 in Bangkok, Thailand. The conference, co- sponsored by the World Health Organization, has set the theme "Re...

Gene Mutation Tied to Majority of Cases of Mental Retardation

Finding might lead to better diagnosis and drug treatments, study says WEDNESDAY, Feb. 4 (HealthDay News) -- Children who have the most common form of mental retardation -- called nonsyndromic mental retardation -- appear to have a genetic mutation that may contribute to the condition,...

Researchers Reverse Mental Retardation Symptoms in Mice

Researchers have successfully reversed the symptoms of mental retardation and autism in mice for the first time. The study was conducted by a team of researchers including Mansuo L. Hayashi and Susumu Tonegawa at the Picower Institute for Learning and Memory at MIT. As part of the ...

New Findings in Fragile X Mental Retardation Protein

Researchers in the Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology & Reproductive Sciences at Yale School of Medicine have done crucial progress in understanding Fragile X mental retardation protein (FMRP), laying the groundwork for possible new treatments for Fragile X syndrome(FXS). Fragile X synd...

Severe Mental Retardation Gene Mutation Identified

Researchers have identified a novel gene mutation that causes X-linked mental retardation for which there was no previously known molecular diagnosis,// according to a study. Investigators F. Lucy Raymond, University of Cambridge and Patrick S. Tarpey Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute, UK des...

Mental retardation linked to brain protein

The journal, Proceedings of the National Academy of Science, recently published a study by researchers from Oregon Health and Science University, which said that a brain protein called WAVE-1 may play a key role in mental retardation. WAVE-1 is a protein that is found throughout the brain and plays...

Anti-Epileptic Drug Intake May Result In Children With Mental Retardation

According to American scientists, women who took an epilepsy drug during their pregnancy are at greater risk of having children with lower IQ. In question is the drug valproate (already at the center of a British court action after claims that it has damaged children). Valproate seems to double ...

Anti-Epileptic Drug Intake May Result In Children With Mental Retardation

According to American scientists, women who took an epilepsy drug during their pregnancy are at greater risk of having children// with lower IQ. In question is the drug valproate (already at the center of a British court action after claims that it has damaged children). Valproate seems to double...

Gene Found for Rare Disorder May Reveal New Pathway in Mental Retardation

Studying mutations that give rise to a rare genetic disease, genetics researchers have identified a novel biological pathway //that may have a broader role during human development, potentially in cases of mental retardation and autism. An international team of researchers identified two gen...

Genetics Of Mental Retardation

A new study published online on August 13 in Nature Genetics by researchers at the University of Washington and The Howard Hughes Medical Institute says that there// are many more causes of mental retardation. An example is the retardation caused by a large deletion in six genes on chromosome 17. T...

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Retardation in Medical Technology

In Rare Disorder, a Familiar Protein Disrupts Gene Function

...most children with the condition live into adulthood. CdLS has a wide range of severity, with the mildest form manifesting as apparent isolated mental retardation and/or autism. Krantz and colleagues investigated cohesin, a protein complex consisting of at least four proteins that form a ring that encircles...

Progress Against Malaria and Other Infectious Diseases Among Highlights at Annual Vaccine Conference

..., the countries are home to more than 400 million people at risk of meningitis, which kills one in 10 and leaves many others with hearing loss, mental retardation and epilepsy. Until now, public health officials have been offering a polysaccharide vaccine whenever epidemics hit, but it provides only limited...

One Shot of Gene Therapy Spreads Through Brain in Animal Study

...ogenetic disease mucopolysaccharidosis type VII (MPS VII). In people, MPS VII, also called Sly syndrome, is a rare, multisystem disease causing mental retardation and death in childhood or early adulthood. Sly syndrome is one of a class of some 60 disorders called lysosomal storage diseases that collectively ca...

Quest Diagnostics Introduces ClariSure(TM) Test for Identifying Chromosome Abnormalities Associated With 85 Developmental Disorders in Children

...single blood test to diagnose patients with mental retardation and dozens of other disorders, including Down, cri...atologists, by the end of this year. About Mental retardation Mental retardation and developmental delay are characterized by signi...

Positive Kuvan(TM) Pivotal Phase 3 Trial Results Published in The Lancet

...Phe accumulates to abnormally high levels in the blood and becomes toxic to the brain, resulting in a variety of complications including severe mental retardation and brain damage, mental illness, seizures, tremors, and limited cognitive ability. As a result of newborn screening efforts implemented in the 1960s ...

Fragile X, Down Syndromes Linked to Faulty Brain Communication, Stanford Researcher Finds

...Hanson, PhD, studied Fragile X syndrome, which is a leading cause of mental retardation in this country. Affected people tend to have learning disabilities, distin...believe that these reduced-complexity networks are the basis for the mental retardation that occurs with both syndromes," Madison said. If so, the problem is roo...

GlaxoSmithKline’s Hib-MenCY-TT Combination Vaccine Meets Phase II Study Endpoints of Immunogenicity and Safety Compared to Licensed Vaccines

... approximately 10% and up to 19% of patients suffering long term effects such as brain damage, amputation, severe skin scarring, kidney damage, mental retardation and deafness. Infants and young children are at the greatest risk for this disease, with approximately 40% of cases occurring in children less than 24...

Researchers Discover Gene For Rare Skin Disorder

...NIH institute that provided funding for the Mental retardation and Developmental Disabilities Research Center at ...enetics and the senior author of the paper. Mental retardation is seen in about fifteen percent of patients with ...ood, said Ljubisa Vitkovic, M.D., of NICHDs Mental retardation and Developmental Disabilities Branch. But they al...
Retardation in Medical Products

Inherited Mental Retardation

Description: ARUP Laboratories is a national reference laboratory and a worldwide leader in innovative laboratory research and development. ARUP offers an extensive test menu of highly complex and unique medical tests in clinical and anatomic pathology. Owned by the University of Utah, ARUP Laboratories' client...
Company:ARUP Laboratories
Retardation in Medical Definition

Atransferrinemia

...Genetics 3 Treatment 4 Reference 5 External links Symptoms Severe microcytic hypochromic anemia, growth retardation and recurrent infections are the first clinical signs of the disease. Iron overload occurs mainly in the liver, heart, pancreas , thyroid , kidne...
Retardation in Medical Dictionary

Retardation

Mental retardation is a generalized disorder, characterized by sub average cognitive functioning and deficits in two or more adaptive behaviors with onset before the age of 18. Once focused almost entirely on cognition, the definition now includes both a component... Retardation is the act ...

Mental retardation

Mental retardation is a generalized disorder, characterized by sub average cognitive functioning and deficits in two or more adaptive behaviors with onset before the age of 18. Once focused almost entirely on cognition, the definition now includes both a component... Children with mental ...

Prader

... Most people with Prader -Willi syndrome have an insatiable ... Foundation for Prader -Willi Research. NIH Research Results for the Public: Mental retardation ... Goff Consulting. Prader -Willi Syndrome Specialists ... Prader -Willi syndrome (PWS) is a rare and very complex non-inherited genetic...

Pica

...t to assess for possible ... Overview: Pica is an eating disorder typically defined as the persistent ... If pica is associated with mental retardation or pervasive developmental ... Pica is a pattern of eating non-food materials (such as dirt or paper. ... Pica can occur during pregnancy. .....

Myxedema

... in which the deficiency or ... Myxedema Coma Overview. Thyroid Problems Treatment ... Myxedema Madness. Movement Dysfunctional. Motormental retardation ... Myxedema Coma. Myoclonic Epilepsy with Ragged Red Fibers. Monorchism ... Myxedema ... Myxedema coma is state of decompensated hypothyr...

Inborn errors

...the body cannot ... Several inborn errors of metabolism cause mental retardation if not controlled. ... Epilepsy and seizure diagnosis, treatment, an...the body cannot ... Several inborn errors of metabolism cause mental retardation if not controlled. ... Nasser M, Javaheri H, Fedorowicz Z, Noorani Z. ...

Gingiva

...... gingiva ), or gums, consists of the mucosal tissue that lies over the alveolar bone. ... Amyloidosis of gingiva and conjunctiva mental retardation ... Biopsy of the gingiva is the only way to diagnose gingival hyperplasia ... It is meant to re-establish normal height and contour of the...

Fragile X syndrome

...Genetics Home Reference: Fragile X syndrome (National Library of Medicine) ... Fragile X syndrome is the most common known cause of mental retardation and ... This means that they have fragile X syndrome and will experience the impairments ... Information on Fragile X Syndrome including ...

Diarrhea

...on digestive tract symptoms, the role of ... We're working to reduce childhood deaths from acute diarrhea and decrease its long-term effects: retardation of growth, weakening of the immune system, and poor ... Most diarrhea illnesses are more of a nuisance than a medical problem and clear ... T...

Developmental Disabilities

...stitute of ... Developmental Disabilities -- see more articles. Mental retardation -- see more articles ... developmental disability n. A mental or p...est ... might be considered a developmental disability include: mental retardation ... People with developmental disabilities and their families are ...
Retardation in Biological News

Protein linked to mental retardation controls synapse maturation, plasticity, CSHL team finds

Cold Spring Harbor, NY -- A team of neuroscientists at Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory (CSHL) has demonstrated the mechanism by which a signaling protein found throughout the brain controls the maturation and strength of excitatory synapses, the tiny gaps across which the majority of neurons communi...

Drug reverses mental retardation caused by genetic disorder

UCLA researchers discovered that an FDA-approved drug reverses the brain dysfunction inflicted by a genetic disease called tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC). Because half of TSC patients also suffer from autism, the findings offer new hope for addressing learning disorders due to autism. Nature ...

Preclinical work shows how one gene causes severe mental retardation

Durham, N.C., and Chapel Hill, N.C. -- Researchers at Duke University Medical Center and the University of North Carolina have discovered in mice how a single disrupted gene can cause a form of severe mental retardation known as Angelman syndrome. In a study published in the journal Nature N...

Rare genetic disorder gives clues to autism, epilepsy, mental retardation

A rare genetic disorder called tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) is yielding insight into a possible cause of some neurodevelopmental disorders: structural abnormalities in neurons, or brain cells. Researchers in the F.M. Kirby Neurobiology Center at Children's Hospital Boston, led by Mustafa Sahin...

Severe mental retardation gene mutation identified

Researchers have identified a novel gene mutation that causes X-linked mental retardation for which there was no previously known molecular diagnosis, according to an article to be published electronically on Tuesday, March 20, 2007 in The American Journal of Human Genetics. Investigators F. Luc...

Experimental treatment halts hypoxic-ischemic brain injury in newborns

...the brains of newborns suffering from oxygen and blood flow deprivation stops a type of brain damage that is a leading cause of cerebral palsy, mental retardation and death, according to researchers at Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center. Reporting their results in the Journal of Neuroscience , the...

Measuring intellectual disability

...specific and quantitative means of measuring levels of the fragile X mental retardation 1 (FMR1) protein (FMRP), which is mutated in fragile X syndrome. The relat...ort by Iwahashi et al, "A quantitative ELISA assay for the fragile X mental retardation 1 protein," appears in the July 2009 issue of the Journal of Molecular Dia...

Powerful nutrient cocktail can put kids with Crohn's into remission

...diatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition . Eating Like an Astronaut Dr. Shamir's research was inspired by the problem of malnutrition and growth retardation in children battling IBD. Steroids and other biological agents, the most common treatment for IBD, were having an adverse affect on the children's gro...

New guidelines to fight obesity in pregnancy issued

...ing cause of newborn death and babies who survive an early birth often face the risk of lifetime health challenges, such as breathing problems, mental retardation and others. Even babies born just a few weeks too soon (34-36 weeks gestation, also known as late preterm birth) have higher rates of death and disabi...

Regulation of cell proliferation by the OGF-OGFr axis is dependent on nuclear localization signals

... the nuclear compartments. The OGF-OGFr axis is known to regulate cell proliferation by modulating cyclin dependent kinase inhibitors, resulting in a retardation of cells at the G1-S interface of the cell cycle. To address the question of the location and temporal relationships of OGFr nucleocytoplasmic traffi...
Retardation in Biological Technology

Discovery of new cause of mental retardation simplifies search for treatments

Leuven, Belgium − 2 to 3 children in 100 are born with a mental handicap. This can be caused by a genetic defect, but in 80% of the cases scientists do not know which genes are responsible. Now, VIB researchers connected to the Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, in collaboration with an Austral...

Kuvan Receives Priority Review Status From Health Canada

...Phe accumulates to abnormally high levels in the blood and becomes toxic to the brain, resulting in a variety of complications including severe mental retardation and brain damage, mental illness, seizures, tremors, and limited cognitive ability. As a result of newborn screening efforts implemented in the 1960s ...

International science consortium publishes analysis of domestic cattle genome sequence

...ast two locations in a genome. Segmental duplications in the human genome are associated with a variety of human disorders, including a form of mental retardation and other neurological and birth defects. In the domestic cattle genome, researchers found that some of these chromosomal rearrangements affect gen...

BioMarin Receives Notice of Allowance for Once Daily Dosing Patent for Kuvan

...Phe accumulates to abnormally high levels in the blood and becomes toxic to the brain, resulting in a variety of complications including severe mental retardation and brain damage, mental illness, seizures, tremors, and limited cognitive ability. As a result of newborn screening efforts implemented in the 1960s ...

Kuvan Receives Marketing Approval in the European Union

...Phe accumulates to abnormally high levels in the blood and becomes toxic to the brain, resulting in a variety of complications including severe mental retardation and brain damage, mental illness, seizures, tremors, and limited cognitive ability. As a result of newborn screening efforts implemented in the 1960s ...

Agent in red wine found to keep hearts young

... In short, a glass of wine or food or supplements that contain even small doses of resveratrol are likely to represent "a robust intervention in the retardation of cardiac aging," the authors note. That finding may also explain the remarkable heart health of people who live in some regions of France where d...

Synchrotron radiation illuminates how babies' protective bubble bursts

... When the protective sac raptures during labour this is when the mothers waters burst; if premature rupture occurs it can result in death or mental retardation of the child. Currently premature birth is increasing and 40% are attributed to the early rupture of amniotic membranes. Thus, a better understanding ...

Netsmart Technologies Customer in Pennsylvania Recognized for Achieving Data Benchmarking Milestones

... Thomas, CPA, chief fiscal officer for Dickinson Mental Health, which is located in Ridgway, Pa. and provides a wide range of mental health and mental retardation related services to residents of Elk, Cameron, Potter and McKean counties. In its second year, the PCPA Benchmarking Initiative encompasses a total o...

Exclusive Rights to Kuvan(TM) Data Licensed to Asubio Pharma in Japan

...Phe accumulates to abnormally high levels in the blood and becomes toxic to the brain, resulting in a variety of complications including severe mental retardation and brain damage, mental illness, seizures, tremors, and limited cognitive ability. As a result of newborn screening efforts implemented in the 1960s ...

NIH grants $750,000 to develop device to determine temperature of neonate's brain

...rain damage from oxygen-deprivation during birth. About half of the infants born with the condition will die or suffer severe handicaps such as mental retardation or cerebral palsy. Historically, doctors tended to keep newborns warm, at incubator-like temperatures, and treated the hypoxic infants with medicin...
Retardation in Biological Definition

Chromosome

...lly retarded. Wolf-Hirschhorn syndrome , which is caused by partial deletion of the short arm of chromosome 4. It is characterized by severe growth retardation and mental defect. Down syndrome (extra chromosome 21). This is also known as mongolism or trisomy 21 . Symptoms are decreased muscle tone, asy...

Nutrition

...34(1):103-12. Walter C. Willett and Meir J. Stampfer, Rebuilding the Food Pyramid , Scientific American January 2003. Weindruch R, et al. The retardation of aging in mice by dietary restriction: longevity, cancer, immunity and lifetime energy intake. (Journal of Nutrition, 116(4), pages 641-54.,April, ...

Patau syndrome

... , is a chromosomal aberration, a disease in which a patient has an additional chromosome 13 . Patau syndrome is associated with severe mental retardation , small eyes that may exhibit a split in the iris ( coloboma ), a cleft lip and/or palate , weak muscle tone (hypotonia), an increased risk o...

X chromosome

...somes (48,XXYY) in each cell. The extra genetic material may lead to mental retardation and other medical problems. Klinefelter syndrome can also result from an...ut these conditions are rare. The extra genetic material may lead to mental retardation and other medical problems. Turner syndrome : This results when e...
Retardation in Biological Dictionary

Triplet repeat expansion

... ... dystrophy is caused by expansion of a GCG repeat that places additional alanine ... A second triplet repeat disorder that causes mental retardation was recently ... 1.1 Triplet Repeat Expansion ... The triplet repeat expansion is sometimes called a dynamic or unstable mutation ......

Nondisjunction

...Two risk factors for maternal nondisjunction of chromosome 21 are increased ... As nondisjunction is the leading cause of pregnancy loss, mental retardation and ... Meiotic nondisjunction is the failure of homologous chromosomes ... The other maintains that the frequency of nondisjunction increase...

Gel shift assay

... assay (EMSA) or mobility shift electrophoresis, also referred as a gel shift assay , gel mobility shift assay , band shift assay , or gel retardation assay , is a common affinity electrophoresis technique used to study protein-DNA or... The gel . shift assay is performed by incubating a p...

Familial

... with classic familial adenomatous polyposis, the number of polyps ... (Also called sociocultural or cultural- familial retardation) Mild mental retardation attributed to environmental causes and generally involving some degree of ... ... and project group dedicated to providing information for scientis...

Band shift assay

... shift assay , gel mobility shift assay , band shift assay , or gel retardation assay , is a common affinity electrophoresis technique used to... ETH...so referred to as a gel shift assay , band shift assay , or gel retardation assay . EMSA is used to study protein ... DNA Band Shift Assay ....
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