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Genomes in Medical News

Complete Genomes of All Known Human Rhinoviruses are Published

First comprehensive sequencing and analysis of strains responsible for common cold and other respiratory illnesses, give clues to evolution and diversity of the virus ROCKVILLE, Md., Feb. 12 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- A team of researchers from the J. Craig Venter Institute (JCVI); the Unive...

Two More Human Genomes Mapped

Research leads scientists closer to personalized medical care WEDNESDAY, Nov. 5 (HealthDay News) -- Scientists report that they've mapped the third and fourth genomes of individuals, an Asian man and an African man, providing insight into the genetic makeup of different races. The a...

15 human genomes each week

The Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute has sequenced the equivalent of 300 human genomes in just over six months. The Institute has just reached the staggering total of 1,000,000,000,000 letters of genetic code that will be read by researchers worldwide, helping them to understand the role of genes i...

3 sequencing companies join 1000 Genomes Project

Leaders of the 1000 Genomes Project announced today that three firms that have pioneered development of new sequencing technologies have joined the international effort to build the most detailed map to date of human genetic variation as a tool for medical research. The new participants are: 454 L...

Project Will Map Genomes of 1,000 People Worldwide

International effort should spot genes that help cause disease, scientists say TUESDAY, Jan. 22 (HealthDay News) -- The genomes of 1,000 people worldwide will be mapped in what scientists are calling the most detailed and medically relevant look at human genetic variation ever conduct...

International consortium announces the 1000 Genomes Project

An international research consortium today announced the 1000 Genomes Project, an ambitious effort that will involve sequencing the genomes of at least a thousand people from around the world to create the most detailed and medically useful picture to date of human genetic variation. The project w...
Genomes in Medical Technology

deCODE-led Megastudy Finds New Genetic Clues to Causes of Schizophrenia

...inked to risk of the disease. The study, by a multinational consortium of scientists led by a team from deCODE genetics (Nasdaq: DCGN ), analyzed the genomes of more than 50,000 patients and control participants from fourteen countries. It is published today in the online edition of Nature. One of th...

ADHD Genes Found; Known to Play Roles in Neurodevelopment

...y studies to be strongly influenced by genetics. Drawing on DNA samples from the Children's Hospital pediatric network, the researchers analyzed genomes from 335 ADHD patients and their families, compared to more than 2,000 unrelated healthy children. The team used highly automated gene-analyzing techn...

First Jatropha Genome Completed by Synthetic Genomics Inc. and Asiatic Centre for Genome Technology

... Partners Analyze Jatropha Genome and Associated Microbial genomes to Understand and Improve Plant Yield and Health to Develop Renewable Fuels, Biofertlizers, and Disease Control Solutions Jatropha Genome Represe...

deCODE Breakthrough in Thyroid Cancer May Enable More Targeted Risk Assessment and Earlier Intervention

...rst common variants replicated in multiple populations ever associated with increased risk of the disease. They were found through the analysis of the genomes of a total of more than 40,000 patients and control subjects from Iceland, the United States and Spain. Approximately 4 percent of people of European ...

British Midlands University Announces Use of Gene Technology to Fight Lethal Hospital Acquired Infection

...sistance may arise, and if that happens then this will become an extremely serious problem. "The idea behind the study is that we investigate the genomes of the hypervirulent strains and identify their differences to the so-called standard strains. In this way, we should get a clearer picture of the who...

St. Jude Identifies Genomic Causes of a Certain Type of Leukemia Relapse

...tion was limited, and there had never been a broad comparison of the entire genomes of ALL at initial diagnosis and at subsequent relapse. In the stud...28, 2008, issue of the journal Science , St. Jude researchers compared the genomes of the cancer cells of 61 childhood ALL patients when they were initially d...
Genomes in Biological News

After dinosaurs, mammals rise but their genomes get smaller

BLOOMINGTON, Ind. -- Evidence buried in the chromosomes of animals and plants strongly suggests only one group -- mammals -- have seen their genomes shrink after the dinosaurs' extinction. What's more, that trend continues today, say Indiana University Bloomington scientists in the first issue of ...

New computational technique allows comparison of whole genomes as easily as whole books

Berkeley -- Taking a hint from the text comparison methods used to detect plagiarism in books, college papers and computer programs, University of California, Berkeley, researchers have developed an improved method for comparing whole genome sequences. With nearly a thousand genomes partly or f...

Cold Spring Harbor Protocols features methods for analyzing genomes and plant cells

COLD SPRING HARBOR, N.Y. (Monday, June 2, 2008) With the sequencing of the human genome came the startling revelation that the number of copies of a genes and other DNA sequences can vary widely between individuals. This copy number variation (or CNV), contributes to our species' genetic diver...

Cold Spring Harbor Protocols features methods to screen genomes and analyze evolution

COLD SPRING HARBOR, N.Y. (Tuesday, April 1, 2008) Identifying genes that are important in specific tissues or processes in the mouse used to be a monumental task. New technologies and strategies have simplified this search, making it effective for even the smallest laboratories. This months i...

Latest Integrated Microbial Genomes data management system update release

WALNUT CREEK, CA--Version 2.4 of the Integrated Microbial Genomes (IMG) data management system, a resource provided to the scientific community for microbial genome data analysis, has now been released. Hosted by the U.S. Department of Energy Joint Genome Institute (DOE JGI), IMG has built a popul...

Scientists decode genomes of diverse TB isolates

Cambridge, MA An international collaboration led by researchers in the US and South Africa today announced the first genome sequence of an extensively drug resistant (XDR) strain of the bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis, one linked to more than 50 deaths in a recent tuberculosis (TB) outbreak ...

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Genomes in Biological Technology

Whole Genomes From Microbes to Man

Madison, WI-- Optical Mapping is a new technology that will be used to discover why patients experience toxic side effects, or fail to respond to medication and to identify the causes of antibiotic resistance and virulence in pathogenic organisms. Wisconsin- based OpGen, has announced the commercia...

Cenix-Designed siRNAs for 95% of Human and Mouse Genomes

siRNA designs now available for >95% of all human and mouse genes listed in RefSeq Design algorithm developed by Cenix results in highly effective siRNAs High quality custom siRNA synthes...

New BL21-CodonPlus Cells Correct Codon Bias in GC-Rich Genomes

High-level expression of heterologous proteins Carsten-Peter Carstens Julie Bonnardel Anna Waesche Ronda Allen Stratagene Codon bias is a significant obstacle for efficient expression of heterologous genes in E. coli hosts. In GC-rich genomes, such as mammals, rare arg...

New drugs faster from natural compounds: A UC San Diego breakthrough

...is currently difficult, time-consuming and costly to determine the molecular structure of NRPs which, by definition, are not directly inscribed in the genomes of the organisms that produce them. "NRPs are one of the last bastions of pharmacologically important biological compounds that remain virtually un...

febit First to Offer Newly Published Mouse Genome on a Chip for DNA/RNA Detection and Enrichment

...equencing at the current state of the art." In the near future, Next-Generation Sequencing technologies will lead to a rising number of completed genomes of model organisms and other species of interest, as demonstrated by the updated mouse genome. This accelerated development will generate a variety of...

deCODE Discovers a Gene Linked to Risk of Kidney Stones and Osteoporosis

...e of kidney stones, and in women carriers it is also associated with decreased BMD at the hip and spine. The study, which involved the analysis of the genomes of some 50,000 patients and controls, is published in the online edition of Nature Genetics at http://www.nature.com/ng and will appear in upcoming ...
Genomes in Biological Products

Ligase, T4 DNA from USB Corp.

Description:... ligation reaction, a combination of 2040 ng of vector DNA and a 1:3-10 fold molar excess of foreign DNA will produce an adequate yield of recombinant genomes for most cloning purposes. 1. Combine the following: Vector DNA (2040 ng) __ l Insert DNA (310-fold molar excess) __ l Ligation Buffer, 10X 5 l Wa...
Company:USB Corp.

Orfmer Sets - S. typhimurium from Sigma-Genosys

Description:... The recent sequencing of Salmonella genomes has allowed the development of the S. enterica Typhimurium ORFmer PCR* primer pairs. The S. enterica Typhimurium (strain LT2) genome consists of a sin...
Company:Sigma-Genosys
Genomes in Biological Definition

Botany

...rst plants to have its genome sequenced. Other more commercially important plants like rice , wheat , maize and soybean are also having their genomes sequenced, although some of these are more challenging because they have more than two haploid (n) sets of chromosomes , a condition known as poly...

DNA

...and antisense, because certain sequences of their genomes do double duty, encoding one protein when read 5'...direction along the other strand. As a result, the genomes of these viruses are unusually compact for the num...red bases, viruses that carry single-stranded DNA genomes mutate more frequently than they would otherwis...

Cold-blooded

...ikilotherms may have four to ten enzyme systems that operate at different temperatures. As a result, poikilotherms often have larger, more complex genomes than homeotherms in the same ecological niche . Frogs are a notable example of this effect. Because their metabolism is so variable, poikilothe...

Endosymbiont

...insects have among the smallest of known bacterial genomes and have lost many genes that are commonly found... to understand how bacteria with severely depleted genomes are able to survive, thus improving our knowledge ...heory on how obligate endosymbionts may have their genomes degraded, in a freely-available journal. Nancy A....

Endosymbiont

...insects have among the smallest of known bacterial genomes and have lost many genes that are commonly found... to understand how bacteria with severely depleted genomes are able to survive, thus improving our knowledge ...heory on how obligate endosymbionts may have their genomes degraded, in a freely-available journal. Nancy A....

Endosymbiotic theory

...obacteria . Phylogenies built with bacteria, chloroplasts, and eukaryotic genomes also suggest that chloroplasts are most closely related to cyanobacteria. ... the organelle, and both mitochondria and chloroplasts have unusually small genomes compared to other organisms. This is consistent with an increased dependenc...
Genomes in Biological Dictionary

Synteny

...ve enabled comparison of the general structures of genomes of many ... Comparative genomics and synteny...- presented by Steve Fischer at the ... ... the genomes of mouse and humans - synteny ... 1. Synteny between the mouse and human genomes ... function, but it is not possible to dismiss s...

Simple Sequence Repeat

...uence repeat primers has gained attention recently ... inheritance of inter- simple sequence repeat polymorphisms ... Comparison of the genomes of mouse and humans, repeat sequences ... There are four times more simple sequence repeats (caused by slippage during DNA ... Home > ...

Sequencing

...nal genomics, sequencing technologies, ... A guide to genome sequencing --including what it is, how it's done, where it's being done, and what genomes have been sequenced completely. DNA sequencing involves determining the linear nucleotide order of a segment of DNA. There are several me...

Rolling circle

...ribes a process of nucleic acid replication that can rapidly synthesize multiple copies of circular molecules of DNA or RNA, such as plasmids, the genomes of bacteriophages, and the circular RNA genome of viroids. Some eukaryotic viruses... In geometry, a centered trochoid is the roulette formed by ...

RNA virus

...l. PT3168-1 ... NucleoSpin® RNA and Virus Purification Kits User Manual. Table of Contents. I. Introduction ... It is quite feasible that RNA genomes of viruses are the only extant lineal ... See here for a brief description of types of RNA viruses and their genomes. ... virus replication....

Retrovirus

... virus belonging to the ... 1960's: Howard Temin knew that retrovirus genomes were composed of RNA and ... Retrotransposons - endogenous retrovirus -lik...nces for retrovirus research ... Browse and select retrovirus reference genomes by taxonomy ... A retrovirus is a virus which has a genome consi...
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