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Phenobarbital in Medical News

Guidelines: Pregnancy Safe with Epilepsy, but Valproate Should be Avoided

...t woman seizure free." The guidelines also state that physicians of women with epilepsy should consider avoiding the epilepsy drugs phenytoin and phenobarbital in order to prevent the possibility of decreased thinking skills in children. In addition, the guidelines recommend women with epilepsy be warned that...

Evolution and epilepsy

...ewborns. They found that an opener, called flupirtine, was more powerful in preventing seizures than either of two drugs now in frequent clinical use, phenobarbital and diazepam. These experiments used established models of neonatal epilepsy, performed on immature rats. Next steps include additional tests of the s...

The profound effects of numbing agents

...are, Angela Kaindl and colleagues treated 6-day old mice with two doses of either the NMDA receptor blocker dizocilpine or the GABA receptor activator phenobarbital and then analyzed subsequent changes in brain protein expression. They observed both acute and sustained effects, with protein changes in the cere...

JCI online early table of contents: Aug. 1, 2008

... how PXR and CAR are likely to influence drug breakdown, they were used to demonstrate that upregulation of drug-destroying enzymes by the barbiturate phenobarbital is mediated by only CAR, whereas previous in vitro studies had indicated a role for both PXR and CAR. TITLE: A novel panel of mouse models to evalu...

Pot Plus Alcohol Kills Young Rats' Brain Cells

...tudy finds. Researchers from Humboldt University, Berlin, administered THC, a synthetic form of THC, ethanol, an anticonvulsant called MK-801, and phenobarbital to rats between one and 14 days old. A previous study by the same team found that ethanol and drugs such as sedatives, anesthetics and anticonvulsants...

Marijuana increases alcohol toxicity in young rats

...tered THC, a synthetic form of THC, ethanol, MK-801 (an anticonvulsant) and phenobarbital by injection to rats between 1 and 14 days old. A previous study by the sam...t when the rats were 7 days old. THC also enhanced the neurotoxic effect of phenobarbital and MK-801 (ethanol combines the mechanism of action used by these two dru...

A child's IQ could be affected by maternal epilepsy

...rter height. Our results underline the need for population-based registries with complete long-term follow-up of infants with prenatal exposure to phenobarbital and phenytoin, drugs that are still widely used in many countries, says Oyen, noting that studying the effects of exposure to newer medications is als...

Small Change Could Stop Epilepsy Seizures for Millions

...ren. A drug trial of 108 children in Bangladesh, however, comparing phenobarbital with carbamazepine -- commonly prescribed for epilepsy -- showed the less e...even with these shortcomings, the study showed that most children tolerated phenobarbital well and behaviour even improved in many, they reported. ...

Millions of Children Denied Drug That Costs Less Than $3 a Year

.... The World Health Organisation recommends phenobarbital as the treatment of choice in resource restricted ...ificant difference in behavioural problems between phenobarbital and another drug called carbamazepine. Despite som...study provides more evidence to support the use of phenobarbital in developing countries. The burden of unt...
Phenobarbital in Medical Technology

Aptivus(R) (tipranavir) Capsules Granted Full Approval by the U.S. FDA

..., and vardenafil with APTIVUS/r because concentrations of these drugs may increase. -- Caution should be used when prescribing carbamazepine, phenobarbital and/or phenytoin. APTIVUS may be less effective due to decreased tipranavir plasma concentrations. -- Caution should be used when prescribin...
Phenobarbital in Medical Products

Phenobarbital

Description:... For the quantitative in vitro determination of phenobarbital in human serum....
Company:Randox Laboratories Ltd.
Phenobarbital in Biological News

Millions of children denied drug that costs less than $3 a year

...ear. The World Health Organisation recommends phenobarbital as the treatment of choice in resource restricted ...ificant difference in behavioural problems between phenobarbital and another drug called carbamazepine. Despite som...study provides more evidence to support the use of phenobarbital in developing countries. The burden of untrea...

Molecular mechanism may explain how fevers spark seizures

...s have investigated treating children with anti-seizure medications such as phenobarbital or sodium valproate to prevent recurrent febrile seizures, but the studies ...d might therefore dampen the hyperexcitability that characterizes seizures. phenobarbital and other barbiturate drugs and anti-anxiety drugs like Valium exert their ...
Phenobarbital in Biological Technology

Immunoassay of Theophylline by fluorescence polarisation

...ng/mL salicylate at 220 g/mL acetaminophen at 217 g/mL lithium at 1.2 meq/L meclofenamic at 6.0 g/mL phenobarbital at 51.4 g/mL

Three determinations of different aliquots of this sample produced an average polarization of 0.122 0.002...

Phenobarbital in Biological Definition

Barbiturate

...albital ( Fiorinal ; sedative) Hexobarbital (Sombulex; hypnotic/anesthetic) Mephobarbital (antianxiety) Pentobarbital (Nembutal; hypnotic) phenobarbital (Luminal; hypnotic, sedative, anticonvulsant) Secobarbital ( Seconal ; hypnotic) Sodium thiopental Talbutal (Lotusate; hypnotic) Thiobar...
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