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Langerhans in Medical News

Montreal researchers prove that insulin-producing cells can give rise to stem-like cells in-vitro

...lls produce insulin and other hormones in the pancreas. "The potential for dedifferentiation of all the different cells that make up the islets of langerhans is a totally new finding," Dr. Rosenberg said. "At this stage, we can't confirm whether the cells' ability to turn into stem-like cells occur natur...

Langerhans cell histiocytosis

... Frederic Geissmann and colleagues find that langerhans cell accumulation in langerhans cell histiocytosis results from survival rather than uncontrolled prolifera...

Male Circumcision can Cut HIV Infection, Studies Show

...uring intercourse, making it easier for the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) to enter the man's bloodstream. Another is that the foreskin is rich in langerhans cells, whose surface is configured in such a way that the AIDS virus readily latches on to them. ...

Protein Blockade For HIV Infection

...re Medicine. Langerin is a protein produced by langerhans cells which form a web like network in skin and mu... Dutch study was conducted in the laboratory using langerhans cells from 13 human donors. According to this study, the HIV uses langerhans cells to carry itself to the T cells which are pre...

Circumcision to Avert HIV Infection

...2026." The study theorized that circumcision reduced the risk of male infection because the vulnerable tissue inside the foreskin containing the langerhans cells, which are particularly vulnerable to HIV infection, are removed. In addition the report also stated, "The area under the foreskin is also...
Langerhans in Medical Technology

Research Documents Scalable Production, Survival Following Engraftment and Positive Impact on Cardiac Function in Infarcted Rats for Geron's Human Embryonic Stem Cell-Based Therapeutic for Heart Failure

...cell types of the pancreas, including ductal, exocrine and endocrine cells. The endocrine cells appeared as bud-like clusters resembling the islets of langerhans and included the major islet cell types that produce the hormones insulin, glucagon and somatostatin. Upon exposure to increased concentrations of glu...
Langerhans in Medical Products

Insulin EIA Diabetes and Obesity Markers 008-10-1113-01

Description:... Insulin is the principal hormone responsible for the control of glucose metabolism. It is synthesized in the b-cells of the islets of langerhans as the precursor, proinsulin, which is processed to form C-peptide and insulin. Both are secreted in equimolar amounts into the portal circulation. ...
Company:ALPCO Diagnostics

Insulin Ultrasensitive EIA Diabetes and Obesity Markers 008-10-1132-01

Description:... Insulin is the principal hormone responsible for the control of glucose metabolism. It is synthesized in the b-cells of the islets of langerhans as the precursor, proinsulin, which is processed to form C-peptide and insulin. Both are secreted in equimolar amounts into the portal circulation. ...
Company:ALPCO Diagnostics

Iso-Insulin EIA Diabetes and Obesity Markers 008-10-1128-01

Description:... Insulin is the principal hormone responsible for the control of glucose metabolism. It is synthesized in the b-cells of the islets of langerhans as the precursor, proinsulin, which is processed to form C-peptide and insulin. Both are secreted in equimolar amounts into the portal circulation. ...
Company:ALPCO Diagnostics
Langerhans in Medical Definition

Hematopathology

... DIC • Hemophilia ( A , B , C ) • Von Willebrand disease • Purpura ( Henoch-Schönlein , ITP , TTP ) other Methemoglobinemia - langerhans cell histiocytosis ...

Pathology

... DIC • Hemophilia ( A , B , C ) • Von Willebrand disease • Purpura ( Henoch-Schönlein , ITP , TTP ) other Methemoglobinemia - langerhans cell histiocytosis v • d • e Endocrine pathology : endocrine diseases ( E00-35 ) Thyroid Hypothyroi...
Langerhans in Medical Dictionary

Histiocytosis x

... langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) is a rare disease involving clonal proliferation of langerhans cells, abnormal cells deriving from bone marrow ...ecific type of this disorder that involves ... langerhans cell histiocytosis is a rare disorder that occ...

Histiocytosis

...rmation summary about the treatment of childhood langerhans Cell Histiocytosis . ... Effects of Childhood langerhans Cell Histiocytosis ... Histiocytosis is a ...introduction of novel treatment options. ... langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) is a rare disease ....
Langerhans in Biological News

New mediator of smoking recruits

...ung disease. The article from Prasse et al "suggest[s] that chronic nicotine stimulation induced by cigarette smoking promotes macrophage and langerhans cell accumulation in the lung via an increase in [osteopontin production]." Osteopontin and cellular receptors for nicotine may therefore be new targe...

Researchers discover new details about HIV-1 entry and infection

... to HIV-1. The researchers found that HIV-1 simultaneously enters two different types of intraepithelial cells associated with the immune system, langerhans cells (LC) and CD4+ T cells. However, the path of entry and fate of infection was different for the two cell types. Infection of CD4+ T cells appears ...

Source of crucial immune cell in the skin discovered

...is formed in the skin by a group of cells known as langerhans cells. These cells ingest antigens present in the ...ger an immune response against the tumor." Once langerhans cells transport an antigen, they need to be replac...ine recently discovered that when skin is inflamed langerhans cells are replaced by circulating precursor cells....

Langerhans cells regulate immune reactions in the skin

... at Yale School of Medicine have demonstrated that langerhans cells in the skin, which had been thought to alert...presence of pathogens and other foreign materials. langerhans cells are dendritic cells in the skin. Skin is an ...fection and it has been generally assumed that the langerhans cells only serve to warn the immune system of skin...

IMF Launches World’s First DNA Database for Myeloma Patients

...environment he has a higher probability of dying," langerhans said. "That's the cost, the tradeoff. On the other... but smaller is better for avoiding predation." langerhans and colleagues reported their findings in the May ...roceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. langerhans specializes in the study of ecological factors tha...

Certain fish have a special mating preference

...environment he has a higher probability of dying," langerhans said. "That's the cost, the tradeoff. On the other... but smaller is better for avoiding predation." langerhans and colleagues reported their findings in the May ...roceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. langerhans specializes in the study of ecological factors tha...

Rare surgery performed to remove pancreas, prevent diabetes

...past, such surgery might eliminate the pain but would leave the patient with severe, poorly-controlled diabetes, since the insulin-producing islets of langerhans would necessarily be discarded along with the rest of the organ. Patients without functioning islet cells have to take insulin for life. Retrieving an...

Source of molecular triggers in cutaneous T cell lymphoma identified

...d that, like all T cells, the cancerous CTCL cells require antigenic stimuli delivered by specialized dendritic cells of the epidermis, referred to as langerhans cells (LC), in order to replicate. To determine the nature of the activating antigen, Carole Berger, a research scientist in dermatology set up a p...
Langerhans in Biological Technology

Delivery of pCMV-S DNA Using the Helios Gene Gun System Is Superior to Intramuscular Injection in Balb/c Mice

...ns require 2502,500 times less DNA than standard intramuscular delivery (Fynan et al. 1993). This is due to the dense network of langerhans cells that are found in the epidermis, acting as a source of antigen-presenting cells. Bio-Rads Helios gene gun system delivers D...
Langerhans in Biological Products

Dog Anti-Pig Pancreatic Islets of Langerhans Cells Polyclonal Antibody, Unconjugated from Abcam

Description: Dog polyclonal to Porcine Pancreatic Islets of Langerhans Cells ( Abpromise for all tested applications). Antigen: Tissue / cell preparation (Pig): Sonicated crude membrane fraction of porcine pancreatic islets of langerhans cells....
Company:Abcam

Rabbit Anti-Human S100 A6 Ab-9 Polyclonal Antibody, Unconjugated from Lab Vision

Description:...d of an alpha and beta chain whereas S100B is composed of two beta chains. S100 protein is also expressed in the antigen presenting cells such as the langerhans cells in skin and interdigitating reticulum cells in the paracortex of lymph nodes. Epitope: Not determined Immunogen: Purified recombinant human ...
Company:Lab Vision
Langerhans in Biological Definition

Diabetes mellitus

...ich the body's own immune system attacks the beta cells in the Islets of langerhans of the pancreas , destroying them or damaging them sufficiently to reduce...d diabetes in dogs by giving them an extract from the pancreatic islets of langerhans of healthy dogs 8 . They went on to isolate the hormone insulin from bovin...

Insulin

...la , "island", as it is produced in the Islets of langerhans in the pancreas ) is a polypeptide hormone t... Discovery and characterization In 1869 Paul langerhans , a medical student in Berlin , was studying the ...e heaps of cells", later known as the Islets of langerhans , was unknown, but Edouard Laguesse later argued ...

Skin

...ls which make up the epidermis are keratinocytes , with melanocytes and langerhans cells also present. The epidermis can be further subdivided in to the foll...l barrier between the internal and external environment in bodily defence; langerhans cells in the skin are part of the adaptive immune system Sensation: en...
Langerhans in Biological Dictionary

Islets of Langerhans

The islets of Langerhans are the regions of the pancreas that contain its endocrine cells. Discovered in 1869 by German pathological anatomist Paul Langerhans , the islets of Langerhans constitute approximately 1 to 2% of the... irregularly shaped patches of endocrine tissue locat...

Insulin

...er, muscle, and fat tissue to take up glucose from the blood, storing it as... insulin n. A polypeptide hormone secreted by the islets of langerhans and functioning in the regulation of the metabolism of carbohydrates and fats, Establishes the medication insulin , a drug used for the treatm...

Endocrine glands

...ne glands include: (clipart edited from Corel Presentations 8) ... ... bloodstream. Endocrine glands include the:AdrenalHypothalamusIslets of langerhans ... Endocrine glands . Brain-thyroid link. Reviewed last on: 4/26/2007 ... The major glands of the endocrine system, each of which produces ...
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