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Protozoan in Medical News

Carnegie Corporation funds ASCB course on parasites for African scientists

... month in Morogoro, Tanzania, when ASCB members present a "short course" on protozoan parasites -- like Plasmodium which causes malaria or trypanosomes which g...e revolutionized research in major threats to human health and well-being. protozoan parasites that cause crippling and lethal diseases in East Africa are a goo...

New molecular insight into amboebic dysentery

...ohns Hopkins University School of Medicine) and colleagues reveal a potential role for the rhomboid enzyme, EhROM1, in the pathogenesis of the enteric protozoan parasite, E. histolytica. This discovery posits EhROM1 as a prospective target in the treatment of amoebic dysentery, which affects 1/10th of the glob...

IDRI and Chembio to Develop Tests for Leishmaniasis and Leprosy

...ecifically southern Europe, as a result of HIV infection. Available drugs are toxic, expensive, and require long-term daily injections. Leishmania are protozoan parasites that inhabit macrophages or the white blood cells of the immune system. The parasites are transmitted by the bite of small blood sucking ins...

New Insights into Antimalarial Drug Resistance

...They have been able to artificially construct, and then express in yeast, a protozoan gene that contributes to such resistance. The gene they laboriously... with red blood cells can develop malaria, which is caused by a single-cell protozoan parasite transmitted by the bite of the female Anopheles mosquito. There ...

Whirling Disease Causes Culling of Thousands of Trout

...er Fisheries, it might have been spread to the hatcheries from mud on the feet of birds or bears, which are plenty in this region. The microscopic protozoan was first detected in Maryland 12 years ago, in a state trout-raising facility in the North Branch of the Potomac. The fish being held in nets until l...

STD Trichomoniasis-Gene of Parasite Decoded

... million in North America. Trichomoniasis is the most common but curable Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STD) disease, caused by the single-celled protozoan parasite, Trichomonas Vaginalis. Though it is common in men and women, young and sexually active women likely to be affected more by this disease. ...

Malaria: The Invincible Might of a Parasite, Nestled in a 'Mite'

...ease, which has often made a mockery of the efforts undertaken by scientists the world over. Malaria is a disease that is set into action by the protozoan parasites of the genus Plasmodium and is considered a lethal vector borne disease. Four species of Plasmodium triggers the disease in several forms. T...

Inflammatory Bowel Diseases Cured By Parasitic Worms

...ing countries move to developed ones, their incidence of the disease tends to increase. ‘We know from veterinary medicine that many bacterial and protozoan pathogens, especially those that multiply inside of cells, elicit an immune response in the host that would normally cause inflammation, but that worm...

Parasitic Worms Could Be Used To Treat Bowel Disease

...ing countries move to developed ones, their incidence of the disease tends to increase. "We know from veterinary medicine that many bacterial and protozoan pathogens, especially those that multiply inside of cells, elicit an immune response in the host that would normally cause inflammation, but that worm...

Malaria Resistant Mosquitoes Could Help In Combating Malaria

... Malaria is an infectious disease characterised by cycles of chill, fever and sweating caused by the parasitic infection of red blood cells by a protozoan that is transmitted by the bite of an infected female mosquito. It affects approximately 300 million people worldwide and kills between one and ...
Protozoan in Medical Technology

Three Studies Presented at the American Society of Hematology Annual Meeting Showed Response to Treatment with Campath(R) in Patients with High-Risk CLL

...tiation of therapy and after interruption of therapy for 7 or more days. Infections: Serious, including fatal, bacterial, viral, fungal, and protozoan infections can occur in patients receiving Campath. Administer prophylaxis against Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia (PCP) and herpes virus infections...

Bayer Announces Upcoming Presentations of Campath(R) and Leukine(R) Data at the 50th Annual Meeting of the American Society of Hematology

...ter interruption of therapy for 7 or more days. Infections: Serious, including fatal, bacterial, viral, fungal, and protozoan infections can occur in patients receiving Campath. Administer prophylaxis against Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia (PCP) and herpes virus infections. ...

Upstream Biosciences Acquires Innovative Platform Technology and Drug Candidates for Tropical Parasitic Diseases

...payments. Further details were not disclosed. About Leishmaniasis. Leishmaniasis is a severe, geographically widespread parasitic disease caused by a protozoan flagellate and spread by the bite of infected sand flies. There are several different forms of leishmaniasis--- cutaneous and visceral. The cutaneous ...
Protozoan in Medical Products

Alcoholic Giemsa Stain

Description:...structure, distinct nuclear detail and unexcelled brilliance in the resulting smear. Used as a differential stain for: blood morphology, tissue cells, protozoan parasites....
Company:Volu-Sol, Inc.
Protozoan in Medical Dictionary

Trypanosomiasis

...everal diseases in vertebrates caused by parasitic protozoan trypanosomes of the genus Trypanosoma. More than 6...rican trypanosomiasis is a disease caused by a protozoan parasite that is carried by the tsetse fly. ...rican trypanosomiasis is a disease caused by a protozoan parasite that is carried by the tsetse fly. ...

Trichomoniasis

...ingle-celled protozoan... Introduction to the infection caused by the protozoan Trichomonas vaginalis that is most common in young women but that can affec...? References. Resources ... Trichomoniasis is caused by the single-celled protozoan parasite Trichomonas vaginalis. ... Trichomoniasis (trick-oh-moe-ny...

Toxoplasmosis

... Toxoplasmosis is a parasitic disease caused by the protozoan Toxoplasma gondii. The parasite infects most genera of warm-blooded anima...at infects a large proportion of the ... Toxoplasmosis , caused by the protozoan parasite Toxoplasma gondii, is one of the ... By far the most common sequ...

Malaria

... Malaria is a vector-borne infectious disease caused by protozoan parasites. It is widespread in tropical and subtropical regions, including ... parasite enters the blood. ... The parasite that causes malaria is a protozoan called Plasmodium. ... Malaria is a serious and sometimes fatal tropi...

Intestinal Diseases

...... disease , but it may be associated with intestinal ... Waterborne diseases are caused by pathogenic microorganisms which are directly ... protozoan (Giardia lamblia) Most common intestinal parasite ... Chronic intestinal diseases are common in small ... ficant problem, is that intesti...

Giardiasis

...n intestinal illness caused by a microscopic parasite. About the common protozoan infection of the small intestine, spread through contaminated food and ... Giardiasis , infection of the small intestine caused by the parasitic protozoan Giardia lamblia. ... Giardiasis - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia ... ...

Giardia

... Giardia lamblia is a flagellated protozoan parasite that colonises and reproduces in the small intestine, causing gi...ssical source of a Giardia infection. ... Giardia is the genus of a protozoan parasite infectious to both humans and pets ... Giardia are flagellates...

Dysentery

... condition and its prevention. dysentery n. An inflammatory disorder of the lower intestinal tract, usually caused by a bacterial, parasitic, or protozoan infection and resulting Pulsatilla Description Pulsatilla nigricans , commonly known as pulsatilla, is a remedy derived from the plant ... Dy...

Cryptosporidium

...parasitic disease caused by Cryptosporidium , a protozoan parasite in the phylum Apicomplexa. It affects t...infection.... Cryptosporidium is a coccidian protozoan parasite that has gained much attention ... For ...ryptosporidium sp. ... cryptosporidium n. A protozoan of the genus Cryptosporidium that is an intestin...

Chagas disease

... Chagas disease is a tropical parasitic disease caused by the flagellate protozoan Trypanosoma cruzi. T. cruzi is commonly transmitted to humans and other mammals by an insect vector, the blood-sucking assassin bugs of the... Lea...
Protozoan in Biological News

Nano springs eternal; Protozoan 'engine' posts nano records

Looking through his handmade microscope in 1702, it was Anton van Leeuwenhoek who first described the workings of a nano machine. He observed the rapid contraction of a stalk tethering the cell body of a tiny protozoan, Vorticella convallaria, to the surface of a leaf. Little did van Leeuwenhoek im...

Jeepers creepers: Climate change threatens endangered honeycreepers

...ctar, fruits and insects. Before people came to the islands, as many as 56 kinds of honeycreepers probably occurred. Avian malaria is caused by a protozoan parasite, and avian pox is a viral infection that typically causes tumor-like swellings on exposed skin of the feet, legs, beak and eyelids of infecte...

Tiny MIT ecosystem may shed light on climate change

...ch other. It provides the first methodological, sub-millimeter scale examination of a food web that includes single-celled phytoplankton, bacteria and protozoan predators in action. "Rather than simply floating in the ocean and passively taking up the chemicals required for growth, many microbes exhibit so...

Scripps Florida scientists awarded $1.5M to fight major water and food parasites

... solution to this serious threat to human health. Attractive Targets Roush's laboratory is looking at cysteine proteases, which are common in protozoan parasites and are involved in nutrition and immune system evasion. What makes these proteases attractive as therapeutic targets is that they are found...

Newly identified role for 'power plants' in human cells could lead to targeted therapies

...improve energy production. Until now, researchers didn't know the human mitochondria had that import ability, so scientists were going to try using protozoan or yeast cells to manipulate the import process in human cells. "What we are saying is you don't need to bring up new machinery from a different or...

Monarch butterflies help explain why parasites harm hosts

...f Sonia Altizer, assistant professor in the UGA Odum School of Ecology, researchers infected monarch caterpillars with varying levels of spores from a protozoan parasite commonly found in wild populations. After the adult butterflies emerged, females were mated and placed in outdoor mesh cages. The butterflies...

Disrupting common parasites' ability to 'talk' to each other reduces infection

...ye or central nervous system disease, or congenital defects in the fetuses of pregnant women. Scientists have known for approximately a decade that protozoan parasites like T. gondii and those that cause malaria contain many plant-like pathways, or groups of genes or proteins put to use for a particular bio...

New route for heredity bypasses DNA

... little pieces of DNA and putting them back together in a specified order. The original idea of an RNA cache emerged in a study of plants, rather than protozoan cells, though, but the situation in plants turned out to be incorrect." Through a series of experiments, the group tested out their hypothesis that...

Poor Americans in the United States suffer hidden burden of parasitic and other neglected diseases

...n poor areas may also be infected with other parasites, including Ascaris roundworms in the South, Strongyloides threadworms in Appalachia, Leishmania protozoan parasites in Texas, and the bacteria that cause leptospirosis. "That reliable numbers on the actual prevalence of these neglected tropical diseases...

Humans not the major target of Shiga toxin

...tection from bacterial predators like the ciliated protozoan Tetrahymena. This is small comfort if youve just c...g protein subunits that block toxin binding to the protozoan predator prevented killing by Shiga toxin. Humans...rahymena to develop resistance to Shiga toxin. The protozoan might make a model cellular system for Shiga detox...
Protozoan in Biological Definition

Malaria

... causes about 500 million infections and 2 million deaths annually, mainly in the tropics and sub-Saharan Africa . Malaria is caused by the protozoan parasite , Plasmodium (one of the Apicomplexa ) and the transmission vector for human malarial parasite is the Anopheles mosquito . Fo...

Mitochondrion

...rganelle found in most eukaryotic cells , including those of plants , animals , fungi , and protists . A few cells, such as the trypanosome protozoan , have a single large mitochondrion, but usually a cell has hundreds or thousands of mitochondria. The exact number of mitochondria depends on the cel...

Mitochondrion

...rganelle found in most eukaryotic cells , including those of plants , animals , fungi , and protists . A few cells, such as the trypanosome protozoan , have a single large mitochondrion, but usually a cell has hundreds or thousands of mitochondria. The exact number of mitochondria depends on the cel...

Symbiogenesis

...reschkowsky in his 1926 book Symbiogenesis and the Origin of Species , who proposed that chloroplasts originated from cyanobacteria captured by a protozoan . Today both chloroplasts and mitochondria are believed to have such an origin; see endosymbiotic hypothesis . In Acquiring Genomes: A Theory ...
Protozoan in Biological Dictionary

Sporozoan

...erations by sporozoan parasitic spore-forming protozoan ... Is a sporozoan considered an autotroph? Read... ... What makes a sporozoan different from other protozoan groups? ... Sporozoan - Definition of Sporoz...at Dictionary.com a free online dictionary ... any protozoan of the class Sporozoa — sporozoan adjective ......

RNA editing

...A-to-I RNA editing , microRNA repression, microRNA target sites, tissue ... RNA editing can also significantly diversify the proteome. ... protozoan guide RNA -dependent mRNA editing was responsible for the assembly of ... Models of Genotype and RNA Editing ... Today, many more RNA edi...

Rhizopoda

...Protists. Phylum Rhizopoda (Amoebas and Forams) CLASS. ORDER. FAMILY. GENUS/SPECIES ... Hanzawaia concentrica. Rhizopodea. Foraminiferida ... ... protozoan phyla are: Rhizopoda (amoebas), Actinopoda (radiolarians and ... Phylum Rhizopoda : (root-like feet) e.g. Chaos (Pelomyxa), Amoeba, and similar ....

Protozoa

... Article from Wikipedia on the unicellular microbes that are traditionally classified as protozoans , based on their methods of locomotion. protozoan also protozoon ( ) n. , pl. -zoans or ... Protozoa are almost as widely ... Protozoa of the soil and sand live in films of moisture on ... Exe...

Paramecium

...l directions with its cilia. ... Then the bigger nucleus splits and the whole paramecium splits. ... Structure of a paramecium : large ciliate protozoan that lives in stagnant freshwater. ... Food vacuole: cavity of the paramecium responsible for digestion. ... Reproduction in paramecium involve...

Apicomplexa

...t DirectTextBook.com - Save up to 80%, buy or rent. New and used books like protozoan Phylum Apicomplexa 2nd edition by Norman D Levine from CRC... Online Shopping at SpotCost.com - New and used books like protozoan Phylum Apicomplexa 2nd edition by Norman D Levine from CRC ISBN-10: 0-849...

Amoeba

...efinition of Amoeba at Dictionary.com a free online dictionary with ... a protozoan of the genus Amoeba , inhabiting bottom vegetation of freshwater ... ...isms. An introduction with photomicrographs of amoebae . Amoeba ... A protozoan of the genus Amoeba or related genera, occurring in water and soil ... ...
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(Date:4/18/2014)... prepped to enter the battle against infectious disease. ... in remote areas, thanks in part to knowledge ... International Space Station on the behavior of liquids. ... flow to diagnose infectious diseases such as HIV/AIDS ... at Northwestern University in Evanston, Ill., had been ...
(Date:4/18/2014)... 18, 2014) Benaroya Research Institute at Virginia Mason ... a particular molecule in metastatic breast cancer reduces both ... lung metastases. BRI scientists have found in models of ... by 60 - 80 percent and can keep the ... $1.8 million five-year grant comes from the National Cancer ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... The presence of chronic inflammation in benign ... prostate cancer, and this association was found even ... according to a study published in Cancer ... the American Association for Cancer Research. , An ... participants of the placebo arm of the Prostate ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... a study published today in PLOS Pathogens , ... malaria is common can mount an immune response to ... avoid repeated bouts of high fever and illness and ... bloodstream. The findings may help researchers develop future interventions ... malaria parasite. , Each year, approximately 200 million cases ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... Le Bonheur Children,s Hospital Pediatrician-in-Chief Jon McCullers, MD, ... the April issue of Nature Reviews Microbiology ... Dr. McCullers, a world-renowned infectious disease specialist, ... the University of Tennessee Health Science Center, analyzed ... 1918, 1957 and 1968 pandemics, as well as ...
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(Date:4/17/2014)... Medical Branch at Galveston are the first to ... cervical cancer should begin colorectal cancer screening earlier ... finding a high incidence of secondary colorectal cancers ... new recommendations that the younger women in this ... after their initial cervical cancer diagnosis instead of ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... way the immune system may fight cancers and viral ... cells to treat illness. , The research, in mice, ... "neighborhood police" specialized squads of defenders that patrol ... entire city, the body. , Scientists at Washington University ... the liver, skin and uterus each has dedicated immune ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... Modern View of Domestication," a special feature of ... Sciences ( PNAS ) published April 29, raises ... our deep history that most of us take for ... people in many spots around the globe shifted from ... livestock and plants. , It seems so straightforward and ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Radiation therapy for cervical cancer increases risk for colorectal cancer 2Some immune cells defend only 1 organ 2Genetic study tackles mystery of slow plant domestications 2Genetic study tackles mystery of slow plant domestications 3Genetic study tackles mystery of slow plant domestications 4
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