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Evolutionary in Medical News

Completely Neutral Evolutionary Changes Helped Shape Our Genome

Johns Hopkins researchers have revealed that many of the genetic bits and pieces that drive evolutionary changes do not confer any advantages or disadvantages to humans or other animals. Nicholas Katsanis, Ph.D., Associate Professor at Hopkins' Institute of Genetic Medicine said that the H...

Selective eating just an evolutionary trait?

Babies will put almost anything in their mouths. But as children get older, they become more selective about what they eat,// particularly if they have not tried it before. Green vegetables and meat can be particularly troublesome.But scientists say thousands of years ago toxins in plants could ...

Yerkes researchers propose ambitious new strategies for AIDS vaccine research

...; unlock the secrets of memory; determine behavioral effects of hormone replacement therapy; address vision disorders; and advance knowledge about the evolutionary links between biology and behavior. ...

Researchers Discover the Tale Behind Short Dogs

... Dachshunds, corgis and others may trace their height to an evolutionary event THURSDAY, July 30 (HealthDay News) -- Certain breeds of dogs may have developed distinctively short legs following a single change ...

Ochsner Medical Center, Only Louisiana Hospital Listed in 'America's Best' by U.S. News

...d care-related factors such as nursing and patient services. Urology (ranked 40 th): In 2005, Ochsner's Urology Department implemented the evolutionary robotics system, daVinci, improving patient recovery times with less pain. "In four short years, Ochsner has grown into an international leader in rob...

Two Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center Scientists Receive Presidential Early Career Award

...adership, education or community outreach. An evolutionary biologist, Malik is an associate member of the Hut...raging within a cell's nucleus as genes jockey for evolutionary dominance. These clashes can have a long-term impa...o educating the general public about the role that evolutionary biology plays in the current understanding and pra...

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Evolutionary in Medical Technology

Scientists Discover Origin of Malaria

...r being confiscated by authorities or abandoned by human owners. In Ivory Coast scientists from the Robert Koch Institute and Max Planck Institute for evolutionary Anthropology collected tissue and blood samples from 10 chimps that had died due to anthrax, respiratory disease or other reasons in the Tai National ...

Scientists Discover Why Teeth Form in a Single Row

... Institutes of Health. "Beyond medical applications, our results suggest that diversity in the number of tooth rows across species may be due to evolutionary changes in the control of the BMP4/Msx1 pathway," Jiang said. "In mammals, Osr2 suppresses this pathway to restrict teeth within a single row." ...

Next Generation Proton Therapy System for Cancer Treatment Set for Release This Year

...ill River has achieved all of the component milestones that bring us to system integration and delivery." Proton therapy, widely regarded as the next evolutionary step in the radiation treatment of cancer, has seen unprecedented interest from the radiation oncology and patient communities in recent years. Howeve...

Research Teams at J. Craig Venter Institute and Ludwig Institute for Cancer Research Uncover New Chromosomal Alterations in Cancer Using Transcriptome Sequencing Approach

...he public, and policymakers. Founded by J. Craig Venter, Ph.D., the JCVI is home to approximately 400 scientists and staff with expertise in human and evolutionary biology, genetics, bioinformatics/informatics, information technology, high-throughput DNA sequencing, genomic and environmental policy research, and ...

J. Craig Venter, Ph.D. Receives Double Helix Medal from Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory

...he public, and policymakers. Founded by J. Craig Venter, Ph.D., the JCVI is home to approximately 400 scientists and staff with expertise in human and evolutionary biology, genetics, bioinformatics/informatics, information technology, high-throughput DNA sequencing, genomic and environmental policy research, and ...

PEAK Surgical Announces Positive Results From Preclinical Study of PEAK PlasmaBlade(TM) Needle

...ical device company that has developed the PEAK(R) Surgery System, a new tissue dissection system based on a proprietary technology that represents an evolutionary leap in the advancement of radiofrequency surgical technologies. The PEAK Surgery System consists of the PEAK PlasmaBlade(TM), a family of disposable ...
Evolutionary in Medical Products

SharpShooter Tissue Repair System

Description:... The SharpShooter Tissue Repair System is an evolutionary product for the inside-out technique of meniscus repair. Although initially designed specifically for use with the Collagen Meniscus Implant (CMI), t...
Company:ReGen Biologics

MyLab30CV Portable Ultrasound System

Description:... The MyLab30CV ultrasound system is an evolutionary step in ultrasound technology. Weighing less than 20 pounds, it is the first compact ultrasound system to deliver premium console performance. And wit...
Company:Biosound Esaote, Inc.

Pathfinder

Description:...stem uses an ingenious technique in which the pedicle screw insertion assembly incorporates crescent-shaped slotted guides for easy rod insertion. The evolutionary Pathfinder MIS pedicle screw system uses small incisions for a less invasive technique....
Company:Abbott Spine

The New Model C Dermatome

Description:... The New Model C Dermatome - reaching a new evolutionary plateau. A new thumb-operated On/Off switch - Push forward to operate in the pulse mode, or to the rear for continuous mode. Autoclavable - the entire...
Company:Integra LifeSciences Corporation
Evolutionary in Medical Definition

Pathology

...n biology Anatomy - Astrobiology - Biochemistry - Bioinformatics - Botany - Cell biology - Ecology - Developmental biology - evolutionary biology - Genetics - Genomics - Marine biology - Human biology - Microbiology - Molecular biology - Origin of life - Paleontology - ...

Medicine

... medicine ) is the prevention and treatment of diving-related problems. evolutionary medicine is a perspective on medicine derived through applying evolutionary theory. Forensic medicine deals with medical questions in legal con...

Neuropsychiatry

...ogy | Neuropsychiatry | Psychopharmacology | Systems Neuroscience | Developmental Psychology | Social Psychology | Clinical Psychology | evolutionary Psychology | Forensic Psychology External links Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment The British Neuropsychiatry Associ...

Ramón Carrillo

...the brain cells which are not neurons—named glial cells —and the method for staining and observing them under the microscope , as well as on their evolutionary origin ( phylogeny ), and the comparative anatomy of the brain across the several classes of vertebrates . In the same period Ramón Carrillo contri...

Thymocyte

...ll receptor has a different sequence, due to different choice of gene fragments and the errors introduced during the cutting and joining process. The evolutionary advantage in having a large number of unique T cell receptors is that each T cell is capable of recognising a different peptide, providing a defence...
Evolutionary in Medical Dictionary

Psychology

... is combining a major in psychology with a minor in management. ... symfony project ... Methods in Psychology . Psychological Research. The ... evolutionary Psychology . Summary. Sample Study Questions. Sample Quiz Questions ... Learn Psychology completely online in a state-of-the-art online course....

Physiology

...BS. Buy Human Physiology for $134.99 now & save. ENDOCRINE PHYSIOLOGY AND METABOLISM. RECEPTORS AND SIGNALING PATHWAYS ... COMPARATIVE AND evolutionary PHYSIOLOGY . SLEEP AND BIOLOGICAL RHYTHMS ... In October 2002, The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine was awarded to H. Robert Horvitz, Sydn...

Microbe

..., so get ready to clear those microbes using the stylus. An ingenious experiment that forced bacteria to compete in a head-to-head contest for evolutionary dominance offers a glimpse of the molecular workings of Darwinian ... MicrobeWorld explores the world of microbes with vivid images and descript...

Menstrual periods

... The menstrual cycle is a cycle of physiological changes that occurs in fertile females. Overt menstruation occurs primarily in humans and close evolutionary relatives such as chimpanzees. Females of other species of placental... Periods can be confusing. Get the facts about Aunt Flo in this article. ...

Infectious Diseases

...ases . Advertising Info. News & Events. Work at About ... Articles about infectious disease and infectious disease links. ... Article: evolutionary analysis of the dynamics of viral infectious disease . ... National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases ... According to health ...

Infectious disease

...is, strep throat, mononucleosis, staph infection, and others. Articles about infectious disease and infectious disease links. ... Article: evolutionary analysis of the dynamics of viral infectious disease . ... This subsection houses health content about infectious diseases . ... Heart Di...
Evolutionary in Biological News

Sex in the Caribbean: Environmental change drives evolutionary change -- eventually

Hungry, sexual organisms replaced well-fed, clonal organisms in the Caribbean Sea as the Isthmus of Panama arose, separating the Caribbean from the Pacific, report researchers from the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute and Scripps Institution of Oceanography. The fossil record shows that if...

Key to evolutionary fitness: Cut the calories

Charles Darwin and his contemporaries postulated that food consumption in birds and mammals was limited by resource levels, that is, animals would eat as much as they could while food was plentiful and produce as many offspring as this would allow them to. However, recent research has shown that,...

DNA template could explain evolutionary shifts

HOUSTON (June 21, 2009) Rearrangements of all sizes in genomes, genes and exons can result from a glitch in DNA copying that occurs when the process stalls at a critical point and then shifts to a different genetic template, duplicating and even triplicating genes or just shuffling or deleting p...

Biologists devise unifying framework to explain evolutionary puzzles

KNOXVILLE -- Birds are commonly thought of as being the paragon of monogamous fidelity, staying true to their mate for life. Yet, in most bird species, some nests contain offspring of individuals other than the one's tending the nest. Why would a bird invest in another bird's offspring when gen...

Biologists consider unifying framework to explain evolutionary puzzles

KNOXVILLE -- Birds are commonly thought of as being the paragon of monogamous fidelity, staying true to their mate for life. Yet, in most bird species, some nests contain offspring of individuals other than the one's tending the nest. Why would a bird invest in another bird's offspring when gen...

U of Minnesota research reveals critical role of evolutionary processes in species coexistence

A team of researchers, led by the University of Minnesota, addressing long-standing conflicts in ecology and evolutionary science, has provided key directions for the future of community ecology. The team comprehensively synthesized emerging work that applies knowledge of evolutionary relationshi...

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Evolutionary in Biological Technology

New angle on gecko research

...intricate way that the toes are used in order to achieve the grip necessary to climb is responsible for slowing them. Russell and Higham are both evolutionary biologists and study animals in their natural environment as well as in the lab. Insights gained through basic research assist them in designing exper...

Israeli scientists show bacteria can plan ahead

...ge. Further analysis showed that this anticipation and early response is an evolutionary adaptation that increases the organism's chances of survival. Ivan Pavl...team believe that genetic conditioned response may be a widespread means of evolutionary adaptation that enhances survival in many organisms one that may also take...

Biologist discovers pink-winged moth in Chiricahua Mountains

... country and collectors have been finding hundreds of new species for decades. This one, however, is different. Walsh is a professor of ecology and evolutionary biology and a member of the UA's BIO5 Institute. He is best known in the science community as an authority on plant and animal breeding, having writte...

The World's Smallest Hero! Rexin-G, Targeted Therapy for Metastatic Cancers

...tors (i.e., pathotropic targeting), armed with a powerful tumor-killing designer gene, and trained in the art of efficient gene delivery over aeons of evolutionary engineering, these tiny therapeutic particles represent a new paradigm in drug delivery and a new class of anti-cancer agents that exhibit profound an...

Brain research shows past experience is invaluable for complex decision making

...ved an incredibly effective mechanism for making good decisions that lead to successful everyday actions something that has surely been a significant evolutionary advantage." ...

Swine Flu Fears Generate Interest in UV Disinfection Technologies...Again

... Ultraviolet Germicidal energy neutralizes and destroys invisible microbes that cause infection and disease. And even though these microbes are in an evolutionary race to become more drug resistant, there are no known pathogens resistant to a killing dose of UV germicidal energy. None. In a landmark 2001 Br...
Evolutionary in Biological Definition

Abiogenesis

...t life, through some natural mechanism, effectively began at the same time as the universe. Information theorist Hubert Yockey argued that chemical evolutionary research begs the question: Research on the origin of life seems to be unique in that the conclusion has already been authoritatively accepted &#...

Adaptive radiation

... Adaptive radiation describes the rapid speciation of a single or a few species to fill many ecological niches . This is an evolutionary process driven by mutation and natural selection . Adaptive radiation often occurs when a species is introduced to a new ecosystem , or when a ...

Alfred Russel Wallace

...ory of evolution, Wallace is regulated to a role of simply being the "stimulus" to Darwin's own theory. In reality, Wallace developed his own distinct evolutionary views which divirged from Darwin's, and was considered by many (especially Darwin) to be a chief thinker on evolution in his day whose ideas could not...

Alga

... photosynthesis . They are generally regarded as simple plants , and some are related to the higher plants . Others represent independent lines of evolutionary development, although they all appear to have acquired photosynthesis from cyanobacteria . All algae lack true leaves , roots , flowers , and oth...

Animal

...imals and plants , and this was followed by Carolus Linnaeus in the first hierarchial classification. Since then biologists have begun emphasizing evolutionary relationships, and so these groups have been restricted somewhat. For instance, microscopic protozoa were originally considered animals because the...

Antibiotic

...ntibiotics is the development of antibiotic resistance by the infecting organisms, similar to the development of pesticide resistance in insects. evolutionary theory of genetic selection requires that as close as possible to 100% of the infecting organisms be killed off to avoid selection of resistance; i...
Evolutionary in Biological Dictionary

Vestigial organ

...ss. ... Vestigial organs are evidence for evolution because we expect evolutionary ... This article directly addresses the scientific evidences in favor of...n or appendage is supposedly something that ... ... organs in claimed evolutionary ancestors.a They were called vestigial organs . ... c Indeed, the absenc...

Transposable element

...to consist of transposable element sequences. ... transposable elements can affect the evolution of the ... transposable element related evolutionary ... Automated comparison of transposable element assembly against a database of ... Automated detection of putative transposable element cl...

Transcription start site

...edical Transcription managed by physicians to ensure accuracy and reliability. ... Login | FAQ's | Useful Resources | Site Map | Contact Us ... evolutionary turnover of mammalian transcription start sites ... Here, we show that transcription start sites of equivalent genes do not always ... ...

Systems biology

... Extreme Pathway Analysis. Internal Pages ... 4.2 Historical milestones in the development of systems biology ... 4.5 Systems biology as an evolutionary trend of classical integrative physiology ... Systems biology solutions offered by CFDRC include the development of customized ... Microfluid...

Synapomorphy

... In evolutionary biology, a synapomorphy is a derived character state shared by two or m...er state. ... Could a proposed synapomorphy be the result of independent evolutionary development? ... A key synapomorphy of the subfamily is an unusual pol...

Sympatric

... In evolutionary biology and biogeography, sympatric and sympatry are terms referring to...east in some places. If these organisms are closely... Speciation is the evolutionary process by which new biological species arise. The biologist Orator F. ...
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(Date:7/9/2014)... OH, July 10, 2014 -- The World Health Organization ... minutes of moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) each ... of their MVPA during school hours. Therefore, it ... hours would increase MVPA. In a new study ... , researchers confirmed that time spent outdoors after school ...
(Date:7/9/2014)... TORONTO, July 10, 2014 For the first time, ... urban Aboriginal population in Canada uses health care. A ... database to clearly demonstrate the unique challenges faced by ... at St. Michael,s Hospital. , The findings, published ... between urban First Nations individuals and the general population. ...
(Date:7/9/2014)... the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of ... have received an $8 million grant from the National ... light therapy (PDT) in patients with malignant pleural mesothelioma, ... manifests itself in the lining of the lungs and ... grant will fund a clinical trial and additional studies ...
(Date:7/9/2014)... A network of signals active in almost all types ... into overdrive, and may help fuel a tumour,s uncontrolled ... of Cancer Research, London, identified a molecular trigger responsible ... the cellular factory that makes the building blocks ... in the TOR signalling pathway, called SREBP, controls the ...
(Date:7/9/2014)... Studying the most common type of lung cancer, researchers ... a role in forming tumors. The new knowledge may ... these genetic changes already are available or are in ... , investigators from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA), including ... Louis, Harvard Medical School and other institutions, studied tumors ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):Health News:Go play outside! Outdoor time promotes physical activity in youth 2Health News:Urban Aboriginal people face unique health challenges 2Health News:Penn mesothelioma program receives $8 million NCI grant 2Health News:Signal may send cancer's cellular factories into overdrive 2Health News:Lung cancer study hints at new treatments 2
(Date:7/9/2014)... Calif. Jason Stajich , an associate professor ... University of California, Riverside, has been awarded the 2014 ... America, a scientific society dedicated to advancing the science ... kinds including mushrooms, molds, truffles, yeasts, lichens, plant pathogens, ... and each year recognizes an outstanding early-career mycologist. Stajich ...
(Date:7/9/2014)... species, selection for traits that are attractive to the ... opportunities to mate, the tail of male peacocks being ... California, Riverside have now found that sexual selection and ... linked. Describing the life histories of more than 150 ... found that species with placentas tend to have males ...
(Date:7/9/2014)... studying critically ill children with traumatic injuries have ... are likely to develop a hospital-acquired infection. The ... and published online in June in the journal ... efforts that could lead to the clinical implementation ... prevent or reverse immune system damage following critical ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):UC Riverside plant pathologist receives national recognition 2Biologists link sexual selection and placenta formation 2Biologists link sexual selection and placenta formation 3Biologists link sexual selection and placenta formation 4Immune function predicts infection risk among child trauma patients 2Immune function predicts infection risk among child trauma patients 3
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