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Maize in Medical News

Simulating kernel production influences maize model accuracy

MADISON, WI, Sept. 18, 2007 -- Recently, researchers at Iowa State University discovered a way to increase the accuracy of a popular crop model. By zeroing in on early stages leading up to kernel formation, scientists believe they can help improve yield predictions across a variety of environmenta...

First Genetically Engineered Maize Resistant to Maize Streak Virus Produced in S. Africa

Scientists at the University of Cape Town, South Africa, and colleagues at the South African seed company, PANNAR Pty Ltd, have reportedly developed a resistant variety of maize that could alleviate both food shortages and promote genetically engineered (GE) foods in Africa. The MSV-resist...

Sangamo BioSciences Reports First Quarter 2009 Financial Results

...he successful application of ZFP technology for the efficient generation of maize plants with multiple, commercially important traits. In a study published ...o introduce a herbicide tolerance gene into a pre-determined address in the maize genome, simultaneously eliminating the expression of an enzyme involved in ...

Experts: Targeted agricultural investments will yield high results, slash poverty in Africa

... into regional markets. For instance, while global maize prices increased by 38 percent between March 2007 ...to September 2008, even though the global price of maize increased by just 1 percent, it rose by 75 percent...llion. Finding and developing drought-tolerant maize varieties and spreading them in Africa, which woul...

To branch or not to branch

...me genes are being studied today to understand how maize and other crops in the grass family like rice, whe...ty, will be presenting this work at a symposium on maize Biology at the annual meeting of the American Soci...ng from the straight spikes of wheat and barley to maize and sorghum with branched tassels. ...

ASPB engages Latin America colleagues at Annual Meeting in Merida, Mexico June 22-25

...pression Center A genetic approach to plant morphology. Symposium II: maize Biology Sponsored by Monsanto - Organizers: Sarah Hake and Jean Phillipe Vi...cki Chandler Epigenetic Silencing Across Generations. Erik Vollbrecht The maize inflorescence: development, domestication and insights into grass evolution...

Plant pathogen yields substance to fight neuroblastoma

...om a fungal plant pathogen. The substance from the maize pathogen reprograms neuroblastoma cells in such a ...nthosporium carbonum leads to reduced harvests for maize farmers. Yet a specific constituent of the pathoge...o determine whether the substance derived from the maize pathogen is suitable for developing a new drug to ...

Sangamo BioSciences Provides Update on Company's Accomplishments in 2007 and 2008 Objectives

...achievement of several research milestones including the first demonstration of ZFN-mediated targeted integration of DNA into a native gene in maize and the first demonstration of targeting a native gene in canola with ZFNs. -- Sangamo established a major alliance with Sigma-Aldrich Corporatio...

Fourteen Global Experts Comment on the Safety and Use of Genetically Modified Food Crops

...ace Prize for his leadership role in the "Green Revolution" to increase food production and currently serves as senior consultant to the International maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT), and as president of the Sasakawa Africa Association. "Can we do it? I say yes. If we continue to develop techno...

One Fifth of Timor Needs Food Assistance: UN Report

...f cereals, cassava and other tubers dropped by 25-30 per cent while rice production decreased by 20 per cent. "Producers are in urgent need of maize and rice seeds, fertilizer and other agricultural inputs to prepare for the next cropping season," said Henri Josserand, Chief of FAO's Global Informa...
Maize in Medical Technology

Sangamo BioSciences Reports 2007 Fourth Quarter and Year-End Financial Results

...ones that represent the successful application of Sangamo's ZFP technology to the generation of specific traits in two major crop species -- maize and canola. -- Sangamo closed a registered direct offering to institutional investors. In July, Sangamo sold an aggregate of 3,278,689 shares ...
Maize in Medical Dictionary

Virus

...precursors, p4b and p25K, the 25 ... The mutant virus was designed to have Tet operator in front of A12L open reading ... displayarticle ... The maize streak virus causes one of the most destructive crop diseases in Africa. ... can come from a field badly infected with the virus . ... ...

Corn

...rown, usually tall annual cereal grass (Zea mays) bearing grains or kernels on large ears Corn Although the exact origins of Indian corn , or maize , are unknown, American Indians probably first grew it in prehistoric times in Peru, Bolivia, Corn "is almost universally regarded as an envir...
Maize in Biological News

Early origins of maize in Mexico

The ancestors of maize originally grew wild in Mexico and were radically different from the plant that is now one of the most important crops in the world. While the evidence is clear that maize was first domesticated in Mexico, the time and location of the earliest domestication and dispersal e...

Ancient Mexican maize varieties

Maize was first domesticated in the highlands of Mexico about 10,000 years ago and is now one of the most important crop plants in the world. It is a member of the grass family, which also hosts the world's other major crops including rice, wheat, barley, sorghum, and sugar cane. As early agri...

If corn is biofuels king, tropical maize may be emperor

When University of Illinois crop scientist Fred Below began growing tropical maize, the form of corn grown in the tropics, he was looking for novel genes for the utilization of nitrogen fertilizer and was hoping to discover information that could be useful to American corn producers. Now, howe...

Simulating kernel production influences maize model accuracy

MADISON, WI, Sept. 18, 2007 -- Recently, researchers at Iowa State University discovered a way to increase the accuracy of a popular crop model. By zeroing in on early stages leading up to kernel formation, scientists believe they can help improve yield predictions across a variety of environmenta...

Transgenic maize is more susceptible to aphids

The environmental consequences of transgenic crops are the focus of numerous investigations, such as the one published in the journal PloS ONE, which was carried out by Cristina Faria and her colleagues, under the supervision of Ted Turlings, professor in chemical ecology at the University of Neuc...

First all-African GM crop is resistant to maize streak virus

The first all-African genetically modified crop plant with resistance to the severe maize streak virus (MSV), which seriously reduces the continents maize yield, has been developed by scientists from the University of Cape Town and PANNAR PTY Ltd, a South African seed company. The research, publis...

Researchers find the earliest evidence of domesticated maize

Maize was domesticated from its wild ancestor more than 8700 years according to biological evidence uncovered by researchers in the Mexico's Central Balsas River Valley. This is the earliest dated evidence -- by 1200 years -- for the presence and use of domesticated maize. The researchers, led...

Team finds an economical way to boost the vitamin A content of maize

A team of plant geneticists and crop scientists has pioneered an economical approach to the selective breeding of maize that can boost levels of provitamin A, the precursors that are converted to vitamin A upon consumption. This innovation could help to enhance the nutritional status of millions o...

University of Arizona plant scientists to unravel maize genome

Researchers at The University of Arizona's plant sciences department and UA's BIO5 Institute have received a $29 million federal grant as part of a consortium to unlock the genetic code of the corn plant. The knowledge gained from the Maize Genome Sequencing Project will enable plant scientists and...

Genetically modified maize not found in southern Mexico

Contrary to what many scientists thought, genetically modified (GM) corn has not yet spread to native maize crops in southern Mexico. After analyzing tens of thousands of seeds from maize crops grown in 2003 and 2004, researchers from Mexico and the United States found no evidence of transgenes ...

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Maize in Biological Technology

Dow AgroSciences Confirms Efficacy of Zinc Finger Nucleases for Precise Genome Modification in Maize

Breakthrough technology could transform agricultural advancement Indianapolis (PRWEB) April 29, 2009 - Scientists at Dow AgroSciences LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of The Dow Chemical Company (NYSE:DOW), have demonstrated insertion of a gene for a herbicide-tolerant tr...

Single gene controls key difference between maize and its wild ancestor

Madison, Wis. -- One of the greatest agricultural and evolutionary puzzles is the origin of maize -- and part of the answer may lie in a plot of corn on the western edge of Madison, where a hybrid crop gives new life to ancient genetic material. While many biologists argue that teosinte, a wil...

Sangamo BioSciences Reports Second Quarter 2009 Financial Results

... Nature by licensing partner Dow AgroSciences and Sangamo demonstrating the successful application of ZFP technology for the efficient generation of maize plants with multiple, commercially important traits. The techniques described are broadly applicable across plant species and traits and establish a n...

Sangamo BioSciences Announces Publication in Nature of the Use of Zinc Finger Nucleases to Accelerate Precision Trait Stacking in Commercial Crop Species

...he successful application of ZFP technology for the efficient generation of maize plants with multiple, commercially important traits. The techniques describ...o introduce a herbicide tolerance gene into a pre-determined address in the maize genome, simultaneously eliminating the expression of an enzyme involved in ...

DuPont Leader: Agriculture is Up to Global Productivity Challenge

...nt practices and new technologies have helped U.S. maize growers increase average corn yields 40 percent in...- reaching 154 bushels per acre in 2008. However, maize yields in many parts of the world lag far behind t...a and Brazil, the world's second and third largest maize markets, average...

South African Farmers Increase Plantings of Genetically Modified Crops

... Farmer Richard Sithole Discusses Impact of Bt maize on His Farm and Family ... Since planting his first genetically modified Bt maize crop in 2000, Sithole has increased the size of hi...standard of living. "The new kind of maize is important to me because I can grow enough to fe...

Dow AgroSciences, Sangamo BioSciences Announce the Achievement of Key Milestones in Plant Agriculture Collaboration

...echnology to the generation of specific traits in two major crop species -- maize and canola. "Our collaboration with Sangamo continues to be spectacularly...(TM)) to place a herbicide resistance gene into a specified location of the maize genome in a rapid, single-step process. The precise insertion of the gene i...

Biotech Crops Experience Remarkable Dozen Years of Double-Digit Growth

...biotech maize, investing in farming made sense and allowed me to earn more than the medical technology field I was trained in," she said. "The biotech maize gave me peace of mind and meant less time monitoring for pests. With stack corn, I also incur savings on cultivation and weeding costs. With the added...

Court bars patent protection for certain gene fragments

...y laboratories harvested and purified DNA from the maize plant during its flowering phase, also known as an...ent at a particular time in the development of the maize plant. Though the researchers were not intending t...set of five ESTs that encodes a fragment or entire maize protein. Neither the genes that encode the protein...

Amplified Fragment Length Polymorphism (AFLP) Analysis on Applied Biosystems Capillary Electrophoresis Systems

...pplied Biosystems Plant Mapping Kit with genomic DNA samples from maize to demonstrate that the Applied Biosystems capillary electrophoresis platfo...LP analysis with a specific application, a parentage assay was performed on maize DNA samples isolated from three individuals: 1. Parent one (P1) ...
Maize in Biological Products

Maize microRNA Microarray from LC Sciences

Description:...r comprehensive microRNA Expression Profiling Service. Probe Content The maize microRNA Microarray contains all known maize microRNAs (43 unique mature sequences). The comprehensive probe content is ...
Company:LC Sciences
Maize in Biological Definition

Biodiversity

...ted. In recent years, however, it has become clear that there are real ecological effects of biodiversity . Unusual and wild strains of maize are collected to increase the crop diversity when selectively breeding domestic corn. Economic role of biodiversity For all humans, biodivers...

Botany

...re recently, Barbara McClintock discovered ' jumping genes ' by studying maize . Although she was not a classical 'botanist' - her work demonstrates the o...sequenced. Other more commercially important plants like rice , wheat , maize and soybean are also having their genomes sequenced, although some of th...

Developmental biology

...s elegans Fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster ( Drosophila embryogenesis ) Plants ( Plant embryogenesis ) Arabidopsis thaliana maize Snapdragon See also Important publications in developmental biology morphogenesis , embryogenesis External links ...

Experimental evolution

...ng of plants and animals has led to varieties that differ dramatically from their original wild-type ancestors. Examples are the cabbage varieties, maize , or the large number of different dog breeds. The power of human breeding to create varieties with extreme differences from a single species was al...

Genetics

... rules appear to hold (e.g., that the amount of adenine, A, tends to be equal to that of thymine, T). Barbara McClintock discovers transposons in maize 1952 The Hershey-Chase experiment proves the genetic information of phages (and all other organisms) to be DNA 1953 DNA structure is reso...

Genome project

...Yeast Neurospora crassa A type of mold Arabidopsis thaliana Mustard weed Oryza sativa Rice Triticum spp Wheat Zea mays maize (or corn) Escherichia coli bacterium E.coli SARS virus Arbacia punctulata the purple-spined sea urchin Caenorhabditis elegans a...

Polysaccharide

...amylases , which can break the alpha- linkages. Humans and other animals have amylases, so they can digest starches. Potato , rice , wheat , and maize are major sources of starch in the human diet. Glycogen Glycogen is the storage form of glucose in animals . It is a branched polymer of ...

Virus classification

...pe species: Barley stripe mosaic virus Genus Idaeovirus ; type species: Raspberry bushy dwarf virus Genus Machlomovirus ; type species: maize chlorotic mottle virus Genus Ourmiavirus ; type species: Ourmia melon virus Genus Pecluvirus ; type species: Peanut clump virus Genu...
Maize in Biological Dictionary

Vascular bundles

... Vascular bundles form a kind of vertical intra-net connection between the ... Light microscopical views of vascular bundles of the leaf of a maize and b Yucca ... They are often associated with the xylem of the vascular bundles . ... They can be grouped into bundles , can form complete t...

Transposable element

...ance Calculations ... W hen transposable elements were discovered in maize by Barbara McClintock ... molecular consequences of transposable element...Columbia Encyclopedia, Computer Desktop Encyclopedia, computing ... Some maize phenotypes caused by transposable elements excising in somatic tissue...

Transgenic plant

...f viable transgenic plant . material into the environment. ... ... in maize and help scientists develop heartier, more productive maize plants ... WHAT are some examples of transgenic plants ? ... Resear...

Retrotransposons

... iii) Provide a means for identifying LTR- retrotransposons inserted near genes. ... For example, retrotransposons comprise more than 50% of the maize genome and ... LTR retrotransposons are believed to have contributed significantly to the ... Many LTR retrotransposons replicate non-autonom...

Recombination

...recombination or crossing over. ... DNA recombination occurs frequently in many different cell types, and it has ... and Creighton's work in maize shows physical evidence of recombination . ... Refutation of Ashcraft's article about recombination ... A New Look At Genetic Recombination .....

Monoecious

... sex phenotypes. ... monoecious . adjective (Gr. monos: single; oikos: house) Describing plant species ... examples of monoecious plants are maize and birch; in bryophytes: with ... monoecious plant. A plant in which in which the male and female organs are borne on the same plant, ... Also...

Maternal effect

...... Maternal Effect . Maternal Inheritance. Xenia - Part I. Soybean Hila Color. Corn Pericarp Color ... Maternal Effect . Pericarp color in maize is determined by ... < A maternal effect , in genetics, is the phenomena where the genotype of a mother ... It uses material from the Wikip...

Mass spectrometry

...... mass spectrometry , mass spectrometry resource, international mass spectrometry resource ... Mass Spectrometry Unearths Mexico's maize - Accelerator MS provides ... Mass Spectrometry : Deciphering the Elements ... Links related to mass spectrometry : MIMS, Education, Socie...

Leptotene

...e leptotene , the homologs had completely ... leptotene (E) ... ( B) Leptotene -zygotene transition (a one-tenth projection, showing ... pam1 maize meiocyte nuclei in leptotene through pachytene stages. ... ( A) Leptotene . ... During leptotene , homologs move towards each other in what i...

Inverted repeat

...ation occurs into one half of the inverted repeat . ... Miniature Inverted - repeat Transposable Elements (MITEs) (Class III) Transposons. in maize ... Miniature Inverted - repeat Transposable Elements (MITEs) ... Furthermore, we found that the inverted repeat locus is required for main...
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