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epidemics in Medical News

Computer modeling shows strategies to rein in epidemics need to be retooled for rural populations

An infectious disease striking a large city may seem like a disastrous scenario -- millions of people sharing apartment buildings, crammed on buses and trains and brushing past one another on crowded sidewalks. A group of Kansas State University engineers is finding that a truly disastrous epid...

Strategies to Rein in Epidemics Need to be Retooled for Rural Populations, Say K-State Engineers Using Computers to Model Disease Outbreaks in Rural Areas

MANHATTAN, Kan., June 2 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- An infectious disease striking a large city may seem like a disastrous scenario -- millions of people sharing apartment buildings, crammed on buses and trains and brushing past one another on crowded sidewalks. A group of Kansas State Unive...

Elsevier launches Epidemics -- the journal on infectious disease dynamics

Amsterdam, 27 April 2009 Elsevier, the world-leading publisher of scientific, technical and medical information products and services, is pleased to announce the launch of a new journal, entitled Epidemics - the journal on infectious disease dynamics ( http://www.elsevier.com/locate/epidemics )...

From molecules to populations: Fighting the epidemics of obesity and diabetes

Diabetes is exploding it now afflicts some 200 million individuals worldwide and is fast becoming the No. 1 epidemic of our time. In the U.S. alone, more than 22 million people have diabetes, which is the leading cause of end-stage renal disease, preventable amputations and blindness. Now, ...

Pitt receives $13.4 million NIH grant to create virtual models for epidemics

PITTSBURGH, July 31 As the world prepares for a probable resurgence of H1N1 in the coming months, University of Pittsburgh researchers are controlling the spread of infectious diseases virtually with a $13.4 million National Institutes of Health (NIH) grant to establish a Center of Excellence in ...

UCAR weather forecasts aim to reduce African meningitis epidemics

BOULDER--The University Corporation for Atmospheric Research (UCAR), working with an international team of health and weather organizations, is launching a project this month to provide long-term weather forecasts to medical officials in Africa to help reduce outbreaks of meningitis. The forecasts...

Design of system that will revolutionize control of influenza epidemics

Ikerlan-IK4, Gaiker-IK4 and the Donostia hospital in representation of Bioef are taking part in a European project the goal of which is to design a portable device that will revolutionise the manner of controlling flu epidemics internationally, thanks to a significant reduction in the time needed ...

Study uncovers cause of flu epidemics

The exchange of genetic material between two closely related strains of the influenza A virus may have caused the 1947 and 1951 human flu epidemics, according to biologists. The findings could help explain why some strains cause major pandemics and others lead to seasonal epidemics. Until now, it...

PhRMA Applauds House Committee on Foreign Affairs Commitment to Continuing Efforts to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria Epidemics

WASHINGTON, Feb. 28 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- Pharmaceutical Research and Manufacturers of America (PhRMA) President and CEO Billy Tauzin today released the following statement on the passage of the Tom Lantos and Henry J. Hyde United States Global Leadership Against HIV/AIDS, Tuberculosis an...

Lebanon Fears of Epidemics as the Crisis Deepens

The plight of hundreds of thousands displaced by the Israel-Hezbollah conflict is getting worse as Lebanon heads towards severe shortages of fuel// and drinking water amid fears of epidemic outbreaks. "We are now faced with a major setback - and with the fuel problems increasing, we are soon m...

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epidemics in Medical Technology

Progress Against Malaria and Other Infectious Diseases Among Highlights at Annual Vaccine Conference

... news about the prospect for wiping out meningitis epidemics across a swath of Africa; use of an adjuvant to ex...ough 29 with a new vaccine that is expected to end epidemics of Group A meningitis in 25 countries across the m...own as the meningitis belt, is prone to meningitis epidemics because of its six-month dry season when winds whi...

Nobilon Advances First Vaccine Into Human Trials - Intranasal Influenza Vaccine Begins Phase I Clinical Development

...nza Influenza (flu) is a contagious disease caused by the influenza virus. Influenza is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality and seasonal epidemics are responsible for approximately 40,000 deaths and over 100,000 hospitalizations annually in the US. Influenza infection in children causes a signifi...

Novavax Presents Favorable Results from Phase I/IIa Pandemic Influenza Vaccine Program at World Health Organization Conference

...in Phase II clinical trials as well. As previously announced, this vaccine candidate also induced strong HAI titers against strains that cause annual epidemics of influenza each year (H3N2, H1N1, and B). Seasonal influenza causes over 500,000 deaths worldwide and over 36,000 deaths in the U.S. each year, mos...

Epidemics of Both Type 1 Diabetes (Insulin Dependent) and Type 2 Diabetes (Obesity Related) Are Linked to Immunization

...c Syndrome: Clinical Research & Reviews provides further evidence that epidemics of type 2 diabetes/obesity/metabolic syndrome, like type 1 diabetes, are li... new data as well as Classen's recently published data demonstrate that the epidemics of type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes/obesity/metabolic syndrome in childr...

42 Top U.S. Scientists and Specialists Explore Cutting-Edge Innovations to Defend America From Dangerous Zoonotic Diseases

...otic disease then responded with "outside the box" discussions on how these concepts may apply to detecting, mitigating and recovering from outbreaks, epidemics and pandemics. "Discoveries and technologies emerging in any of these disciplines may offer potential breakthroughs for detection, mitigatio...

Tart Cherries May Reduce Inflammation, Lower Risk for Type 2 Diabetes & Heart Disease

...portant reducing inflammation is for our overall health and lowering the risk for heart disease and type 2 diabetes -- two of the most critical health epidemics we have in this country today," said study co-author Dr. Steven F. Bolling, a cardiac surgeon at the University of Michigan Cardiovascular Center who ...

amfAR Announces Funding for HIV Services and Research Aimed at Men Who Have Sex With Men in Developing Countries

...MSM around the world have access to appropriate HIV/AIDS services. Stigma, discrimination, and lack of access to health services have sparked alarming epidemics that threaten the lives of MSM in underdeveloped regions, mirroring the HIV epidemics that ravaged gay men in North America and Western Europe in the ...

Sanofi Pasteur Initiates Phase II Trial of Cell Culture-Based Seasonal Influenza Vaccine

...pitalization and deaths mainly occur in high-risk groups (elderly, people with chronic conditions/illness). Although difficult to assess, these annual epidemics are thought to result in between three and five million cases of severe illness and between 300 000 and 500 000 deaths every year around the world(1)....

Seriously Low Vaccination Rates Cause Experts to Call for Increased Immunization Before Influenza Season Peaks

... of season influenza in the U.S: Measuring disease burden and costs. Vaccine 2007;25:5086-5096. (5) Madjid, M, Miller C, Zarubaev V, et al. Influenza epidemics and acute respiratory disease activity are associated with a surge in autopsy-confirmed coronary heart disease death: results from 8 years of autopsie...

Researchers Identify Virus Possibly Responsible for Declining Honeybee Population Using 454 Sequencing Technology from Roche

...ons, and provided the sequence information needed to identify candidate pathogens," stated Dr. Lipkin. "We view this work as a model for investigating epidemics of unexplained infectious disease." Bees play an integral role in the world food supply and are essential for the pollination of more than 90 fruit a...
epidemics in Medical Definition

Ramón Carrillo

...lly vanished. He built 234 free, public hospitals or policlinics, lowered tuberculosis ' mortality rate from 130 per 100.000 to 36 per 100.000, ended epidemics sych as typhus and brucellosis , and decreased drastically the infantile mortality rate from 90 to 56 per thousand live births. All this Ramón Ca...

Réseau Sentinelles

...veillance system detects, alerts, and predicts future regional and national epidemics specifically for influenza, gastroenteritis and Varicella zoster. The patie...iola D. and coll ., Am. J. Public Health, on 1991 ) Prediction models of epidemics involving different geographical levels (“Method of analogues”, Viboud C....
epidemics in Medical Dictionary

Polio

...and learn about prevention of the ... called infantile paralysis, polio epidemics struck the US ... complications of polio ? ... VaccinePlace.com offers... (grey) and myelon (marrow, indicating the ... For the next hundred years, epidemics of polio ... The last case of wild-virus polio acquired in ... More...

Pandemic

...f an influenza virus that spreads on a worldwide scale and infects a large proportion of the human population. In contrast to the regular seasonal epidemics of influenza, these pandemics... Pandemic 2, a Strategy Game from AddictingGames: Select your preferred life form to spread disease. Then infect...

Influenza

...ndemic ... Influenza (or flu) is a highly contagious viral respiratory tract infection. ... Influenza types A and B are responsible for epidemics of respiratory illness ... Two basic types of virus circulate in the United States, group A and group B. Influenza A may ... Influenza (al...

Infantile Paralysis

...epidemic, last week offered the Nation four important ... From Fort Worth, Texas, and from Georgetown, Ky., public health officials reported local epidemics of infantile paralysis . About Fort Worth the disease has been a ... Infantile paralysis , also known as polio, is a disease that affect...

Fleas

... people. ... Fortunately, fleas need not be a serious problem because there are many ... Historically, fleas have been involved in devastating epidemics of plague throughout the world. ... However, other species of fleas that are parasites of ... Dog Care: Fleas ... Fleas are hearty and n...

Epidemic

...an area or a population at the same Epidemic - Definition of Epidemic at Dictionary.com a free online dictionary ... of epidemic ... List of epidemics . Epidemic spread. Aids epidemic . Pandemic ... · Terms of Use · Popular Questions · Advertise with Us · Link to Us · Contact Us. Copyright © 2...

Clostridium

.... Bartlett reviews the hottest topics from ... Clostridium difficile. Community ... Original Article from The New England Journal of Medicine -- epidemics of Diarrhea Caused by a Clindamycin-Resistant Strain of Clostridium difficile in Four Hospitals Clostridium difficile is an anaerobic, spore-f...
epidemics in Biological News

Nutrition experts propose new class of low-sugar drinks to help stem obesity and diabetes epidemics

Boston, MA -- Strong evidence developed at Harvard School of Public Health (HSPH) and elsewhere shows that sugary drinks are an important contributor to the epidemic rise of obesity and type 2 diabetes in the United States. Faced with these growing public health threats, experts from the Departmen...

US control strategies may make flu epidemics worse, UCLA study shows

Regular as clockwork, the flu arrives every year. And, according to the national Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 5 to 20 percent of the U.S. population on average will come down with it. About 36,000 people will die. But among health experts, a bigger concern than the seasonal flu is ...

Ethiopian government celebrates rinderpest eradication

...cent of the cattle population in Ethiopia, where an estimated one-third of the human population starved to death. In the years that followed, periodic epidemics severely damaged the food supply and the economy. A vaccine commonly known as the Plowright vaccine could have wiped out rinderpest following its ...

Forest fire prevention efforts will lessen carbon sequestration, add to greenhouse warming

...be best utilized for their high carbon sequestration capacities. "Ultimately, the real problem here is global climate change," Harmon said. "Insect epidemics are increasing, trees are dying. There are no quick fixes to these issues." ...

The tiny difference in the genes of bacteria

...threat for the pacific region and reached the east coast of the United States in the 21st century. Since the end of the 1990s, Vibrio parahaemolyticus epidemics have led to thousands of cases of illness in Chile. In the future, due to ballast water or climate change, the species may also gain importance in Eur...

The tiny difference in the genes of bacteria

...threat for the pacific region and reached the east coast of the United States in the 21st century. Since the end of the 1990s, Vibrio parahaemolyticus epidemics have led to thousands of cases of illness in Chile. In the future, due to ballast water or climate change, the species may also gain importance in Eur...

Scientists find formula to uncover our planet's past and help predict its future

...e state variables could not be recorded." These could include, not only climate change and ecology, but also contexts such as populations at risk from epidemics and rocket motors for new space crew exploration vehicles. ...

Social separation stops flu spread, but must be started soon

... in the potential control of a future pandemic. Non-pharmaceutical social distancing interventions are capable of preventing less-infectious influenza epidemics and of significantly reducing the rate of development and overall burden of the worst epidemics". The research investigated the effects, alone and ...

Seattle Times reporters win ASM public communications award

...aureus (MRSA) in Washington State hospitals. The series, entitled "Culture of Resistance," highlights microbiology's role in containing the spread of epidemics such as MRSA infection in hospitals. The award recognizes outstanding journalistic achievement in increasing public awareness, knowledge, and under...

'It takes a genome: How a clash between our genes and modern life is making us sick'

...ore like 10 or 15 percent." Detailed in the book is the idea that, because genes evolve at a much slower rate than the environment changes, disease epidemics cannot be attributed solely to genetic susceptibility. Rather, environmental change is to blame. Professor Gibson said while being able to identify...
epidemics in Biological Technology

More Evidence Published That Epidemics of Childhood Obesity, Type 2 Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome are Linked to Immunization

BALTIMORE, Aug. 26 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- Data by Dr. Bart Classen in The Open Endocrinology Journal provides further evidence that epidemics of childhood obesity, type 2 diabetes and metabolic syndrome are the result of exposure to the increasing number of vaccines. Metabolic syndrome inc...

Wisconsin stands at the center of scientific efforts to avert flu epidemics

Welcome to Wisconsin, the flu capital of North America. Don't take that title the wrong way and run screaming for the nearest border. Wisconsin has yet to become a hot spot for the spread of avian influenza and, it can be hoped, won't become one. However, it may be the place where a possible...

Vaccine Against the Chikungunya Virus in Development by a Public-Private Partnership

...velop a 'proof of concept' vaccine against the Chikungunya virus. This vaccine aims to reduce the rate of Chikungunya infections. Viral disease epidemics have increased in incidence around the world in recent decades. One of these diseases is caused by the Chikungunya virus, which is transmitted by mosq...

Amylin Pharmaceuticals Highlights 2009 Value Creation Opportunities

...news was presented by Daniel M. Bradbury, president and chief executive officer, at the JPMorgan Healthcare Conference in San Francisco, CA. "The epidemics of diabetes and obesity, which synergistically contribute to cardiovascular disease, are the major health crises of our lifetime," said Bradbury. "The...

ASM International N.V. and SAFC Hitech(TM) Sign Certified Manufacturer and Partnership Agreement

...hareholder and other issues, commercial and economic disruption due to natural disasters, terrorist activity, armed conflict or political instability, epidemics and other risks indicated in the Company's filings from time to time with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission, including, but not limited to, ...

UCF professor develops vaccine to protect against black plague bioterror attack

...treated. It was the version that ravaged Europe. If the early findings hold true, this vaccine could mean an extra layer of protection against natural epidemics and man-made threats. The Centers for Disease Control lists the pneumonic plague as a potential bioterrorism agent because of the speed of which it...

A New Way to Predict Outbreaks: Replikin Peptide Concentration in H5N1 Influenza Virus Genome as a Marker for Lethal Outbreaks

...h 2004. But then Replikins saw a sudden spike in replikins particularly in chicken and human populations in 2005-06, which corresponded with increased epidemics in Asian countries. Which countries? Here again, Replikins looked at H5N1 replikin counts per country. Low levels - - below 4 -- were observed in each...

UCF professor develops vaccine to protect against black plague bioterror attack

...treated. It was the version that ravaged Europe. If the early findings hold true, this vaccine could mean an extra layer of protection against natural epidemics and man-made threats. The Centers for Disease Control lists the pneumonic plague as a potential bioterrorism agent because of the speed of which it...

Baxter and Its Foundation Contribute Nearly $53 Million in 2007 to Address Critical Needs Locally and Globally

...restructuring of the healthcare system in South Sudan and provide medical aid to thousands of individuals vulnerable to the Dengue Fever and pneumonia epidemics in El Salvador. Foundation Grants Aim to Improve Healthcare Worldwide In 2007, The Baxter International Foundation supported 68 organizations in 1...

FluForecast(R) Replikin Count(TM) Predicts That the H5N1 Cycle Which Began in 1996 Is Now Over

...racteristics have not reappeared. It has not been possible previously to predict in advance from changes in the structure of the virus the coming of epidemics or their cessation. This is now possible because of the discovery of the replikins, specific small peptide constituents of virus proteins whose concen...
epidemics in Biological Definition

Ebola

... in 1976 , and since its discovery, different strains of Ebola have caused epidemics with 50 to 90 percent mortality in the Democratic Republic of the Congo , ...mbuku, became a breeding ground for new Ebola cases (Draper 30-31). Several epidemics of Ebola-Zare and Ebola-Sudan have occurred since 1976 . The most recent...

Hepatitis B

... Originally known as serum hepatitis, Hepatitis B has only been recognized as such since World War II , and has caused current epidemics in parts of Asia and Africa . Hepatitis B is recognized as endemic in China and various other parts of Asia. Over one-third of the world's popu...

Mathematical biology

... molecular and cellular biology . C.U.P., 1984. ISBN 052127477X F. Hoppensteadt, Mathematical theories of populations: demographics, genetics and epidemics . SIAM, Philadelphia, 1975 (reprinted 1993). ISBN 0898710170 S.I. Rubinow, Introduction to mathematical biology . John Wiley, 1975. ISBN 0471744...

Virus

...lness in humans. The relative ability of viruses to cause disease is described in terms of virulence . The ability of viruses to cause devastating epidemics in human societies has led to concern that viruses will be weaponized for biological warfare . Further concern was raised by the successful recreati...
epidemics in Biological Dictionary

Yellow fever

...most feared diseases in America. ... Yellow fever is one of the most recognized and historically important viral infections. In the past, major epidemics of yellow fever caused tens of thousands of ... Yellow fever is a devastating viral disease that can cause bleeding from the ... Before 189...
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