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Mutational in Medical News

Caris Diagnostics Providing KRAS Mutational Analysis for Colon Cancer Patients

Providing Information on Response to Erbitux and Vectibix IRVING, Texas and PHOENIX, June 24 /PRNewswire/ -- Caris Diagnostics (Caris Dx), a leading provider of the highest quality diagnostic, translational development and pharmaceutical services encompassing anatomic pathology and mole...

Quest Diagnostics Discovers New Genetic Mutations Affecting Cystic Fibrosis Screening

...onstrate how the widespread and thoughtful experience with [cystic fibrosis] mutation testing and screening continues to reveal new insights about the mutational alleles of the CFTR gene and further refinements in how best to detect them and assure appropriate quality control while doing so," said Wayne W. Grod...

First noninvasive technique to accurately predict mutations in human brain tumors

...is evolving to a point where mutations can facilitate care, so a more accurate diagnosis and treatment course can be better planned by identifying the mutational status of the tumor," says O'Rourke. EGFRvIII is an area of intense interest in the field of cancer, being associated with more aggressive cancers....

Resistance to Tamiflu Growing

...istance when they get more virulent," explained Dr. Len Horovitz, a pulmonary specialist with Lenox Hill Hospital in New York City. "These are natural mutational shifts and drifts, not a result of the overuse of [Tamiflu]. Just because it's becoming more resistant does not mean that it's a more deadly virus." ...

Researchers crack the code of the common cold

...samples from a large number of patients, it is likely that hotspots for mutation or recombination will become apparent, and other regions resistant to mutational change may emerge. This will provide clues as to how flexible the virus is as it responds to the human environment, important hints if you are designi...

ANA and ISONG Co-Publish Genetics and Ethics in Health Care: New Questions in the Age of Genomic Health

...pplications of Genetics and Genomics in Health Care discusses selected applications of genetic and genomic technologies with current widely available mutational testing that affect children and those with known risks of cancer, Huntington Disease, cystic fibrosis, with clear implications for other similar ca...

Twenty New Abstracts on Oral Xeloda(R) (capecitabine) Featured at the 31st San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium

...iated with gemcitabine in women with metastatic breast cancer (Lead Author: Michael Lee) -- Dec. 14, 7:00 to 9:00 a.m., [Poster No. 6047], p53 mutational status, but not immunohistochemical staining (IHC), is associated with a clinical response of the primary tumor in women receiving neoadjuvant docetax...

Finding Points to Possible Blood Test for Brain Tumors

...nts, he found that he could obtain a sort of molecular snapshot of the tumor. "By analyzing the RNA in these serum exosomes, we could determine the mutational profile in the tumor without doing a biopsy," explained Skog. "So, this is an enabling technology to look at what's going on inside the tumor at a giv...

Tiny sacs released by brain tumor cells carry information that may guide treatment

...known that the effects of some anticancer drugs depend on a tumor's genetic mutational profile, so our results have broad implications for personalized medicine,"...g, who is an instructor in Neurology at Harvard Medical School. "Detecting mutational profiles through a noninvasive blood test could allow us to monitor how a t...

Get the latest on premier science in medical oncology

...tion skills: Lessons derived from microanalytical studies Advances in soft tissue sarcoma, GIST and beyond GIST the role of adjuvant therapy and mutational analysis in treatment decision-making Molecular biology and targeted therapy of sarcomas Hyperthermia improves local control of STS where next? ...
Mutational in Medical Technology

Vectibix(R) in Combination With Chemotherapy Significantly Improved Progression-Free Survival in First-Line Metastatic Colorectal Cancer

....D., executive vice president of Research and Development at Amgen. "These are the first prospective Phase 3 data to demonstrate the utility of KRAS mutational analysis as a predictive biomarker." Overall, the adverse event profile was as anticipated for an anti-EGFR antibody in combination with oxali...

ARUP Laboratories Applauds FDA's Decision on the Value of KRAS-Mutation Testing in Colorectal Cancer

...ctive patient treatment and decrease health care expenses. ARUP's technical bulletin, " KRAS Mutation Detection in Colorectal Cancer; For Determining mutational Status that Confers Resistance to Anti-EGFR Therapy ," elaborates on this testing and can be found at www.aruplab.com. "In the United States, ...

Early Data Show Potential for Imatinib Mesylate Tablets to Treat Life-Threatening Form of Pulmonary Artery Disease

...growth factor receptor) gene rearrangements; adult patients with aggressive systemic mastocytosis (ASM) without the D816V c-KIT mutation or with c-KIT mutational status unknown; adult patients with hypereosinophilic syndrome (HES) and/or chronic eosinophilic leukemia (CEL) who have the FIP1L1-PDGFRa fusion kina...

Transgenomic Establishes Collaboration With the National Cancer Institute to Investigate Mitochondrial Genome and Associated Nuclear Genes in Cancer Cell Lines

...ulletin Board: TBIO), a global genetic analysis and services company, today announced the National Cancer Institute had approved a proposal to perform mutational analysis and sequencing of the mitochondrial genes in the NCI 60 cancer cell line panel. Mitochondrial damage is increasingly recognized as an early...

Exelixis Initiates Phase 1/2 Trial of XL184 in Patients With Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

...domized to receive XL184 at the MTD alone or in combination with erlotinib. Additionally, correlative studies will evaluate MET amplification and EGFR mutational status. MET and EGFR signaling activity will be assessed in tumor and surrogate tissue. Data from an ongoing phase 1 trial of XL184 in patients with...

Exelixis Presents Encouraging Phase 1 Data For XL019, A Novel Selective Inhibitor of JAK2

...rs. JAK2 plays a pivotal role in the cellular response to growth factors that drive blood cell expansion, including erythropoietin and thrombopoietin. mutational activation of JAK2 is observed in the majority of patients with polycythemia vera, essential thrombocythemia and myelofibrosis, and is thought to driv...

Updated Phase 1 Data for Exelixis' XL184 Demonstrate Pharmacodynamic and Clinical Anti-Tumor Activity

...d partial responses in patients with medullary thyroid cancer and tumor shrinkage in a patient with papillary renal cell cancer, which frequently have mutational activation or overexpression of RET or MET, respectively," said George A. Scangos, Ph.D., president and chief executive officer of Exelixis. "We belie...
Mutational in Medical Dictionary

Treacher Collins Syndrome

...tion on related web sites, organizations, and books. Treacher Collins syndrome (TCS) is characterized by hypoplasia of the zygomatic ... The mutational spectrum in Treacher Collins syndrome reveals a predominance of ... Overview of Treacher - Collins syndrome , an inherited genetic diso...
Mutational in Biological News

Two new studies on circadian rhythms

...eracting proteins to track and correlate changes in the core circadian network. They determined the clusters and locations of known sites, and through mutational analysis identified novel functional domains to create a dynamic view of a clock protein in action. ...

Cystic fibrosis testing -- next steps

...onstrate how the widespread and thoughtful experience with [cystic fibrosis] mutation testing and screening continues to reveal new insights about the mutational alleles of the CFTR gene and further refinements in how best to detect them and assure appropriate quality control while doing so." ...

SEX4, starch and phosphorylation

... well understood. With new information emerging from genome sequencing and mutational analyses, we are beginning to gain a better understanding of these complex ...American Society of Plant Biologists in Mrida, Mexico (June 27, 2:30 PM). mutational and structural analyses by Dr. Zeeman and his colleagues have revealed that...

UCSB researchers discover the dawn of animal vision

... only a handful of cases where scientists have documented the very specific mutational events that have given rise to new features during evolution. Oakley sa...shows that such claims are simply wrong. We show very clearly that specific mutational changes in a particular duplicated gene (opsin) allowed the new genes to in...

Scientists discover a genetic code for organizing DNA within the nucleus

... humans. Several diseases, such as cancer, are typically accompanied or caused by mutations in the DNA and the way it organizes into chromosomes. Such mutational processes may be influenced by the relative accessibility of the DNA to various proteins and by the organization of the DNA in the cell nucleus. There...

Researchers identify genes in fruitflies that may shed light on human cancer spread

... Whole genome studies, like the microarray analysis used in this study, allow researchers to identify genes that share similar functions in a way that mutational analysis cannot. And, whole genome approaches can look at most of the genes in the genome at one time. As part of their previous work, Montell's gr...

Evolution follows few of the possible paths to antibiotic resistance

...winian evolution follows very few of the available mutational pathways to attain fitter proteins, researchers at...ir work indicates that of 120 harrowing, five-step mutational paths that theoretically could grant antibiotic re...trinsic property of DNA is that very many distinct mutational paths link any two variants of a gene," says lead ...

Key brain regulatory gene shows evolution in humans

...ns, baboons, pig-tailed macaques and rhesus monkeys. They found significant mutational changes in the regulatory sequence leading to humans that indicated preserv...association," in which sequences near the regulatory segment showed greater mutational change -- as if they were "dragged along" with the evolving regulatory sequ...

Housecat-sized Siberian tiger cubs get collared

...nvolved in prostate cancer susceptibility. "Because of the strong similarity among genes in this region, we had to develop a new technique for our mutational analysis, which we call TAR cloning," explains Larionov. "Using this method, we isolated the SPANX region from 200 individuals by recombination in ...

Studies on human genome variation provide insight into disease

...nvolved in prostate cancer susceptibility. "Because of the strong similarity among genes in this region, we had to develop a new technique for our mutational analysis, which we call TAR cloning," explains Larionov. "Using this method, we isolated the SPANX region from 200 individuals by recombination in ...
Mutational in Biological Technology

Gleevec Receives FDA Priority Review as First Therapy to Reduce Recurrence of Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors After Surgery

...growth factor receptor) gene rearrangements; adult patients with aggressive systemic mastocytosis (ASM) without the D816V c-KIT mutation or with c-KIT mutational status unknown; adult patients with hypereosinophilic syndrome (HES) and/or chronic eosinophilic leukemia (CEL) who have the FIP1L1- PDGFR alpha fusio...

Cytosolic expression of Green Fluorescent Protein (GFP) and its derivatives in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae: Detection in vivo using the Varian Cary Eclipse

... Gerdes and Kaether 2 ). Since then, a rapidly increasing variety of applications for GFP and its derivatives have been developed. mutational studies of the chromophore and surrounding amino acids have produced new GFPs with altered excitation and emission spectra. Thes...

Detection of Mutations in the CYP21 Gene Using the DCode System

...e deficiency, Hum. Mutat., 5 , 12630 (1995). 3. Wedell, A., Thilen, A., Ritzen, E. M., Stengler, B., and Luthman, H., mutational spectrum of the steroid 21-hydroxylase gene in Sweden: implications for genetic diagnosis and association with disease manifestation, ...

Transfection Reagent Selector Kit Handbook

...to eukaryotic cells has become a powerful tool for the study and control of gene expression, e.g. for biochemical characterization, mutational analyses, or investigation of the effects of regulatory elements or cell growth behavior. Two principally different transfection tec...

Mx4000 Multiplex Quantitative PCR System*,PPP

...conomical price. Real-time quantitative PCR (QPCR) allows researchers to quickly and easily quantify nucleic acids for studying gene expression, mutational analysis, disease state, and gene dosage. QPCR measures PCR product accumulation during the exponential phase of the reaction using fluorescence d...

Tissue Specificity for Mutation Parallels Tissue Specificity for Cancer

...of the well-characterized bacterial lacI gene as a mutational target gene. The lacI gene, part of the...ufficient number of mutants have been sequenced, a mutational spectrum results. Mutational spectra are extreme...encing the mutants revealed a unique difference in mutational spectrum: The spectrum from the liver was indist...

Randomize Gene Sequences with New PCR Mutagenesis Kit

...h PCR mutagenesis kit produces a unique mutational spectrum ...on mutations with minimal bias, and its mutational spectrum is distinct from that of Taq D...trated in studies employing lacZ as the mutational target gene. A 650-bp DNA fragment containing a po...

Organize Your Data from the Big Blue Mutation Assay

...ulated. The report compares mutant frequencies from two treatment groups. mutational events are assessed using the Mutational Spectrum Report, which tabulates mutational spectra based on the occurrence of each mutation type. Specialized comput...

Map and Link Human Genetic Disorders with SSLP Analysis

... the rapid identification of new disease genes. Recognition of the heterogeneity of genetic diseases, the allelic nature of certain disorders, and mutational heterogeneity in the cause of genetic conditions may ultimately lead to understanding the relationship between phenotype and gene. Simple Sequ...

Novel PCR Enhancing Factor Improves Performance of Pfu DNA Polymerase

...PCR enhancing factor on the replication fidelity of Pfu DNA polymerase was investigated using the lacI-based PCR assay. The lacI mutational target gene was amplified from varying amounts of plasmid DNA and from a single-copy transgene in rodent genomic DNA, and error ...
Mutational in Biological Definition

Mutational meltdown

... mutational meltdown refers to the process by which a small ...f deleterious mutations. A population experiencing mutational meltdown is trapped in a downward spiral and will ... Lynch, and R. Burger (1993). Muller's Ratchet and mutational meltdowns. Evolution 47: 1744-1757. M. Lynch...

Population genetics

...under effect Genotype-phenotype distinction Hardy-Weinberg principle Microevolution Molecular evolution Muller's ratchet mutational meltdown Population bottleneck Selection Small population size Ewens's sampling formula References J. Beatty. 1986. "The...
Mutational in Biological Dictionary

Transposon

...ansposon -free regions (TFRs) are prominent genomic ... Alternatively, transposon insertion into functional DNA can be deleterious as is ... As mutational agents, much of transposon impact may be deleterious to their ... Historically, transposon discovery and analysis have been primarily conducted .....

Tet resistance

...eriaa ... PTK 0796 overcomes tet resistance mechanisms in gram-positive bacteria as ... status of tet susceptibility of the test organisms, mutational resistance to PTK ... Producers: otrA - otrB - otrC - tcr3 (trcC) - tet ... Bacterial resistance to tetracycline: mechanisms, transfer, and c...

Somatic hypermutation

... antigen receptor genes. ... to evolution immune somatic - hypermutation by tomhebbron on 2008 ... Somatic hypermutation is a regulated mutational process that introduces base ... As a result of somatic hypermutation and selection, Ab affinity for Ag increases ... Although some propertie...

Codon Bias

... preferred codons is weak only when codon bias approaches equilibrium ... Synonymous codon usage bias is deter- mined by a combination of mutational biases, selec ... method for estimating levels of codon bias and de ... A codon bias space, where genomes are identified by their preferred...
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(Date:4/17/2014)... signs of chronic inflammation in non-cancerous prostate tissue may ... cancer than those with no inflammation, according to results ... Johns Hopkins Kimmel Cancer Center. , The link between ... with so-called high-grade prostate cancer those with a ... presence of the most aggressive and rapidly growing prostate ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... One of the most popular vaccine brands for children ... may be overlooking some cost factors when choosing vaccines, ... expensive option, according to a new study by University ... administer can be driven by numerous factors," says Sheldon ... professor of computer science and of mathematics at the ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... San Diego School of Medicine report that older women, ... major loss are more likely to be compassionate toward ... published in this month,s issue of the International ... are associated with better health and well-being as we ... improve the outcomes of individuals whose deficits in compassion ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... Hospital Pediatrician-in-Chief Jon McCullers, MD, was recently invited ... of Nature Reviews Microbiology , one of ... a world-renowned infectious disease specialist, and chair of ... Tennessee Health Science Center, analyzed the epidemiology and ... 1968 pandemics, as well as more recent 2009 ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... who treat patients with a severe and progressive ... agonizing treatment decision. , The drug sirolimus can ... shortness of breath. But some patients eventually may ... fatal complications following transplantation. , "It,s a terrible ... of Loyola University Medical Center,s LAM Clinic and ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):Health News:Chronic inflammation linked to 'high-grade' prostate cancer 2Health News:Chronic inflammation linked to 'high-grade' prostate cancer 3Health News:Study recalculates costs of combination vaccines 2Health News:The ilk of human kindness 2Health News:Patients with rare lung disease face agonizing treatment dilemma 2Health News:Patients with rare lung disease face agonizing treatment dilemma 3
(Date:4/17/2014)... Foundation has been named awardee of a three-year ... Defense Spinal Cord Injury Research Program. Gail Forrest, ... double-blinded, controlled, multi-site clinical trial, which will test ... spinal cord injury. Dr. Forrest is assistant director ... Foundation. Two additional sites will participate - the ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... births, Down syndrome - or trisomy 21 - is ... results from a chromosomal abnormality where cells of affected ... of the human genome). A study conducted by Stylianos ... Medicine and Development at the University of Geneva (UNIGE) ... light on how the extra chromosome 21 upsets the ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... One day about eight years ago, Katia ... Riverside, and her father were on a field trip in ... an orchid they had never seen before. , Unable to ... orchids. The orchid turned out to be an unnamed ... Lophiaris silverarum . , "Lophiaris" is the genus name, comprising ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Kessler Foundation awarded Department of Defense grant for spinal cord injury research 2Trisomy 21: How an extra little chromosome throws the entire genome off balance 2Trisomy 21: How an extra little chromosome throws the entire genome off balance 3Orchid named after UC Riverside researcher 2Orchid named after UC Riverside researcher 3
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