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Gamete in Medical News

Penn researchers identify first sex chromosome gene involved in meiosis and male infertility

... The team genetically engineered male mice such that they lacked TEX11 function and found that this caused chromosomal asynapsis during the process of gamete formation. This means that homologous chromosomes failed to pair together during meiosis and chromosomes formed fewer crossovers, i.e. sites where...

Breakthrough Discovery- Human Sperms From Bone Marrow

...o new approaches to treating male infertility.' The breakthrough findings were presented at an international fertility conference and published in gamete Biology: Emerging Frontiers on Fertility and Contraceptive Development. AN ...

Shortage of donors at sperm bank clinics

...ity Society, said: "The British Fertility Society is well aware of the difficulties many patients throughout the country are experiencing in accessing gamete donation services, in particular donor insemination treatment. "A working party has been convened by the society to examine the situation and will...

Fertility Treatment Can Be Affected By The Use Of Marijuana

...ting the treatment. The doctor and her colleagues investigated the effects of grass on 221 couples that underwent in vitro fertilisation (IVF) or gamete intrafallopian transfer (GIFT) treatment for infertility. The study showed that 10% of men and women smoked marijuana in the year before the fertility...

New Home-Fertility Kit Launched For Men

...fic research has concluded that a male factor is responsible for more than 50% of the cases. An increasing focus has now been shifted towards the male gamete and the identification of associated abnormalities. "This is a neat device which actually examines how well sperm perform under 'test conditions...
Gamete in Biological News

Playing it safe

...r things, a test to establish whether, after injection into early embryos, the cells are able to contribute to the development of the new organism and gamete formation, and to pass on their genes to further generations. However, not every team carries out all of these tests and important questions are left ...

Plant biologists discover gene that switches on 'essence of male'

... for the expression of genes that are critical for gamete differentiation and fertilisation. "This work ...echanisms through which cell cycle progression and gamete differentiation are coordinated in flowering plant...l in understanding the mechanisms and evolution of gamete development in flowering plants and may be useful ...

Selfish DNA and the Genetic Control of Vector-Borne Diseases

...lements. The most familiar of these are transposable elements, often called jumping genes, but more exotic examples include sex ratio distorters, and gamete killers. Each selfish element uses a slightly different mechanism involving clever molecular manipulations which result in the reduction of other geno...

Early-stage sperm cells created from human bone marrow

...hers understand more about how sperm cells are created. The research published today (Friday, April 13 2007), in the academic journal Reproduction: gamete Biology, was carried out in Germany* by a team of scientists led by Professor Karim Nayernia, formerly of the University of Göttingen but now of the N...

Unicellular microRNA discovery

... in so far as they can direct the cleavage of target mRNAs in vitro and in vivo. Furthermore, they found that miRNA expression patterns changed during gamete differentiation, suggesting a possible role in regulating sexual reproduction. The discovery of miRNAs in a unicellular organism has evolutionary...

Single molecular 'mark' seen as pivotal for genome compaction in spores and sperm

...percent of its original volume. Researchers at The Wistar Institute, studying the mechanisms that control how the genetic material is managed during gamete production, have now identified a single molecule whose presence is required for genome compaction. Their experiments showed that the molecule "marks"...

Human embryonic stem cells have the potential to develop into eggs and sperm in the laboratory

... (gametes). "Investigating the mechanisms of human primordial germ cell and gamete development is important for understanding the causes of infertility and th...t it may allow us to investigate the very earliest processes of how a human gamete and gonad (ovary and testis) develops. Many scientists believe that environ...

Technique may allow cancer patients to freeze eggs, preserving fertility before starting treatment

...f obstetrics and gynecology, urology, and molecular and integrative physiology at the U-M Medical School, and director of the Fertility Counseling and gamete Cryopreservation Program at the U-M Comprehensive Cancer Center. Smith will present results of his research on Sunday, May 29, at the World Congres...
Gamete in Biological Technology

The American Fertility Association Brings Fertility Education to San Francisco or Parent Hopefuls - Straight and Gay

...llar faculty of leading experts will tackle the full spectrum of essential topics including: assisted reproductive medicine, third party reproduction, gamete donation, reproductive law, complementary care and adoption tailored to the family-building needs of the attendees. The day wraps up with a wine-and...
Gamete in Biological Definition

Gamete

Gametes (in Greek : γαμέτες ) —also known as sex cells, germ cells, or spores —are the specialized cells that come together during fertilization (conception) in organisms that reproduce sexually . In those species that produce two morphol...

Anaphase

...phase B as the main means of chromosome separation and can extend the spindle to up to 15 times its metaphase length in the process. See also gamete cytokinesis prophase prometaphase metaphase telephase chromosome prokaryote eukaryote ...

Cell growth

...of diploid organisms. It produces four special daughter cells ( gametes ) which have half the normal cellular amount of DNA. A male and a female gamete can then combine to produce a zygote , a cell which again has the normal amount of chromosomes. For details see the individual articles on DNA rep...

Chromosome

...ge small parts of themselves ( crossover ), and thus create new chromosomes that are not inherited solely from either parent. When a male and a female gamete merge ( fertilization ), a new diploid organism is formed. Figure 3 : Karyogram of human female Karyotype To determine the (d...

Genetic recombination

...each offspring. Even without recombination, each gamete contains a random assortment of chromatids, choos...atids available. With recombination, however, the gamete can receive a (mostly) random assortment of indivi... recombination, but severe problems can arise if a gamete containing unbalanced recombinants becomes part of...

Infertility

...opian transfer (ZIFT) in which eggs are removed from the woman, fertilized and then placed in the woman's fallopian tubes rather than the uterus. gamete intrafallopian transfer (GIFT) in which eggs are removed from the woman, and placed in one of the fallopian tubes, along with the man's sperm. This a...

Meiosis

...tightly coiled. Homologous chromosomes derived from maternal and paternal gamete nuclei come together and pair up. They have same lengths, same centromere p...es from the diploid to the haploid condition separates alleles so that each gamete carries a sole allele for a gene locus. In addition, the orientation of the...

Mendelian inheritance

...Fig. 3). If the two alleles differ, then one, the dominant allele, is fully expressed in the organism's appearance; the other, the segregate during gamete production. This is the last part of Mendel's generalization. The two alleles of the organism are separated into different gametes, ensuring variatio...

Mitosis

...ed meiosis , which is similar to mitosis in many ways, in which the daughter nuclei receive half the chromosomes of the parent, which is involved in gamete formation and other similar processes. Contents showTocToggle("show","hide") 1 Overview 2 Phases 2.1 Prophase 2.2 Pro...

Sperm

... A sperm cell , or spermatozoon ( pl. spermatozoa ) (in Greek : sperm = semen and zoon = alive), is the haploid cell that is the male gamete . It is carried in fluid called semen , and is capable of fertilising an egg cell to form a zygote . A zygote can grow into a new organism, such...
Gamete in Biological Dictionary

Gamete

A gamete is a cell that fuses with another gamete during fertilization (conception) in organisms that reproduce sexually. In species that produce two morphologically distinct types of gametes, and in which each individual... gamete ( ) n. A reproductive cell having the haploid nu...

Spermatids

...meters in diameter, about the size of a ... Information about Spermatids in the free online English dictionary and ... spermatid - an immature gamete produced by a spermatocyte; develops into a spermatozoon ... What is Spermatids ? Meaning of Spermatids medical term. What does Spermatids me...

Spermatid

...m that develop into spermatozoa without further spermatid an immature gamete produced by a spermatocyte; develops into a spermatozoon ... Development o...d in the free online English dictionary and ... spermatid - an immature gamete produced by a spermatocyte; develops into a spermatozoon ... ,biologica...

Sperm cells

...y health, fitness, and lifestyle destination... Sperm cell The male gamete . The typical sperm of most animals has a head containing the nucleus...rom frozen non- sperm cells offers some far ... Sperm are the male gamete produced from the germ cell line. The germ cells of the male are calle...

Sperm

...cies of marine mammal, a ... It is one of three living species in the sperm whale family. ... sperm n. , pl. sperm or sperms . A male gamete or reproductive cell; a spermatozoon. Semen. [Middle English sperme , semen, from Old French esperme Sperm donation Sperm donation is the name...

Sex cells

...... sex cell unites with a female sex sell the first cell of ... gamete ( ) n. A reproductive cell having the haploid number of chromosomes, ... A sex cell , either sperm or egg, capable of fusing with another gamete of the ... Sexual Health/ Sex Cells . From Wikibooks, the open-conten...

Nonvascular plants

...plants , the mosses and liverworts, have the gametophyte phase dominant. ... As do many algae, the nonvascular plants employ sperm, the male gamete and water ... Nonvascular plants , like vertebrate amphibians, consequently tend to be ... Nonvascular plants spend the predominance of the...

Micronucleus

... the smaller nucleus in ciliate protozoans, such as the paramecium. In fission it divides by mitosis, and in conjugation furnishes the pairing of gamete nuclei, by whose reciprocal fusion a zygote nucleus is formed, which gives rise to the macronuclei and micronuclei of the individuals of the next...

Independent assortment

.... ... the basis of his discovery of his second law, the law of independent assortment . ... Law - the law of independent assortment ; during gamete formation the ... PinkMonkey.com-Free Online Biology Textbook and StudyGuide -The World's largest ... This is the principle of independent asso...

Haploid gametophyte

...te or sperm cell plant) ... Gametophyte summary with 3 pages of encyclopedia entries, essays, summaries, ... A gametophyte is a haploid , gamete producing sexual phase in the life cycle of ... ... gametophyte is the multicellular structure, or phase, that is haploid , ... algae, have l...
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