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Heterochromatin in Medical News

NYU School of Medicine pathology researchers solve another mystery in B lymphocyte development

...f Igh and Igk recombination; introduction of a double-strand break on one lg allele induces repositioning of its homologous partner to pericentromeric heterochromatin (a repressive compartment of the nucleus). This repositioning, surprisingly enough, depends on the DNA damage sensing factor ATM. It appears that cl...

Cancer stem cell marker also drives transcription in normal cells

...mammals. Importantly, the deubiquitylation module of the Drosophila TFTC/STAGA complex was an enhancer of position effect variegation and counteracted heterochromatin silencing while both the Drosophila and the human deubiquitylation module were shown to be required for full transcriptional activation by the androge...

New Gene Silencing Mechanism To Prevent Cancer

..., would be an ideal solution. Diseases coupled with cell division and cell proliferation, such as various types of cancers, appear to be controlled by heterochromatin formation and it’s functioning. Understanding the role of gene silencing might thus pave a way to use it as a possible therapy for cancers and ot...
Heterochromatin in Biological News

When every photon counts

...rrangement in the rod nuclei is inverted: Here the heterochromatin is lumped in the nuclear interior whereas the less...ndex than euchromatin. This has no effect when the heterochromatin lies in the periphery of the nucleus. However when it is lumped in the nuclear core, the heterochromatin acts as a minute collecting lens. As the rod nucle...

CSHL researchers explain process by which cells 'hide' potentially dangerous DNA segments

...er focus by identifying a critical requirement for heterochromatin to be established in the nucleus. In a report ...l Molecular Cell , they show that the assembly of heterochromatin depends on the strength with which a protein calle...attached to the double helix. RNAi's role in heterochromatin formation In a typical chromosome -- roughly t...

CSHL researchers map changing epigenetic modifications that enable transposons to run amok

...erence (RNAi). The discovery that modifications of heterochromatin -- densely packed, genetically "inactive" regions ...s -- the epigenetic changes resulting in a loss of heterochromatin and transposon "re-activation" are not due to a lo...enetic profiling study now implicates siRNA-driven heterochromatin restructuring as a mechanism that might lead to ep...

Stowers Institute's Workman Lab discovers novel histone demethylase protein complex

...transcription elongation," said Chia-Hui Lin, Predoctoral Researcher and lead author on the paper. "Surprisingly, we found that dKDM4a associates with heterochromatin Protein 1a (HP1a), a classic transcriptional silencing factor. The binding of HP1a stimulates the histone demethylation activity of dKDM4A. In fruit f...

Scientists clarify a mechanism of epigenetic inheritance

...to form heterochromatin. The dense packing of heterochromatin hides the DNA sequence from the cellular machinery... that reads its genetic information, so the DNA in heterochromatin is silenced. The genes it contains are effectively...a new puzzle, though: Since genes contained within heterochromatin are silenced, how can they give rise to the RNA mo...

Exploring the dark matter of the genome

...-poor DNA found in regions of chromosomes known as heterochromatin was called "junk." Like dark matter in the universe, the true nature of heterochromatin was unknown. Now members of the Drosophila heterochromatin Genome Project (DHGP), headed by Gary Karpen of th...

Regulating the nuclear architecture of the cell

... California at Berkeley. The epigenetics of heterochromatin Controlling functions of the cell and organi...he DNA sequence. The chromosomal material known as heterochromatin mediates gene silencing, chromosome inheritance, a...ory, which is situated at the specific site in the heterochromatin where ribosomal DNA -- consisting of large genes, ...
Heterochromatin in Biological Definition

Cell nucleus

...tightly compacted. Regions of DNA which constitute heterochromatin generally contain genes which are not expressed by the cell (this type of heterochromatin is known as facultative heterochromatin) or are re...d centromeres of the chromosomes (this type of heterochromatin is known as constitutive heterochromatin). In mult...

Centromere

...chromosome breakage during mitosis. The centromeric DNA is normally in a heterochromatin state, which is probably essential for its function. In this chromatin, t...myces pombe (and likely in other eukaryotes) the formation of centromeric heterochromatin is connected to RNAi * . In nematodes such as Caenorhabditis elegans and...

Chromatin

...of the DNA molecule are now present) (5) Chromosome during metaphase . Two distinct types of chromatin can be distinguished: Euchromatin heterochromatin Chromatin is the extended form of DNA-protein complex present in the nucleus during interphase in eukaryotic cells. It can be made visible by sta...

Chromosome

...DNA that is active, e.g., expressed as protein. heterochromatin , which consists of mostly inactive DNA. It seems ...structural purposes during the chromosomal stages. heterochromatin can be further distinguished into two types: Constitutive heterochromatin , which is never expressed. It is located around t...

Nucleosome

...ed into loops along a central protein scaffold to form transcriptionally active euchromatin . Further compaction leads to transcriptionally inactive heterochromatin . ...
Heterochromatin in Biological Dictionary

Heterochromatin

Heterochromatin is a tightly packed form of DNA. Its major characteristic is that transcription is limited. As such, it is a means to control gene expression, through regulation of the transcription initiation. Heterochromatin , ... III.7 Heterochromatin does not participate in genet...

Polytene

...at Dictionary.com a free online dictionary ... Search another word or see polytene on Thesaurus | Reference ... posted to variegation polytene heterochromatin h3k9me2 h3k20me2 h1 euchromatin ... posted to inversion phylogenetics polytene by cisevol to the group Drosophila ... Polytene Chromosom...

Nuclear membrane

... its biological research under the guidance of 59 faculty investigators, employing a ... how nuclear membrane forms during ... Dense patches of heterochromatin are seen just inside the inner membrane . Nuclear lamina. The inner membrane of the nuclear envelope lies next to a layer of thin ... An or...

G-banding

...omal... What is G-banding ? Meaning of G-banding medical term. What does G-banding mean? ... for nucleolar organizer regions, C-banding for heterochromatin or G-banding for ... A-Z Index Librarians Newsletter Subscriptions About Advisory Board ... del(11)(q21) G-banding . Arrow indicates partial lo...

Euchromatin

...ries, research information, and more. ... acetylation of euchromatin and heterochromatin ... Euchromatin versus Heterochromatin. Nucleosomes and Transcription...gy terminology,biology terms,biology abbreviations ... Euchromatin versus heterochromatin ... euchromatin . Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary. Jump t...

Cell nucleus

..... The cell nucleus and its content. The most intelligent review made of questions and answers. ... Cell Nucleus Review - Image Diversity: heterochromatin euchromatin ... Nucleus biology, membrane-bound structure of a cell that plays two crucial roles. ... The Cell Nucleus I ... The nucleu...
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