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Plastid in Biological News

Study finds DNA barcoding requires caution without closer examination

...l non-transcribed spacer region (ITS); and various plastid regions to include the trnH-psbA intergenic spacer and the plastid genes rpoC1, rpoB, and matK. Spooner tested th...cific variation in the nuclear ITS region, and the plastid markers did not have enough variation and thus fai...

Plant Min protein sits tight and rescues E. coli

... E. coli MinC, and that AtMinD bound EcMinC in these puncta, This is another remarkable finding because while Arabidopsis (and other plants) encode plastid homologs of bacterial MinD and MinE, MinC is either absent or has diverged beyond recognition. "The complementation of E. coli HL1 mutant (MinDE...

Solar-powered sea-slugs live like plants, prof says

...nhart. "The critical thing is the plastids come from the alga, but the slug nucleus contains at least one, and probably more of the genes required for plastid functioning," he adds. "The slug needs the alga to mature and complete its life cycle," Manhart says. "It is totally dependent on the alga to survi...
Plastid in Biological Technology

Your Data: RNAlater Stories

...e storage condition of 20C mimicked the 25C compartment of the freezers used on board. The presence of equimolar amounts of cytoplasmic and plastid rRNA indicate that there was no degradation of the RNA sample. Figure 3. Plant Samples Stored in RNAla...
Plastid in Biological Definition

Chloroplast

...r spaces. Chloroplasts convert light energy from the sun into ATP through a process called photosynthesis . Chloroplasts are one of the forms a plastid may take, and are generally considered to have originated as endosymbiotic cyanobacteria . In green plants chloroplasts are surrounded by two lip...

Genomics

...teria . It has also been noticed that bacterial genes exist in eukaryotic nuclear genomes and that these genes generally encode mitochondrial and plastid proteins, giving support to the endosymbiotic theory of the origin of these organelles . Genetic similarity It is often stated that a par...
Plastid in Biological Dictionary

Plastid

Each plastid creates multiple copies of the circular 75-250 kilo bases plastome. The number of genome copies per plastid is flexible, ranging from more than 1000 ... A transplastomic plant is a genetically modified plant in which the new genes have not been inserted in the nuclea...

Synapomorphy

...RELATIVE terms. ... Chlorarachniophyceae (Chlorarachniophyceae) in Encyclopedia of Life ... Synapomorphy : None known but may be definable by the plastid symbiosis. ... Also see synapomorphy , autapomorphy. appressorium: (appressoria) ... Compare to synapomorphy . autotrophic: ... synapomorphy : ...

Rhodophyta

...odophyta : Systematics ... Classification within the Rhodophyta is rather unstable, and is currently ... of the red algae ( Rhodophyta ) based on plastid rbcL. ... It is believed that Rhodophyta were among the first ... The Wall: Rhodophyta Directory by Michael Gretz ... Rhodophyta : Red Algae ...

Nuclear genome

... of evolution in endosymbiotic nuclear genomes ... Nuclear -encoded plastid genes have been transferred from the plastid genome ... Mitochondrial DNA is inherited only from the mother, and i...

Minicircles

...es until all minicircles have replicated. ... Comparison of these minicircles with those previously sequenced from H. ... The replication of plastid minicircles involves rolling circle intermediates ... ...

Heteroplasmy

... Heteroplasmy is the presence of a mixture of more than one type of an organellar genome or plastid DNA) within a cell or individual. Since every eukaryotic cell contains many hundreds of mitochondria with hundreds of copies of mtDNA, it is po...

Endosymbiont

... All that remains of the endosymbiont in Coccidia and Haemosporidia is a plastid ... Did Cryptosporidium contain an endosymbiont or plastid organelle? ... By simulating the host- endosymbiont dynamics in an ind...

Chloroplasts

...that all these chemical reactions taking place in chloroplasts require enzymes. ... chloroplast also chloroplastid n. A chlorophyll-containing plastid found in algal and green plant cells ... Chloroplasts capture light energy to conserve free ... Biology4Kids.com! The web site that teache...

Chloroplast DNA

...A replication. ... Chloroplast DNA replication is highly active during the ... chloroplast also chloroplastid n. A chlorophyll-containing plastid found in ... Direct measurement of the transfer rate of chloroplast DNA into the nucleus" ... chloroplast DNA is circular, and many copies...

Chloroplast

...leus" ... Role of chloroplast retention in a marine dinoflagellate" ... chloroplast also chloroplastid n. A chlorophyll-containing plastid found in algal and green plant cells ... The chloroplast is surrounded by a double-layered ... Biology4Kids.com! The web site that teaches...
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