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Rectum in Medical News

Modulated radiotherapy can cut treatment time for cancer of the rectum without increasing toxicity

Application of modulated radiotherapy in the treatment of bowel cancer can enhance the results obtained by means of other conventional therapies. The technique has managed to apply the radiation in a way most adapted to the tumoral volume and risk areas, while minimising irradiation to healthy tis...

Cancers of Colon & Rectum linked to Cigarette Smoking

The risks of smoking are well known. Besides causing 160,000 deaths annually from lung, mouth, bladder and other cancers, smoking also increases the risk of death from cancer of the colon or rectum, according to results of a large new study from the American Cancer Society. As many as 12% of ...

Constipation May Lead to Other Problems

...nship. At least an association has been shown between constipation and other conditions, too. Studies of people with rectal prolapse, in which the rectum becomes stretched and protrudes from the anus, suggest such a relationship. More than 50 percent of people with anal fissures, which are small splits ...

The Crohn's & Colitis Foundation and Procter & Gamble Pharmaceuticals Announce 2009 Celebrating UC Success Contest Winners

...disease. Treatment depends on the extent and severity of disease. UC causes flares followed by periods of remission. During a flare, in which the rectum or colon become inflamed, people experience symptoms such as diarrhea, rectal bleeding, abdominal cramping and an urgent need to go to the bathroom. F...

New Educational Tool for Understanding UC Flares

... always understand how to recognize or treat the symptoms associated with the disease. Ulcerative colitis is an inflammation of the lining of the rectum and colon. The disease is marked by unpredictable "flares" when the inflammation causing the disease state spikes, causing stomach pain and bloody dia...

Decision by Medicare's CMS to Deny Coverage for 'Virtual' Colon Cancer Tests Underscores Lack of Evidence on Cancer Prevention

... the need for bowel cleansing which many patients report as a barrier to screening. There is also evidence that due to the insertion of a tube in the rectum and insufflation of the abdomen with air or gas, the patients, who are not sedated and awake, tend to feel discomfort. The College recognizes th...

A feasible, simple and convenient model for study of rectal carcinoma

...ma model by injecting the cell suspension of VX2 cells into the wall of the rectum guided by X-ray fluoroscopy is feasible. The advantages of the model are ea...rcinoma model by injecting the suspension of VX2 cells into the wall of the rectum guided by X-ray fluoroscopy is feasible. The advantages of the rectal VX2 c...

Helping hand of hybrid surgery benefits colorectal patients

...on surgical option across the United States for people with diseases of the rectum and colon. A newer, third option is a hybrid -- hand-assisted laparoscop...ectal cancer may be candidates for partial or total removal of the colon or rectum (colectomy or proctocolectomy). Increasingly, and especially at leading med...

NIH releases the first research plan to reduce the burden of digestive diseases

...ing treatments for the diverse diseases of the stomach and small intestine Developing more efficient ways to categorize diseases of the colon and rectum Identifying the biologic and genetic triggers for acute and chronic pancreatitis Testing new approaches to detect, prevent and treat disease...

Doctors at Henry Ford Health System Treat Ovarian, Prostate, Lung, and Other Forms of Cancer Using Novalis Tx(TM) Platform for Image-Guided Radiosurgery

...treating the tumor and sparing surrounding tissues and organs," Dr. Levin said. "In this case, I didn't have to just hope that the bladder, bowel, or rectum would be avoided. I could use the imaging system to confirm that the targeted area was well covered and that these sensitive structures were not in...
Rectum in Medical Technology

Procter & Gamble Pharmaceuticals Launches Asacol(R) HD (mesalamine) Delayed-Release Tablets

...tory bowel disease. UC involves inflammation of the lining of the colon and rectum and is typically characterized by flares followed by periods of remission. ...auses flares followed by periods of remission. During a flare, in which the rectum or colon become inflamed, people experience symptoms such as diarrhea, rect...

Freezing Prostate Cancer Does a Man's Body Good

...not going to have the proper treatment," said Onik. With 3-D transperineal mapping, a grid placed over the perineum (the area of skin between the rectum and the scrotum) allows an interventional radiologist to accurately map the location of each biopsy core removed. The cores are taken through the skin...

ASGE Urges Patients to Seek a Qualified Endoscopist Before Undergoing a Colonoscopy for Colorectal Cancer

...procedure use a flexible tube that has a light and miniature TV camera on the tip. This instrument, often referred to as the "scope," is placed in the rectum and advanced through the colon. It is connected to a television monitor that the physician watches while performing the test. Various miniaturized too...

ASGE Encourages Patients to Speak to Their Doctor About Colorectal Cancer Screening Options

...his differs from colonoscopy, which provides actual photos of the colon and rectum via a camera attached to a thin, flexible scope that is physically guided t...bility to remove polyps. -- Requires the insertion of a small tube in the rectum and insufflation of air into the colon. -- Does not require sedation...

Despite Advances in the Accuracy of CT Colonography in Detecting Polyps, Digestive Health Experts Urge Patients to Consider Risks and Realities

...that the CTC technology requires the same bowel preparation as complete colonoscopy. There is also evidence that due to the insertion of a tube in the rectum and insufflation of the abdomen with air or gas, the patients, who are not sedated and awake, tend to feel discomfort. "It is important for patients...

New Eloxatin(R) (oxaliplatin injection) Prescribing Information in the U.S. Includes Six-Year Overall Survival Data

...long-term adverse effects. About Colorectal Cancer Stage II colorectal cancer indicates that the cancer has grown through the wall of the colon or rectum but has not yet spread to nearby lymph nodes. At Stage III, the cancer has invaded one or more of the local lymph nodes but has not spread to distant ...

Safety and Efficacy Results Presented From Largest Prospective Controlled Clinical Study of Ulcerative Colitis

...re disease. Treatment depends on the extent and severity of disease. UC causes flares followed by periods of remission. During a flare, in which the rectum or colon become inflamed, people experience symptoms such as diarrhea, rectal bleeding, abdominal cramping and an urgent need to go to the bathroom. F...

Study Data Show Asacol(R) (Mesalamine) is Effective in Treating All Extents of Ulcerative Colitis Including Isolated Proctitis

...re disease. Treatment depends on the extent and severity of disease. UC causes flares followed by periods of remission. During a flare, in which the rectum or colon become inflamed, people experience symptoms such as diarrhea, rectal bleeding, abdominal cramping and an urgent need to go to the bathroom. F...

New England Journal of Medicine Study Shows ERBITUX(R) Improves Survival in Advanced Colorectal Cancer

...iplatin-based chemotherapy regimens. About Colorectal Cancer In the U.S., approximately 154,000 people will be diagnosed with cancer of the colon or rectum this year. More than half of these patients have metastatic disease, or cancer that has spread to other organs, at the time of diagnosis. EGFR is expr...

New Analysis of Study Data Shows That Asacol(R) (Mesalamine) Delivers Rapid Symptom Relief for Ulcerative Colitis Patients

...ere disease. Treatment depends on the extent and severity of disease. UC causes flares followed by periods of remission. During a flare, in which the rectum or colon become inflamed, people experience symptoms such as diarrhea, rectal bleeding, abdominal cramping and an urgent need to go to the bathroom. F...
Rectum in Medical Products

VALTRAC™ Devices (Single Use Biofragmentable Anastomosis Ring)

Description:...d anastomosis is indicated, e.g., carcinoma, diverticular disease, colostomy closure, etc. Use of the VALTRAC™ Ring in the distal portion of the rectum may be restricted until such time as a transrectal delivery system is available....
Company:Autosuture

TherMatrx® Dose Optimized Thermotherapy™

Features:...ck or external sphincter which could cause discomfort during treatment and serious side effects. Nor is it directed deep into the prostate towards the rectum and ejaculatory ducts, which also could result in serious side effects. Four treatment coil lengths. Varying coil lengths ensure that each patient saf...
Company:AMS
Rectum in Medical Definition

Medicine

..., eye , ear , nose , and throat (HEENT) Cardiovascular ( heart and blood vessels ) Respiratory (large airways and lungs ) Abdomen and rectum Genitalia (and pregnancy if the patient is or could be pregnant) Musculoskeletal (spine and extremities) Neurological (consciousness, awareness...
Rectum in Medical Dictionary

Rectum

Hemorrhoids Information, Treatments, and Cures. Offering Comprehensive ... The Musculature of the Rectum . The Serous Coat. The Rectal Valves. The Third ... List of 259 causes of Rectal bleeding (Bleeding rectum ), patient stories, book excerpts about Rectal bleeding, 57 drug side effect ...

Imperforate anus

...An imperforate anus or anal atresia is a birth defect in which the rectum is malformed. Its cause is unknown. Imperforate anus occurs in abo...orate anus repair is surgery to correct birth defects involving the rectum ... An imperforate anus defect prevents little or no stool from pass...

Colorectal polyps

... Anal Cancer· Colorectal Cancer· Colorectal Polyps · Esophageal Cancer· Esophageal ... polyps develop into cancer of the large intestine or rectum ... WebMD gives you an overview of colorectal polyps and cancer, the second leading cause of cancer death in the U.S. ... most colorecta...

Vagina

...nctions. The American Society of Colon and Rectal Surgeons is the premier society for colon ... A rectocele is a bulge of the front wall of the rectum into the vagina . ... Expert-reviewed information summary about the treatment of vaginal cancer. ... The cancer may come back in the vagina...

Urogenital

...plasia syndrome is an autosomal dominant inherited condition. ... ... cloaca is partitioned into the urogenital sinus anteriorly, and the rectum posteriorly. ... The urogenital sinus has an area of enlargement – the bladder – and is ... Information about urogenital in the free onli...

Suppository

...lug of medication designed for insertion into the rectum or vagina where it ... hurt to go to the bathro... suppository (pointed end first) completely into rectum ... Phenylbutazone patient information. ... I...ository : small tapered plug of ... suppository rectum laxative ass taint vagina revenge chlamydia ...

Sigmoidoscopy

... Sigmoidoscopy is the minimally invasive medical examination of the large intestine from the rectum through the last part of the colon. There are two types of sigmoidoscopy , flexible sigmoidoscopy , which uses a flexible... ... information ab...

Sigmoid

...ope. spasm ... Sigmoid colon – S-shaped section that extends to the rectum. Normal Anatomy of the Intestines ... cancers occur in the upper rectum and adjoining sigmoid colon. ... ...

Rectal culture

...is a laboratory test to identify organisms in the rectum that can ... The rectal culture may also be p...is a laboratory test to identify organisms in the rectum that can ... The rectal culture may also be p...is a laboratory test to identify organisms in the rectum that can cause gastrointestinal symptoms and di...

Rectal cancer

...cancer , includes cancerous growths in the colon, rectum and appendix. With 655,000 deaths worldwide per y... X-ray. Spleen metastasis - CT scan ... The rectum is the part of the large intestine right befo..., they are ... RECTAL CANCER OVERVIEW The rectum is the section of the gastrointestinal system ....
Rectum in Biological News

'Normal' cells far from cancer give nanosignals of trouble

...(to some degree) are expensive and complex. PWS is simple, inexpensive and minimally invasive. In the studies, cells were collected by brushing the rectum (for the colon), the duodenum (for the pancreas) and the cheek (for the lungs). The PWS technique was able to distinguish between the patients with ca...

NIH expands Human Microbiome Project; funds sequencing centers and disease projects

...illion Some patients who suffer from ulcerative colitis, a type of inflammatory bowel disease that causes inflammation and sores in the lining of the rectum and colon, are treated with surgical removal of the colon, followed by construction of a pouch to assist the patient with bowel movements. For unknow...

Freezing prostate cancer does a man's body good

...e not going to have the proper treatment," said Onik. With 3-D transperineal mapping, a grid placed over the perineum (the area of skin between the rectum and the scrotum) allows an interventional radiologist to accurately map the location of each biopsy core removed. The cores are taken through the skin...

New genetic markers for ulcerative colitis identified, researchers report in Nature Genetics

...at specifically target them. Ulcerative colitis is a chronic, relapsing disorder that causes inflammation and ulceration in the inner lining of the rectum and large intestine. The most common symptoms are diarrhea (oftentimes bloody) and abdominal pain. Ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease, another chr...

Breakthrough optical technology to assess colon cancer risk, accuracy

...hancing polyp detection and could lead to improvements in colon cancer prevention. "Our premise is that since the lining of the large intestine -- rectum and colon -- is contiguous, if you see an abnormality in one part of the colon, then somewhere else in the colon you have a higher likelihood of harbo...

More than words: childbirth training change improves safety, cuts unnecessary procedures

... number and severity of episiotomies, a surgical procedure in which a doctor or midwife makes an incision in the tissue between the mothers vagina and rectum during childbirth. They were also able to increase the use of the hormone oxytocin which is given to mothers to make their uterus shrink and blee...

Coming soon: 3-D imaging that flies 'through' and 'around' cancer

...rectal cancer--a term used to refer to cancer that develops in the colon or rectum and is the second leading cause of cancer-related deaths in the United Stat...copy, a procedure where a long, flexible, lighted tube is inserted into the rectum and guided slowly into the colon. The tube or scope transmits an image of t...
Rectum in Biological Technology

New Data Suggest CIMZIA(R) (Certolizumab Pegol) Active in Treating Moderate to Severe Crohn's Patients With Fistulizing Disease

...mal tunnels or tracts that develop in response to inflammation and ulceration associated with CD. Fistulas may originate from the intestinal tract or rectum and connect to the bladder, vagina, skin or other intestinal areas. If left untreated, fistulas may cause a decrease in absorption of nutrients from f...

ScinoPharm Granted US Patent for Novel Crystal Forms

...ses for their preparation as well as pharmaceutical compositions containing the new forms and methods of treating metastatic carcinoma of the colon or rectum using these new forms. This patent is the ninth US patent granted to ScinoPharm and the second patent for one of the company's high demand onc...

Cancer Care of Western New York Becomes First Center in Western New York to Treat Cancer with RapidArc(TM) Radiotherapy Technology from Varian Medical Systems

...pidArc plans as compared with conventional IMRT for these types of cases, and concluded that the RapidArc approach does a better job of protecting the rectum and the bladder. And with treatments being completed so quickly, these two can get in and out of the office faster and spend more quality time togethe...

Prominent Urologist Dr. David B. Samadi Presents Breakthrough Robotic Surgery Techniques on OR Live Webcast

...ning sexual function since severing or damaging the cavernous nerves causes erectile dysfunction. These nerves course laterally along the prostate and rectum and provide nerve connections to the proximal penis deep in the pelvis. If they are damaged, erectile function is, too. Put simply, preserving the cav...

FDA Approves EOVIST(R) to Detect and Characterize Focal Liver Lesions

...2_4_1X_What_are_the_key_stati sti cs_for_liver_cancer_25.asp?sitearea=. Last Accessed on 4/16/08. (2) American Cancer Society. "Overview: Colon and rectum Cancer: How Many People Get Colorectal Cancer?" Available at http://www.cancer.org/docroot/CRI/content/CRI_2_2_1X_How_Many_People_Get_Co lor ectal_C...

FDA Clears New Applicators for Endometrial Cancer Treatment With Xoft's Axxent(R) Electronic Brachytherapy System

...rachytherapy. Results suggested equivalent target volume coverage for Electronic Brachytherapy while offering increased sparing of healthy bladder and rectum tissue by as much as 54 percent. As a platform technology, the Axxent Electronic Brachytherapy System is designed to address a variety of oncologica...

EntreMed Presents Interim Results for Phase 2 Carcinoid Tumor Study

...he rectum. Approximately half of these originate in the appendix, and may metastasize to the liver, while the remaining half develop in the intestine, rectum and lung. Approximately 6,000-7,000 cases of carcinoid cancer are diagnosed in the U.S. annually and their incidence has been increasing over the past...

New 200 mg Vial for Eloxatin(R) (Oxaliplatin Injection) Offers Greater Convenience and Efficiency of Preparation

...survival, with no demonstrated benefit in overall survival after a median follow-up of 4 years -- Treatment of advanced carcinoma of the colon or rectum Clinical Safety Considerations Eloxatin(R) should be administered under the supervision of a physician experienced in the use of cancer chemotherape...
Rectum in Biological Definition

Anatomy

...gm Ear Eye Heart Kidney Labia Larynx Liver Lung Nose Ovary Pharynx Pancreas Penis Placenta rectum Skin Small intestine Spleen Stomach Tongue Uterus Bones in the human skeleton : Collar bone (clavicle) Thig...

Cancer

...in's disease , non-Hodgkin's lymphoma , multiple myeloma , brain tumor , breast cancer , cervical cancer , colorectal cancer - in the colon , rectum , anus , or appendix , esophageal cancer , endometrial cancer - in the uterus , hepatocellular carcinoma - in the liver , gastrointestinal s...

Thermoregulation

... such results to be comparable they must be made in the same situation. The rectum gives most accurately the temperature of internal parts, or in women and so...outh the reading would be from 0.25 C to 1.5 C higher than this; and in the rectum some 0.9 C higher still. The temperature of infants and young children has ...
Rectum in Biological Dictionary

Rectum

Colorectal cancer, also called colon cancer or large bowel cancer, includes cancerous growths in the colon, rectum and appendix. With 655,000 deaths worldwide per year, it is the third most common form of cancer and the... The rectum is part of the body's digestive system. ... The last...

Polyp

..... The two primary methods of polyp removal are hot biopsy and snaring. ... A colorectal polyp is a growth on the inner wall of the colon or rectum ... What is the Polyp Prevention Trial? ... who have had a polyp have an increased risk ... ...

Jejunum

...ary and encyclopedia. ... jejunum - the part of the small intestine between the duodenum and the ileum ... For resources and information on rectum and Inflammation of the Jejunum ... Function of Jejunum . J Tube How It Works. Reset Function. Appendix. Human growth hormone ... The jejunum...

Intestine

...ntestine . In humans, the small intestine is further... (Click to enlarge) intestine A. stomach B. large intestine C. small intestine D. rectum E. anus F. appendix G ... structure of the intestine varies greatly in ... Small Intestine Cancer Key Terms: Adenocarcinoma , Angiosarcoma...

Colon

... cancer or large bowel cancer, includes cancerous growths in the colon , rectum and appendix. With 655,000 deaths worldwide per year, it is the third most...a . The section of the large intestine extending from the cecum to the rectum ... The colon is usually divided into ascending, ... More about Colo...

Anus

... related diseases, ... Anus : The opening of the rectum to the outside of the body. ... Defines and ex...ssociated ... The anus is the opening to the rectum through which ... Imperforate anus may occur .....he anal canal, the part of the anus between the rectum and the anal opening, is ... Anus - Definiti...
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