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Neurocognitive in Medical News

Alcoholism-associated molecular adaptations in brain neurocognitive circuits

After many years of heavy drinking, alcohol produces pathological alterations in the brain. In many alcoholics these changes culminate in massive social deterioration and disorders of memory and learning. Severe cognitive impairments occur in approximately 10% of heavy drinkers. Alcoholic dementia...

Smoking Hampers Alcoholics' Neurocognitive Recovery During Abstinence

A new study has found that smoking may hamper alcoholics neurocognitive recovery during their first six to nine months period of alcohol abstinence . About 50 to 90 percent of individuals in North America who take alcoholism treatment are chronic smokers. The new findings show that smoking...

Binge Drinking Leads to Neurocognitive Deficits Among College Students

* Alcoholics tend to have poorer neurocognitive functioning, including decision-making capabilities. * A new study has found that binge drinking, common among college students, is associated with impaired decision making. * The long-term neurocognitive effects of binge drinking during yo...

Smoking And Its Relation To Neurocognitive Deficits In Alcoholism

Impaired problem solving, visual spatial processing, memory, and cognitive proficiency are consequences of severe alcoholism. Smoking is much more prevalent among alcoholics than the general population,// yet the possible neurocognitive effects of cigarette smoking in alcoholism have not been studi...

Benefits from upper airway surgery for sleep apnea found to equal CPAP

...rm quality-of-life improvement as their peers who were treated with CPAP therapy. Among the QOL benefits were improvements in snoring, sleepiness, and neurocognitive impairment. In contrast, those patients who were prescribed, but did not adequately use CPAP, had minimal QOL improvement. The upper airway include...

UCLA scientists identify how immune cells may help predict Alzheimer's risk

...test, a positive result for Alzheimer's risk in some patients may suggest further interventions and advanced diagnostics, such as a brain PET scan and neurocognitive testing." ...

Kessler Foundation Research Center Awarded More Than Two Million Dollars in Grants

...on's disease, while providing young investigators with advanced training in neurocognitive research," noted John DeLuca, PhD, vice president for research at Kess...aining grant to enable post-doctoral fellows to obtain advanced training in neurocognitive rehabilitation research, which will enable them to conduct independent clin...

Findings in Epilepsy Gene in Animals May Guide Treatment Directions for Infants

... Neurologists previously knew that mutations in Arx , the X-linked aristaless-related homeobox gene, were associated with abnormal brain development, neurocognitive problems, and with childhood neurological conditions involving seizures and spasms. Golden's team developed genetically engineered mice in which ...

Findings in epilepsy gene in animals may guide treatment directions for infants

... Neurologists previously knew that mutations in Arx, the X-linked aristaless-related homeobox gene, were associated with abnormal brain development, neurocognitive problems, and with childhood neurological conditions involving seizures and spasms. Golden's team developed genetically engineered mice in which th...

New Options Offered for Sleep Apnea

...he mouth. When the obstruction is significant, "the choice may lie between surgery or no treatment, with the potential attendant cardiovascular and neurocognitive sequelae of sleep apnea," Shine said. "So in this cohort, transpalatal advancement surgery offers a reasonable treatment option." For the study, ...
Neurocognitive in Medical Technology

Children's Brain Tumor Foundation's Tissue Bank Consortium May Solve Dire Problem in Pediatric Cancer Research

...gned to jump-start meaningful analyses that could lead to treatment and cures for these types of cancer, where survival rates are unacceptably low and neurocognitive and other damage is posed by today's treatment options. "The need for this approach is nearly palpable among pediatric oncologists who specialize in...
Neurocognitive in Biological News

Physical activity may strengthen children's ability to pay attention

...iods and after-school exercise programs. The research, led by Charles Hillman, a professor of kinesiology and community health and the director of the neurocognitive Kinesiology Laboratory at Illinois, suggests that physical activity may increase students' cognitive control or ability to pay attention and also re...

Epstein-Barr virus may be associated with progression of MS

...s, the patient is diagnosed with MS. The study will investigate the relationship of anti-EBV antibody levels to development of gray matter atrophy, neurocognitive function and disability progression over time. UB and Trieste researchers also are investigating interactions between environment, certain genes and...

MU brain imaging center provides research for autism, schizophrenia and Parkinson's disease

...dous impact, including Parkinson's disease, autism, schizophrenia and other neurocognitive disorders using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) technology. "The Brain ...in at the forefront of research on the diagnosis and study of the causes of neurocognitive disorders such as autism, schizophrenia and Parkinson's disease," Christ sa...

Experimental vaccine protects nonhuman primates when given after exposure to Marburg virus

...er in the course of their infection, ranging from minor cognitive and motor disorders to severe dementia, collectively known as neuroAIDS. Even subtle neurocognitive disorders limit quality of life with symptoms such as fatigue, and are correlated with difficulties ranging from a higher rate of traffic tickets to i...

Immune response to HIV in the brain

...er in the course of their infection, ranging from minor cognitive and motor disorders to severe dementia, collectively known as neuroAIDS. Even subtle neurocognitive disorders limit quality of life with symptoms such as fatigue, and are correlated with difficulties ranging from a higher rate of traffic tickets to i...

Sandia completes depleted uranium study

...nhaled or ingested. Concerns have been raised that exposure to uranium particulate could have serious health problems including leukemia, cancers, and neurocognitive effects, as well as birth defects in the progeny of exposed veterans and civilians. Marshall's study concluded that the reports of serious health r...

Study Finds Moderate Hypothermia A Safe Treatment For Traumatic Brain Injury In Kids

...tracranial pressure (ICP), and percent time of ICP less than 20 mm Hg during the cooling and subsequent rewarming phases. Additionally, assessments of neurocognitive outcomes were obtained at three and six months of follow-up. Researchers will conduct further studies to determine the effect of moderate hypothermia ...
Neurocognitive in Biological Technology

Ocera Therapeutics Presents Data on AST-120 in Patients With Hepatic Encephalopathy at the European Association for the Study of Liver Disease Annual Meeting

... with similar overall efficacy. An improvement on neurocognitive measures was also seen with AST-120. Based on thes... A vs. L). AST-120 also produced an improvement in neurocognitive measures. A statistically significant reduction in...treated with AST-120. The improvement seen in neurocognitive measures is consistent with reports that neuropsyc...

International Association of Fire Fighters (IAFF) Advocates Screening Fire Fighters for Carbon Monoxide Poisoning Using Pulse CO-Oximetry

...r risk to fire fighters. Even a single high level exposure, or prolonged exposure to low levels of CO, has the potential to cause long-term cardiac, neurocognitive and psychiatric damage. The long-term effects of CO -- including Parkinson-like syndromes affecting motor skills and speech, dementia, cortical blindn...
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