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Duodenum in Medical News

Sealing off portion of intestinal lining treats obesity, resolves diabetes in animal model

...f ingested food, exclusion of the upper portion of the small intestine (the duodenum and upper jejunum) from the flow of food, delivery of undigested nutrients ...long impermeable sleeve secured at the outlet of the stomach and lining the duodenum and upper jejunum of rats prevents the sensing and absorption of nutrients...

Type 2 diabetes may be caused by intestinal dysfunction

... on the bypass of the upper small intestine -- the duodenum and jejunum. This is a key finding that may point ...to the origins of diabetes. "When we bypass the duodenum and jejunum, we are bypassing what may be the sour...oodstream," he explains. "In some individuals, the duodenum and jejunum may be producing too much of this anti...

A strange case of upper obstructive syndrome

...e characteristics of inflammatory tissue, including air bubbles between the duodenum and aortic-bi-femoral prosthesis adherent to the third duodenal portion (co... wall, a pediculated fragment of the greater omentum was placed between the duodenum and aortic bypass. Furthermore, a gastrojejunal Roux anastomosis was employ...

Patients may have sweet and effective way to prepare for upper GI endoscopy: an anesthetic lollipop

...nal Endoscopy. Upper endoscopy allows physicians to examine the lining of the upper part of the GI tract, which includes the esophagus, stomach and duodenum (first portion of the small intestine). It is often done under sedation to assure patient comfort. Upper endoscopy helps physicians evaluate symptoms ...

Common abdominal pain may be due to a potentially treatable newly recognized inflammatory reaction

...tory cells are present in one particular region of the small intestine, the duodenum that connects to the stomach, but they theorize that it could result from a...orous quantification methods before, and because biopsy examinations of the duodenum are not routinely performed, he says. Now we have a new direction to go in....

The Longest Living Ulcer Bug With Humans

... and diversification. H.pylori is the only microbe known to thrive well in the acidic environment of the stomach and affects the mucus lining of duodenum and stomach. Until a few years back, peptic ulcers and gastritis was attributed to spicy food and stress but now it has been understood that H.pylori ...

Pancreatic Cancer Surgery Successful in 80-Year-Olds

...ese, about 1,000 operations were performed in the last four years. The Whipple procedure entails the surgical removal of the head of the pancreas, the duodenum (part of the small intestine), part of the common bile duct, the gallbladder and sometimes a portion of the stomach. Of this group, 207 patients...
Duodenum in Medical Technology

Mayo Clinic Finds Capsule Endoscopy Can Detect Intestinal Damage Caused by Celiac Disease

...ed, biopsy-proven celiac disease. Ninety-two percent had visible damage detected by capsule endoscopy. Twenty-two patients had extensive damage in the duodenum (first portion of the small intestine) and patchy damage throughout the jejunum (the small intestine's middle portion). Twelve patients had damage lim...
Duodenum in Medical Products

Sphincter of Oddi Manometry Application

Features:...uitive graphic icons Provides a unique set of graphic icons to indicate the number of "bands" (markings on the manometry catheter) seen to be in the duodenum each time the manometry catheter is repositioned during the procedure. Allows physician to review recorded sections of tracing during an on-going pr...
Company:Medtronic Gastroenterology
Duodenum in Medical Definition

Pathology

...u - Invasive cancer - Metastasis Topography Anus - Bladder - Bile duct - Bone - Brain - Breast - Cervix - Colon/rectum - duodenum - Endometrium - Esophagus - Eye - Gallbladder - Head/Neck - Liver - Larynx - Lung - Mediastinum (chest) - Mouth - Pancreas - Pe...

Ocular oncology

...u - Invasive cancer - Metastasis Topography Anus - Bladder - Bile duct - Bone - Brain - Breast - Cervix - Colon/rectum - duodenum - Endometrium - Esophagus - Eye - Gallbladder - Head/Neck - Liver - Larynx - Lung - Mediastinum (chest) - Mouth - Pancreas - Pe...
Duodenum in Medical Dictionary

Duodenum

Cushing Syndrome medical glossary includes a list of Cushing Syndrome related medical definitions from the ... That is the case for me with the duodenum . ... In the digestive system, an ulcer is an area where tissue has been destroyed by ... Medications that protect the lining of the sto...

Zollinger-Ellison Syndrome

... of the hormone gastrin are produced, causing the stomach to produce excess hydrochloric acid. Often the cause is a tumor (gastrinoma) of the duodenum or pancreas... Zollinger - Ellison syndrome — Comprehensive overview covers symptoms, causes, treatment of ... may be an option for some pe...

Ulcers

...D. ... Peptic ulcers are holes or breaks in the protective lining of the duodenum (the ... WebMD explores peptic ulcer disease, including its causes... outlook ... Children develop stomach ulcers too. ... Those in the duodenum are called duodenal ulcers . ... Ulcers can develop at any age, but t...

Ulcer

...> Conditions A-Z > Digestive Disorders > Ulcers . Advanced Search ... A peptic ulcer is erosion in the lining of the stomach or duodenum (the first ... This results in inflammation (gastritis ) or an ulcer . ... An ulcer is an open sore, or lesion, usually found on the skin...

Stomach Ulcer

... ulcer is a sore or lesion that forms in the lining of the stomach or duodenum ... In general, ulcers in the stomach and duodenum are referred to as peptic ulcers . ... Provides facts about stomac...

Spleen

...that removes disease-producing organisms and ... Spleen - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia ... Spleen Diseases: MedlinePlus ... Anatomy of the duodenum ... The surface projection of the longitudinal axis of the spleen is the tenth rib. ... In hypertrophic spleen due to overactivity of ... List...

Pylorus

...ia. ... pylorus - a small circular opening between the stomach and the duodenum ... Pylorus information including symptoms, causes, diseases, sympto...... pylorus . ... pylorus . n. opening between the stomach and the duodenum (Anatomy) ... pyloric sphincter, pyloric valve, musculus sphincter pylo...

Perforation

...y discharge. ... Also in some instances, the perforation is so large that it cannot be patched. ... Perforation of the esophagus, stomach, or duodenum causes sudden severe pain, ... Because perforation of the small or large intestine often occurs during the ... Perforation of the eardrum ...

Peptic

.... Peptic ulcers are commonly treated with the triple combination of two ... A peptic ulcer is erosion in the lining of the stomach or duodenum (the first ... The word " peptic " refers to pepsin, a stomach enzyme that breaks down proteins. ... Fact sheet about peptic , or duodenal...

Peptic Ulcer

...g the mucosa, submucosa, and muscular layer on the lower esophagus, stomach, or A peptic ulcer is erosion in the lining of the stomach or duodenum (the first ... If a peptic ulcer bleeds a lot, an EGD may be needed to stop the bleeding. ... ...
Duodenum in Biological News

'Normal' cells far from cancer give nanosignals of trouble

...ve and complex. PWS is simple, inexpensive and minimally invasive. In the studies, cells were collected by brushing the rectum (for the colon), the duodenum (for the pancreas) and the cheek (for the lungs). The PWS technique was able to distinguish between the patients with cancer and those without. The ca...
Duodenum in Biological Definition

Digestion

...inhibited by low pH . Secretin - is in the duodenum and signals the secretion of sodium bicarbonate i...the chyme. Cholecystokinin (CCK) - is in the duodenum and stimulates the release of digestive enzymes in... Gastric inhibitory peptide (GIP) - is in the duodenum and decreases the stomach churning in turn slowing...

Liver

...le duct. Bile can either drain directly into the duodenum via the common bile duct or be temporarily stored...common bile duct and the pancreatic duct enter the duodenum together at the Ampulla of Vater . The branching...estion. Some of the bile drains directly into the duodenum , and some is stored in the gallbladder . The...
Duodenum in Biological Dictionary

Duodenum

The duodenum is the first section of the small intestine in most higher vertebrates, including mammals, reptiles, and birds. In fish, the divisions of the small intestine are not as clear and the terms anterior intestine or proximal intestine may be used instead of... The duodenum ...

Secretin

... Secretin is an anti-Müllerian hormone produced in the S cells of the duodenum in the crypts of Lieberkühn. Its primary effect is to regulate the pH of the duodenal contents via the control of gastric acid secretion and buffer...

Muscularis

...ith the same title Muscularis mucosae Muscularis mucosae Section of duodenum of cat. ... Mesothelium · Serosa / Adventitia · Muscularis externa (oute... muscularis with the mucosa--strongest layer--elastic tissue; ... The duodenum joins the jejunum and ileum as one of the three major sections of ... ...

Jejunum

...... J tube how it works. Ileum structure fun... duodenum is a first portion and Jejunum is the second por... - the part of the small intestine between the duodenum and the ileum ... For resources and informat...in most higher ... The jejunum lies between the duodenum and the ileum. ... Tissue Transfer, Jejunum ......

Intestinal villi

...ngerlike projections of the small intestine, composed of a core of vascular tissue covered by Intestinal villus Intestinal villus Section of duodenum of cat. X 60. Latin villi intestinales Gray's subject #248 1174 Intestinal villi (singular: Intestinal villi information including sympt...

Ileum

...he ileum Online Medical Dictionary and glossary with medical definitions ... Ileum : The lowest part of the small intestine, located beyond the duodenum and ... Defines Crohn's disease and describes common symptoms, risk factors, diagnosis, complications, and ... ileum (IL-ee-uhm): the lower end ...

Chyme

...n other words, chyme is half-digested food. chyme n. The thick semifluid mass of partly digested food that is passed from the stomach to the duodenum ... chyme - Definition from the Merriam-Webster ... Brief and Straightforward Guide: What is Chyme ? ... Chyme combined with bile ultimatel...
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