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Insulating in Medical News

UGA researchers achieve breakthrough in effort to develop tiny biological fuel cells

... do a good job of converting chemical energy into electrical energy, "they aren't very useful in this application because they have natural protective insulating layers that prevent good electron transport from active site to electrode," he said. "Hopefully our molecular wires will provide a better conduit for ...

Acoustiblok, Inc. Combines Sound Abatement and Insulation Materials at Broward County Waste to Energy Plant to Reduce Industrial Noise Pollution

...aul Benton chose to gird the system with a 5mm-thick layer of Thermablok(R) insulating material before applying the Acoustiblok; Thermablok adapts aerogel technology developed by NASA to create the highest insulating material in existence. Previously, aerogel had been difficult to adapt to m...

U of I study shows benefits of hormone found in fat tissue

...in a study in this month's issue of Endocrinology . "Fat is a very complex and active tissueit has important functions beyond providing energy and insulating us from the cold," said Freund, a professor in the U of I College of Medicine's Department of Pathology and a faculty member in the U of I Division of...

Stem cells used to reverse paralysis in animals

...ignal-carrying nerve cells remain intact. However, the surviving nerve cells may no longer carry messages because oligodendrocytes, which comprise the insulating sheath of the spinal cord, are lost. The regenerative mechanism discovered was activated when a lesion formed in the injured area. After a lesion f...

Walk Your Way to Better Health in 2009

...aring layers. If walking outside in colder winter weather, for example, wear a base layer of wicking fabric that keeps moisture away from the skin, an insulating layer such as fleece or wool to keep warm, and a winter jacket with hood if necessary for further protection from the elements. 3. Make a small...

Only Half of MS Patients Respond to Interferon Therapy

...researchers suspect that MS is an autoimmune disease, meaning the body's immune system attacks its own tissues. In the case of MS, it is myelin -- the insulating layer around nerves, including those in the brain and spinal cord -- that comes under assault. More information For more on MS, visit the U.S...

'HiCy' drug regimen reverses ms symptoms in selected patients

...hich affects approximately 400,000 people - predominantly women - in the United States, is believed to occur when the body's immune system attacks the insulating sheath that coats nerve cells, causing it to degenerate. Consequently, electrical signals that the cells use to communicate with the rest of the body ...

Chemotherapy causes delayed severe neural damage

...he study was that clinically relevant concentrations of 5-FU were toxic not only for dividing cells of the CNS but also for the cells that produce the insulating myelin sheaths (non-dividing oligodendrocytes). The delayed damage the researchers measured was to the myelinated tracts of the CNS and associated wit...

Melting snow provides clues for acidification

...ical cycling of sulfur and nitrogen persists in cold weather, despite below freezing air temperatures. Much of this activity occurs in soils, where an insulating snow layer keeps soil temperatures warm enough for a range of biological processes. Despite the growing awareness of winters role in sulfur and nitrog...

Transplanted Bone Marrow Cells Aid Nerve Regeneration

...would improve." After 24 weeks, the BMCs differentiated into cells with characteristics of Schwann cells -- a type of neural cell that provides the insulating myelin around the axons of peripheral nerve cells. "The differentiated cells ... contributed significantly to the promotion of axon regeneration th...
Insulating in Medical Technology

Modigene Awarded Israeli Government Grant to Support Development of Its Longer-Acting Interferon Beta

...is a drug used to reduce the frequency and severity of relapses afflicting people suffering from MS, an autoimmune neurological disorder affecting the insulating myelin layers of the brain and spinal cord. If unchecked, over time the immune system attack on myelin leads to poor coordination, severe disabilities...

Peptimmune Initiates Phase Ib Study of PI-2301 in Multiple Sclerosis Patients and Presentation at BIO 2008

... 2.5 million individuals worldwide. MS is an autoimmune disease in which the individuals' immune system responds against multiple components of nerve- insulating myelin. The effects of these immune-mediated attacks can range from relatively benign to somewhat disabling to devastating, as communication between t...

Peptimmune Completes Phase I Study with a Novel Peptide Copolymer for the Treatment of Multiple Sclerosis

...ffect over 2.5 million individuals. MS is an autoimmune disease in which the individuals' immune system responds against multiple components of nerve- insulating myelin. The effects of these immune-mediated attacks can range from relatively benign to somewhat disabling to devastating, as communication between t...

Peptimmune Initiates Phase I Study With a Novel Peptide Copolymer for the Treatment of Multiple Sclerosis

...ffect over 2.5 million individuals. MS is an autoimmune disease in which the individuals' immune system responds against multiple components of nerve- insulating myelin. The effects of these immune-mediated attacks can range from relatively benign to somewhat disabling to devastating, as communication between t...

Acorda Therapeutics Presents Data from its Phase 3 Study of Fampridine-SR in Multiple Sclerosis at the American Academy of Neurology Meeting

...lest axons have a special covering of a fatty substance called myelin that acts as insulation to preserve and speed these nerve signals, much like the insulating cover of an electrical cord helps preserve the transmission of electricity. In MS, the myelin becomes damaged and the axon cannot effectively transm...

Acorda Therapeutics Presents Fampridine-SR Data at ACTRIMS Meeting

...lest axons have a special covering of a fatty substance called myelin that acts as insulation to preserve and speed these nerve signals, much like the insulating cover of an electrical cord helps preserve the transmission of electricity. In MS, the myelin becomes damaged and the axon cannot effectively transm...
Insulating in Medical Products

RDG Nerve Stimulator

Description:...instruments for nerve location: our own, inexpensive, RDG nerve locator, peripheral nerve stimulator, and muscle locator, together with a selection of insulating pole, plastic hub, and pencil point needles. The RDG Nerve Stimulator is an inexpensive, practical and easy to use stimulator, designed to facilita...
Company:RDG Medical

Kimberly-Clark Patient Warming System - Thermal Pads

Features:...er performance compared to conventional forced-air warming methods Three layer construction - biocompatible hydrogel layer, ultrathin film and outer insulating foam Thin, comfortable design Highly efficient skin interface Natural rubber latex-free Thermal pads - easy to apply and to readjust Disposa...
Company:Kimberly-Clark Health Care
Insulating in Medical Dictionary

Myelin

.... In neuroscience, myelin is an electrically insulating phospholipid layer that ... The Myelin Project. ...oproteinaceous ... Myelin is an electrically insulating phospholipid layer that surrounds the axons ... It... myelin is preferentially ... Myelin is an insulating layer that forms around nerves, ... CSF myelin b...

Asbestos

...nce Assistance. Monitoring/Data Analysis ... Additional Asbestos Resources. About the Program ... Asbestos may be found in pipe insulation and insulating boards, textured wall... All asbestos containing materials must be containerized, labeled and removed in ... ...
Insulating in Biological News

Protein identified as critical to insulating the body's wiring could also become treatment target

AUGUSTA, Ga. - A new protein identified as critical to insulating the wiring that connects the brain and body could one day be a treatment target for divergent diseases, from rare ones that lower the pain threshold to cancer, Medical College of Georgia researchers say. They report this week in ...

Scientists discover the molecular switch for nerve cells' insulating jelly rolls

Scientists at New York University School of Medicine report in a new study that they have identified the molecular switch that turns on the production of myelin, the fatty insulation around nerve cells that ensures swift and efficient communication in the nervous system. The study, published in the...

University has grand designs to build a house of straw

... having zero, or even a negative carbon footprint. Also, due to its high insulating properties, houses made of straw bales need almost no conventional heating,...ue to be completed in the late summer, will be monitored for a year for its insulating properties, humidity levels, air tightness and sound insulation qualities. ...

Researchers create freestanding nanoparticle films without fillers

...igital circuitry and in the production of flexible television and computer screens. A key component in the transistors in integrated circuits is an insulating layer that separates the gate, which turns current flow on and off, from the channel through which the current flows. Traditionally, semiconductor man...

A quicker, cheaper SARS virus detector -- one easily customizable for other targets

...ad of silicon and other materials previously tried. Metal oxides, according to a new study published in ACSNano , do not, unlike silicon, develop "an insulating native oxide layer that can reduce sensitivity." The result, according to the paper, is a device that can detect its target molecules with a sensit...

Case Western Reserve University engineers hit pay dirt with clay mixture

...roduce durable white milk paint for their barns. What has resulted with the milk protein is a bio-based polyamide (a high temperature polymer) with insulating properties to withstand heat at temperatures of 300 degrees centigrade. Currently, oil-based polymer foam insulation degrades at high temperatures, sa...

Human ES cells progress slowly in myelin's direction

... The cells the researchers made are called oligodendrocytes, which are responsible for making myelin in the central nervous system. Myelin forms an insulating sheath that surrounds nerve fibres, both protecting them and speeding up the transmission of nerve impulses. Its loss or damage has serious consequenc...

Researchers disprove 15-year-old theory about the nervous system

...rstand that maturation process." The process of nerve cells maturation is called myelination. During myelination, a layer of myelin (electrically insulating material) wraps or forms around the axons (part of the nerve cell that conducts electrical impulses). Nerve impulses travel faster in myelinated nerve...

Climate change enhances grassland productivity

...r the release of nitrogen into the soil and consequently for an increase in microbial activity. Due to global warming and a greater absence of an insulating snow cover, these cyclic processes are likely to increase. In spite of this and apart from a study from the North of Sweden there are hitherto practic...

ORNL supercomputer simulation wins prize for fastest-running science application

...ductors known as cuprates--layers of copper oxide separated by layers of an insulating material. By advancing our understanding of the interplay between these imp...eam is looking to take advantage of an earlier discovery that indicates the insulating material promotes this process by drawing electrons away from the copper ox...
Insulating in Biological Technology

Bilayer graphene gets a bandgap

...such a field is applied with a single gate (electrode), the bilayer becomes insulating only at temperatures below one degree Kelvin, near absolute zero suggestin...es. Their nano-FET used a silicon substrate as the bottom gate, with a thin insulating layer of silicon dioxide between it and the stacked graphene layers. A tran...

Nano-sandwich triggers novel electron behavior

...d that the electrons in a thin layer of vanadium dioxide sandwiched between insulating sheets of titanium dioxide exhibit one set of properties when moving in for.... In this nanomaterial, Pickett explained, the sandwiching layers of the insulating titanium dioxide confine the vanadium, enforcing two-dimensional motion on ...

MIT virus battery could power cars, electronic devices

...ifficult to build than anodes because they must be highly conducting to be a fast electrode, however, most candidate materials for cathodes are highly insulating (non-conductive). To achieve that, the researchers, including MIT Professor Gerbrand Ceder of materials science and Associate Professor Michael Str...

Ecologists propose first prevention for white-nose syndrome death in bats

...the cave needs to stay cold enough so that bats can still lower their body temperatures during hibernation. But the researchers are optimistic. "By insulating the bat boxes and carefully selecting where we will place them, we think we can solve this issue," says Willis. Further, saving afflicted animals m...

Nanotechnology makes supertelescopes much more sensitive

...r. This involves what are known as super-conducting tunnel junctions. These miniscule sensors comprise two superconductors which are separated by an insulating layer measuring 1 to 2 nanometres, usually of aluminium oxide, with an area of 500 by 500 nanometres. However, it is impossible to avoid a very thi...

Domain walls that conduct electricity

...ised to hold the key to understanding the origin of the effect. How an insulating material's domain walls can conduct electricity "We worked with theoris...rbon atoms with remarkable conductive properties "right down into a tough, insulating ceramic." For Ramesh, the discovery, in an oxide, of domain walls that ...

Cracking a tough nut for the semiconductor industry

...the toughnessthe resistance to fractureof the thin insulating films that play a critical role in high-performanc...h of so-called low-k dielectric layerselectrically insulating films only a couple of micrometers thick that are ...lectrical interference or cross-talk by making the insulating films more and more porous with nanoscale voidsbut...

Paperwork: Buckypapers clarify electrical, optical behavior of nanotubes

...bon nanotubes (SWCNTs) have attracted much attention as tiny electrical conductors. Relatively small concentrations of nanotubes can change a normally insulating polymer film to a transparent electrical conductor. Potential applications range from transparent electrical shielding materials to futuristic flexibl...

Penn scientists demonstrate potential of graphene films as next-generation transistors

...hene Films," clarifies experimentally the electronic interaction between an insulating substrate and few-layer graphene films, or FLGs, the standard model for nex... challenge is realizing the potential of these materials by fabricating and insulating them on substrates. ...

A phonon floodgate in monolayer carbon

...lectrodes to both the graphene flake and an underlying substrate consisting of a conducting layer of silicon, which was separated from the flake by an insulating layer of silicon dioxide. The experimental setup was thus able to uniquely incorporate two distinct voltage differences, that between the tip of the S...
Insulating in Biological Definition

Axon

...sheathed in myelin , which is formed by either of two types of glial cells : Schwann cells ensheathing peripheral neurons and oligodendrocytes insulating those of the central nervous system . Along myelinated nerve fibers, gaps in the sheath known as nodes of Ranvier occur at evenly spaced intervals...

Neuron

...he metabolic expense of carrying action potentials, although thicker axons convey the impulses more rapidly, generally speaking. Many neurons have insulating sheaths of myelin around their axons, which enable their action potentials to travel faster than in unmyelinated axons of the same diameter. Forme...

Thermoregulation

...skin is much thicker than that of birds and often has a continuous layer of insulating fat beneath the dermis - in marine mammals like whales this is referred to ...ting storing fat reserves in one place (e.g. camel's hump) to avoid its insulating effect elongate, often vascularized extremities to conduct body heat to...
Insulating in Biological Dictionary

Myelin sheath

...uch as the leukodystrophies or ... Myelin is the insulating sheath ... myelin sheath n. The insulating envelope of myelin that surrounds the core of a ...g! In neuroscience, myelin is an electrically insulating phospholipid layer that ... The main consequence...

Myelin

...n axons and nerve fibers myelin sheath n. The insulating envelope of myelin that surrounds the core of a ..... In neuroscience, myelin is an electrically insulating phospholipid layer that ... The Myelin Project...down the axons. ... Myelin ... Myelin is an insulating layer that forms around nerves, including those in...

Cork cell

...e dead and without protoplasm. ... Hooke's Microscope Hooke's drawing of Cork Cells ... Cork flooring offers wonderful thermal and acoustical insulating properties ... When cork floors are subjected to pressure, the gas in the cells is compressed ... Cork has a unique honeycomb cell structur...
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