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Reasoning in Medical News

Dogs Reasoning on Par With Human Toddlers: Study

They are mans best friends, and now dogs have surprised researchers by showing that they are capable of advanced reasoning as much as human toddlers. The study, by Austrian researchers, shows that dogs behaviour is pretty sophisticated when it comes to a physical problem-solving test. ...

Brain Fitness Reduces Risk of Onset of Depressive Symptoms

...rticipants to four groups: one group did computerized brain exercises, a second group took classes in memory strategies, a third group took classes in reasoning and a fourth group served as a control that engaged in no special activity. Earlier reporting on the study found that the brain fitness exer...

Travelers Face Greater Risk of Leg Clots

...the onset of problems in the first place. "We actually don't have strong evidence for any preventive treatment," he noted. "There is some plausible reasoning that would suggest that walking around during long travel and hydrating might reduce this risk, but it's not confirmed. It seems reasonable to do thos...

Standard IQ Test May Undervalue People With Autism

...to measure IQ, researchers said. But when given another test of abstract reasoning abilities, the Raven's Standard Progressive Matrices, autistic people not o...given the Raven's Standard Progressive Matrices, a 60-item test of abstract reasoning ability. The questions, which are highly visual in nature, ask participants...

Study finds autistics better at problem-solving

...developmental disability characterized by profound differences in information processing and analysis, this study showed that autistics have efficient reasoning abilities that build on their perceptual strengths. "This study builds on our previous findings and should help educators capitalize on the intell...

Microsoft Introduces Groundbreaking Technology for Life Sciences

...ent functions and a semantic query environment powered by a next-generation reasoning engine. (Logo: http://www.newscom.com/cgi-bin/prnh/20000822/MSFTLOGO...forms the disconnected data into a network of information so that its novel reasoning engine may assist investigators to identify direct and indirect relationshi...

Arbitrator Calls Fresno Board of Supervisors' Planned Cuts to Homecare Workers 'Perverse'; Orders Cuts Reduced

...pril 24 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- Ten thousand homecare workers won a partial victory today as an independent Arbitrator called the Board's financial reasoning behind proposed wage cuts "perverse" and ordered the board to lessen the severity of the cuts from an immediate $1.10 an hour over six months to a sma...

Education slowing AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa

...owledge that HIV and AIDS could be contracted through unprotected sex and intravenous drug use," explained Baker. The researchers hypothesize that, reasoning skills gained in school by younger adults play a preventative role against HIV in sub-Saharan Africa. "More educated people have the cognitive tool...

Jim Mazzo Joins MIND Research Institute's Board of Directors

...ram featuring a tightly integrated textbook and courseware. MIND's visual approach taps into each student's innate ability to do spatial-temporal (ST) reasoning and problem-solving, and is effective at engaging students at all levels of language or academic proficiency. There are currently 450 schools in Calif...

Dakim Recommends Six New Year Resolutions to Stay Cognitively Fit

...e new activity may provide mental stimulation otherwise lacking in current daily activities. For example, gardening requires the use of visual-spatial reasoning to imagine and plan which plants will go where in relation to each other. 5 -- Get more cardio vascular exercise -- This may have been on that...
Reasoning in Medical Technology

Study Shows Brain Fitness can Save Medicare Billions

...y. The participants were divided into three intervention groups and a no contact control group. The intervention groups received classroom training in reasoning or memory strategies or took part in computerized brain fitness exercises. Each intervention was based on a total of ten hours of training over one i...

Unexpected Side Effect: Makes You Happier

...rticipants to four groups: one group did computerized brain exercises, a second group took classes in memory strategies, a third group took classes in reasoning and a fourth group served as a control that engaged in no special activity. Groups that did an activity engaged in the activity for a total of 10 hou...

AstraZeneca and Targacept Announce Top-Line Results from Phase IIb Study of AZD3480 in Cognitive Dysfunction in Schizophrenia

...t assesses multiple domains of cognitive function. Five of the domains, Attention/Vigilance, Working Memory, Verbal Learning, Speed of Processing and reasoning and Problem Solving, were considered primary endpoints in the HALO trial. ...

Lilly Studies Try to Shed Light on Impact of Race on Lung Cancer Treatment

..."http://www.lillytrials.com/">www.lillytrials.com or www.clinicaltrials.gov . "Scientific reasoning tells us that because of genetic differences, patients with similar tumors may respond differently to specific treatment regimens," said Richard Gayno...

Syndrome

...rome is relatively well known, with distinctive characteristics such as ... Fragile X Syndrome is a genetic disorder which causes a wide range of reasoning ... Allergy information includes articles on allergies, symptoms, treatment, medications, food allergies, ... The word " syndrome " has long bee...
Reasoning in Biological News

What really prompts the dog's 'guilty look'

...esticated species and have a uniquely intimate role in the lives of millions of people. Recent research on dogs has indicated more human-like forms of reasoning about what people know than has been demonstrated even in chimpanzees. ...

Protein identified as critical to insulating the body's wiring could also become treatment target

...aborators have identified a sort of a sort of check and balance for brain cell activity managed by neuregulin-1 in the area of the brain where complex reasoning and decisions about appropriate social behavior occur. They showed that neuregulin-1 and another receptor, ErbB4, help keep a healthy balance between ...

Dolphins maintain round-the-clock visual vigilance

...es (either three horizontal red bars or one vertical green bar) with her right eye before training her to recognise the same shapes with the left eye, reasoning that if half of her brain was asleep during testing, the dolphin would only see the shapes through the eye connected to the conscious half of the brai...

Study: Health undervalued in reproductive rights debate

...er even in the face of laws that restrict reproductive health care. That reasoning can be flawed, said Burkstrand-Reid, a visiting professor in the U. of I. C...ide the morning-after pill under certain circumstances based on the judge's reasoning that other pharmacies in the area stocked the contraceptive, thus protectin...

Fifth annual Templeton-Cambridge fellowships awarded to 10 noted journalists

...alm. Fellowship organizers note that rigorous journalistic examination of the region where science and theology overlap as well as understanding the reasoning of many who assert the two disciplines are without common ground can effectively promote a deeper understanding of the emerging dialogue. That di...

City of Newark first in nation using cars to power grid

...is critical to maintaining the safety of line workers during a power outage. Sam Sneeringer, the City's Assistant Electric Director, describes the reasoning behind the certification process by saying, "Solar PV systems and V2G vehicles are tested to the same standards and treated the same within the city's...

Salk researchers develop novel glioblastoma mouse model

...which is involved in learning and memory; the subventricular zone, which lines the brain's fluid-filled cavity; and the cortex, which governs abstract reasoning and symbolic thought in humans. He specifically targeted astrocytes, star-shaped brain cells that are part of the brain's support system. They hold...

Eight ASU faculty elected as AAAS Fellows

...ciences, is a philosopher of science and epistemologist who uses historical methods to illuminate fundamental questions about the nature of scientific reasoning and knowledge. He is one of the world's foremost authorities on philosophers Rudolf Carnap and W.V.O. Quine. As general editor of the multi-volume Car...

Tuberculosis drug shows promise against latent bacteria

...eed to produce small quantities of ATP to survive. As such, a block in ATP synthesis might be an Achilles heel for killing dormant bacteria. This reasoning proved to be correct and R207190 was able to kill dormant bacteria by greater than 95% whereas current drugs like isoniazid had no effect. Surprisingl...

When it comes to female red squirrels, it seems any male will do

.... "In males, the benefits of multi-female mating are well established, but in females the benefits of having many offspring is limited, making the reasoning for multimale mating more puzzling," said Jeffrey Lane, who conducted the study while obtaining his PhD at the University of Alberta. The researche...
Reasoning in Biological Technology

Genstruct to Present Results of Collaboration with Top Pharmaceutical Company at American Association for Cancer Research's Annual Meeting

... Denver, Colo. April 18-22, 2009. Michael Macoritto, Ph.D., project lead/scientist II at Genstruct will be presenting a poster titled, "Causal reasoning Identifies Mechanisms of Sensitivity for a Novel AKT Kinase Inhibitor: GSK690693" on April 21 from 1:00 - 5:00 p.m. The poster will focus on how Gens...

Elsevier's PharmaPendium(TM) Adds European Medicines Agency (EMEA) Documents

... the European agency for the evaluation of medicinal products. This new content offers critical insights into the EMEA regulatory point of view, their reasoning underlying drug approval and the qualifications put on that approval. "The Pharmaceutical industry is facing increasing pressure to identify drug ca...

Angiotech wins before the UK House of Lords

...eking to resolve these inconsistent outcomes. In his lead opinion upholding the validity of Angiotech's patent, Lord Hoffmann did not agree with the reasoning that the UK lower courts used in justifying revocation and instead agreed with the opinion of the Dutch Court. The House of Lords' unanimous decision ...

Sun Pharmaceutical Sends Second Letter to Taro Pharmaceutical Regarding Taro's Irish Subsidiary

...antive objections to the proposed sale of Taro's Irish subsidiary ("Taro Ireland"). Instead, you have tried to deflect attention from the logic of our reasoning by accusing us of breaching our duty of good faith to Taro and its other shareholders. We find this laughable. We made public our grave concerns about...

New Study Raises Questions About Prostate Cancer Therapies Targeting Insulin-Like Growth Factor Receptor

...nce the researchers hypothesized that tumors with compromised p53 might not respond predictably to therapies targeting IGF1 signaling. To test their reasoning they conducted a second experiment by crossing mice carrying the prostate-specific IGF-1R knockout alleles with transgenic mice that develop spontaneo...

How games have evolved to provide real-world education

...o solve the problem before time runs out, they need to collaborate with other players to put the information together. It takes a lot of scientific reasoning to find the answer, said Judy Brown, director of the Co-Lab. She added, "So far, most handheld learning applications have been applications ported fro...

Why can't your computer get frustrated, too?

...to create artificial intelligence that can make decisions and alter its course based on errors it encounters. Helena contrasts that kind of dynamic reasoning with traditional programming, in which a program knows only the right way to do something. But what if a machine could go through failure over and ...

Gaming conference explores interactive media in learning

... facts, not a bunch of questions on a multiple choice test - it is a way of reasoning about the world," said Constance Steinkuehler, assistant professor of educa...that solution gets used elsewhere." Not only are gamers using scientific reasoning to go through their quests, they are interacting heavily with the system an...

High court sends message on patent obviousness

...ivate an inventor to look at those references. Supreme Court's decision The Supreme Court unanimously rejected the Federal Circuit's TSM test, reasoning that the test conflicted with the functional approach and broad inquiry established in prior Supreme Court cases. The KSR Court emphasized that merely...

The Right Brain: A neurological solution to the flattening world

...nt a powerful metaphor for how individuals and organizations run their lives. Some people are more comfortable with sequential, logical, computer-like reasoning and become accountants, lawyers, engineers, computer experts, etc. Others are more comfortable with nonlinear, intuitive, and holistic reasoning, and ...
Reasoning in Biological Definition

Human

... have an erect body carriage that frees the upper limbs for manipulating objects, and a highly developed brain and consequent capacity for abstract reasoning , speech , language , and introspection . Behaviorally, human beings are defined by their use of language ; their organization into complex soci...

Vaccine

...ple refuse to immunize themselves or their children, because they believe vaccines' adverse side effects outweigh their benefits. A variation of this reasoning is that not enough is known of the adverse effects to determine whether the potential benefits make the risks worthwhile. Since most people are vacci...

Y chromosome

...species that would survive in the long term would be those species that naturally evolved a female-only method of reproduction. However, this line of reasoning was based on the sole assumption that lack of knowledge about Y chromosome repair meant that no possible repair mechanism could exist. This assumptio...
Reasoning in Biological Dictionary

Similarity

...nformation hidden in the hyper ... similarity of multi-step neighborhoods of. vertices are numerically evaluated by similarity ... similarity reasoning over null values by denoting the semantics of different ... comprehensive methodology for spatial similarity retrieval in response to ... Simila...

Genetic code

... Genetic Code : An Exposition ... Understand the triplet nature of the genetic code , and know the meaning of the term codon. ... This kind of reasoning led to the proposal of a triplet genetic code . ... Definitions of the important terms you need to know about in order to understand Genetic ...
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Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):Health News:Betty Pierce Dennis to Lead NLN/Chamberlain College of Nursing Center for the Advancement of the Science of Nursing Education 2Health News:Betty Pierce Dennis to Lead NLN/Chamberlain College of Nursing Center for the Advancement of the Science of Nursing Education 3Health News:Betty Pierce Dennis to Lead NLN/Chamberlain College of Nursing Center for the Advancement of the Science of Nursing Education 4Health News:Reliable Supplier Delta Adds New Items To Its Used Bulldozer Collection 2Health News:Millennium Treatment Group Sponsors Florida Mental Health Counselors Association 2Health News:Bussani Mobility Sponsors New York Mobility Club Meetings September 9 & October 7 for People with Disabilities, Sexuality & Intimacy Discussed by Advocate Liz Treston 2Health News:Pulmonary Hypertension Association Endorses CHEST Guidelines for Treatment of Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension in Adults 2
(Date:8/27/2014)... doses of the HIV drug maraviroc, a new study ... before the drug was licensed in 2007, included mostly ... to removing maraviroc from the body. The current study ... including nearly half of African-Americans end up ... who lack the protein even when given the same ...
(Date:8/27/2014)... brain of mice, scientists have altered the emotional ... Howard Hughes Medical Institute investigator Susumu Tonegawa at ... the connections between the part of the brain ... the part of the brain that stores the ... , Altering those connections can transform a negative ...
(Date:8/27/2014)... listen carefully to someone, the first thing we do ... stop moving altogether. This strategy helps us hear better ... , This interplay between movement and hearing also has ... has long suggested that the brain,s motor cortex, which ... rise to our conscious perception of sound. , A ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Dosage of HIV drug may be ineffective for half of African-Americans 2Researchers change the emotional association of memories 2Researchers change the emotional association of memories 3Researchers change the emotional association of memories 4Stop and listen: Study shows how movement affects hearing 2Stop and listen: Study shows how movement affects hearing 3
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