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Gland in Medical News

Targeting the Adrenal Gland Could Be Key Against Heart Failure

Scientists have staved off heart failure in animals by using gene therapy to shut down the adrenal gland’s excessive// output of fight or flight hormones such as epinephrine and norepinephrine. By blocking GRK2, an important regulatory enzyme, they cut the hormone production that forces the heart t...

Swelling of Prostate Gland Prevented with New drug

Estrogen regulating drugs might aid in prevention of enlargement of the prostate gland in older men according to Australian scientists. // Results of animal studies that were presented at a medical conference in London showed that an experimental estrogen-regulating drug prevented the swelling o...

Gene Responsible For Mammary Gland Function, When Mutated Results in Leukemias

According to the investigators at St. Jude Children's Research Hospital it was found that a gene responsible for regulating the normal mammary gland function during nursing can also initiate leukemias. // This gene results in leukemia only if it undergoes mutation and fuses with another gene. Th...

Indian Surgeon Conducts 70 Surgeries During His Holidays In England

A doctor with dedication and diligence in Britain of Indian origin hit headlines after conducting 70 //operations during his holiday period. NHS in the UK is well known for its long waiting lists and sometimes patients have to wait for years before getting a routine operation. This has brought N...

Hormonal Therapies Offer Effective Solutions for Many Adult Women With Acne

...ribute to the formation of acne include excess oil gland production, skin inflammation, abnormal maturation... acnes . However, hormones also influence both oil gland production and the maturation of skin cells thereb...ally mimic the activity of testosterone on the oil gland and thereby worsen acne. Therefore, Dr. Schlosser ...

Men Who Have Prostate Cancer Surgery Do Well

...who had a radical prostatectomy -- surgical removal of a cancerous prostate gland -- between 1987 and 2005 found that only 12 percent of them died of the can...e Gleason score, a measure of how much of its normal structure the prostate gland has lost; and blood levels of prostate-specific antigen, a protein produced...

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Gland in Medical Technology

Schering-Plough Announces U.S. Filing of Mometasone Furoate/Formoterol Fumarate Combination for the Maintenance Treatment of Asthma

...uth after using ASMANEX. It is possible that hypercorticism (an excess level of steroids in your body) or adrenal insufficiency (your adrenal gland cannot produce enough steroids) may appear in a small number of patients, particularly when ASMANEX is administered at higher than recommended doses o...

ASMANEX(R) (Mometasone Furoate Dry Powder Inhaler) Now Approved in Japan for the Treatment of Bronchial Asthma in Adult Patients

...r mouth after using ASMANEX. It is possible that hypercorticism (an excess level of steroids in your body) or adrenal insufficiency (your adrenal gland cannot produce enough steroids) may appear in a small number of patients, particularly when ASMANEX is administered at higher than recommended doses o...

Dry Mouth Linked to Prescription and Over the Counter Drugs

...general dentists who responded, 89 percent believe prescription medications are the primary contributor to dry mouth. Aging, dehydration and salivary gland disease were also cited as major contributors. The survey of AGD members also revealed that: Approximately two-thirds consider dry...

New Study Evaluating the ADHD Medication VYVANSE(R) (lisdexamfetamine dimesylate) CII Demonstrated No Change in the Pharmacokinetic Profile of VYVANSE When Coadministered with Prilosec OTC(R) 40 mg (20 mg X 2), a Commonly Used Proton Pump Inhibitor (PPI)

...ld has advanced disease of the blood vessels (arteriosclerosis); symptomatic heart disease; moderate to severe high blood pressure; overactive thyroid gland (hyperthyroidism); known allergy or unusual reactions to drugs called sympathomimetic amines (for example, pseudoephedrine); seizures; glaucoma; a his...

Investigational Genetic Test May Help Address Common Problems in Prostate Cancer Diagnosis

....(1) PCA3 scores correlated with prostate cancer tumor volume, another measure of cancer aggressiveness, but not with the size of the prostate gland itself. In addition, PCA3 scores were higher in men with pathologically significant cancers than in men with insignificant ones.(2) PCA3 scor...

Dendreon Presents Preclinical Data Demonstrating Activity of TRPM8 Agonist, D-3263, in Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia

... to the melastatin subfamily - one of seven subfamilies of TRP proteins. In normal human tissues, TRPM8 is expressed predominantly in the prostate, a gland in the male reproductive system. It is over-expressed in prostate hyperplasia and multiple types of cancer including prostate cancer, breast cancer, ...
Gland in Medical Products

ImmunoDOT Thyroid Autoimmunity Test

Description:...an thyroid peroxidase (microsome) in serum and heparinized whole blood and is used as an aid in the diagnosis of thyroid disorders. Autoimmune thyroid gland disorders are characterized by detection of anti-thyroid antibodies, primarily against thyroglobulin and/or microsomal thyroid antigens....
Company:GenBio

Androstenedione EIA Test

Description:... Androstenedione, produced in the adrenal gland and gonads, is the immediate precursor to both testosterone and estrone, both of which may be subsequently converted to estradiol. Androstenedione has...
Company:Diagnostic Systems Laboratories, Inc.

Androstenedione RIA Test

Description:... Androstenedione, produced in the adrenal gland and gonads, is the immediate precursor to both testosterone and estrone, both of which may be subsequently converted to estradiol. Androstenedione has...
Company:Diagnostic Systems Laboratories, Inc.

Calcitonin IRMA Test

Description:... Calcitonin is synthesized in the parafollicular C-cells of the thyroid gland and is packaged in secretory granules. The major action of calcitonin is to lower plasma calcium concentrations, by inhibiting osteoclast activity, re...
Company:Diagnostic Systems Laboratories, Inc.

ACTH RIA Test

Description:... ACTH (adrenocorticotropic hormone) is synthesized in the pars distalis of the anterior pituitary gland and is secreted into the peripheral circulation, where it has a half-life of approximately 20 minutes [1]. ACTH is secreted in response to corticotrop...
Company:Diagnostic Systems Laboratories, Inc.

TSH ELISA Test

Description:... Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) is a 32 kDa glycoprotein secreted by the thyrotrope cells of the anterior pituitary gland [1]. The structure of human TSH is similar to that of the pituitary and placental gonadotropins, consisting of an a-subunit which is similar or identi...
Company:Diagnostic Systems Laboratories, Inc.
Gland in Medical Dictionary

Gland

A gland is an organ in an animal's body that synthesizes a substance for release such as hormones or breast milk, often into the bloodstream or into cavities inside the body or its outer surface . gland n. A cell, a group of cells, or an organ that produces a secretion for use els...

Thyroid gland

In some cases, however, the thyroid gland does not heal, so the hypothyroidism ... It is not accompanied by a painful thyroid gland . Congenital Hypothyroidism ... The thyroid is a small gland in the lower part of the neck. ... The pituitary gland produces thyroid stimulating ...

Salivary gland

The salivary glands in mammals are exocrine glands, glands with ducts, that produce saliva. They also secrete amylase, an enzyme that breaks down starch into glucose. In other organisms such as insects, salivary glands are... Other Disorders: Salivary gland enlargement also occurs i...

Pituitary gland

... is a general term that refers to any under function of the pituitary gland . ... The term may refer to both anterior and posterior pituitary gland failure. ... The anterior pituitary gland produces several hormones; all of them are peptides, ... Glands under the influence...

Meibomian gland

Meibomian + glands ... Dysfunctional meibomian glands often cause dry eyes, one of the more ... Eyebrow – Orbital septum – Plica semilunaris – Meibomian gland ... Online Medical Dictionary and glossary with medical definitions ... The meibomian glands can become inflam...

Virilization

...common cause of virilization is an enlargement of the hormone-producing ... Occasionally, virilization occurs when a cancer outside the adrenal gland ... Virilization is when a female develops male sex characteristics, or a newborn ... Signs of virilization in a female may include: Deepenin...

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Gland in Biological News

Researchers find gland that tells fruit flies when to stop growing

Many baffled parents have wondered whether their teenagers would ever stop growing. The answer is obvious, but researchers have never really quite understood just how an organism determines when it has reached its optimal size and growth should cease. Now University of Washington biologists study...

Hormone levels contribute to stress resilience

...ry Combat Diver Qualification Course (CDQC). Dehydroepiandrosterone, or "DHEA" as it is commonly known, is a hormone that is secreted by the adrenal gland in response to stress. Although medical scientists have known for over a decade that DHEA provides beneficial, anti-stress effects in animals, they d...

DOE-funded research projects win 46 R&D 100 Awards for 2009

...991&template=Today Compact Gamma Camera This high-resolution nuclear medical probe can pinpoint the locale of cancer tissue in the prostate gland in detail at an early stage. Diagnosis is easier using the gamma camera, rather than conventional ultrasound imaging, because the camera can more easi...

Plastics chemical retards growth, function of adult reproductive cells

...ratory studies that showed effects in animals exposed to low doses of BPA led it to have "some concern for effects on the brain, behavior and prostate gland in fetuses, infants and children at current human exposures to bisphenol A." The new study points to possible concerns in adults as well, Flaws sai...

Stress puts double whammy on reproductive system, fertility

...an entirely novel pathway for stress-induced reproductive dysfunction." Kirby noted that adrenal hormones are critical to survival, so removing the gland and thus glucocorticoids is not a solution to chronic stress. However, Kaufer said, it may be possible to block GnIH to reduce some of the effects ...

Dioxins in food chain linked to breastfeeding ills

...because mammary glands have a high rate of cell proliferation, especially during early to mid-pregnancy when the most rapid development of the mammary gland occurs. Researchers also found that dioxin altered the induction of milk-producing genes, which occurs around the ninth day of pregnancy, and decre...
Gland in Biological Technology

Sirion Therapeutics Partners With Advanced Vision Research (TheraTears(R)) to Promote Products for Retinal and Meibomian Gland Health

TAMPA, Fla., Feb. 16 /PRNewswire/ -- Sirion Therapeutics, Inc., a privately held ophthalmic-focused biopharmaceutical company, today announced that it has entered into an agreement with Advanced Vision Research, Inc. (AVR) of Woburn, MA, to co-promote, within the U.S., AVR's new MacuTrition(R) ora...

Assembling cells into artificial 3-D microtissues, including a tiny gland

Berkeley -- As synthetic biologists cram more and more genes into microbes to make genetically engineered organisms produce ever more complex drugs and chemicals, two University of California chemists have gone a step further. They have assembled different types of genetically engineered cells ...

Biomodels Expands Efforts in Cancer Supportive Care, Pulmonary Fibrosis; Preclinical Research Organization Names Dr. Stephen T. Sonis as Partner

...patients are predisposed to mucositis, osteonecrosis, cancer treatment-related thrombosis, gastrointestinal toxicity, pulmonary fibrosis, and salivary gland changes. Dr. Sonis is widely recognized for his studies on the molecular and cellular pathogensis of mucositis, which have resulted in identi...

Study Published in Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health Demonstrated Once-Daily Vyvanse(R) (lisdexamfetamine dimesylate) CII Provided Significant Improvement of ADHD Symptoms for Children at 13 Hours After Administration

...ld has advanced disease of the blood vessels (arteriosclerosis); symptomatic heart disease; moderate to severe high blood pressure; overactive thyroid gland (hyperthyroidism); known allergy or unusual reactions to drugs called sympathomimetic amines (for example, pseudoephedrine); seizures; glaucoma; a his...

New Report Just Published: World Prostate Cancer Therapeutics Market Report

...ricans and Whites by Cancer Type in the US, 2000- 2004 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-18 Prostate - Structure II-18 Pituitary gland II-19 Testes II-19 Prostate Cancer - A Primer II-20 Key Facts to Gaze at II-20 Table 13: Lifetime Probability of Developing Cancer (i...

Study Showed VYVANSE(R) (lisdexamfetamine dimesylate) CII Provided Significant Efficacy at 14 Hours After Administration in Adults with ADHD in an Adult Simulated Workplace Environment

...ld has advanced disease of the blood vessels (arteriosclerosis); symptomatic heart disease; moderate to severe high blood pressure; overactive thyroid gland (hyperthyroidism); known allergy or unusual reactions to drugs called sympathomimetic amines (for example, pseudoephedrine); seizures; glaucoma; a his...
Gland in Biological Definition

Anatomy

... Rib Vertebrae Glands : Ductless gland Mammary gland Salivary gland Thyroid...

Brain

...alon diencephalon epithalamus pineal gland thalamus hypothalamus pituitary gland telencephalon archipallium basa...atory system by a structure called the pituitary gland . It is hypothesized that developed brains deriv...

Homeostasis

...just the concentrations of water and a wide variety of ions . Most of these organs are controlled by hormones secreted from the pituitary gland , which in turn is directed by the hypothalamus . See also Acclimatization Biological rhythm Metabolism Apoptosis Agi...

Insulin

...pancreas. One to three million islets of Langerhans (pancreatic islets) form the endocrine part of the pancreas , which is primarily an exocrine gland . The endocrine part accounts for only 2% of the total mass of the pancreas. Within the islets of Langerhans, beta cells constitute 60–80% of al...

Kidney

... spleen . Superior to each kidney is an adrenal gland (also called the suprarenal gland ). The kidneys are retroperitoneal, which means ... the hypothalamus , which notifies the pituitary gland via negative feedback . The pituitary...

Leaf

...ged with short hairs (cilia). ciliolate: minutely ciliate. floccose: with flocks of soft, woolly hairs, which tend to rub off. glandular: with a gland at the tip of the hair. hirsute: with rather rough or stiff hairs. hispid: with rigid, bristly hairs. hispidulous: minutely hispid. hoary: wit...
Gland in Biological Dictionary

Thyroid gland

The thyroid is one of the largest endocrine glands in the body. This gland is found in the neck inferior to (below) the thyroid cartilage and at approximately the same level as the cricoid cartilage. The thyroid controls how quickly the body burns energy, makes... Comprehensive informa...

Thymus gland

In human anatomy, the thymus is an organ located in the upper anterior portion of the chest cavity just behind the sternum. The main function of the thymus is to provide an area for T lymphocyte maturation. The thymus also... thymus n. , pl. -muses . A small glandular organ that is...

Prostate gland

The prostate is a compound tubuloalveolar exocrine gland of the male mammalian reproductive system. Females also have prostate glands, previously called paraurethral or Skene's glands, connected to the distal third of the... Prostate cancer is a disease in which cancer develops...

Pituitary gland

The pituitary gland , or hypophysis, is an endocrine gland about the size of a pea and weighing 0.5 g (0.02 oz.). It is a protrusion off the bottom of the hypothalamus at the base of the brain, and rests in a small, bony cavity (sella turcica) covered by a dural fold .... The pituitary ...

Pineal gland

The pineal gland is a small endocrine gland in the vertebrate brain. It produces melatonin, a hormone that affects the modulation of wake/sleep patterns and photoperiodic (seasonal) functions. It is shaped like a tiny pine cone, and is located near to the center of the... ... deposition in...

Mammary gland

Mammary glands are the organs that, in mammals, produce milk for the sustenance of the young. These exocrine glands are enlarged and modified sweat glands and give mammals their name. The mammary glands of domestic mammals containing more than two breasts are called... mammary gland...

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