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Leishmania in Medical News

IDRI and Chembio Collaborate to Develop a Low-Cost Test for Visceral Leishmaniasis

...iasis (VL) is a serious, potentially lethal, systemic parasitic illness that has caused epidemics in India, Southeast Asia, Africa and Latin America. leishmania parasites are transmitted to humans through the bite of infected sandflies. Patients with VL develop infections of their liver, spleen, and bone marr...

UIC researchers hunting drugs for devastating parasitic disease

... Tipparaju and Marco Pieroni synthesized a chemical "library" of more than 100 diverse compounds and screened them for biological activity against the leishmania parasite. They observed high antiparasitic activity in a compound first isolated from streptomyces bacteria more than 20 years ago. That compound, Tip...

Improved diagnosis of cutaneous leishmaniasis thanks to new techniques

... technique for the detection and quantification of leishmania parasites. The so-called QT-NASBA technique, based...nd Suriname, where the disease is mainly caused by leishmania guyanensis. The use of antigens for this species of leishmania significantly improved the serological test compar...

JCI online early table of contents: Jan. 10 2008

...sive immune cell known as an effector T cell that accumulates. In the study, it was observed that at the site of dermal infection with the parasite leishmania major, soluble molecules (known as chemokines) that attracted Th2 effector cells were detectable, whereas chemokines that attracted Th1 effector cells...

Leukocyte reduction seen as significant advance in transfusion medicine

...ses, such as HTLV-1 and HIV; and other emerging threats. These emerging pathogens include bacteria, such as Yersinia enterocolitica; protozoa such as leishmania species and Trypanosoma cruzi; and infectious prions, believed to be the cause of several fatal neurodegenerative diseases, including variant Creutzfe...

Dermatologists identify North Texas leishmaniasis outbreak

...n private practice at Methodist Charlton Medical Center. Luckily, all of the leishmaniasis cases in North Texas that have been cultured have grown leishmania mexicana, which is less dangerous than other forms of the parasite, he said. It makes skin sores, but the infection doesnt spread and become a full bo...

Gene Study Throws Up New Targets for Leishmaniasis

...lready slender. British-led scientists compared the genetic code of leishmania major, which causes the cutaneous form of leishmaniasis, with those of L. i...allowing researchers to optimise the use of limited resources." The leishmania parasite is transmitted in the saliva of sandflies, who tuck in to a blood ...

A Non-profit Drug Firms Injection to Fight Kala Azar Included in WHOs Model List

...al leishmaniasis (VL), the worlds second most deadly parasitic disease after malaria. It is a systemic infection caused by various species of leishmania parasites. The infection is transmitted by sandflies and causes chronic fever, weight loss, anemia and spleen and liver and anemia. With approximately...

IDRI and Chembio to Develop Tests for Leishmaniasis and Leprosy

...se products for affected populations globally. The leishmania parasite affects millions of people worldwide, whi...cine development. A complex of different diseases, leishmania parasites cause fatal infections of internal organ...expensive, and require long-term daily injections. leishmania are protozoan parasites that inhabit macrophages o...

A New Pathway To Deal With Sleeping Sickness

...and prevent sleeping sickness - trypanosomiasis. The researchers also believe this could have implications for related parasites and diseases, such as leishmania and leishmaniasis and Trypanosoma cruzi and Chagas disease. Sleeping sickness affects humans and livestock, and is endemic in sub-Saharan Africa w...
Leishmania in Medical Products

Leishmania - Rapid Test

Description:... A rapid immunochromatographic strip assay for the qualitative detection of antibodies to Visceral leishmania in serum...
Company:Bio-Quant, Inc.
Leishmania in Medical Dictionary

Cutaneous

...rasite that is transmitted by sandfly bites. There are about 20 species of leishmania that may cause... How is cutaneous anthrax spread? • What are the d...( kyü′tānēəs lēshmə′nīəsəs ) ( medicine ) A parasitic skin infection by leishmania tropica characterized by deep ulcers of the More about Cutaneous T-...
Leishmania in Biological News

Scientists film inner workings of the immune system

...or Weninger. "Once we established this, it was fascinating to introduce the leishmania infection and watch as the parasite was picked up by the cells and the proc...eans we can look at identifying the molecules responsible for the uptake of leishmania infection and these molecules could become vaccine targets. Additionally, w...

Purifying parasites with light

...und this problem by designing special fluorescent leishmania mexicana (one of the many Leishmaniases parasit...Using this approach, the researchers separated the leishmania parasites with only about 2% contamination, far be...were more prominent in parasites than free living leishmania . The results yielded many characteristics of thes...

American Society for Microbiology honors Adrian M. Zelazny

...lazny came to the NIH in 2003 on a Fogarty International Center Fellowship. As a Fellow, he developed a method using PCR assay to detect and identify leishmania species in patient specimens, and was recognized for this work with the NIH Fellow's Award for Research Excellence in 2005. Dr. Zelazny is currently ...

Excavated Jericho bones may help Israeli-Palestinian-German team combat tuberculosis

...sraeli team, the bones, which were all excavated by Dr. Kathleen Kenyon between fifty and seventy years ago, will be tested for tuberculosis, leprosy, leishmania and malaria. However, the primary focus will be tuberculosis. Spigelman is known for his pioneering studies of ancient diseases (palaeoepidemiology...

Poor Americans in the United States suffer hidden burden of parasitic and other neglected diseases

...en living in poor areas may also be infected with other parasites, including Ascaris roundworms in the South, Strongyloides threadworms in Appalachia, leishmania protozoan parasites in Texas, and the bacteria that cause leptospirosis. "That reliable numbers on the actual prevalence of these neglected tropica...

Potent possibilities for parasite attack

...time to maintain the structure and sequence of the leishmania genomes - the degree of similarity between these s...nts. Biological studies for the function of 50% of leishmania genes are lacking, so this comparative genome stud...erculosis, so the identification of a CFAS gene in leishmania raises the exciting possibility that some virulenc...

Visceral Leishmaniasis: Successful Vaccine Trial In Dogs

... the world each year. It is caused by a protozoan, leishmania infantum, transmitted by sand fly bites. There is ...developing countries. It is caused by the parasite leishmania infantum. A flagellate protozoan, it uses as vecto...en T, Sereno D, Brajon N. and Lemesre J.L. (1999). leishmania Spp: completely defined medium without serum and m...

OneWorld Health drug receives 'Orphan' designation from U.S. and European regulatory agencies

...omycin to treat visceral leishmaniasis (VL). VL, also known as kala azar ("black fever"), is a fatal disease transmitted by sand flies, which spread leishmania parasites that attack internal organs. An estimated 1.5 million people worldwide are currently infected; the number of new VL cases per year is estima...
Leishmania in Biological Technology

Infectious Disease Research Institute Receives Grant for Acquisition of Core Research Equipment from M.J. Murdock Charitable Trust

... health burdens and cause premature death or disability. Targeted Diseases -- Leishmaniasis, transmitted by the bite of a sandfly and caused by leishmania infection, is endemic in 88 countries. Approximately 15 million new cases of leishmaniasis occur each year. Visceral leishmaniasis, which ca...

Biolistic Gene Transfer to Generate Transgenic Schistosomes, Rev A

... Quijada L et al., Identification of a putative regulatory element in the 3'-untranslated region that controls expression of HSP70 in leishmania infantum, Mol Biochem Parasitol 110, 7991 (2000) Sanford JC et al., Optimizing the biolistic process for different biological ...
Leishmania in Biological Definition

Parasitology

...e study of those parasites which infect humans. These include unicellular organisms such as Plasmodium spp., the organism which causes malaria , leishmania donovani , the organism which causes leishmaniasis and multicellular organisms such as Schistosoma spp., Wuchereria bancrofti and Necator ...
Leishmania in Biological Dictionary

Phagocytosis

...rticles invading ... Coiling phagocytosis has previously been studied only ... Unconventional phagocytosis of ... In the phagocytosis assays, leishmania promastigotes of the ... Online Shopping at DirectTextBook.com - Save up to 80%, buy or rent. New and used books like Phagocytosis Microbial Inva...

Minicircles

...y gaps in free minicircles are repaired quickly, some persist even ... leishmania minicircles show features that make them almost ideal as molecular ... 12mer sequence, present in all leishmania minicircles , is marked in bold. ... Kinetoplast DNA minicircles enco...
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