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Habituation in Medical News

Memory Forms at 30 Weeks in the Womb

...bituated"; it recognizes the stimulus as "safe." The authors stated that habituation is a form of learning and needs an intact central nervous system. "In i...ng to background information in the paper, the first study to look at fetal habituation took place in 1925 and involved repeated honking of a car horn. Since then,...

Physiological response may explain why some severely obese patients overeat

...od decreases one's physical response to that food. habituation theory suggests that if one habituates, or adjusts...roughout the tastings, indicating that very little habituation occurred. Meanwhile, the salivation rate of the no... adds that the findings make a case for the use of habituation as a model to study why some patients who have und...

Heightened level of amygdala activity may cause social deficits in autism

...e to the same type of information is called neural habituation and is connected with learning, according to Natal...h the UW Autism Center. "If you consider that habituation reflects learning in as simple a task as looking a...king at a face or a house, for example showed no habituation in either group. But the differences were strikin...

UB-designed ventilator can safely sedate ICU patients for less

... ventilator has the potential to shorten the length of patient stays in the intensive care unit (ICU) because it will greatly reduce complications and habituation to sedatives used in the ICU. It also is expected to be more cost-effective than current methods of ventilating ICU patients. The device also may h...

Transcendental Meditation buffers students against college stress: Study

...s, and preparatory brain responses), electrodermal habituation to a stressful stimulus, and sleepiness in 50 stud...egration Scale scores, less sleepiness, and faster habituation to a loud tonethey were less jumpy and irritable. ... and motor resources to the task. 2. Faster habituation to a loud tone as measured by skin conductance res...

Hospital Clinic awarded by CEREBRA Foundation for its excellence in early diagnosis of brain damage

...mal models with oxygen restriction to be able to assess safely cerebral damage, and the response of heart cells to certain stimuli. On the other hand, habituation techniques are developed to conduct magnetic resonance to the child without the need of previous anaesthesia, which facilitates the process both for t...

Clinical Factors of Tinnitus Influence Perceived Loudness and Annoyance

...ess since onset was 35 percent whereas there was no clear increase in tinnitus annoyance in years since onset. The authors believe it is possible that habituation and acceptance of tinnitus increase over time, which is likely to lead to reduced annoyance. “Although it has been shown that personal distress ...

Ebola-Outbreak Kills 5000 Gorillas

...o do both." Walsh also points out that Ebola has the potential to quickly destroy years of ecotourism investment. For example, Bermejo’s gorilla habituation program at Lossi was set up in the mid-1990’s in collaboration with the European Union’s Ecosystem Forestiere d’Afrique Centrale (ECOFAC) project to b...

Tinnitus: a problem which is still ambiguous

...a GP in the hospital of ear, nose and throat department. There is currently no cure, but there are many ways to manage tinnitus through sound therapy, habituation therapy (this changes your sound response systems so that you gradually become less aware of the tinnitus), relaxation and hearing aids if a hearing l...
Habituation in Biological News

Rhythmic breathing adapts to external beat through 'brain calculus'

...insic nonassociative learning capabilities, called habituation and desensitization, that make up for changes in t...tion. Desensitization engages memory to record the habituation and then apply it more generally using a different...s respiratory arrest. After a moment, however, habituation and desensitization kick in. The vagus nerve, whic...

Ebola-outbreak kills 5000 gorillas

...to do both." Walsh also points out that Ebola has the potential to quickly destroy years of ecotourism investment. For example, Bermejo’s gorilla habituation program at Lossi was set up in the mid-1990’s in collaboration with the European Union’s Ecosystem Forestiere d’Afrique Centrale (ECOFAC) project to b...

Penguins okay with human visitors?for now

...s of humans on Magellanic Penguins and finds no immediate, negative effects of tourism. Although first seeing people is stressful for the penguins, habituation is rapid. The authors monitored the defensive head turns and the level of a hormone secreted in response to stress (plasma corticosterone) of penguin...
Habituation in Biological Technology

MIT: Leveraging learning for artificial respiration

...lator. This new approach could minimize the need for induced sedation or paralysis. We have intrinsic nonassociative learning capabilities, called habituation and desensitization, that [can] make up for changes in the spontaneous rhythm due to artificial lung inflation, says Poon. In tests of rats under ...

MIT: Leveraging learning for artificial respiration

...lator. This new approach could minimize the need for induced sedation or paralysis. We have intrinsic nonassociative learning capabilities, called habituation and desensitization, that [can] make up for changes in the spontaneous rhythm due to artificial lung inflation, says Poon. In tests of rats under ...
Habituation in Biological Definition

Proprioception

... or reading a billboard). The proprioceptive sense can become confused because humans will adapt to a continuously-present stimulus; this is called habituation or desensitization . The effect is that it seems as though proprioceptive sensory impressions disappear, just as a scent seems to disappear when a ...
Habituation in Biological Dictionary

Habituation

In psychology, habituation is the psychological process in humans and animals in which there is a decrease in psychological response and behavioral response to a stimulus after repeated exposure to that stimulus over a duration of time. habituation n. The process of habituating or the stat...
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(Date:4/14/2014)... orphaned by HIV/AIDS in South Africa may provide insight ... behavior issues in other areas of the world, which ... that could lead to successful interventions. , A ... United Nations mentions that due to the HIV/AIDS pandemic, ... African, children are at an increased risk for mental ...
(Date:4/14/2014)... A new study shows that moderate to severe ... risk of stroke, cancer and death. , Results of ... to severe obstructive sleep apnea were four times more ... times more likely to have a stroke (HR = ... (HR = 3.4), and 2.5 times more likely to ...
(Date:4/14/2014)... Dallas study involving serious youth offenders, the answer to one ... seven years: "How long do you think you,ll live?", According ... offending over time., Author Dr. Alex Piquero said the study ... of them offend at very high rates and commit more ... much later in life offend much less., "In a lot ...
(Date:4/14/2014)... with symptoms increasing dramatically during some of the most important ... has found. , Depressive symptoms increased on average by 68 ... young men, who were around 25 years old when they ... their children. The results of the study were published April ... is the first to identify when young fathers are at ...
(Date:4/14/2014)... Lower weight babies and babies who aren,t breastfed ... risk of developing chronic inflammation and related health ... study. , "There were good reasons to hypothesize ... inflammation in adulthood," says Thomas McDade (Northwestern University), ... in the Child & Brain Development program. "It ...
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(Date:4/16/2014)... U.S. and beyond will convene in Lincoln, Nebraska, USA, ... existing science, and explore the unique geologic and historic ... applied geology, paleontology, and mid-continent geology. Events include a ... Kirk Johnson, Sant Director of the Smithsonian National Museum ... by the University of Nebraska-Lincoln. Lincoln is located near ...
(Date:4/16/2014)... Biosciences Division of Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley ... a leading authority on the evolutionary design principles ... to systems and synthetic biology, has been named ... Orlando Lawrence Award by U.S. Energy Secretary Ernest ... Energy (DOE),s highest scientific honor, is recognizing Arkin ...
(Date:4/16/2014)... to store memories improves during childhood, associated with ... with prefrontal and parietal cortices. New research from ... develop at this crucial time. Eventually, that could ... the transition into and during adolescence and affect ... deep in the middle of the brain, the ...
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