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Hydrolysis in Medical News

New Skin Revitalizing Product Uses Naturally Occurring Serum for the Repair of Sun Damaged Skin

... secretion created by and gathered from live snails of that species. After being collected in a humane, non-harmful process, it is stabilized so that hydrolysis of its enzymes, antioxidants and proteins is avoided. The serum is a powerful antioxidant and its regenerative properties have been validated by ...

Argonne's Blue Gene/P to host large cadre of INCITE researchers

...ctions and protein-based inhibitors, which would be a significant step towards development of novel therapeutics; and to design catalysts of carbamate hydrolysis with applications in contaminated soil bio-remediation. William Tang of Princeton University and the Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory was awa...

Is Soy Sauce Getting into a Thick Soup?

...uspects that the presence of certain ingredients like acid hydrolyzed vegetable protein, used to make the soy sauce, may be rendered impure during the hydrolysis process. Those who wish to avoid 3-MCPD are advised to select the fermented soy sauce over the cooked soy sauce. ...
Hydrolysis in Medical Technology

Furamidine Found to Inhibit a Key Enzyme Involved in Cancer Cell DNA Repair Mechanisms

...he authors note that functionally, Tdp1 is part of the DNA repair complex that resolves the irreversible Top1-DNA cleavage complexes by catalyzing the hydrolysis of 3'-phosphotyrolsyl bonds. They further suggest that a Tdp1 inhibitor could act synergistically with the Top1 inhibitors. Earlier work implicates Td...
Hydrolysis in Medical Products

Estrone Sulfate EIA

Description:... Direct assays, no sample extraction, hydrolysis or other pretreatment required. Highly specific antiserum, minimal cross-reactivity with estrone, estradiol and other estrogen metabolites....
Company:Diagnostic Systems Laboratories, Inc.

E-Z Tac™ Soft Tissue Reattachment System

Description:...lyester derivative of lactic acid and glycolic acid colored with D&C violet #2. Polylactic/polyglycolic acid copolymer degrades and resorbs IN VIVO by hydrolysis to lactic and glycolic acids which are then metabolized by the body....
Company:USS Sports Medicine

POLYSORB™ Soft Tissue Reattachment System, 3mm

Description:...a resorbable copolymer, derived from glycolide and lactide colored with D&C violet #2. The glycolide/lactide copolymer degrades and resorbs in vivo by hydrolysis to lactic and glycolic acids which are then metabolized by the body. U.S.P. size 2 (5 metric) TICRON™ polyester sutures are nonabsorbable, steri...
Company:USS Sports Medicine

AnchorSew™ 3mm Device

Description:...a resorbable copolymer, derived from glycolide and lactide colored with D&C violet #2. The glycolide/lactide copolymer degrades and resorbs in vivo by hydrolysis to lactic and glycolic acids which are then metabolized by the body. TICRON™ polyester sutures are nonabsorbable, sterile, surgical sutures comp...
Company:USS Sports Medicine

POLYSORB™ Soft Tissue Reattachment System, 2mm

Description:...a resorbable copolymer, derived from glycolide and lactide colored with D&C violet #2. The glycolide/lactide copolymer degrades and resorbs IN VIVO by hydrolysis to lactic and glycolic acids which are then metabolized by the body. U.S.P. size 2-0 (3 metric) TICRON™ polyester sutures are nonabsorbable, ste...
Company:USS Sports Medicine

POLYSORB Meniscal Stapler XLS

Description:...resorbable copolymer, a polyester derivative of lactic acid and glycolic acids. Polylactic/polyglycolic acid copolymer degrades and resorbs IN VIVO by hydrolysis into lactic and glycolic acids which are then metabolized by the body....
Company:USS Sports Medicine

ABSOLOK EXTRA Single Clip Appliers

Features:...iers apply a polydioxanone (PDS) radiotransparent clip that is absorbed via hydrolysis completely within seven months. 360° interlocking clip closes audibly...ly encircles vessel with positive closure. Absorbable PDS clip absorbs by hydrolysis in approximately seven months. ...
Company:Ethicon, Inc.
Hydrolysis in Medical Dictionary

Lactase

... enzymes, is a glycoside hydrolase involved in the hydrolysis of the disaccharide lactose into constituent ga...he intestinal juices of mammals and catalyzing the hydrolysis of lactose into glucose and beta-galactosi...ices of mammals, especially one that catalyzes the hydrolysis of All about Lactase . View complete and up t...

Galactose

...isabilities ... Galactose (Gal) (also called Brain Sugar) is a type of sugar which is less sweet ... Galactose and glucose are produced by hydrolysis of lactose by ß-galactosidase. ... Online Medical Dictionary and glossary with medical definitions ... Galactose makes up half of the sugar ...

Amylase

...are found in the ... amylase ( ) n. Any of a group of enzymes that are present in saliva, pancreatic juice, and parts of plants and catalyze the hydrolysis of starch to alpha- amylase A salivary enzyme which hydro lyzes starch to dextrins, maltose, maltotriose. ... found in many tissues, amylase i...
Hydrolysis in Biological News

Tires made from trees -- better, cheaper, more fuel efficient

...e cellulose a micrometer-sized type of crystalline cellulose with an extremely well-organized structure. It is produced in a low-cost process of acid hydrolysis using nature's most abundant and sustainable natural polymer cellulose that comprises about 40-50 percent of wood. In this study, OSU researchers...

Tracking poultry litter phosphorus: Threat of accumulation?

...ty . Research in the respective groups of Drs. Hill and Cade-Menun is ongoing. Dr. Hill is focused on assessing the timing and controls on phytate hydrolysis in soils. Dr. Cade-Menun is currently a nutrient cycling scientist with Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada at the Semiarid Prairie Agricultural Researc...

Scripps research scientists identify blood component that turns bacteria virulent

...identified by the gene number BAS2714-12that was shown to be essential to transporting bicarbonate. As a group, ABC-transporters use the energy of ATP hydrolysis to transport various substrates across cellular membranes. In this case, when the genes that code for the BAS2714-12 ABC transporter were deleted, the...

Biodegradable polymers show promise for improving treatment of acute inflammatory diseases

... environment. "Patients with acute liver failure need drugs as soon as possible or else they'll die," said Murthy. "We've tailored the polyketal's hydrolysis rates to deliver the drug in one or two days." Nick Crisp, professor of microbiology and immunology at the University of Rochester Medical Center,...

Image of myosin-actin interaction revealed in cover story of Molecular Cell

... in a specific place at a specific time. Fueled by hydrolysis -- the process of converting the molecule adenosin...e to sustain this processive motion, enduring many hydrolysis cycles. The other myosins grab on tightly to actin and release after one hydrolysis cycle. "This study required a different way of ...

Marathon of nano-sprinters

...kinds of cargo within the cells of living beings. They move in a stepwise manner along filaments of the cytoskeleton, consuming energy provided by the hydrolysis of ATP, which can be considered the fuel of the cell. Kinesin and dynein motors move along microtubules and myosins move along actin filaments. The st...

The making and breaking of microtubules

...a tubulin (the E-site or exchangeable site) polymerization occurs: tubulin dimers pile onto the protofilaments, and the microtubule grows. But through hydrolysis (the word means "water splitting"), GTP readily changes to a different nucleotide, guanosine diphosphate, or GDP. GDP-bound tubulin depolymerizes the ...

DNA Recombination and Repair—A New Twist to RecA Function

...molecule is loaded onto DNA. At the same time, ATP hydrolysis causes the release of RecA from DNA, but the exact...DNA when they are at the fiber’s 5' end, while ATP hydrolysis occurs all along its length. Under their experi... per minute—or one ATP every three seconds. If ATP hydrolysis occurred randomly in the fiber, one would expect a...
Hydrolysis in Biological Technology

Solazyme Testing BlueFire Ethanol Cellulosic Sugars in Its Microalgae Renewable Oil Production Process

...stated Arnold Klann, CEO of BlueFire Ethanol Fuels, Inc. "Our patented acid hydrolysis process allows BlueFire Ethanol to utilize a variety of non-food feedstocks...ished to deploy a commercially ready, patented and proven Concentrated Acid hydrolysis Technology Process for the profitable conversion of cellulosic ("Green Wast...

BlueFire Ethanol To Present at BIO 2009 International Convention

... About BlueFire Ethanol Fuels BlueFire Ethanol Fuels, Inc. was established to deploy a commercially ready, patented and proven Concentrated Acid hydrolysis Technology Process for the profitable conversion of cellulosic ("Green Waste") waste materials to ethanol, a viable alternative to gasoline. BlueFire ...

Genencor Launches Accellerase(R) 1500, Next Step Toward Scale-Up of Cellulosic Ethanol

...sed on Genencor's patented gene expression technology and the division's 25-year history of biofuels research. Accellerase(R) is critical to the hydrolysis step of converting biomass to ethanol or other biochemicals. In this step, plant material is broken down into sugars for fermentation to ethanol. ...

Verenium Announces First Commercial Cellulosic Ethanol Project

... production utilizes non-food, plant biomass as its feedstock source. The biomass is first broken down into fermentable sugars using acid or enzymatic hydrolysis and industrial enzymes, after which the sugars are fermented into ethanol using various fermentation organisms. Ethanol produced from cellulosic bioma...

Increased Capacity For Porcine Liver Esterase

...or urine infection. Porcine liver esterase is also used on a large commercial scale as a biocatalyst in the resolution of mixtures of chiral esters by hydrolysis to produce optically active carboxylic acids. Lee Biosolutions growth for porcine liver esterase is attributed to meeting stringent customer specifi...

Genencor Launches First Ever Commercial Enzyme Product for Cellulosic Ethanol

...formance on a variety of feedstocks. -- Ability to operate in simultaneous saccharification and fermentation (SSF) processes, two step sequential hydrolysis and fermentation (SHF) processes or hybrids of the two. -- High beta-glucosidase activity to minimize residual cellobiose, which may lead to ...

ANALYSIS OF AMINO ACIDS BY REVERSED PHASE CHROMATOGRAPHY WITH PRECOLUMN DERIVATISATION AND UV/VISIBLE DETECTION

... a UV detector set at λ=338nm. Sample treatment: Samples are digested in acid medium to the complete hydrolysis of the protein fraction. After extraction and washing, the hydrolised amino acids are filtered and vialed, ready for analysis. Derivatisation ...

Gq-coupled Receptor Assays Using FLEXstation

...s (1). Characterization of cP2Y 11 by phosphoinositide hydrolysis assay. The receptor was previously characterized, and its agonist selecti...50 value for ADP was approximately 190 M as determined by phosphoinositide hydrolysis assay (1, Fig. 2). MATER...

A Microtiter-based Assay for the Determination of ID50s of b-lactamase Inhibitors Employing Reporter Substrates Detected at UV or Visible Wavelengths (MaxLine Application Note #20)

...hould be added last. RESULTS Figure 3 shows an assay microtiter plate set up to record the ID 50 s of 8 compounds. The rate of hydrolysis of reporter substrate is shown for each well (column 1 = blank, column 2 = control, columns 3 - 12 = range of inhibitor concentrations). This particul...

Fluorometric Protease Assays in the SpectraMax Gemini Microplate Spectrofluorometer: Example Using Caspase3 (MaxLine Application Note #35)

...orogenic peptide substrates can interfere with the measurement of their own hydrolysis products. If the emission spectra overlap, the assay may have a high backgr...livan. 1989. Synthesis of 7amino4methylcoumarin (AMC) derivatives and their hydrolysis by plant cysteine proteinases. J. Chem. Tech. Biotechnol. 46: 1126. ...
Hydrolysis in Biological Products

Mouse Anti-Bovine Complex V (F1F0 ATP Synthase) Heart Mitochondria Monoclonal Antibody, Unconjugated, Clone 12F4AD8AF8 from MitoScience LLC

Description:...4) from small amounts of tissue. This facilitates subsequent analysis of assembly state and activity. Thus the enzyme retains olygomycin sensitive ATP hydrolysis activities after isolation. Finally, the extent of post translational modifications including oxidative damage can be readily analyzed by proteomic ap...
Company:MitoScience LLC

Calf Alkaline Phosphatase, Calf Intestinal, Unconjugated from Promega

Description:... Alkaline Phosphatase, Calf Intestinal (CIAP), catalyzes the hydrolysis of 5-phosphate groups from DNA, RNA, and ribo- and deoxyribonucleoside triphosphates. This enzyme is used to prevent recircularization and religation ...
Company:Promega

RNase ONE™ Ribonuclease from Promega

Description:...clease is a 27kDa periplasmic enzyme from E. coli that catalyzes the degradation of RNA to cyclic nucleotide monophosphate (NMP) intermediates. Slower hydrolysis further catalyzes the degradation of these intermediates to 3-NMPs (1). RNase ONE Ribonuclease is one of the few known RNases that can cleave a phosop...
Company:Promega

Amylase Fluorometric (Green) Assay Kit, EnzChek® from Molecular Probes (Invitrogen)

Description:... a-Amylase is an enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of starch to a mixture of maltose, maltotriose, and dextrins. The level of a-amylase in various fluids of the human body is of clinical significance i...
Company:Molecular Probes (Invitrogen)

S-Gal/LB Agar Blend from Sigma-Aldrich

Description:...Ferric ammonium citrate, 0.5 IPTG, 0.03 -Gal is a patented, water soluble, autoclavable chromogenic substrate for -galactosidase. The enzymatic hydrolysis of S-Gal by -galactosidase generates a black insoluble precipitate. Lac+ colonies grown in the presence of S-gal are much darker than those grown in t...
Company:Sigma-Aldrich
Hydrolysis in Biological Definition

Hydrolysis

Hydrolysis is a chemical process in which a molecule is cleaved into two parts by the addition of a molecule of water . This is distinct from a hydration reaction , in which water molecules are added to a substance, but no cleavage occurs. Types Hydrolysis of an ester link In a h...

Actin

...myosin filaments actin it forms Actomyosin , which provides the mechanism for muscle contraction. Actin uses ATP for energy. The ATP allows, through hydrolysis , the myosin head to extend up and bind with the actin filament. The myosin head then releases after moving the actin filament in a relaxing or contra...

Adenosine triphosphate

...ole . The energy used by human cells requires the hydrolysis of 200 to 300 moles of ATP daily. This means that...leoside diphosphokinase : Energy is released when hydrolysis of the phosphate-phosphate bonds is carried out...eins to carry out the work of the cell. Also, the hydrolysis yields free inorganic phosphate and adenosine d...

Alcohol

...hols). The formation of a secondary alcohol via the last two methods is shown: Industrial Fermentation : using glucose from the hydrolysis of starch , in the presence of yeast and temperature of <37C to produce ethanol. Direct hydration : using ethene or other alkenes from cracki...

ATPase

...nd "nonelectrogenic" transporters, respectively. The coupling between ATP hydrolysis and transport is more or less a strict chemical reaction, in which a fixed ...ynthetase can also function in reverse; that is, use energy released by ATP hydrolysis to pump protons against their thermodynamic gradient. External links ...

Carbohydrate

...groups added, usually one on each carbon except the functional group. Other carbohydrates are composed of monosaccharide units, and break down under hydrolysis . These may be classified as disaccharides , oligosaccharides , or polysaccharides , depending on whether they have two, several, or many monosacc...

Citric acid cycle

... dehydrogenase Oxidative decarboxylation NAD + + CoA-SH NADH + H + + CO 2 VI. Succinyl-CoA 6. Succinyl-CoA synthetase hydrolysis GDP + P i GTP + CoA-SH VII. Succinate 7. Succinate dehydrogenase Oxidation FAD FADH 2 VIII. Fumarate ...

Enzyme

... (e.g., a methyl or phosphate group) EC 3 Hydrolases : catalyze the hydrolysis of various bonds EC 4 Lyases : cleave various bonds by means other than hydrolysis and oxidation EC 5 Isomerases : catalyze isomerization changes with...

Cell membrane

...olecules against their electrochemical gradient , a process that would be entropically unfavorable were it not stoichiometrically coupled with the hydrolysis of ATP. This coupling can be either primary or secondary. In the primary active transport, transporters that move molecules against their electrical/c...

Hydrolytic enzyme

...and fat molecules into their simplest units. The hydrolysis of polymers by hydrolytic enzymes results in free monomers . During hydrolysis ( hydro-,"water";lysis-,"break" ) a water molecule...bond holding the two monomers. The reverse of a hydrolysis reaction is a condensation reaction . ...
Hydrolysis in Biological Dictionary

Hydrolysis

Hydrolysis is a chemical reaction during which one or more water molecules are split into hydrogen and hydroxide ions, which may go on to participate in further reactions. It is the type of reaction that is used to break down... hydrolysis n. Decomposition of a chemical compound by reactio...

Uracil

... pyrimidine derivative. Originally discovered in 1900, it was isolated by hydrolysis of yeast nuclein that was found in bovine thymus and spleen, herring spe...nar, ... Uracil was originally discovered in 1900 and it was isolated by hydrolysis of ... As stated, uracil pairs with adenosine through ... Substitut...

S1 nuclease

...ase mapping information including symptoms, causes, diseases, symptoms, treatments, and other medical and health issues. Kinetic studies of the hydrolysis of platinum-DNA complexes by nuclease S1 . Chem Biol Interact. ... S1 nuclease does not cleave DNA at single-base mis-matches. ... The dig...

Ribozyme

... catalyzes a chemical reaction. Many natural ribozymes catalyze either the hydrolysis of one of their own phosphodiester bonds, or the hydrolysis of bonds in other RNAs, but they have also... 6 The L1 Ligase Ribozym...

Proteolysis

...called proteases or by intramolecular digestion. A protease is any enzyme that conducts proteolysis , that is, begins protein catabolism by hydrolysis of the peptide bonds that link amino acids together in the polypeptide chain, which form a molecule of protein. In other words, proteases bre...

Nuclein

...er types of cells as well, including salmon sperm. ... 1879 picture of the laboratory where Miescher isolated nuclein . ... ... was isolated by hydrolysis of yeast nuclein that was found in bovine thymus and ... Except where noted otherwise, data are given for ... This fun DNA activity for all ages...

Nuclease

...leases, that hydrolize nucleic ... A nuclease is an enzyme capable of cleaving the ... nuclease general term for enzymes that catalyze the hydrolysis of nucleic acid by cleaving chains of nucleotides into smaller Nuclease Research Portal - articles, jobs, lab registry, news, forum - updated ...

Lysozyme

... known as muramidase or N-acetylmuramide glycanhydrolase, are a family of enzymes (EC 3.2.1.17) which damage bacterial cell walls by catalyzing hydrolysis of 1,4-beta-linkages between N-acetylmuramic acid and... lysozyme ( ) n. An enzyme occurring naturally in egg white, human tears, saliva, ...

Lipase

... A lipase is a water-soluble enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of ester bonds in water–insoluble, lipid substrates. Lipases thus compri...ed or ... lipase ( ) n. Any of a group of enzymes that catalyze the hydrolysis of fats into glycerol and fatty ... Gastric lipase , secreted by the s...

Ligase

...iochemistry, a ligase is an enzyme that can catalyse the joining of two large molecules by forming a new chemical bond, usually with accompanying hydrolysis of a small chemical group pendant to one of the larger molecules. Generally ligase catalyses the following... In molecular biology, DNA ligase ...
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