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Filamentous in Medical News

Innate immune system targets asthma-linked fungus for destruction

...roup for proteomics and functional genomics will be invaluable in this respect. We suspect that the dysregulated immune responses to Alternaria, other filamentous fungi, and perhaps chitin-encased insects, such as mites and cockroaches, may play a pivotal role in chronic inflammation and the subsequent developme...

Protein-dependent 'switch' regulates intracellular trafficking in epithelial cells

...the outer surface, where the cell interacts with its environment," Dr. Kreitzer explains. These kinesin "trains" work by moving their cargoes along filamentous tracks, known as microtubules. "When everything is working right, appropriate surface markers end up where they need to go. However, in rare cases, mi...

How Candida albicans transforms from its normally benign form into life-threatening form

...e fungus starts its 'attack' on a patient by changing its oval shape into a filamentous form, which has thin, threadlike appendages emerging from the cell body. Wa... to start the transformation from the harmless oval shape to the infectious filamentous form. "One question remained, however - how does it activate the cellul...

Bak Protein Sets Stressed Cells on Suicide Path

...and used the common chemotherapeutic agent cisplatin, then documented that filamentous mitochondria became fragmented very early and quickly in apoptosis. ...ria-shaping proteins called mitofusins, which help mitochondria keep their filamentous shape in non-stressed cells. Dr. Dong suspects Bak may also play a role in...

Selective Marker Found to Indicate Aggressive Form of Breast Cancer

...ited mutations in BRCA1 display the basal phenotype, DiRenzo and colleagues found high levels of nestin in these tumors as well. Nestin is a long filamentous protein found in adult stem cells in the central nervous system. While scientists do not know its exact function, the protein is thought to have a rol...

Selective Marker Found to Indicate Aggressive Form of Breast Cancer

...ed mutations in BRCA1 display the basal phenotype, DiRenzo and colleagues found high levels of nestin in these tumors as well. Nestin is a long filamentous protein found in adult stem cells in the central nervous system. While scientists do not know its exact function, the protein is thought to have a rol...

"Anti Aging" Skin Cream Developed at Clarkson University

...f aging, such as hardening of the arteries, joint stiffness, cataracts, Alzheimer’s and dementia. The Clarkson team observed the increasing density of filamentous fibers, known as f-actin, is a major source of the increasing rigidity. Sokolov used the Internet to research the process for making homemade em...
Filamentous in Medical Technology

Agennix Initiates A Randomized Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Phase 2 Study of Oral Talactoferrin in Severe Sepsis

...n plays an important role in helping to establish the immune system, including the GALT, in infants. Talactoferrin is produced in Aspergillus niger, a filamentous fungus, and is structurally identical to native human lactoferrin in all material respects, differing only in its glycosylation. About Agennix Age...
Filamentous in Medical Dictionary

Aflatoxins

...re primarily a problem in corn but can ... Aflatoxins are inactivated by a wide range of reagents. ... The aflatoxins are synthesized by the filamentous fungus Aspergillus flavus and ... Aflatoxin ,toxin,micotoxin ,groundnut,contamination ... Among various mycotoxins, aflatoxins have assumed s...
Filamentous in Biological News

Reviews of microbial gene language published in special issue of Trends in Microbiology

... and lead to disease. They include descriptions of bacterial effector proteins, virulence factors, effector protein delivery systems, and infection by filamentous pathogens. Joo Setubal, Associate Professor at the Virginia Bioinformatics Institute, remarked: "Symbiotic microbes have developed many ingenious ways...

Unusual microbial ropes grow slowly in cave lake

... Deep inside the Frasassi cave system in Italy and more than 1,600 feet below the Earth's surface, divers found filamentous ropes of microbes growing in the cold water, according to a team of Penn State researchers. "Sulfur caves are a microbiology paradise. Many differen...

Research about plant viruses could lead to new ways to improve crop yields

...destructive group of plant viruses known: flexible filamentous viruses. The cost of worldwide crop losses due...s (after fungi). The 300-plus species of flexible filamentous viruses are responsible for more than half of all ...w-resolution structures of two species of flexible filamentous viruses: soybean mosaic virus and potato virus X. ...

Structures of important plant viruses determined

... UPTON, NY - Flexible filamentous viruses make up a large fraction of known plant viruses and are responsible for more than half the viral damage to crop plants throughout the world. N...

US Department of Energy Joint Genome Institute announces new genome sequencing projects

...lulose, and lignin. Many microorganisms are capable of utilizing cellulose and hemicellulose as carbon and energy sources, but a much smaller group of filamentous fungi has evolved with the ability to depolymerize lignin, the most recalcitrant component of plant cell walls. Collectively known as white rot fungi,...

Single-celled bacterium works 24-7

...y, the oxygen produced by photosynthesis degrades nitrogenase, making nitrogen fixation difficult or impossible in photosynthetic organisms. Other filamentous cyanobacteria perform photosynthesis and nitrogen fixation in different cells. As a single-celled bacterium, however, Cyanothece cannot separate these...

A step forward in virology

... The uptake into the cell itself is via macropinocytosis. The ETH Zurich researchers have demonstrated that the vaccinia virus moves along actin-rich filamentous extensions towards the cell. As soon as they impinge upon the cell membrane, an evagination forms, a bleb. The virus itself is the trigger for the for...

Bacteria that cause urinary tract infections invade bladder cells

...eviously suggested that some bacteria progress to a filament-like shape when exiting out of the biofilm. Rosen was able to identify bacteria with this filamentous morphology in 41 percent of samples from patients with symptomatic UTIs. Neither indicator was detected in urine from women who did not have active...

Stem cell nuclei are soft 'hard drives,' Penn study finds

..., followed by hematopoietic stem cells, HSCs, that generate a wide range of blood and tissue cells. Both types of stem cells lack lamins A and C, two filamentous proteins that interact to stabilize the inner lining of the nucleus of most tissue cells. Lamins A and C stiffen cell nuclei and are expressed in cel...

A tiny pinch from a 'z-ring' helps bacteria cells divide

...ed bacteria during cell division. The researchers knew that each rod-shaped bacterium possesses, around the inside of its midsection, a belt made of a filamentous protein called FtsZ. Most of the time, this ring is inactive. But when a bacterium cell is healthy and has sufficient food, it seeks to reproduce by d...
Filamentous in Biological Technology

Transformation of Filamentous Fungi by High-Voltage Electroporation

Contributed by G.H. Goldman, R. Geremia, M. Van Montagu, and A. Herrera-Estrella, Laboratorium voor Genetica, Rijksuniversiteit Gent, B-9000 Gent, Belgium Introduction Virtually all fungal transformation protocols call for the addition of ...

Transformation of Filamentous Fungi by Microprojectile Bombardment

Roland W. Herzog, Molecular Genetics Program, Department of Botany and Microbiology, 101 Life Sciences Building, Auburn University, AL 36849-5407, USA Introduction The vast majority of transformation protocols for filamentous fungi are ...

FERMENTATION BASICS

... barrier, thus inhibiting the O 2 transfer. With filamentous microorganisms, there are variations depending on whether the mycelium is...tion conditions. In non-Newtonian solutions, such as those occurring with filamentous microorganisms, the critical oxygen concentration has been shown to be de...

Neurospora crassa

... Organism Neurospora crassa Cell type filamentous fungus, protoplasts Transformation with Linearized plasmid pKSbar ...

Neurospora crassa

... Organism Neurospora crassa Cell type filamentous fungus, conidia Transformation with Linearized plasmid pKSbar Gro...

Efficient Transfection of Neurospora Crassa

... INTRODUCTION: The diverse reproductive capabilities and the nutritional conventions of Neurospora crassa have made this filamentous fungus a model organism in the field of molecular biology and genetics for more than a half a century. In fact, N. crassa was us...

Efficient Transfection of Neurospora Crassa

... INTRODUCTION: The diverse reproductive capabilities and the nutritional conventions of Neurospora crassa have made this filamentous fungus a model organism in the field of molecular biology and genetics for more than a half a century. In fact, N. crassa was us...
Filamentous in Biological Definition

Actin

...ndles 2.1.1 Muscular Contraction 2.2 Networks Microfilaments assembly The globular Actin is known as G-actin, while the filamentous polymer composed of G-actin subunits (a microfilament), is called F-actin. The microfilaments are the thickest of the cytoskeleton, with only 7 nm in...

Alga

...le cells embedded in mucilage Coccoid - individual non-motile cells with cell walls Palmelloid - non-motile cells embedded in mucilage filamentous - a string of non-motile cells connected together, sometimes branching Parenchymatous - cells forming a thallus with partial differentiation of ...

Ebola

...s the virus between outbreaks has not been identified. Structure Electron micrographs of the Ebola virus show it to have the characteristic filamentous structure of a filovirus . The viral filaments can appear in images in various shapes including a 'u', '6', a coil, or may be branched. The filaments...

Lichen

...e up by the association of microscopic green algae or cyanobacteria and filamentous fungi . Lichens take the external shape of the fungal partner and hence a...The fungus most commonly forms the majority of the lichen's bulk, though in filamentous and gelatinous lichens this may not always be the case. The lichen fungus i...

Actin

...ndles 2.1.1 Muscular Contraction 2.2 Networks Microfilaments assembly The globular Actin is known as G-actin, while the filamentous polymer composed of G-actin subunits (a microfilament), is called F-actin. The microfilaments are the thickest of the cytoskeleton, with only 7 nm in...

Alga

...le cells embedded in mucilage Coccoid - individual non-motile cells with cell walls Palmelloid - non-motile cells embedded in mucilage filamentous - a string of non-motile cells connected together, sometimes branching Parenchymatous - cells forming a thallus with partial differentiation of ...

Protein

...zyme or structural element. Proteins are generally classified as soluble, filamentous or membrane-associated (see integral membrane protein ). Nearly all the bi... , which appear to do nothing more than bind, all are proteins as well. The filamentous material that makes up the cytoskeleton of cells and much of the structur...
Filamentous in Biological Dictionary

Rhizoid

...remains occurred separately or together depending on the ... The range of Marchantia rhizoid diameters overlapped that of Cosmochlaina pores. ... filamentous ascomycetes inhabiting the rhizoid environment of the liverwort ... The PCR-amplified and cloned rhizoid -inhabiting fungi are shown in boldfac...

Phagemid

... cloning vector developed as a hybrid of the filamentous phage M13 and plasmids to produce a vector tha... cloning vector developed as a hybrid of the filamentous phage M13 and plasmids to produce a vector tha... phagemid vector, a small percentage of tar ... A filamentous bacteriophage containing a phagemid vec ... pr...

Oscillatoria

... Oscillatoria is a genus of filamentous cyanobacteria which is named for the oscillation in its movement. Filamen... common in freshwater environments, including hot springs. This unbranched filamentous alga, occurring singly or in tangled mats, derives its name from its slow, ...

Nuclear membrane

...he outer nuclear membrane is continuous with the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and ... In metazoans, the inner nuclear membrane is lined with a filamentous network of ... The Salk Institute conducts its biological research under the guidance of 59 faculty investigators, employing a ... how nuclear m...

Nostoc

...end. ... In particular, a cyanobacterium, Nostoc commune, sometimes forms filamentous ... Nostoc ( Nostoc ) in Encyclopedia of Life ... Nostoc calcicola B... Dictionary of Plant Sciences at Encyclopedia.com ... Nostoc A genus of filamentous cyanobacteria (section IV) ... Nostoc ... Encyclopedia article about...

Microtubules

...omposed of tubulin proteins, are found throughout the cytoplasm of all eukaryotic cells and perform a number of functions. Microtubules are filamentous intracellular structsure that are responsible for ... Because the functions of microtubules are so critical to the existence of ... As mitosis ...

Microbial mats

...... Follow this link to skip to the main content ... Text Size. Microbial Mats . Photo No. ACD04-0105-001. Preview Size| Publication Size ... filamentous "Epsilonproteobacteria" Dominate Microbial Mats from Sulfidic Cave Springs ... dominate subaqueous cave microbial mats , and from phylogenetic ...

Mating type

... This strain will be homozygous for the mating type and thus unable to sporulate. ... Heterologous expression of mating - type genes in filamentous fungi. ... Mating type controls entry into the sexual cycle, events subsequent to ... What is Mating type ? Meaning of Mating type med...

Intermediate filament

...lament Biochem Kits™ Vimentin Biochem Kit™ Cytoskeleton isolation kit ... Intermediate Filament Proteins (IFPs) acquired their name from their filamentous ... Intermediate filament proteins have been subdivided into 6 classes based ... Definition of Intermediate filament in the Online Dictio...

Heterokaryon

...Saupe S.J. (2000) Molecular genetics of heterokaryon incompatibility in filamentous ascomycetes. ... heterokaryon . Definition from Wiktionary, a free dict... of somatic ... Nonself Recognition and Heterokaryon Incompatibility in filamentous Fungi ... Heterokaryon incompatibility genes have been proposed to rep...
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