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Fasting in Medical News

Bowel prep oral sodium phosphate equal to fasting before capsule endoscopy for obscure GI bleeding

OAK BROOK, Ill. JUNE 18, 2008 According to a new study from researchers in France, bowel preparation with oral sodium phosphate for capsule endoscopy in patients with obscure gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding is no better at cleansing the small bowel than the standard method of preparation, which ...

Prolonged Fasting Boosts Risk of Rare Stroke

Avoiding food during religious holidays such as Ramadan increased risk almost 3-fold TUESDAY, April 15 (HealthDay News) -- Prolonged fasting may increase the risk of a rare type of stroke almost three-fold, according to a new study. The research focused on five years of data from t...

Mitochondrial Protein Maintains Appetite During Fasting

Researchers at Yale School of Medicine have found that a thyroid hormone in the brain is linked to the “uncoupling” protein UCP2, which can maintain appetite during periods// of fasting so that the body is ready to eat when food is reintroduced. Published in the January issue of Cell Metaboli...

Food additive may one day help control blood lipids and reduce disease risk

...metabolism. "To our surprise, animals missing fatty acid synthase in the liver were just like animals that couldn't make PPAR-alpha. They had lower fasting insulin levels, and they were prone to develop fatty liver disease," says senior investigator Clay F. Semenkovich, M.D., the Herbert S. Gasser Profess...

Diabetes Screening Comes Home with A1c Testing

... and Medical Officer of the American Diabetes Association, the A1c test can be conducted at any time of day without fasting. A1c values vary less than fasting plasma glucose (FPG) values and offer a picture of a patient's average blood glucose level over the preceding two to three months. "The A1c level is a...

Dietary Oils May Help Some Fight Fat

...t did decrease the trunk, or belly fat tissue, by 2.6 to 4.2 pounds. It also boosted muscle mass by 1.4 to 3 pounds. The safflower oil also lowered fasting blood sugar levels by 11 to 19 points. Average levels after 16 weeks of safflower oil supplements were 129 to 148, still high but significantly improv...

Einstein scientists link elevated insulin to increased breast cancer risk

...en had participated in the clinical trial portion of the study and provided fasting blood samples at the start of the study (i.e., at baseline) and then at yea...ere enrolled in a separate "observational" component of the study, provided fasting blood samples at baseline and at year three of the study. Among all these w...

Pluronic L-81 is a potential anti-diabetic drug?

...sed. The results revealed that L-81 significantly corrected the body weight, hyperphagia and polydipsia of db/db mice, and remarkably decreased the fasting plasma glucose level, improved glucose tolerance, and attenuated the elevated levels of plasma cholesterol and triglyceride. With the effective dosage...

Pre-Diabetes Costs Nation $25 Billion Annually in Extra Medical Care, New Data Show

...ith diabetes. The study reviewed health claim records for 3.5 million adults. Patients were determined to have pre-diabetes if they had either fasting blood glucose levels of 100 to 125 mg/dl or oral glucose levels of 140 to 200 mg/dl. "There is growing evidence that even slightly elevated blood...

Weight-Loss Surgery Safe, Effective Type 2 Diabetes Treatment

...ere on insulin. After five years, about 40 percent of patients were in remission and about 43 percent had improved blood sugar levels. The average fasting glucose level decreased from 146 to 118.5 and the average HbA1c (a measurement of glucose levels over time) decreased from about 7.5 percent to around...
Fasting in Medical Technology

Debiopharm Group and Mercury Therapeutics, Inc. Sign an Exclusive License Agreement for the Development and Commercialisation of Debio 0930

...PK (adenosine monophosphate activated protein kinase) for the treatment of diabetes and metabolic diseases. Activation of AMPK has been shown to lower fasting blood glucose levels and improve glucose disposal following a glucose challenge, two key goals in the management of type 2 diabetes. Under the ...

Cardax Pharmaceuticals Nominates Clinical Candidate Heptax for Liver Disease; Heptax Ameliorates Inflammation and Oxidative Stress Related to Liver Disease and Metabolic Syndrome

...ompany's compounds or its active metabolite have demonstrated reductions in blood pressure, triglycerides, cholesterol levels, C-reactive protein, and fasting blood glucose levels. Enzyme levels indicative of liver damage, such as ALT and AST, are decreased, pointing to an outstanding safety profile. Increas...

Reliv International's GlucAffect(TM) Proven Effective in Clinical Study

...ho had pre-diabetic glucose levels prior to the study. Subjects taking GlucAffect, a powdered product mixed with water or other liquids, lowered their fasting blood glucose by an average of 30 percent and they lost an average of 16 pounds. Subjects in the control group reported a marginal decline in blood gl...

FDA Advisory Committee Votes in Favor of Zyprexa for Two Adolescent Indications

...f glucose control. Patients starting treatment with Zyprexa should undergo fasting blood glucose testing at the beginning of treatment and periodically during...ients who develop symptoms of hyperglycemia during treatment should undergo fasting blood glucose testing. Undesirable alterations in lipids have been obs...

The Lancet Publishes Direct Comparison Study Between Liraglutide and Exenatide

...cantly greater drop in A1C of 1.12% compared to 0.79% in the exenatide group, and liraglutide was also significantly better than exenatide at lowering fasting plasma glucose (-1.61 mmol/L vs -0.60 mmol/L) in this typical type 2 diabetes population. The study comprised 464 patients who were not reaching reco...

Exenatide Once Weekly Provided Sustained Improvements in Glycemic Control With Weight Loss Over Two Years: DURATION-1 Interim Long-Term Data Presented at ADA 2009

...eeks of treatment with exenatide once weekly for all patients during an open-ended assessment period. Significant reductions in A1C of 1.7 percent and fasting plasma glucose (FPG) of 40 mg/dL were maintained after two years of treatment. Sixty-five percent of patients achieved an A1C of 7 percent or less. A1...

Two-Year Data Show Investigational Drug Liraglutide More Effective at Lowering Blood Sugar Than Glimepiride: Oral 162

...to effectively lower blood sugar after two years of treatment is consistent with its other long-term clinical benefits such as continued reductions in fasting blood sugar and weight," said Dr. Alan Garber, Baylor College of Medicine , Houston, a LEAD(TM) 3 principal study investigator. "Even with available...

Studies Show AFRESA(R) Controls Post-Meal Sugar Levels With Less Weight Gain and Hypoglycemia Risk for Diabetes Patients

... in A1C. Secondary objectives were proportion of subjects reaching specific A1C levels and treatment differences in postprandial plasma glucose (PPG), fasting plasma glucose (FPG), and weight. A1C was reduced by -0.66% and -0.72% in the TI+G and BPA 70/30 groups, respectively, and the proportion of subj...

New Study Showed Lantus(R) Plus One, Two or Three Shots of Apidra(R) Lowered Patients' Blood Sugar

...week 0 were randomized to a 24-week intensified regimen of Lantus(R) plus Apidra(R) administered as above. Dose was adjusted to achieve an A1C<7%, fasting plasma glucose (FPG) and preprandial blood glucose < 110 mg/dl, and bedtime blood glucose < 130 mg/dl. FPG, Lantus(R) dose, and weight did not ...

Lilly Announces Positive Phase II Data on Investigational Medicine for Patients with Type 2 Diabetes

...superior to placebo in reducing key measures of glycemic control, including fasting serum glucose and hemoglobin A1C (HbA1C). In this study, LY2189265 showed ... from baseline in HbA1C; additional endpoints evaluated included changes in fasting serum glucose, solid mixed meal glucose excursion and body weight. For...
Fasting in Medical Products

Insulin, Fasting

Description: ARUP Laboratories is a national reference laboratory and a worldwide leader in innovative laboratory research and development. ARUP offers an extensive test menu of highly complex and unique medical tests in clinical and anatomic pathology. Owned by the University of Utah, ARUP Laboratories' client...
Company:ARUP Laboratories

Ghrelin, Total ELISA Test

Description:...feeding. In humans, circulating Ghrelin levels are decreased in acute states of positive energy balance and in chronic obesity, but elevated during fasting and in anorexia nervosa. These data further support the hypothesis that the secretion of Ghrelin not only has effects opposite to leptin, but is also...
Company:Diagnostic Systems Laboratories, Inc.

ACS:180 C-Peptide Assay

Description:... For The Detection Of Serum C-Peptide Levels. Clinical Uses Of C-Peptide Measurement: Evaluating patients with fasting hypoglycemia Assisting in the classification of diabetes mellitus Differentiating insulin dependent patients from noninsulin - dependent patie...
Company:Siemens Medical Solutions Diagnostics

C-Peptide Chemiluminescence Immunoassay

Description:...sary to maintain the structural integrity of insulin. Although insulin and C-Peptide are secreted into portal circulation in equimolar concentrations, fasting levels of C-Peptide are 5-10 fold higher than those of insulin owing to the longer half-life of C-Peptide. The glucagon stimulated C-Peptide determina...
Company:Diagnostic Automation, Inc.

ADVIA Centaur C-Peptide Assay

Description:... For The Detection Of Serum C-Peptide Levels. Clinical Uses Of C-Peptide Measurement: Evaluating patients with fasting hypoglycemia Assisting in the classification of diabetes mellitus Differentiating insulin dependent patients from noninsulin - dependent patie...
Company:Siemens Medical Solutions Diagnostics

Insulin RIA Test

Description:...apidly cleared both by liver uptake, tissue utilization and renal clearance and circulating insulin levels are very low during fasting. Elevated serum fasting insulin levels with normal or elevated glucose concentrations are characteristic of the insulin-resistant forms of glucose intolerance and diabetes me...
Company:Diagnostic Systems Laboratories, Inc.

Chemcard Glucose Test

Description:... simple, effective screening test which is used to identify abnormally high fasting plasma glucose (blood sugar) levels which are often a warning sign of diabe...rials to be 94 to 99.95 percent accurate in identifying normal and abnormal fasting plasma glucose levels. Chemcard Glucose requires no instruments and is FDA ...
Company:Chematics Inc.
Fasting in Medical Dictionary

Fasting

Fasting is primarily the act of willingly abstaining from some or all food, drink, or both, for a period of time. A fast may be total or partial concerning that from which one fasts, and may be prolonged or intermittent as to... Sawm is an Arabic word for fasting regulated by Islamic juri...

VIPoma

...: ... Hypokalemia (low blood potassium), which can cause leg cramps ... fasting is one way to test for VIPoma . Text Continues Below ... VIPoma is a..... VIPomas are exceedingly rare cancerous tumors that arise from a type ... fasting is one way to test for VIPoma . ... What is VIPoma ? Meaning of VIPo...

Lactose tolerance test

...tolerance. ... The lactose tolerance test begins with the individual fasting (not eating) ... Lactose Tolerance Test information at HowStuffW...ected. ... The lactose tolerance test begins with the individual fasting (not eating) ... The lactose tolerance and hydrogen breath tests are...

Glucose test

...nitor blood ... FDA: Some glucose monitoring test results could be wrong ... Answers to your questions about glucose tests and more! ... fasting plasma glucose test (FPG) ... differs from the glucose challenge test , but the two terms ... Blood glucose levels that remain high ove...
Fasting in Biological News

Food for thought -- regulating energy supply to the brain during fasting

LA JOLLA, CAIf the current financial climate has taught us anything, it's that a system where over-borrowing goes unchecked eventually ends in disaster. It turns out this rule applies as much to our bodies as it does to economics. Instead of cash, our body deals in energy borrowed from muscle and ...

Two dietary oils, two sets of benefits for older women with diabetes

...an average of about 1.4 pounds and 3 pounds. Safflower oil also lowered fasting blood sugar levels by between 11 and 19 points on average. Blood sugar is c...om 129 to 148 after 16 weeks of safflower oil supplementation. "Lowering fasting glucose is important for these women. The overall effect in just 16 weeks w...

The battle for CRTC2: How obesity increases the risk for diabetes

...s to the development of hyperglycemia, or high blood glucose levels. We asked whether chronic ER stress in obesity leads to abnormal activation of the fasting switch that normally controls glucose production in the liver." The ER, short for endoplasmic reticulum, is a protein factory within the cell. To t...

Fatty foods -- not empty stomach -- fire up hunger hormone

... Ghrelin is a hormone that was believed to accumulate during periods of fasting and is found in the body in high concentrations just before meals. It is du...ce offer an explanation of what could have been happening during the longer fasting periods in these human studies," Tschp adds. "Without dietary fats, ghrelin...

Drinking 100 percent fruit juice is associated with lower risk of obesity and metabolic syndrome

...nkers, while risk for metabolic syndrome (defined as the presence of three or more of the following: central obesity, elevated blood glucose, elevated fasting triglycerides, low HDL-cholesterol, elevated blood pressure) was 15% lower compared to non-consumers. "We know that maintaining a healthy diet rich...

LSUHSC student awarded top national honor for diabetes research

...pril 21, 2009 at 9:00 a.m. in Room 242 at the Ernest N. Morial Convention Center. The research team previously demonstrated that glucose tolerance and fasting blood glucose levels in diabetic mice were improved when the pancreas overproduced Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) 2. They hypothesized that the i...

Oral contraceptives impair muscle gains in young women

... before and after the training and assessed to measure anabolic (muscle building) and catabolic (muscle breaking) hormone levels in blood. Resting and fasting blood concentrations were measured for three anabolic hormones: DHEA, DHEAS and IGF1. Findings The researchers found that: there were si...

Oral contraceptives impair muscle gains in young women

... before and after the training and assessed to measure anabolic (muscle building) and catabolic (muscle breaking) hormone levels in blood. Resting and fasting blood concentrations were measured for three anabolic hormones: DHEA, DHEAS and IGF1. Findings The researchers found that: there were si...

Decreasing insulin resistance prevents obesity-related cardiovascular damage

...s lost and the high and low insulin swings begin. "If you are obese, the fasting glucose may be a little bit off but not terrible. What is terrible is you a...telling us is, if you can just improve the fine control, the fact that your fasting glucose is a little off, despite the fact that you are still fat, your card...

Is there a relationship between sleep-wake rhythm and diabetes?

...relationship between the sleep-wake rhythm and the fasting glucose level. The finding could open up new possi...MTNR1B gene which is associated with both elevated fasting glucose levels as well an elevated risk for type 2...um is to identify gene variants which regulate the fasting glucose levels in healthy individuals. The study ...
Fasting in Biological Technology

Insmed Announces Results of IPLEX(TM) Phase II Trial in Myotonic Muscular Dystrophy

... improvements in standard measures of insulin sensitivity and reductions in fasting glucose, fasting insulin, cholesterol and triglycerides, which is consistent with the expect...

Clinical Pharmacology Study With AZILECT(R) (Rasagiline Tablets) Demonstrated It Does Not Increase Tyramine Sensitivity

...teers, aged 40 to 70 years, entered a run-in tyramine challenge test with escalating doses of oral tyramine from 25 mg up to 800 mg administered under fasting conditions. TSF was calculated as the tyramine dose associated with 3 consecutive increases from baseline in SBP >/=30 mm Hg over >/=10 minutes ...

Intarcia Therapeutics, Inc. Presents ITCA 650 Phase 1b Study Results as a Late-Breaker at the American Diabetes Association 69th Scientific Sessions

...ery of exenatide produces impressive reductions in fasting plasma glucose, HbA1c and body weight during 28-da...ase 1b study demonstrate substantial reductions in fasting plasma glucose (FPG) within 24 hours of the start ...ion via a single insertion of ITCA 650. fasting & Postprandial Glucose ITCA 650 Do...

Intarcia Therapeutics, Inc. Announces Acceptance of ITCA 650 Phase 1b Study for Late-Breaker Presentation at the American Diabetes Association 69th Scientific Sessions

...echnology - Other Drug Delivery Systems: A Phase 1b Study of ITCA 650: Continuous Subcutaneous Delivery of Exenatide via DUROS(R) Device Lowers fasting and Postprandial Plasma Glucose - Luskey, K., McNally, J., Dahms, J., Logan, D., Weiner, G., Denham, D. and Alessi, T. "We are very pleased the...

Atherotech to Exhibit its VAP(R) Cholesterol Test at Internal Medicine 2009 in Philadelphia

...ular assays in booth #912, and blood draws will be provided to qualified attendees during exhibit hours April 23-25. Because LDL is directly measured, fasting is not required. Test results will be returned via mail after the conference. People with a family history or an existing condition of diabetes,...

Atherotech Unveils New Cardiometabolic Test Panels

...est panels in booth #1263, and blood draws will be provided to qualified attendees during exhibit hours March 29-31. Because LDL is directly measured, fasting is not required. Test results will be returned via mail after the conference. The VAP Test, which recently added apoAI (and the apoB/apoAI ratio)...

Atherotech to Exhibit the VAP(R) Cholesterol Test at ACC.09 in Orlando

...terol Test in booth #1263, and blood draws will be provided to qualified attendees during exhibit hours March 29-31. Because LDL is directly measured, fasting is not required. Test results will be returned via mail after the conference. The VAP Test provides researchers and medical professionals with d...

VAP Cholesterol Test Helps In Search For New Heart Disease Drugs

...vanced lipid profile testing in the identification of individuals at increased risk of heart disease. The genome-wide association study (GWAS) of fasting and postprandial triglyceride levels was performed as part of the Heredity and Phenotype Intervention (HAPI) Heart Study. The results, published in th...

deCODE to Integrate New Genetic Risk Factor for Type 2 Diabetes Into Its deCODEme(TM) Personal Genome Scan Service

...etter variation in the human genome (SNP) that is associated with increased fasting glucose levels and risk of type 2 diabetes (T2D). deCODE will employ its CL...onal study analyzed a number of SNPs that had been suggestively linked with fasting glucose levels in several major studies involving some 36,000 individuals f...

Orexigen(R) Therapeutics Announces Third Quarter 2008 Financial Results

...on various markers of metabolic and cardiovascular risk. This review demonstrated that Contrave made a positive impact on HDL cholesterol, insulin and fasting glucose, as well as waist circumference. In addition, among Contrave patients who completed 24 weeks of treatment, the proportion of subjects with met...
Fasting in Biological Definition

Diabetes mellitus

...explained quick changes in eyesight should force a fasting blood glucose test. These are now quick (less than...es and local policy and may be a random glucose, a fasting glucose and insulin, a glucose 2 hours after 75 g ... diagnosed by demonstrating any one of two fasting plasma glucose levels above 7 mmol/l (125 mg/dl) o...
Fasting in Biological Dictionary

Transport protein

.... of transport proteins in the outer cell membrane. In principle the GLUT family ... Glucose transport proteins . the post-absorptive or fasting states. ... Proteins are very important molecules in our cells. ... Cytochromes operate in the electron transport chain as electron carrier ...

Maternal effect

...value of the locus is denoted, am (where ... The Effect of Maternal fasting During Pregnancy. Douglas Almond. and ... fasted: "the effect on maternal glucose levels during Ramadan fasting is cumulative. ... Nematode protein-coding gene mes-4. Represented by ...
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