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MtDNA in Medical News

Transgenomic Obtains Exclusive License to Mitochondrial DNA Damage Detection Technology

...ive polymerase chain reaction (PCR) measurement of mtdna damage, and is a sensitive and specific indicator ...n with Dr. Marschall Runge, they demonstrated that mtdna damage in blood cells occurs early in atherosclerosis, that aortic mtdna damage increases with age, and that genetic backgr...

Also in the July 29 JNCI

...itochondrial DNA (mtDNA) in healthy cells. A lower mtdna copy number was associated with an increased risk ...er in a case-control study. The degree to which mtdna copy number is controlled genetically has been unknown. Previous studies have suggested that low mtdna copy number may be associated with an increased ri...

In silico modeling helps predict severity of mitochondrial disease

... energy production in cells. Mitochondria, and the mtdna that they contain, are inherited solely from the mother, as the paternal mtdna present in the sperm are destroyed after the egg i... mutant and normal mtDNA. The proportion of mutant mtdna in most cases determines the severity of the disea...

Mitochondrial 'bottleneck' cracked

... only passed down from the mother. Mutations in mtdna can affect energy production within cells and ther...l genetic bottleneck, where only a small number of mtdna molecules in the mother are passed on to the next ... is the reason for the different amounts of mutant mtdna in different eggs. Now, in research published o...
MtDNA in Biological News

Seals quickly respond to gain and loss of habitat under climate change

...in the Ross Sea Embayment 7,500-8,000 years ago, and is within the range of modern foraging excursions from the Macquarie Island colony. Using ancient mtdna and evolutionary models, the research team tracked the population dynamics of the now extinct colony and the connectivity between this and modern bree...

Long lost sisters

... teams research was based on a survey of African mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) and is the most extensive survey of its kind. It included over 600 complete mtdna genomes from indigenous populations across the continent. How Old Was Mitochondrial Eve" MtDNA, inherited down the maternal line, was used in...

Dawn of human matrilineal diversity

...ographic researchers and their collaborators have published the most extensive survey to date of African mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA). Over 600 complete mtdna genomes from indigenous populations across the continent were analyzed by the scientists, led by Doron Behar, Genographic Associate Researcher, based ...

Present-day species of piranha result from a marine incursion into the Amazon Basin

... molecular basis for reconstructing the evolution of the present-day species which are different yet very close to one another. These techniques using mtdna sequences led to the conclusion that the origin of the piranha species inhabiting the rivers of South America today dates back to some ancestor at onl...

History-hunting geneticists can still follow familiar trail

...drial DNA, also known as mtDNA. "The study of mtdna has helped to demonstrate the African origin of ou...Europe, and the settlement of the New World." mtdna has made headlines recently because of initiatives...hondria that lie outside the nucleus of our cells, mtdna is unlike the DNA inside the nucleus of a cell tha...

World Trade Center identifications pushed forensic DNA technology

...hondrial DNA is not unique -- entire maternal ancestry lines share the same mtdna -- it, along with STR, could help in identification. SNPs, or single nuc...ssary for an identification with the same statistical accuracy. Although mtdna analysis is uncommon, it has been used in forensic settings in the U.S. "S...

High-Throughput GoMiner

...Southeast Asian populations by estimating how much mtdna different populations have in common. Early result... finally nailed this down. Trejaut et al. analyzed mtdna from people in China, Southeast Asia, Polynesia, a...opulations share three specific mutations in their mtdna that do not occur in mainland east Asian populatio...

Genetic link confirmed between Polynesians and indigenous Taiwanese

...Southeast Asian populations by estimating how much mtdna different populations have in common. Early result... finally nailed this down. Trejaut et al. analyzed mtdna from people in China, Southeast Asia, Polynesia, a...opulations share three specific mutations in their mtdna that do not occur in mainland east Asian populatio...

New mitochondrial DNA gene chip may be early cancer diagnosis tool

...ersity School of Medicine have observed changes in mtdna sequences in solid cancers, although the nature of...n. Their work suggested that particular changes in mtdna might serve as early indicators for several types ...equencing using capillary electrophoresis detected mtdna changes associated with early cancer. In ongoing w...

Ancient DNA helps clarify the origins of two extinct New World horse species

...volutionary relationships: though the region undergoes high mutation rates, the patterns of mutations remain stable over thousands of generations. The mtdna analysis of the South and North American horses provided evidence that stilt-legged horses, the Hippidion genus, and caballine, or true horses, all ar...
MtDNA in Biological Technology

MyHeritage And Family Tree DNA Partner To Help People Trace Family History Using DNA

...hree tests: Y-DNA25 - a Y-chromosome test for males (US$129) mtdna - a mitochondrial DNA test for males and females (US$129) Y-DNA25 + mtdna - a combined Y-chromosome and mitochondrial DNA test for males (US$219) ...

Familybuilder Launches the Familybuilder Global Network at DEMOfall 08

...lder offers both paternal (YDNA) and maternal (mtDNA) DNA tests. The YDNA test is a 17-marker test (as compared to FamilyTreeDNA's 12 markers) and its mtdna test will analyze 420 base pairs of the HV1 region. The DNA kit arrives by mail in closed cover, and provides simple instructions to collect a DNA sam...

J. Craig Venter Institute Names Robert Friedman, Ph.D., Deputy Director of West Coast Facility

...on, she was responsible for implementing and managing a forensic resequencing pipeline at Celera. This pipeline was specifically set up to perform the mtdna resequencing on the World Trade Center (WTC) victim and reference samples for the purpose of identifying the WTC victims. Rogers received her B.S. a...

Stemagen First to Create Cloned Human Embryos From Adult Cells

...stocyst, while one was further confirmed to be a clone by an additional mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) analysis which revealed the presence of oocyte donor mtdna without any oocyte donor nuclear DNA. For technical reasons, the genetic material in the remaining two blastocysts did not amplify to the extent requi...

Using the DCode System to Identify DNA Sequence Variation for Studies of Population Structure in Marine Organisms

...ced effective population size. 2 For DGGE, the haploid state of mtdna offers two advantages. First, except for heteroplasmic individua...s xanthurus), a fish species shown by RFLP analysis to have high mtdna sequence diversity (T. Lankford, University of Delaware, pers. c...
MtDNA in Biological Products

Mouse Anti-Human Complex IV, assembly factor SURF1 Monoclonal Antibody, Unconjugated, Clone 21H2BG4 from MitoScience LLC

Description:... mutations in genes for structural subunits of the enzyme SURF1 is significantly over-expressed. This is evident in Rho0 fibroblasts which are missing mtdna and hence cannot synthesize subunits I, II and III of cytochrome c oxidase....
Company:MitoScience LLC
MtDNA in Biological Dictionary

MtDNA

Mitochondrial DNA ( mtDNA ) is the DNA located in organelles called mitochondria. Most other DNA present in eukaryotic organisms is found in the cell nucleus. Mitochondrial DNA was discovered by Margit M. K. Nass and Sylvan... Mitochondrial Eve (mt-mrca) is the name given by researchers to t...

RFLP

...rdered from Proligo.com. ... posted to therapeutic rflp recombinant mtdna mouse mitotarget mitochondria ... posted to rflp snp by guhjy on 200... genetic identification possible, as labs are able to use PCR, STR, RFLP , mtdna sequencing, and electrophoresis to analyze DNA ... One of the more oft...

Polymorphisms

..., -739T>G, -729C>T, ... Genome database of polymorphisms and mutations of the human mitochondrial DNA. ... Submittal form for unpublished mtdna polymorphisms ... Online Shopping at DirectTextBook.com - Save up to 80%, buy or rent. New and used books like Human Blood Cells Consequences of ...

Mitochondrial DNA

...ous forensic implications in the fight against crime. Mitochondrial DNA mtdna is perfect for older, smaller or degraded samples. Mitochondrial DNA ... The Mitochondrial DNA Section will receive samples deemed suitable for mtdna ... Mitochondrial DNA Analysis at the FBI Laboratory. Alice R. Isenb...

Minisatellite

...o: navigation, search ... Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Talk: Minisatellite " ... minisatellite -like variation of mtdna have been reported ... for minisatellite -like patterns ... that is generally presumed to lead to minisatellite -like ... environmental health is...

Heteroplasmy

...werful evidence ... Heteroplasmy of the Human mtdna Control Region Remains Const... On the basis of ou...r results, heteroplasmy in the control region of mtdna seems ... ... equation allows confirmation of t...phila mauritiana. ... We examine the utility of mtdna heteroplasmy in assessing genetic damage due to ...

Genetic drift

...n, ... When genetic drift reduces entropy ... has been subjected to t generations of genetic drift ? ... Genetic drift eliminated rare mtdna haplotypes from Iceland ... Developed by Baylor College of Medicine, BioEd Online provides up-to-date ... Genetic Drift ... Genetic Drift a...

CpDNA

...ed for both C. ... posted to cpdna gene-flow mtdna phylogeography plateau postglacial ... posted t...aspecific and ... OH 4. 1. Cytoplasmic Genomes. mtdna and cpDNA . • Small relative to nuclear genome ... Uses of mtdna and cpDNA . • Protein stuff? • They are all DNA s...

Copy number control

...control integration in real-time PCR-based transgene copy number determination. ... ... that, like its metazoan homologues, is implicated in mtdna copy number control . ... copy number in the rrm3 strain is shown in Figure 3A as a positive ... ...

Coding region

... the industry leader for ease of use and support. ... haplogroup by testing informative SNP markers in the coding region of the mtDNA. ... Your mtdna consists of 3 regions : HVR1, HVR2, and Coding . ... ...
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