Fruitfly My Distant Cousin
... Researchers have found that fruitfly
gut stem cells and human intestine stem cells are similar and the regulation of cell control in gut of both are alike. The similarity found between s...
Molecule aids fight E. Coli Infections
...of the defense tactics of the immune system of the fruitfly
Drosophila led investigators to pinpoint a molecul...f this paper is they've been able to solve how the fruitfly
responds to the E. coli bacteria and to show the r...hough there are similarities between the human and fruitfly
defense systems, "somehow too many investigators a...
Human gene number increases
...ain unknown until firm biological evidence, such as gene activity, confirms each gene's existence. Such an analysis identified an extra 1,000 genes in fruitfly
Parasites ready to jump
...son activity. Professor Klaus Frstemann of the Gene Center of Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitt (LMU) in Munich and a team of researchers working with the fruitfly
Drosophila melanogaster have now uncovered a new type of cellular defence that acts against DNA sequences present in high copy numbers inside the cell...
Tumor suppressor gene in flies may provide insights for human brain tumors
...rotein in the fly's brain, with a counterpart in mammals, that can apparently prevent brain tumors from forming.
"Our data explicitly show that the fruitfly
protein PP2A (protein phosphatase 2A) suppresses brain tumor formation and controls the balance of self-renewal and differentiation of neural stem cel...
Genetic based human diseases are an ancient evolutionary legacy
Although it was already known that many disease associated genes occur also in other organisms distant to humans, such as the fruitfly
Drosophila or the round worm Caenorhabditis, the analysis of Domazet-Loo and Tautz shows now for the first time that this is systematically true for t...
Like father, like son: Attractiveness is hereditary
... in Current Biology, shows that attractiveness is hereditary.
The research team, based on the University of Exeters Cornwall Campus, focused on the fruitfly
Drosophila simulans. They paired up males and females at random and found the length of time it took for them to mate ranged from just two minutes to ...
Corals -- More complex than you?
...rnover times ?like fruit flies ?shed genes particularly fast. Corals which take at least 5years to reach sexual maturity (compared with the laboratory fruitfly
whose generation lasts only 3-4 weeks), and which have long and overlapping generation times, may thus be a living ‘museum?of ancestral animal genes....
Brain region linked to fly slumber
...by Ravi Allada, assistant professor of neurobiology and physiology, shows that the so-called mushroom bodies are essential for sleep regulation in the fruitfly
Drosophila melanogaster. (In the same issue, a second study, led by Amita Sehgal of the Howard Hughes Medical Institute, produced similar results usin...
Parkinson's disease mechanism discovered
The researchers next studied whether enhancing activity of the mammalian Ytp1p counterpart, called Rab1, suppressed alpha-synuclein toxicity in the fruitfly
Drosophila, the roundworm C. elegans and in cultures of rat neurons. Bonini and her colleagues tested the effect in fruitflies; co-author Guy Caldwell...
Researchers identify genes in fruitflies that may shed light on human cancer spread
... By searching through all the genes in the fruitfly
genome, Johns Hopkins scientists have identified t...ntially turned on in so-called border cells of the fruitfly
ovary that migrate during normal development. Two ...ination."
Although border cell migration in the fruitfly
ovary may seem a far stretch for studying human ca...
How Fruitflies Know It's Time for Lunch
...bolic need, while external signals relay information about the quality of available food, determined by its smell and taste.
Scientists studying the fruitfly
Drosophila have traced the path of olfactory signals beginning with chemical receptors in the mouth, which set off neurons that signal the antennal lo...
Reversal of role for a viral protein associated with the development of lymphoma
...e experimental data with computational and phylogenetic analyses of several fruitfly
and other insect species.
"Our experimental results agreed with the com...by Lopez also indicate that recursive splicing plays a role in at least 124 fruitfly
introns, with up to seven potential cutting steps identified for a single i...