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Heredity in Medical News

New technology to decipher neural connections dealing with heredity and environment

A study by the computational neuroscientist of Vanderbilt University have developed a new computer model// that will provide an insight into neural circuits that play a role in development. The computer model traces the neural circuits that make us apply previously learned rules on new situations a...

Second gene linked to familial testicular cancer

... and the first gene in a key biochemical pathway. The study appears in the July 2009 Cancer Research . Researchers have suspected for years that heredity plays a role in some patients with testicular germ-cell cancer, although attempts to identify a single gene with very strong effects have been unsucce...

Mothers Play a Powerful Role in Determining Strength of Daughters' Bones

...sis needs to begin during the peak bone building years of childhood and adolescence. "Bone health is a family issue, particularly as genetics and heredity are among the key factors that influence a person's risk of developing osteoporosis," said Robert Recker, MD, president of the National Osteoporosis F...

Family History is Key Risk Factor in Developing Osteoporosis

...ed that nine out of 10 teenage girls fail to get enough of the calcium they need.(2) "Bone health is a family issue, particularly as genetics and heredity are among the key factors that influence a person's risk of developing osteoporosis," said Robert Recker, MD, president of the National Osteoporosis F...

Rotator Cuff Tears: Are They All in the Family?

... great-great-grandparents.) "While we have not determined the exact genetic component," said Dr. Tashjian, "Our family history data supports that heredity plays a role in the development of rotator cuff tearing." This problem usually affects people in their 50s and 60s. It is believed to have both m...

ASHG hosts fourth annual DNA Day essay contest, supports genetics education efforts

...re born as a 'tabula rasa' or 'blank slate' that is 'filled in' by each person's environment. In her essay, Emrich acknowledged the importance of both heredity and the environment when she wrote, "Mendel greatly underestimated genetic complexity, while Locke grossly overestimated the impact of environmental i...

New Procedure To Correct Pelvic Prolapse Has Faster Recovery, Shorter Hospital Stay

...ving a chronic cough, loss of muscle tone with aging, or having a hysterectomy or other abdominal surgery may also cause these muscles to be weakened. heredity may play a role in determining who is predisposed toward pelvic organ prolapse. Statistics suggest it occurs more often in women of Northern European ...

Genetic Test for Heart Disease Risk in the Works

...e genome," Erdmann said. "It will be an analysis of 15,000 cases and 15,000 controls," she said. "We have started doing it." More information heredity as a risk factor for heart disease is described by the American Heart Association . SOURCES: Sekar Kathiresan, M.SD, ass...

The Vein Center at Allure Medical Spa Seminar Will Teach Others How to Get Relief

...es Mok of The Vein Center at Allure Medical Spa will review the evolution of treatments for varicose veins. Also covered will be the common causes, heredity factors, and characteristics of these vein syndromes. "Most people think of varicose veins as purely a cosmetic problem. In our practice, we find mo...

AAOS Issues New Clinical Practice Guideline for Osteoarthritis of the Knee

... Swelling in the knee joint. Several factors increase a person's risk of developing OA of the knee including: heredity Weight Age Gender Injuries or Trauma to the knee Other risk factors including poor posture, bone alignment, la...
Heredity in Medical Technology

Video: The Journal, Human Genetics, Publishes Results Supporting Interleukin Genetics' Heart Health Test

...f. There are well known environmental risk factors associated with cardiovascular disease such as smoking, diet, inactivity and increased alcohol use. heredity also plays a factor in cardiovascular disease since other risk factors like high blood pressure and high LDL cholesterol tend to run in families. Card...

Researchers Identify New Genetic Risk Factors for Type 2 Diabetes

...lin-secreting cells in the pancreas. In addition to lifestyle factors like obesity, poor diet and lack of exercise, doctors have long known that heredity plays a significant role in the risk of developing type 2 diabetes. People who have a parent or sibling with type 2 diabetes face a 3.5-times greater ...
Heredity in Medical Dictionary

Heredity

Heredity summary with 20 pages of encyclopedia entries, essays, summaries, research information, and more. ... Ancient and Classical Views of Heredity Summary ... In fact, your body makes all the cholesterol it needs, ... Heredity . What you eat. Weight. Physical activity/exercise. Age a...

Leukopenia

... Leukopenia is the significant reduction in the number of blood neutrophils, ... Leukopenia has been scientifically proven to be related to heredity and some ... The terms "autoimmune leukopenia ," "autoimmune granulocytopenia," and " ... Leukopenia is generally defined as a reduction in th...

Genes

... A gene is the basic unit of heredity in a living organism. All living things depend on...ics, a discipline of biology, is the science of heredity and variation in living organisms. The fact that ...n and viability. ... Genes are the units of heredity in ... In reality many genes are much larger, a...

Genetic

...x genetic trait. ... Genetic information exists in the sequence of these nucleotides, and genes exist ... A gene is the basic unit of heredity in a living organism. All living things depend on genes. Genes hold the information to build and maintain their cells and pass genetic traits to of...

Female pattern baldness

...s ... What causes female pattern baldness and who is at risk? ... Female pattern baldness is a major problem for women. ... However, heredity is the main cause of female pattern baldness in most cases. ... Female pattern baldness involves a typical pattern of loss of hair...

Bunion

...in. ... A bunion , or hallux valgus, is a deformity of ... Realistic Expectations About Bunion Surgery. Preparing for Surgery. Your Surgery ... heredity often plays a role in bunion formation. ... A bunion is a common, painful toe problem. ... When a patient has a bunion , the big toe angles i...
Heredity in Biological News

New route for heredity bypasses DNA

A group of scientists in Princeton's Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology has uncovered a new biological mechanism that could provide a clearer window into a cell's inner workings. What's more, this mechanism could represent an "epigenetic" pathway -- a route that bypasses an organis...

100 reasons to change the way we think about genetics

...onka and Raz say. "Incorporating epigenetic inheritance into evolutionary theory extends the scope of evolutionary thinking and leads to notions of heredity and evolution that incorporate development," they write. This is a vindication of sorts for 18th century naturalist Jean Baptiste Lamarck. Lamarck,...

Late motherhood boosts family lifespan

...ters had longer lives. So the researchers also examined the longevity of the brothers' wives. They found no increase in lifespan, indicating that heredity far more than environmental factors played a role in the prolonged fertility and longer lives of the women, and the longer lives of their brothers. ...

Rotator cuff tears: Are they all in the family?

...s great-great-grandparents.) "While we have not determined the exact genetic component," said Dr. Tashjian, "our family history data supports that heredity plays a role in the development of rotator cuff tearing." This problem usually affects people in their 50s and 60s. It is believed to have both mec...

Red pandas reveal an unexpected (artificial) sweet tooth

...ptors," said Li. "We need to know more about these differences and how they influence our diet." In the study, published online in the Journal of heredity , preferences for six natural sugars and six artificial sweeteners were tested in a zoo setting. For each sweet molecule, the animal was given access...

3 prominent Cell Press journals named among the 100 most influential journals in past 100 years

... 1949, the American Journal of Human Genetics , is published monthly by Cell Press. This journal provides a record of research and review relating to heredity in humans and to the application of genetic principles in medicine and public policy, as well as in related areas of molecular and cell biology. ( www...

Three prominent Cell Press journals named among the 100 most influential journals in past 100 years

... 1949, the American Journal of Human Genetics , is published monthly by Cell Press. This journal provides a record of research and review relating to heredity in humans and to the application of genetic principles in medicine and public policy, as well as in related areas of molecular and cell biology. ( www...

Why didn't Darwin discover Mendel's laws?

...ef that only quantitative variation contributed to evolution, that the rules of inheritance were too complex and not ready for definitive analysis. heredity and variation played central roles in Darwin's development of the theory of evolution by natural selection. His view that variation is caused by rando...

CSHL scientists discover a new way in which epigenetic information is inherited

...ed into fruit fly embryos "silence" DNA sequences that induce sterility, thus ensuring the fertility of the progeny. "This is a whole new way in which heredity can be transmitted," says Professor Hannon, who is a pioneer in small RNA research. "With this finding we've effectively doubled the number of mechani...

Two from one: Pitt research maps out evolution of genders from hermaphroditic ancestors

... PITTSBURGHResearch from the University of Pittsburgh published in the Nov. 20 edition of heredity could finally provide evidence of the first stages of the evolution of separate sexes, a theory that holds that males and females developed from herm...
Heredity in Biological Technology

Atherotech to Exhibit its VAP(R) Cholesterol Test at Internal Medicine 2009 in Philadelphia

...erence takes place April 23-25, 2009, at the Pennsylvania Convention Center in Philadelphia. Used in more than 100 clinical trials, including the heredity and Phenotype Intervention (HAPI) Heart Study recently published in Science , the VAP (Vertical Auto Profile) Test is the most accurate cholesterol t...

New Brain Fitness Survey Reinforces Importance of Brain Awareness Week

...spondents identified the following six problems in rank order: #1: Public Awareness (39%) -   "Getting people to understand that heredity alone does not decide brain functioning." -   "An expectant public will first want to believe that a "miracle" dru...

Atherotech to Exhibit the VAP(R) Cholesterol Test at ACC.09 in Orlando

...ing takes place March 29-31, 2009, at the Orange County Convention Center in Orlando, Fla. Used in more than 100 clinical trials, including the heredity and Phenotype Intervention (HAPI) Heart Study recently published in Science , the VAP (Vertical Auto Profile) Test is the most accurate cholesterol t...

VAP Cholesterol Test Helps In Search For New Heart Disease Drugs

...ased risk of heart disease. The genome-wide association study (GWAS) of fasting and postprandial triglyceride levels was performed as part of the heredity and Phenotype Intervention (HAPI) Heart Study. The results, published in the highly respected journal, Science, identified a specific gene mutation ...
Heredity in Biological Definition

Biology

... more than one organism, genetics considers how heredity works between parent and offspring. Ethology c...sed biochemistry . All organisms pass on their heredity via the genetic material which is based upon th... types. Genetics is the science of genes , heredity , and the variation of organisms . In modern r...

Cancer

...s and pathophysiology 5.1 Molecular biology 5.2 Morphology 5.3 heredity 5.4 Environment and diet 6 Prevention 7 Coping with cancer ...malignancy and, therefore, is usually removed surgically, if possible. heredity Most forms of cancer are "sporadic", and have no basis in heredity. There...

Charles Darwin

...nly agreed with views first expressed (and later retracted) by Wallace and later by his cousin Francis Galton that intelligence and personality were heredity traits in humans, and that the arrangements of society could potentially affect these traits in a negative fashion. He also clearly had a certain disd...

DNA

... instructions for the biological development of all cellular forms of life and many viruses . DNA is sometimes referred to as the molecule of heredity as it is inherited and used to propagate traits . During reproduction , it is replicated and transmitted to offspring. In bacteria and othe...

Eugenics

...ported to wholly different fields) to describe the heredity of traits. With the re-discovery of the hereditary...rents and offspring—a way of conceptualizing heredity that would concentrate on a "height factor" rather... early scientific journals devoted to the study of heredity in general were run by eugenicists and featured eu...

Francis Galton

...tal imagery. Galton's 1869 work, Hereditary Genius , popularised historiometry and also formed the beginning of his thoughts on eugenics and heredity . In statistics , Galton was the first to describe and explain the common phenomenon of regression toward the mean in the 1870s and 1880s . Afte...

Genetics

...ώ = give birth) is the science of genes , heredity , and the variation of organisms . The word gen...l of Genetics Annals of Human Genetics heredity External links Related publications ...netics Genes and Development Journal of heredity Other The Virtual Library on Genetic...

Gregor Mendel

...ublishing, Prepared by Robert Robbins Reginald Punnett , Mendelism , Cambridge, 1905 Robert Lock, Recent Progress in the Study of Variation, heredity and Evolution , London, 1906 James Walsh, Catholic Churchmen in Science , Philadelphia: Dolphin Press, 1906 External links Mendelweb ...

Jean-Baptiste Lamarck

...e of the first to use the term biology in its modern sense.¹ Lamarck is remembered today mainly in connection with a discredited theory of heredity , the " inheritance of acquired traits ", but Charles Darwin and others acknowledged him as an early proponent of ideas about evolution. In 1861 ,...

Mendelian inheritance

...d 1863 cultivated and tested some 28,000 pea plants. His experiments brought forth two generalizations which later became known as Mendel's Laws of heredity or Mendelian inheritance . These are described in his paper " Experiments on Plant Hybridization " that was read to the Natural History Society of B...
Heredity in Biological Dictionary

Heredity

Heredity is the passing of traits to offspring . This is the process by which an offspring cell or organism acquires or becomes predisposed to the characteristics of its parent cell or organism. Through heredity , variations exhibited by individuals can accumulate and... the sum of al...

Synaptonemal complex

...efinitions ... The synaptonemal complex is a tripartite structure consisting of two parallel ... An official journal of the Genetics Society, heredity publishes high-quality ... The relationship between synaptonemal complex length and genome size in four ... The synaptonemal complex (SC)...

Selfing

...igma. ... What is the probability of that selfing F1 plant from Mendel's dihybrid cross Rr ... An official journal of the Genetics Society, heredity publishes high-quality articles describing original research ... predicts that selfing may be selected ... In this formulation, selfing pollen ...

Parasites

... of parasites , their classification, transmission, types of host- parasite relationships, and life cycles. ... Parasites and Worms. Reproduction, heredity ... Parasites can be dangerous. Learn more than you ever wanted to know about them. ... Parasites . Rise in international travel. Contamination ...

Inbreeding depression

... minute, all members of ... An official journal of the Genetics Society, heredity publishes high-quality ... Inbreeding depression , the reduction in f...ffspring of matings of ... An official journal of the Genetics Society, heredity publishes high-quality ... Inbreeding depression refers to the reducti...

Homozygous

...tal website for Hancock bred horses. ... This is consistent with the homozygous lethal roan gene theory. ... law of segregation principle of heredity seed shape nbsp nbsp nbsp nbsp nbsp independent assortment: Definition of homozygous . Definition of the word homozygous . ... homozygous . ...

Heterozygous

...(het-ur-oh-zy-gus) Having two different alleles for a given genetic character. ... Homozygous; Inheritance; Heterozygous ; Inheritance patterns; heredity and ... A person with one abnormal gene is termed heterozygous for that gene. ... Psychology research, information, analysis and reviews from P...

Heteroplasmy

...and rearranged ... NARP is typically associated with 70-90% heteroplasmy of mutant mitochondria. ... An official journal of the Genetics Society, heredity publishes high-quality articles describing original research and theoretical insights in all areas of ... PLoS ONE: an inclusive, peer-reviewed, op...

Heritability

... in the Hanoverian breed. ... The heritability can be expressed in percentage. ... Heritability is often misinterpreted as describing how much heredity contributes ... Heritability sounds simple, but it can act in unexpected ways. ... Heritability is a fundamental concept in genetics. ... Figu...

Hereditary Unit

...m reveals the mysteries of ... gene: a hereditary unit composed of a sequence of DNA ... A gene is a hereditary unit . Do you know what heredity means? ... Simply, some of us have similar hereditary traits. In general, they gather together. ... d) each hereditary unit is inherited sep...
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